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ILLINOIS STATUTES AND CODES

410 ILCS 45/ Lead Poisoning Prevention Act.

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(410 ILCS 45/1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1301) Sec. 1.Short title.This Act may be cited as the Lead Poisoning Prevention Act. (Source: P. A. 87‑175.)(410 ILCS 45/2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1302)Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this Act: "Abatement" means the removal or encapsulation of all leadbearing substances in a residential building or dwelling unit. "Child care facility" means any structure used by a child care provider licensed by the Department of Children and Family Services or public school structure frequented by children through 6 years of age. "Delegate agency" means a unit of local government or health department approved by the Department to carry out the provisions of this Act. "Department" means the Department of Public Health of the State of Illinois. "Dwelling" means any structure all or part of which is designed or used for human habitation. "High risk area" means an area in the State determined by the Department to be high risk for lead exposure for children through 6 years of age. The Department shall consider, but not be limited to, the following factors to determine a high risk area: age and condition (using Department of Housing and Urban Development definitions of "slum" and "blighted") of housing, proximity to highway traffic or heavy local traffic or both, percentage of housing determined as rental or vacant, proximity to industry using lead, established incidence of elevated blood lead levels in children, percentage of population living below 200% of federal poverty guidelines, and number of children residing in the area who are 6 years of age or younger. "Exposed surface" means any interior or exterior surface of a dwelling or residential building. "Lead abatement contractor" means any person or entity licensed by the Department to perform lead abatement and mitigation. "Lead abatement worker" means any person employed by a lead abatement contractor and licensed by the Department to perform lead abatement and mitigation. "Lead bearing substance" means any item containing or coated with lead such that the lead content is more than six‑hundredths of one percent (0.06%) lead by total weight; or any dust on surfaces or in furniture or other nonpermanent elements of the dwelling; or any paint or other surface coating material containing more than five‑tenths of one percent (0.5%) lead by total weight (calculated as lead metal) in the total non‑volatile content of liquid paint; or lead bearing substances containing greater than one milligram per square centimeter or any lower standard for lead content in residential paint as may be established by federal law or regulation; or more than 1 milligram per square centimeter in the dried film of paint or previously applied substance; or item or dust on item containing lead in excess of the amount specified in the rules and regulations authorized by this Act or a lower standard for lead content as may be established by federal law or regulation. "Lead bearing substance" does not include firearm ammunition or components as defined by the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act. "Lead hazard" means a lead bearing substance that poses an immediate health hazard to humans. "Lead poisoning" means the condition of having blood lead levels in excess of those considered safe under State and federal rules and regulations. "Low risk area" means an area in the State determined by the Department to be low risk for lead exposure for children through 6 years of age. The Department shall consider the factors named in "high risk area" to determine low risk areas. "Mitigation" means the remediation, in a manner described in Section 9, of a lead hazard so that the lead bearing substance does not pose an immediate health hazard to humans. "Owner" means any person, who alone, jointly, or severally with others:(a) Has legal title to any dwelling or residential building, with or without accompanying actual possession of the dwelling or residential building, or(b) Has charge, care or control of the dwelling or residential building as owner or agent of the owner, or as executor, administrator, trustee, or guardian of the estate of the owner. "Person" means any one or more natural persons, legal entities, governmental bodies, or any combination. "Residential building" means any room, group of rooms, or other interior areas of a structure designed or used for human habitation; common areas accessible by inhabitants; and the surrounding property or structures. "Risk assessment" means a questionnaire to be developed by the Department for use by physicians and other health care providers to determine risk factors for children through 6 years of age residing in areas designated as low risk for lead exposure. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.) (410 ILCS 45/3) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1303)Sec. 3. Lead bearing substance use. No person shall use or apply lead bearing substances: (a) In or upon any exposed surface of a dwelling or dwelling unit; (b) In or around the exposed surfaces of a child care facility or other structure frequented by children; (c) In or upon any fixtures or other objects used, installed, or located in or upon any exposed surface of a dwelling or residential building, or child care facility, or intended to be so used, installed, or located and that, in the ordinary course of use, are accessible to or chewable by children; (d) In or upon any items, including, but not limited to, clothing, accessories, jewelry, decorative objects, edible items, candy, food, dietary supplements, toys, furniture, or other articles used by or intended to be chewable by children; (e) Within or upon a residential building or dwelling, child care facility, school, playground, park, or recreational area, or other areas regularly frequented by children. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.) (410 ILCS 45/4) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1304)Sec. 4. Sale of items containing lead bearing substance. No person shall sell, have, offer for sale, or transfer toys, furniture, clothing, accessories, jewelry, decorative objects, edible items, candy, food, dietary supplements, or other articles used by or intended to be chewable by children that contains a lead bearing substance. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.) (410 ILCS 45/5) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1305)Sec. 5. Sale of objects containing lead bearing substance. No person shall sell or transfer or offer for sale or transfer any fixtures or other objects intended to be used, installed, or located in or upon any surface of a dwelling or residential building, or child care facility, that contains a lead bearing substance and that, in the ordinary course of use, are accessible to or chewable by children. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)(410 ILCS 45/6) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1306)Sec. 6. Warning statement. (a) Definitions. As used in this Section: "Children's jewelry" means jewelry that is made for, marketed for use by, or marketed to children under the age of 12 and includes jewelry that meets any of the following conditions:(1) represented in its packaging, display, or advertising as appropriate for use by children under the age of 12;(2) sold in conjunction with, attached to, or packaged together with other products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children under 12;(3) sized for children and not intended for use by adults; or(4) sold in any of the following places: a vending machine; a retail store, catalogue, or online Web site in which a person exclusively offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children; or a discrete portion of a retail store, catalogue, or online Web site in which a person offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed or advertised as appropriate for use by children."Child care article" means an item that is designed or intended by the manufacturer to facilitate the sleep, relaxation, or feeding of children under the age of 6 or to help with children under the age of 6 who are sucking or teething."Toy containing paint" means a painted toy designed for or intended for use by children under the age of 12 at play. In determining whether a toy containing paint is designed for or intended for use by children under the age of 12, the following factors shall be considered:(i) a statement by a manufacturer about the intended use of the product, including a label on the product, if such statement is reasonable;(ii) whether the product is represented in its packaging, display, promotion, or advertising as appropriate for children under the age of 12; and(iii) whether the product is commonly recognized by consumers as being intended for use by a child under the age of 12.(b) Children's products. Effective January 1, 2010, no person, firm, or corporation shall sell, have, offer for sale, or transfer the items listed in this Section that contain a total lead content in any component part of the item that is more than 0.004% (40 parts per million) but less than 0.06% (600 parts per million) by total weight or a lower standard for lead content as may be established by federal or State law or regulation unless that item bears a warning statement that indicates that at least one component part of the item contains lead.The warning statement for items covered under this subsection (b) shall contain at least the following: "WARNING: CONTAINS LEAD. MAY BE HARMFUL IF EATEN OR CHEWED. MAY GENERATE DUST CONTAINING LEAD."An entity is in compliance with this subsection (b) if the warning statement is provided on the children's product or on the label on the immediate container of the children's product. This subsection (b) does not apply to any product for which federal law governs warning in a manner that preempts State authority.(c) Other lead bearing substance. No person, firm, or corporation shall have, offer for sale, sell, or give away any lead bearing substance that may be used by the general public, except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this Section, unless it bears the warning statement as prescribed by federal regulation. If no regulation is prescribed the warning statement shall be as follows when the lead bearing substance is a lead‑based paint or surface coating: "WARNING‑‑CONTAINS LEAD. MAY BE HARMFUL IF EATEN OR CHEWED. See Other Cautions on (Side or Back) Panel. Do not apply on toys, or other children's articles, furniture, or interior, or exterior exposed surfaces of any residential building or facility that may be occupied or used by children. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.". If no regulation is prescribed the warning statement shall be as follows when the lead bearing substance contains lead‑based paint or a form of lead other than lead‑based paint: "WARNING CONTAINS LEAD. MAY BE HARMFUL IF EATEN OR CHEWED. MAY GENERATE DUST CONTAINING LEAD. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.". For the purposes of this subsection (c), the generic term of a product, such as "paint" may be substituted for the word "substance" in the above labeling. (d) The warning statements on items covered in subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this Section shall be in accordance with, or substantially similar to, the following:(1) the statement shall be located in a prominent place on the item or package such that consumers are likely to see the statement when it is examined under retail conditions;(2) the statement shall be conspicuous and not obscured by other written matter;(3) the statement shall be legible; and(4) the statement shall contrast with the typography, layout and color of the other printed matter.Compliance with 16 C.F.R. 1500.121 adopted under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act constitutes compliance with this subsection (d). (e) The manufacturer or importer of record shall be responsible for compliance with this Section.(f) Subsection (c) of this Section does not apply to any component part of a consumer electronic product, including, but not limited to, personal computers, audio and video equipment, calculators, wireless phones, game consoles, and handheld devices incorporating a video screen used to access interactive software and their associated peripherals, that is not accessible to a child through normal and reasonably foreseeable use of the product. A component part is not accessible under this subsection (f) if the component part is not physically exposed by reason of a sealed covering or casing and does not become physically exposed through reasonably foreseeable use and abuse of the product. Paint, coatings, and electroplating, singularly or in any combination, are not sufficient to constitute a sealed covering or casing for purposes of this Section. Coatings and electroplating are sufficient to constitute a sealed covering for connectors, power cords, USB cables, or other similar devices or components used in consumer electronics products. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06; 95‑1019, eff. 6‑1‑09.)(410 ILCS 45/6.01)Sec. 6.01. Warning statement where supplies sold.(a) Any retailer, store, or commercial establishment that offers paint or other supplies intended for the removal of paint shall display, in a prominent and easily visible location, a poster containing, at a minimum, the following:(1) a statement that dry sanding and dry scraping of paint in dwellings built before 1978 is dangerous;(2) a statement that the improper removal of old paint is a significant source of lead dust and the primary cause of lead poisoning; and(3) contact information where consumers can obtain more information.(b) The Department shall provide sample posters and brochures that commercial establishments may use. The Department shall make these posters and brochures available in hard copy and via download from the Department's Internet website.(c) A commercial establishment shall be deemed to be in compliance with this Section if the commercial establishment displays lead poisoning prevention posters or provides brochures to its customers that meet the minimum requirements of this Section but come from a source other than the Department.(Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)(410 ILCS 45/6.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1306.1) Sec. 6.1.Removal of leaded soil.The Department shall, in consultation with the IEPA, specify safety guidelines for workers undertaking removal or covering of leaded soil. Soil inspection requirements shall apply to inspection of residential buildings or child care facilities subject to the requirements of this Section. (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)(410 ILCS 45/6.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1306.2) Sec. 6.2.Physicians to screen children. (a) Every physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or health care provider shall screen children 6 months through 6 years of age for lead poisoning who are determined to reside in an area defined as high risk by the Department. Children residing in areas defined as low risk by the Department shall be assessed for risk by a risk assessment procedure developed by the Department. Children shall be screened, in accordance with guidelines and criteria set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics, at the priority intervals and using the methods specified in the guidelines. (b) Each licensed, registered, or approved health care facility serving children from 6 months through 6 years of age, including but not limited to, health departments, hospitals, clinics, and health maintenance organizations approved, registered, or licensed by the Department, shall take the appropriate steps to ensure that the patients receive lead poisoning screening, where medically indicated or appropriate. (c) Children 6 years and older may also be screened by physicians or health care providers, in accordance with guidelines and criteria set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics, according to the priority intervals specified in the guidelines. Physicians and health care providers shall also screen children for lead poisoning in conjunction with the school health examination, as required under the School Code, when, in the medical judgement of the physician, advanced practice nurse who has a written collaborative agreement with a collaborating physician that authorizes the advance practice nurse to perform health examinations, or physician assistant who has been delegated to perform health examinations by the supervising physician, the child is potentially at high risk of lead poisoning. (d) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require any child to undergo a lead blood level screening or test whose parent or guardian objects on the grounds that the screening or test conflicts with his or her religious beliefs. (Source: P.A. 93‑104, eff. 1‑1‑04.) (410 ILCS 45/6.3)Sec. 6.3. Information provided by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.(a) The Director of Healthcare and Family Services shall provide, upon request of the Director of Public Health, an electronic record of all children less than 7 years of age who receive Medicaid, Kidcare, or other health care benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. The records shall include a history of claims filed for each child and the health care provider who rendered the services. On at least an annual basis, the Director of Public Health shall match the records provided by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services with the records of children receiving lead tests, as reported to the Department under Section 7 of this Act.(b) The Director shall prepare a report documenting the frequency of lead testing and elevated blood and lead levels among children receiving benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. On at least an annual basis, the Director shall prepare and deliver a report to each health care provider who has rendered services to children receiving benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. The report shall contain the aggregate number of children receiving benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services to whom the provider has provided services, the number and percentage of children tested for lead poisoning, and the number and percentage of children having an elevated lead level. The Department of Public Health may exclude health care providers who provide specialized or emergency medical care and who are unlikely to be the primary medical care provider for a child. Upon the request of a provider, the Department of Public Health may generate a list of individual patients treated by that provider according to the claims records and the patients' lead test results. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)(410 ILCS 45/7) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1307) Sec. 7.Reports of lead poisoning required.Every physician who diagnoses, or a nurse, hospital administrator or public health officer who has verified information of the existence of any person found or suspected to have a level of lead in the blood in excess of the permissible limits set forth in regulations adopted by the Department, within 48 hours of receipt of verification, shall report to the Department the name, address, laboratory results, date of birth, and any other information about the person deemed essential by the Department. Directors of clinical laboratories must report to the Department, within 48 hours of receipt of verification, positive results of all blood lead analyses performed in their facility. The information included in the clinical laboratories report shall include, but not be limited to, the child's name, address, date of birth, name of physician ordering analysis, and specimen type. All negative results must be reported to the Department in accordance with rules adopted by the Department. These rules shall not require reporting in less than 30 days after the end of the month in which the negative results are obtained. All reports shall be treated in the same manner as information subject to the provisions of Part 21 of Article VIII of the Code of Civil Procedure. Any physician, nurse, hospital administrator, director of a clinical laboratory, public health officer, or allied health professional making a report in good faith shall be immune from any civil or criminal liability that otherwise might be incurred from the making of a report. (Source: P.A. 89‑381, eff. 8‑18‑95; 90‑182, eff. 1‑1‑98.)(410 ILCS 45/7.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1307.1)Sec. 7.1. Child care facilities must require lead blood level screening for admission. By January 1, 1993, each day care center, day care home, preschool, nursery school, kindergarten, or other child care facility, licensed or approved by the State, including such programs operated by a public school district, shall include a requirement that each parent or legal guardian of a child between the ages of 6 months through 6 years provide a statement from a physician or health care provider that the child has been risk assessed, as provided in Section 6.2, if the child resides in an area defined as low risk by the Department, or screened for lead poisoning as provided for in Section 6.2, if the child resides in an area defined as high risk. This statement shall be provided prior to admission and subsequently in conjunction with required physical examinations. Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require any child to undergo a lead blood level screening or test whose parent or guardian objects on the grounds that the screening or test conflicts with his or her religious beliefs. Child care facilities that participate in the Illinois Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP) shall annually send or deliver to the parents or guardians of children enrolled in the facility's care an informational pamphlet regarding awareness of lead paint poisoning. Pamphlets shall be produced and made available by the Department and shall be downloadable from the Department's Internet website. The Department of Human Services and the Department of Public Health shall assist in the distribution of the pamphlet. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.) (410 ILCS 45/7.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1307.2) Sec. 7.2.Laboratory fees for blood lead screening; Lead Poisoning Fund. (a) The Department may establish fees according to a reasonable fee structure to cover the cost of providing a testing service for laboratory analysis of blood lead tests and any necessary follow‑up. Fees collected from the Department's testing service shall be placed in a special fund in the State treasury known as the Lead Poisoning Screening, Prevention, and Abatement Fund. Other State and federal funds for expenses related to lead poisoning screening, follow‑up, treatment, and abatement programs may also be placed in the Fund. Moneys shall be appropriated from the Fund to the Department of Public Health solely for the purposes of providing lead screening, follow‑up, and treatment programs. (b) Any delegate agency may establish fees, according to a reasonable fee structure, to cover the costs of drawing blood for blood lead screening and any necessary follow‑up. (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)(410 ILCS 45/8) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1308)Sec. 8. Inspection of buildings occupied by a person screening positive. A representative of the Department, or delegate agency, may, after notification that an occupant of the dwelling unit in question is found to have a blood lead value of the value set forth in Section 7, upon presentation of the appropriate credentials to the owner, occupant, or his representative, inspect dwelling or dwelling units, at reasonable times, for the purposes of ascertaining that all surfaces accessible to children are intact and in good repair, and for purposes of ascertaining the existence of lead bearing substances. Such representative of the Department, or delegate agency, may remove samples or objects necessary for laboratory analysis, in the determination of the presence of lead‑bearing substances in the designated dwelling or dwelling unit. If a building is occupied by a child of less than 3 years of age screening positive, the Department, in addition to all other requirements of this Section, must inspect the dwelling unit and common place area of the child screening positive.Following the inspection, the Department or its delegate agency shall: (1) Prepare an inspection report which shall:(A) State the address of the dwelling unit.(B) Describe the scope of the inspection, the inspection procedures used, and the method of ascertaining the existence of a lead bearing substance in the dwelling unit.(C) State whether any lead bearing substances were found in the dwelling unit.(D) Describe the nature, extent, and location of any lead bearing substance that is found.(E) State either that a lead hazard does exist or that a lead hazard does not exist. If a lead hazard does exist, the report shall describe the source, nature and location of the lead hazard. The existence of intact lead paint does not alone constitute a lead hazard for the purposes of this Section.(F) Give the name of the person who conducted the inspection and the person to contact for further information regarding the inspection and the requirements of this Act. (2) Mail or otherwise provide a copy of the inspection report to the property owner and to the occupants of the dwelling unit. If a lead bearing substance is found, at the time of providing a copy of the inspection report, the Department or its delegate agency shall attach an informational brochure. (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.) (410 ILCS 45/8.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1308.1) Sec. 8.1.Licensing of lead inspectors. (a) By January 1, 1994, the Department shall establish standards and licensing procedures for lead inspectors. An integral element of these procedures shall be an education and training program prescribed by the Department which shall include but not be limited to scientific sampling, chemistry, and construction techniques. No person shall make inspections without first being licensed by the Department. The penalty for inspection without a license shall be a Class A misdemeanor. (b) The Department shall charge licensed inspectors reasonable license fees and the fees shall be placed in the Lead Poisoning Screening, Prevention, and Abatement Fund and used to fund the Department's licensing of inspectors and any other activities prescribed by this Act. An inspector employed by the Department or its delegate agency shall not be charged a license fee. (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)(410 ILCS 45/8.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1308.2) Sec. 8.2.Warrant procedures.If the occupant of a residential building or dwelling designated for inspection under Section 8 refuses to allow inspection, an agent of the Department or of the Department's delegate agency may apply for a search warrant to permit entry. A court may issue a warrant upon a showing that a victim of lead poisoning resides or has recently resided in the residential building. The findings of the inspection shall be reported to the Department and to the appropriate enforcement authorities established in this Act. (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)(410 ILCS 45/9) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1309) Sec. 9.Procedures upon determination of lead hazard. (1) If the inspection report identifies a lead hazard, the Department or delegate agency shall serve a mitigation notice on the property owner that the owner is required to mitigate the lead hazard, and shall indicate the time period specified in this Section in which the owner must complete the mitigation. The notice shall include information describing mitigation activities which meet the requirements of this Act. (2) If the inspection report identifies a lead hazard, the owner shall mitigate the lead hazard in a manner prescribed by the Department and within the time limit prescribed by this Section. The Department shall adopt rules regarding acceptable methods of mitigating a lead hazard. If the source of the lead hazard identified in the inspection report is lead paint or any other leaded surface coating, the lead hazard shall be deemed to have been mitigated if:(A) The surface identified as the source of the hazard is no longer in a condition that produces a hazardous level of leaded chips, flakes, dust or any other form of leaded substance, that can be ingested or inhaled by humans, or;(B) If the surface identified as the source of the
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  •     (410 ILCS 45/1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1301)
        Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Lead Poisoning Prevention Act.
    (Source: P. A. 87‑175.)

        (410 ILCS 45/2)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1302)
        Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this Act:
        "Abatement" means the removal or encapsulation of all leadbearing substances in a residential building or dwelling unit.
        "Child care facility" means any structure used by a child care provider licensed by the Department of Children and Family Services or public school structure frequented by children through 6 years of age.
        "Delegate agency" means a unit of local government or health department approved by the Department to carry out the provisions of this Act.
        "Department" means the Department of Public Health of the State of Illinois.
        "Dwelling" means any structure all or part of which is designed or used for human habitation.
        "High risk area" means an area in the State determined by the Department to be high risk for lead exposure for children through 6 years of age. The Department shall consider, but not be limited to, the following factors to determine a high risk area: age and condition (using Department of Housing and Urban Development definitions of "slum" and "blighted") of housing, proximity to highway traffic or heavy local traffic or both, percentage of housing determined as rental or vacant, proximity to industry using lead, established incidence of elevated blood lead levels in children, percentage of population living below 200% of federal poverty guidelines, and number of children residing in the area who are 6 years of age or younger.
        "Exposed surface" means any interior or exterior surface of a dwelling or residential building.
        "Lead abatement contractor" means any person or entity licensed by the Department to perform lead abatement and mitigation.
        "Lead abatement worker" means any person employed by a lead abatement contractor and licensed by the Department to perform lead abatement and mitigation.
        "Lead bearing substance" means any item containing or coated with lead such that the lead content is more than six‑hundredths of one percent (0.06%) lead by total weight; or any dust on surfaces or in furniture or other nonpermanent elements of the dwelling; or any paint or other surface coating material containing more than five‑tenths of one percent (0.5%) lead by total weight (calculated as lead metal) in the total non‑volatile content of liquid paint; or lead bearing substances containing greater than one milligram per square centimeter or any lower standard for lead content in residential paint as may be established by federal law or regulation; or more than 1 milligram per square centimeter in the dried film of paint or previously applied substance; or item or dust on item containing lead in excess of the amount specified in the rules and regulations authorized by this Act or a lower standard for lead content as may be established by federal law or regulation. "Lead bearing substance" does not include firearm ammunition or components as defined by the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act.
        "Lead hazard" means a lead bearing substance that poses an immediate health hazard to humans.
        "Lead poisoning" means the condition of having blood lead levels in excess of those considered safe under State and federal rules and regulations.
        "Low risk area" means an area in the State determined by the Department to be low risk for lead exposure for children through 6 years of age. The Department shall consider the factors named in "high risk area" to determine low risk areas.
        "Mitigation" means the remediation, in a manner described in Section 9, of a lead hazard so that the lead bearing substance does not pose an immediate health hazard to humans.
        "Owner" means any person, who alone, jointly, or severally with others:
            (a) Has legal title to any dwelling or residential
         building, with or without accompanying actual possession of the dwelling or residential building, or
            (b) Has charge, care or control of the dwelling or
         residential building as owner or agent of the owner, or as executor, administrator, trustee, or guardian of the estate of the owner.
        "Person" means any one or more natural persons, legal entities, governmental bodies, or any combination.
        "Residential building" means any room, group of rooms, or other interior areas of a structure designed or used for human habitation; common areas accessible by inhabitants; and the surrounding property or structures.
        "Risk assessment" means a questionnaire to be developed by the Department for use by physicians and other health care providers to determine risk factors for children through 6 years of age residing in areas designated as low risk for lead exposure.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/3)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1303)
        Sec. 3. Lead bearing substance use. No person shall use or apply lead bearing substances:
        (a) In or upon any exposed surface of a dwelling or dwelling unit;
        (b) In or around the exposed surfaces of a child care facility or other structure frequented by children;
        (c) In or upon any fixtures or other objects used, installed, or located in or upon any exposed surface of a dwelling or residential building, or child care facility, or intended to be so used, installed, or located and that, in the ordinary course of use, are accessible to or chewable by children;
        (d) In or upon any items, including, but not limited to, clothing, accessories, jewelry, decorative objects, edible items, candy, food, dietary supplements, toys, furniture, or other articles used by or intended to be chewable by children;
        (e) Within or upon a residential building or dwelling, child care facility, school, playground, park, or recreational area, or other areas regularly frequented by children.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/4)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1304)
        Sec. 4. Sale of items containing lead bearing substance. No person shall sell, have, offer for sale, or transfer toys, furniture, clothing, accessories, jewelry, decorative objects, edible items, candy, food, dietary supplements, or other articles used by or intended to be chewable by children that contains a lead bearing substance.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/5)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1305)
        Sec. 5. Sale of objects containing lead bearing substance. No person shall sell or transfer or offer for sale or transfer any fixtures or other objects intended to be used, installed, or located in or upon any surface of a dwelling or residential building, or child care facility, that contains a lead bearing substance and that, in the ordinary course of use, are accessible to or chewable by children.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/6)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1306)
        Sec. 6. Warning statement.
        (a) Definitions. As used in this Section:
        "Children's jewelry" means jewelry that is made for, marketed for use by, or marketed to children under the age of 12 and includes jewelry that meets any of the following conditions:
            (1) represented in its packaging, display, or
         advertising as appropriate for use by children under the age of 12;
            (2) sold in conjunction with, attached to, or
         packaged together with other products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children under 12;
            (3) sized for children and not intended for use by
         adults; or
            (4) sold in any of the following places: a vending
         machine; a retail store, catalogue, or online Web site in which a person exclusively offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed, or advertised as appropriate for use by children; or a discrete portion of a retail store, catalogue, or online Web site in which a person offers for sale products that are packaged, displayed or advertised as appropriate for use by children.
        "Child care article" means an item that is designed or intended by the manufacturer to facilitate the sleep, relaxation, or feeding of children under the age of 6 or to help with children under the age of 6 who are sucking or teething.
        "Toy containing paint" means a painted toy designed for or intended for use by children under the age of 12 at play. In determining whether a toy containing paint is designed for or intended for use by children under the age of 12, the following factors shall be considered:
            (i) a statement by a manufacturer about the intended
         use of the product, including a label on the product, if such statement is reasonable;
            (ii) whether the product is represented in its
         packaging, display, promotion, or advertising as appropriate for children under the age of 12; and
            (iii) whether the product is commonly recognized by
         consumers as being intended for use by a child under the age of 12.
        (b) Children's products. Effective January 1, 2010, no
         person, firm, or corporation shall sell, have, offer for sale, or transfer the items listed in this Section that contain a total lead content in any component part of the item that is more than 0.004% (40 parts per million) but less than 0.06% (600 parts per million) by total weight or a lower standard for lead content as may be established by federal or State law or regulation unless that item bears a warning statement that indicates that at least one component part of the item contains lead.
        The warning statement for items covered under this
         subsection (b) shall contain at least the following: "WARNING: CONTAINS LEAD. MAY BE HARMFUL IF EATEN OR CHEWED. MAY GENERATE DUST CONTAINING LEAD."
        An entity is in compliance with this subsection (b) if
         the warning statement is provided on the children's product or on the label on the immediate container of the children's product. This subsection (b) does not apply to any product for which federal law governs warning in a manner that preempts State authority.
        (c) Other lead bearing substance. No person, firm, or corporation shall have, offer for sale, sell, or give away any lead bearing substance that may be used by the general public, except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this Section, unless it bears the warning statement as prescribed by federal regulation. If no regulation is prescribed the warning statement shall be as follows when the lead bearing substance is a lead‑based paint or surface coating: "WARNING‑‑CONTAINS LEAD. MAY BE HARMFUL IF EATEN OR CHEWED. See Other Cautions on (Side or Back) Panel. Do not apply on toys, or other children's articles, furniture, or interior, or exterior exposed surfaces of any residential building or facility that may be occupied or used by children. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.". If no regulation is prescribed the warning statement shall be as follows when the lead bearing substance contains lead‑based paint or a form of lead other than lead‑based paint: "WARNING CONTAINS LEAD. MAY BE HARMFUL IF EATEN OR CHEWED. MAY GENERATE DUST CONTAINING LEAD. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.".
        For the purposes of this subsection (c), the generic term of a product, such as "paint" may be substituted for the word "substance" in the above labeling.
        (d) The warning statements on items covered in subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this Section shall be in accordance with, or substantially similar to, the following:
            (1) the statement shall be located in a prominent
         place on the item or package such that consumers are likely to see the statement when it is examined under retail conditions;
            (2) the statement shall be conspicuous and not
         obscured by other written matter;
            (3) the statement shall be legible; and
            (4) the statement shall contrast with the typography,
         layout and color of the other printed matter.
        Compliance with 16 C.F.R. 1500.121 adopted under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act constitutes compliance with this subsection (d).
        (e) The manufacturer or importer of record shall be responsible for compliance with this Section.
        (f) Subsection (c) of this Section does not apply to any component part of a consumer electronic product, including, but not limited to, personal computers, audio and video equipment, calculators, wireless phones, game consoles, and handheld devices incorporating a video screen used to access interactive software and their associated peripherals, that is not accessible to a child through normal and reasonably foreseeable use of the product. A component part is not accessible under this subsection (f) if the component part is not physically exposed by reason of a sealed covering or casing and does not become physically exposed through reasonably foreseeable use and abuse of the product. Paint, coatings, and electroplating, singularly or in any combination, are not sufficient to constitute a sealed covering or casing for purposes of this Section. Coatings and electroplating are sufficient to constitute a sealed covering for connectors, power cords, USB cables, or other similar devices or components used in consumer electronics products.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06; 95‑1019, eff. 6‑1‑09.)

        (410 ILCS 45/6.01)
        Sec. 6.01. Warning statement where supplies sold.
        (a) Any retailer, store, or commercial establishment that offers paint or other supplies intended for the removal of paint shall display, in a prominent and easily visible location, a poster containing, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) a statement that dry sanding and dry scraping of
         paint in dwellings built before 1978 is dangerous;
            (2) a statement that the improper removal of old
         paint is a significant source of lead dust and the primary cause of lead poisoning; and
            (3) contact information where consumers can obtain
         more information.
        (b) The Department shall provide sample posters and brochures that commercial establishments may use. The Department shall make these posters and brochures available in hard copy and via download from the Department's Internet website.
        (c) A commercial establishment shall be deemed to be in compliance with this Section if the commercial establishment displays lead poisoning prevention posters or provides brochures to its customers that meet the minimum requirements of this Section but come from a source other than the Department.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/6.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1306.1)
        Sec. 6.1. Removal of leaded soil. The Department shall, in consultation with the IEPA, specify safety guidelines for workers undertaking removal or covering of leaded soil. Soil inspection requirements shall apply to inspection of residential buildings or child care facilities subject to the requirements of this Section.
    (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)

        (410 ILCS 45/6.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1306.2)
        Sec. 6.2. Physicians to screen children.
        (a) Every physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or health care provider shall screen children 6 months through 6 years of age for lead poisoning who are determined to reside in an area defined as high risk by the Department. Children residing in areas defined as low risk by the Department shall be assessed for risk by a risk assessment procedure developed by the Department. Children shall be screened, in accordance with guidelines and criteria set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics, at the priority intervals and using the methods specified in the guidelines.
        (b) Each licensed, registered, or approved health care facility serving children from 6 months through 6 years of age, including but not limited to, health departments, hospitals, clinics, and health maintenance organizations approved, registered, or licensed by the Department, shall take the appropriate steps to ensure that the patients receive lead poisoning screening, where medically indicated or appropriate.
        (c) Children 6 years and older may also be screened by physicians or health care providers, in accordance with guidelines and criteria set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics, according to the priority intervals specified in the guidelines. Physicians and health care providers shall also screen children for lead poisoning in conjunction with the school health examination, as required under the School Code, when, in the medical judgement of the physician, advanced practice nurse who has a written collaborative agreement with a collaborating physician that authorizes the advance practice nurse to perform health examinations, or physician assistant who has been delegated to perform health examinations by the supervising physician, the child is potentially at high risk of lead poisoning.
        (d) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require any child to undergo a lead blood level screening or test whose parent or guardian objects on the grounds that the screening or test conflicts with his or her religious beliefs.
    (Source: P.A. 93‑104, eff. 1‑1‑04.)

        (410 ILCS 45/6.3)
        Sec. 6.3. Information provided by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services.
        (a) The Director of Healthcare and Family Services shall provide, upon request of the Director of Public Health, an electronic record of all children less than 7 years of age who receive Medicaid, Kidcare, or other health care benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. The records shall include a history of claims filed for each child and the health care provider who rendered the services. On at least an annual basis, the Director of Public Health shall match the records provided by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services with the records of children receiving lead tests, as reported to the Department under Section 7 of this Act.
        (b) The Director shall prepare a report documenting the frequency of lead testing and elevated blood and lead levels among children receiving benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. On at least an annual basis, the Director shall prepare and deliver a report to each health care provider who has rendered services to children receiving benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. The report shall contain the aggregate number of children receiving benefits from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services to whom the provider has provided services, the number and percentage of children tested for lead poisoning, and the number and percentage of children having an elevated lead level. The Department of Public Health may exclude health care providers who provide specialized or emergency medical care and who are unlikely to be the primary medical care provider for a child. Upon the request of a provider, the Department of Public Health may generate a list of individual patients treated by that provider according to the claims records and the patients' lead test results.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/7) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1307)
        Sec. 7. Reports of lead poisoning required. Every physician who diagnoses, or a nurse, hospital administrator or public health officer who has verified information of the existence of any person found or suspected to have a level of lead in the blood in excess of the permissible limits set forth in regulations adopted by the Department, within 48 hours of receipt of verification, shall report to the Department the name, address, laboratory results, date of birth, and any other information about the person deemed essential by the Department. Directors of clinical laboratories must report to the Department, within 48 hours of receipt of verification, positive results of all blood lead analyses performed in their facility. The information included in the clinical laboratories report shall include, but not be limited to, the child's name, address, date of birth, name of physician ordering analysis, and specimen type. All negative results must be reported to the Department in accordance with rules adopted by the Department. These rules shall not require reporting in less than 30 days after the end of the month in which the negative results are obtained. All reports shall be treated in the same manner as information subject to the provisions of Part 21 of Article VIII of the Code of Civil Procedure. Any physician, nurse, hospital administrator, director of a clinical laboratory, public health officer, or allied health professional making a report in good faith shall be immune from any civil or criminal liability that otherwise might be incurred from the making of a report.
    (Source: P.A. 89‑381, eff. 8‑18‑95; 90‑182, eff. 1‑1‑98.)

        (410 ILCS 45/7.1)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1307.1)
        Sec. 7.1. Child care facilities must require lead blood level screening for admission. By January 1, 1993, each day care center, day care home, preschool, nursery school, kindergarten, or other child care facility, licensed or approved by the State, including such programs operated by a public school district, shall include a requirement that each parent or legal guardian of a child between the ages of 6 months through 6 years provide a statement from a physician or health care provider that the child has been risk assessed, as provided in Section 6.2, if the child resides in an area defined as low risk by the Department, or screened for lead poisoning as provided for in Section 6.2, if the child resides in an area defined as high risk. This statement shall be provided prior to admission and subsequently in conjunction with required physical examinations.
        Nothing in this Section shall be construed to require any child to undergo a lead blood level screening or test whose parent or guardian objects on the grounds that the screening or test conflicts with his or her religious beliefs.
        Child care facilities that participate in the Illinois Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP) shall annually send or deliver to the parents or guardians of children enrolled in the facility's care an informational pamphlet regarding awareness of lead paint poisoning. Pamphlets shall be produced and made available by the Department and shall be downloadable from the Department's Internet website. The Department of Human Services and the Department of Public Health shall assist in the distribution of the pamphlet.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/7.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1307.2)
        Sec. 7.2. Laboratory fees for blood lead screening; Lead Poisoning Fund.
        (a) The Department may establish fees according to a reasonable fee structure to cover the cost of providing a testing service for laboratory analysis of blood lead tests and any necessary follow‑up. Fees collected from the Department's testing service shall be placed in a special fund in the State treasury known as the Lead Poisoning Screening, Prevention, and Abatement Fund. Other State and federal funds for expenses related to lead poisoning screening, follow‑up, treatment, and abatement programs may also be placed in the Fund. Moneys shall be appropriated from the Fund to the Department of Public Health solely for the purposes of providing lead screening, follow‑up, and treatment programs.
        (b) Any delegate agency may establish fees, according to a reasonable fee structure, to cover the costs of drawing blood for blood lead screening and any necessary follow‑up.
    (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)

        (410 ILCS 45/8)(from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1308)
        Sec. 8. Inspection of buildings occupied by a person screening positive. A representative of the Department, or delegate agency, may, after notification that an occupant of the dwelling unit in question is found to have a blood lead value of the value set forth in Section 7, upon presentation of the appropriate credentials to the owner, occupant, or his representative, inspect dwelling or dwelling units, at reasonable times, for the purposes of ascertaining that all surfaces accessible to children are intact and in good repair, and for purposes of ascertaining the existence of lead bearing substances. Such representative of the Department, or delegate agency, may remove samples or objects necessary for laboratory analysis, in the determination of the presence of lead‑bearing substances in the designated dwelling or dwelling unit.
        If a building is occupied by a child of less than 3 years of age screening positive, the Department, in addition to all other requirements of this Section, must inspect the dwelling unit and common place area of the child screening positive.
        Following the inspection, the Department or its delegate agency shall:
            (1) Prepare an inspection report which shall:
                (A) State the address of the dwelling unit.
                (B) Describe the scope of the inspection, the
             inspection procedures used, and the method of ascertaining the existence of a lead bearing substance in the dwelling unit.
                (C) State whether any lead bearing substances
             were found in the dwelling unit.
                (D) Describe the nature, extent, and location of
             any lead bearing substance that is found.
                (E) State either that a lead hazard does exist
             or that a lead hazard does not exist. If a lead hazard does exist, the report shall describe the source, nature and location of the lead hazard. The existence of intact lead paint does not alone constitute a lead hazard for the purposes of this Section.
                (F) Give the name of the person who conducted
             the inspection and the person to contact for further information regarding the inspection and the requirements of this Act.
            (2) Mail or otherwise provide a copy of the
         inspection report to the property owner and to the occupants of the dwelling unit. If a lead bearing substance is found, at the time of providing a copy of the inspection report, the Department or its delegate agency shall attach an informational brochure.
    (Source: P.A. 94‑879, eff. 6‑20‑06.)

        (410 ILCS 45/8.1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1308.1)
        Sec. 8.1. Licensing of lead inspectors.
        (a) By January 1, 1994, the Department shall establish standards and licensing procedures for lead inspectors. An integral element of these procedures shall be an education and training program prescribed by the Department which shall include but not be limited to scientific sampling, chemistry, and construction techniques. No person shall make inspections without first being licensed by the Department. The penalty for inspection without a license shall be a Class A misdemeanor.
        (b) The Department shall charge licensed inspectors reasonable license fees and the fees shall be placed in the Lead Poisoning Screening, Prevention, and Abatement Fund and used to fund the Department's licensing of inspectors and any other activities prescribed by this Act. An inspector employed by the Department or its delegate agency shall not be charged a license fee.
    (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)

        (410 ILCS 45/8.2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1308.2)
        Sec. 8.2. Warrant procedures. If the occupant of a residential building or dwelling designated for inspection under Section 8 refuses to allow inspection, an agent of the Department or of the Department's delegate agency may apply for a search warrant to permit entry. A court may issue a warrant upon a showing that a victim of lead poisoning resides or has recently resided in the residential building. The findings of the inspection shall be reported to the Department and to the appropriate enforcement authorities established in this Act.
    (Source: P.A. 87‑175.)

        (410 ILCS 45/9) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 1309)
        Sec. 9. Procedures upon determination of lead hazard.
        (1) If the inspection report identifies a lead hazard, the Department or delegate agency shall serve a mitigation notice on the property owner that the owner is required to mitigate the lead hazard, and shall indicate the time period specified in this Section in which the owner must complete the mitigation. The notice shall include information describing mitigation activities which meet the requirements of this Act.
        (2) If the inspection report identifies a lead hazard, the owner shall mitigate the lead hazard in a manner prescribed by the Department and within the time limit prescribed by this Section. The Department shall adopt rules regarding acceptable methods of mitigating a lead hazard. If the source of the lead hazard identified in the inspection report is lead paint or any other leaded surface coating, the lead hazard shall be deemed to have been mitigated if:
            (A) The surface identified as the source of the
         hazard is no longer in a condition that produces a hazardous level of leaded chips, flakes, dust or any other form of leaded substance, that can be ingested or inhaled by humans, or;
            (B) If the surface identified as the source of the

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