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14A:5-6 - Action by shareholders without a meeting

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14A:5-6  Action by shareholders without a meeting. 14A:5-6.  Action by shareholders without a meeting.(1)Any action required or permitted to be taken at a meeting of shareholders by this act or the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of a corporation, may be taken without a meeting if all the shareholders entitled to vote thereon consent thereto in writing, except that in the case of any action to be taken pursuant to N.J.S.14A:10-1 et seq., such action may be taken without a meeting only if all shareholders consent thereto in writing or if all shareholders entitled to vote thereon consent thereto in writing and the corporation provides to all other shareholders the advance notification required by paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of this section. (2)Except as otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation and subject to the provisions of this subsection, any action required or permitted to be taken at a meeting of shareholders by this act, the certificate of incorporation, or bylaws, other than the annual election of directors, may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice and without a vote, upon the written consent of shareholders who would have been entitled to cast the minimum number of votes which would be necessary to authorize such action at a meeting at which all shareholders entitled to vote thereon were present and voting. (a)If any shareholder shall have the right to dissent from the proposed action, pursuant to N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq., the board shall fix a date on which written consents are to be tabulated; in any other case, it may fix a date for tabulation.  If no date is fixed, consents may be tabulated as they are received.  No consent shall be counted which is received more than 60 days after the date of the board action authorizing the solicitation of consents or, in a case in which consents, or proxies for consents, are solicited from all shareholders who would have been entitled to vote at a meeting called to take such action, more than 60 days after the date of mailing of solicitation of consents, or proxies for consents. (b)Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this subsection, the corporation, upon receipt and tabulation of the requisite number of written consents, shall promptly notify all non-consenting shareholders, who would have been entitled to notice of a meeting to vote upon such action, of the action consented to, the proposed effective date of such action, and any conditions precedent to such action.  In the case of any action taken pursuant to N.J.S.14A:10-1 et seq., such notification shall be given at least 20 days in advance of the proposed effective date of such action.  Any shareholder who did not consent, personally, or by proxy, to any action which he has a right to dissent from as provided in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq. shall in such notice also be informed that he has the right to dissent and to be paid the fair value of his shares, provided he files with the corporation a written notice of dissent as required by subsection (1) of N.J.S.14A:11-2 within 20 days from the date of giving of the notice, or such greater period of time as may be granted by the corporation, and outlining briefly, with particular reference to the time periods within which actions must be taken, the procedures set forth in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq. with which he must comply in order to assert and enforce such right. (c)The corporation need not provide the notification required by paragraph (b) of this subsection if it (i)solicits written consents or proxies for consents from all shareholders who would have been entitled to vote at a meeting called to take such action, and at the same time gives notice of the proposed action to all other shareholders who would have been entitled to notice of a meeting called to vote upon such action; (ii)advises all shareholders, if any, who are entitled to dissent from the proposed action, as provided in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq., of their right to do so and to be paid the fair value of their shares, provided they file with the corporation before the date fixed for tabulation of the written consents a written notice of dissent as required by subsection (1) of N.J.S.14A:11-2, and outlining briefly, with particular reference to the time periods within which actions must be taken, the procedures set forth in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq. with which they must comply in order to assert and enforce such right; and (iii) in the case of any proposed action to be taken pursuant to N.J.S.14A:10-1 et seq., fixes a date for tabulation of consents not less than 20 days, and not more than 60 days, after the date of mailing of solicitations of consents or proxies for consents. (d)Any consent obtained pursuant to paragraph (c) of this subsection may be revoked at any time prior to the day fixed for tabulation of consents.  Any other consent may be revoked at any time prior to the day on which the proposed action could be taken upon compliance with paragraph (b) of this subsection.  No revocation shall be effective unless in writing and until received by the corporation at the place fixed for receipt of consents or, if none, at the main business office or headquarters of the corporation. (3)Whenever action is taken pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section, the written consents of the shareholders consenting thereto or the written report of inspectors appointed to tabulate such consents shall be filed with the minutes of proceedings of shareholders. (4)Any action taken pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section shall have the same effect for all purposes as if such action had been taken at a meeting of the shareholders. (5)If any other provision of this act requires the filing of a certificate upon the taking of an action by shareholders, and such action is taken in the manner authorized by subsection (1) or (2) of this section, such certificate shall state that such action was taken without a meeting pursuant to the written consents of the shareholders and shall set forth the number of shares represented by such consents. amended 1969, c.102, ss.5,17; 1973, c.366, s.12; 1995, c.279, s.4; 2010, c.15, s.1. 14A:5-7.Fixing record date14A:5-7.  Fixing record date.(1) The bylaws may provide for fixing, or in the absence of such a provision the board may fix, in advance, a date as the record date for determining the corporation's shareholders with regard to any corporate action or event and, in particular, for determining the shareholders entitled to(a) notice of or to vote at any meeting of shareholders or any adjournment thereof;(b) give a written consent to any action without a meeting; or(c) receive payment of any dividend or allotment of any right.  The record date may in no case be more than 60 days prior to the shareholders' meeting or other corporate action or event to which it relates.  The record date for a shareholders' meeting may not be less than 10 days before the date of the meeting.  The record date to determine shareholders entitled to give a written consent may not be more than 60 days before the date fixed for tabulation of the consents or, if no date has been fixed for tabulation, more than 60 days before the last day on which consents received may be counted.(2) If no record date is fixed(a) the record date for a shareholders' meeting shall be the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if no notice is given, the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held; and(b) the record date for determining shareholders for any purpose other than that specified in paragraph 14A:5-7(2)(a) shall be at the close of business on the day on which the resolution of the board relating thereto is adopted; and(c) the record date for determining shareholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting, when no prior action by the board of directors is required by this act, shall be the first date on which a signed written consent setting forth the action taken or proposed to be taken is delivered to the corporation by delivery to its registered office in this State, its principal place of business, or an officer or agent of the corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of shareholders are recorded.(3) When a determination of shareholders of record for a shareholders' meeting has been made as provided in this section, such determination shall apply to any adjournment thereof, unless the board fixes a new record date under this section for the adjourned meeting.L.1968, c.350; amended 1973,c.366,s.13; 1995,c.279,s.5.
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  • 14A:5-6  Action by shareholders without a meeting.

    14A:5-6.  Action by shareholders without a meeting.

    (1)Any action required or permitted to be taken at a meeting of shareholders by this act or the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of a corporation, may be taken without a meeting if all the shareholders entitled to vote thereon consent thereto in writing, except that in the case of any action to be taken pursuant to N.J.S.14A:10-1 et seq., such action may be taken without a meeting only if all shareholders consent thereto in writing or if all shareholders entitled to vote thereon consent thereto in writing and the corporation provides to all other shareholders the advance notification required by paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of this section.

    (2)Except as otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation and subject to the provisions of this subsection, any action required or permitted to be taken at a meeting of shareholders by this act, the certificate of incorporation, or bylaws, other than the annual election of directors, may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice and without a vote, upon the written consent of shareholders who would have been entitled to cast the minimum number of votes which would be necessary to authorize such action at a meeting at which all shareholders entitled to vote thereon were present and voting.

    (a)If any shareholder shall have the right to dissent from the proposed action, pursuant to N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq., the board shall fix a date on which written consents are to be tabulated; in any other case, it may fix a date for tabulation.  If no date is fixed, consents may be tabulated as they are received.  No consent shall be counted which is received more than 60 days after the date of the board action authorizing the solicitation of consents or, in a case in which consents, or proxies for consents, are solicited from all shareholders who would have been entitled to vote at a meeting called to take such action, more than 60 days after the date of mailing of solicitation of consents, or proxies for consents.

    (b)Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this subsection, the corporation, upon receipt and tabulation of the requisite number of written consents, shall promptly notify all non-consenting shareholders, who would have been entitled to notice of a meeting to vote upon such action, of the action consented to, the proposed effective date of such action, and any conditions precedent to such action.  In the case of any action taken pursuant to N.J.S.14A:10-1 et seq., such notification shall be given at least 20 days in advance of the proposed effective date of such action.  Any shareholder who did not consent, personally, or by proxy, to any action which he has a right to dissent from as provided in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq. shall in such notice also be informed that he has the right to dissent and to be paid the fair value of his shares, provided he files with the corporation a written notice of dissent as required by subsection (1) of N.J.S.14A:11-2 within 20 days from the date of giving of the notice, or such greater period of time as may be granted by the corporation, and outlining briefly, with particular reference to the time periods within which actions must be taken, the procedures set forth in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq. with which he must comply in order to assert and enforce such right.

    (c)The corporation need not provide the notification required by paragraph (b) of this subsection if it

    (i)solicits written consents or proxies for consents from all shareholders who would have been entitled to vote at a meeting called to take such action, and at the same time gives notice of the proposed action to all other shareholders who would have been entitled to notice of a meeting called to vote upon such action;

    (ii)advises all shareholders, if any, who are entitled to dissent from the proposed action, as provided in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq., of their right to do so and to be paid the fair value of their shares, provided they file with the corporation before the date fixed for tabulation of the written consents a written notice of dissent as required by subsection (1) of N.J.S.14A:11-2, and outlining briefly, with particular reference to the time periods within which actions must be taken, the procedures set forth in N.J.S.14A:11-1 et seq. with which they must comply in order to assert and enforce such right; and

    (iii) in the case of any proposed action to be taken pursuant to N.J.S.14A:10-1 et seq., fixes a date for tabulation of consents not less than 20 days, and not more than 60 days, after the date of mailing of solicitations of consents or proxies for consents.

    (d)Any consent obtained pursuant to paragraph (c) of this subsection may be revoked at any time prior to the day fixed for tabulation of consents.  Any other consent may be revoked at any time prior to the day on which the proposed action could be taken upon compliance with paragraph (b) of this subsection.  No revocation shall be effective unless in writing and until received by the corporation at the place fixed for receipt of consents or, if none, at the main business office or headquarters of the corporation.

    (3)Whenever action is taken pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section, the written consents of the shareholders consenting thereto or the written report of inspectors appointed to tabulate such consents shall be filed with the minutes of proceedings of shareholders.

    (4)Any action taken pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section shall have the same effect for all purposes as if such action had been taken at a meeting of the shareholders.

    (5)If any other provision of this act requires the filing of a certificate upon the taking of an action by shareholders, and such action is taken in the manner authorized by subsection (1) or (2) of this section, such certificate shall state that such action was taken without a meeting pursuant to the written consents of the shareholders and shall set forth the number of shares represented by such consents.

    amended 1969, c.102, ss.5,17; 1973, c.366, s.12; 1995, c.279, s.4; 2010, c.15, s.1.
     
    14A:5-7.Fixing record date
    14A:5-7.  Fixing record date.

    (1) The bylaws may provide for fixing, or in the absence of such a provision the board may fix, in advance, a date as the record date for determining the corporation's shareholders with regard to any corporate action or event and, in particular, for determining the shareholders entitled to

    (a) notice of or to vote at any meeting of shareholders or any adjournment thereof;

    (b) give a written consent to any action without a meeting; or

    (c) receive payment of any dividend or allotment of any right.  The record date may in no case be more than 60 days prior to the shareholders' meeting or other corporate action or event to which it relates.  The record date for a shareholders' meeting may not be less than 10 days before the date of the meeting.  The record date to determine shareholders entitled to give a written consent may not be more than 60 days before the date fixed for tabulation of the consents or, if no date has been fixed for tabulation, more than 60 days before the last day on which consents received may be counted.

    (2) If no record date is fixed

    (a) the record date for a shareholders' meeting shall be the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if no notice is given, the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held; and

    (b) the record date for determining shareholders for any purpose other than that specified in paragraph 14A:5-7(2)(a) shall be at the close of business on the day on which the resolution of the board relating thereto is adopted; and

    (c) the record date for determining shareholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting, when no prior action by the board of directors is required by this act, shall be the first date on which a signed written consent setting forth the action taken or proposed to be taken is delivered to the corporation by delivery to its registered office in this State, its principal place of business, or an officer or agent of the corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of shareholders are recorded.

    (3) When a determination of shareholders of record for a shareholders' meeting has been made as provided in this section, such determination shall apply to any adjournment thereof, unless the board fixes a new record date under this section for the adjourned meeting.

    L.1968, c.350; amended 1973,c.366,s.13; 1995,c.279,s.5.

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