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§ 19-8-4 - When surrender or termination of parental or guardian's rights required; consent of child of 14 or older necessary; acknowledgment of surrender; compliance with Interstate Compact on Plac

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O.C.G.A.19-8-4 (2010)19-8-4.When surrender or termination of parental or guardian's rightsrequired; consent of child of 14 or older necessary; acknowledgment ofsurrender; compliance with Interstate Compact on Placement of Children (a)Exceptas otherwise authorized in this chapter, a child who has any livingparent or guardian may be adopted through the department or anychild-placing agency only if each such parent and each such guardian:(1)Hasvoluntarily and in writing surrendered all of his rights to the childto the department or to a child-placing agency as provided in this Codesection and the department or agency thereafter consents to theadoption; or(2)Has had all of hisrights to the child terminated by order of a court of competentjurisdiction, the child has been committed by the court to thedepartment or to a child-placing agency for placement for adoption, andthe department or agency thereafter consents to the adoption.(b)Inthe case of a child 14 years of age or older, the written consent ofthe child to his adoption must be given and acknowledged in the presenceof the court.(c)The surrender to thedepartment or to a child-placing agency specified in paragraphs (1) and(2) of subsection (e) of this Code section shall be executed followingthe birth of the child, and the pre-birth surrender to the department orto a child-placing agency specified in paragraph (3) of subsection (e)of this Code section shall be executed prior to the birth of the child.Each surrender shall be executed in the presence of a representative ofthe department or the agency and a notary. A copy shall be delivered tothe individual signing the surrender at the time of the executionthereof.(d)A person signing a surrenderpursuant to this Code section shall have the right to withdraw thesurrender as provided in subsection (b) of Code Section 19-8-9.(e)(1)Thesurrender by a parent or guardian specified in paragraph (1) ofsubsection (a) of this Code section shall meet the requirements ofsubsection (a) of Code Section 19-8-26.(2)Thebiological father who is not the legal father of a child may surrenderall his rights to the child for the purpose of an adoption pursuant tothis Code section. That surrender shall meet the requirements ofsubsection (d) of Code Section 19-8-26.(3)(A)The biological father who is not the legal father of a child mayexecute a surrender of his rights to the child prior to the birth of thechild for the purpose of an adoption pursuant to this Code section. Apre-birth surrender, when signed under oath by the alleged biologicalfather, shall serve to relinquish the alleged biological father's rightsto the child and to waive the alleged biological father's right tonotice of any proceeding with respect to the child's adoption, custody,or guardianship. The court in any adoption proceeding shall havejurisdiction to enter a final order of adoption of the child based uponthe pre-birth surrender and in other proceedings to determine thechild's legal custody or guardianship shall have jurisdiction to enteran order for those purposes.(B)Theresponsibilities of an alleged biological father are permanentlyterminated only upon the entry of a final order of adoption. A personexecuting a pre-birth surrender pursuant to this Code section shall havethe right to withdraw the surrender within ten days from the date ofexecution thereof, notwithstanding the date of birth of the child.(C)Ifa final order of adoption is not entered after the execution of apre-birth surrender and paternity is established by acknowledgment, byadministrative order, or by judicial order, then the alleged biologicalfather shall be responsible for child support or other financialobligations to the child or to the child's mother, or to both.(D)Thepre-birth surrender shall not be valid for use by a legal father asdefined under paragraph (6) of Code Section 19-8-1 or for any man whohas executed either a voluntary acknowledgment of legitimation pursuantto the provisions of paragraph (2) of subsection (g) of Code Section19-7-22 or a voluntary acknowledgment of paternity pursuant to theprovisions of Code Section 19-7-46.1.(E)Thepre-birth surrender may be executed at any time after the biologicalmother executes a sworn statement identifying such person as an allegedbiological father of the biological mother's unborn child.(F)The pre-birth surrender shall meet the requirements of subsection (f) of Code Section 19-8-26.(f)Asurrender of rights shall be acknowledged by the person who surrendersthose rights by also signing an acknowledgment meeting the requirementsof subsection (g) of Code Section 19-8-26.(g)Wheneverthe legal mother surrenders her parental rights pursuant to this Codesection, she shall execute an affidavit meeting the requirements ofsubsection (h) of Code Section 19-8-26.(h)Wheneverrights are surrendered to the department or to a child-placing agency,the department or agency representative before whom the surrender issigned shall execute an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection(j) of Code Section 19-8-26.(i)Asurrender pursuant to this Code section may be given by any parent orbiological father who is not the legal father of the child irrespectiveof whether such parent or biological father has arrived at the age ofmajority. The surrender given by any such minor shall be binding uponhim as if the individual were in all respects sui juris.(j)Inany surrender pursuant to this Code section, the provisions of Chapter 4of Title 39, relating to the Interstate Compact on the Placement ofChildren, if applicable, shall be complied with.
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  • O.C.G.A. 19-8-4 (2010)
    19-8-4. When surrender or termination of parental or guardian's rights required; consent of child of 14 or older necessary; acknowledgment of surrender; compliance with Interstate Compact on Placement of Children


    (a) Except as otherwise authorized in this chapter, a child who has any living parent or guardian may be adopted through the department or any child-placing agency only if each such parent and each such guardian:

    (1) Has voluntarily and in writing surrendered all of his rights to the child to the department or to a child-placing agency as provided in this Code section and the department or agency thereafter consents to the adoption; or

    (2) Has had all of his rights to the child terminated by order of a court of competent jurisdiction, the child has been committed by the court to the department or to a child-placing agency for placement for adoption, and the department or agency thereafter consents to the adoption.

    (b) In the case of a child 14 years of age or older, the written consent of the child to his adoption must be given and acknowledged in the presence of the court.

    (c) The surrender to the department or to a child-placing agency specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (e) of this Code section shall be executed following the birth of the child, and the pre-birth surrender to the department or to a child-placing agency specified in paragraph (3) of subsection (e) of this Code section shall be executed prior to the birth of the child. Each surrender shall be executed in the presence of a representative of the department or the agency and a notary. A copy shall be delivered to the individual signing the surrender at the time of the execution thereof.

    (d) A person signing a surrender pursuant to this Code section shall have the right to withdraw the surrender as provided in subsection (b) of Code Section 19-8-9.
    (e)(1) The surrender by a parent or guardian specified in paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of this Code section shall meet the requirements of subsection (a) of Code Section 19-8-26.

    (2) The biological father who is not the legal father of a child may surrender all his rights to the child for the purpose of an adoption pursuant to this Code section. That surrender shall meet the requirements of subsection (d) of Code Section 19-8-26.

    (3) (A) The biological father who is not the legal father of a child may execute a surrender of his rights to the child prior to the birth of the child for the purpose of an adoption pursuant to this Code section. A pre-birth surrender, when signed under oath by the alleged biological father, shall serve to relinquish the alleged biological father's rights to the child and to waive the alleged biological father's right to notice of any proceeding with respect to the child's adoption, custody, or guardianship. The court in any adoption proceeding shall have jurisdiction to enter a final order of adoption of the child based upon the pre-birth surrender and in other proceedings to determine the child's legal custody or guardianship shall have jurisdiction to enter an order for those purposes.

    (B) The responsibilities of an alleged biological father are permanently terminated only upon the entry of a final order of adoption. A person executing a pre-birth surrender pursuant to this Code section shall have the right to withdraw the surrender within ten days from the date of execution thereof, notwithstanding the date of birth of the child.

    (C) If a final order of adoption is not entered after the execution of a pre-birth surrender and paternity is established by acknowledgment, by administrative order, or by judicial order, then the alleged biological father shall be responsible for child support or other financial obligations to the child or to the child's mother, or to both.

    (D) The pre-birth surrender shall not be valid for use by a legal father as defined under paragraph (6) of Code Section 19-8-1 or for any man who has executed either a voluntary acknowledgment of legitimation pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (2) of subsection (g) of Code Section 19-7-22 or a voluntary acknowledgment of paternity pursuant to the provisions of Code Section 19-7-46.1.

    (E) The pre-birth surrender may be executed at any time after the biological mother executes a sworn statement identifying such person as an alleged biological father of the biological mother's unborn child.

    (F) The pre-birth surrender shall meet the requirements of subsection (f) of Code Section 19-8-26.

    (f) A surrender of rights shall be acknowledged by the person who surrenders those rights by also signing an acknowledgment meeting the requirements of subsection (g) of Code Section 19-8-26.

    (g) Whenever the legal mother surrenders her parental rights pursuant to this Code section, she shall execute an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection (h) of Code Section 19-8-26.

    (h) Whenever rights are surrendered to the department or to a child-placing agency, the department or agency representative before whom the surrender is signed shall execute an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection (j) of Code Section 19-8-26.

    (i) A surrender pursuant to this Code section may be given by any parent or biological father who is not the legal father of the child irrespective of whether such parent or biological father has arrived at the age of majority. The surrender given by any such minor shall be binding upon him as if the individual were in all respects sui juris.

    (j) In any surrender pursuant to this Code section, the provisions of Chapter 4 of Title 39, relating to the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children, if applicable, shall be complied with.

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