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OKLAHOMA STATUTES AND CODES

Title 22. Criminal Procedure

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§221.Title of code. This chapter shall be known as the code of criminal procedure of the State of Oklahoma. R.L.1910, § 5535.§222.Indictment or information necessary, except when. Every public offense must be prosecuted by indictment, or information except; 1.Where proceedings are had for the removal of civil officers of this state. 2.Offenses arising in the militia, when in actual service, and in the land and naval forces in time of war, or which the state may keep, with the consent of Congress in time of peace. 3.Offenses tried in justices' and police courts in cases concerning which lawful jurisdiction, without the intervention of a grand jury, is or may be conferred upon said courts. R.L.1910, § 5536.§223.Code not retroactive. No part of this code is retroactive unless expressly so declared. R.L.1910, § 5537.§224.Construction of words. Unless when otherwise provided, words used in this code in the present tense include the future as well as the present.Words used in the masculine comprehend as well the feminine and neuter.The singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular. And the word person includes a corporation as well as a natural person. R.L.1910, § 5538.§22-4A."Court", "courts of the state", "courts in the state" and "court clerk" defined. As used in Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes, the term "court" or "courts of the state" or "courts in the state" shall mean the district court of the State of Oklahoma as defined in Section 91.1of Title 20 of the Oklahoma Statutes, and the term "court clerk" shall mean the clerk of the district court, except where a contrary intention plainly appears. Added by Laws 1991, c. 238, § 33, eff. July 1, 1991.§225.Writing includes printing. The term writing includes printing. R.L.1910, § 5539.§226.Oath includes affirmation. The term oath includes an affirmation. R.L.1910, § 5540.§22-7.Signature. The term “signature” includes a mark when the person cannot write, the name being written near it, and the mark being witnessed by a person who writes their name as a witness, except to an affidavit or deposition, or a paper executed before a judicial officer, in which case the attestation of the officer is sufficient.The term “signature” also includes a digital or electronic signature, as defined in Section 15-102 of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes, in any case involving a misdemeanor. R.L. 1910, § 5541.Amended by Laws 2008, c. 179, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.§228.Application of statutes. This chapter applies to criminal actions and to all other proceedings in criminal cases which are herein provided for. R.L.1910, § 5542.§229.Common law prevails, when. The procedure, practice and pleadings in the courts of record of this state, in criminal actions or in matters of criminal nature, not specifically provided for in this code, shall be in accordance with the procedure, practice and pleadings of the common law. R.L.1910, § 5543.§2210.Criminal action defined. The proceeding by which a party charged with a public offense is accused and brought to trial and punishment, is known as a criminal action. R.L.1910, § 5544.§2211.Prosecution is by state against person charged. A criminal action is prosecuted in the name of the State of Oklahoma as a party, against the person charged with the offense. R.L.1910, § 5545.§2212.Party defendant. The party prosecuted in a criminal action is designated in this chapter as the defendant. R.L.1910, § 5546.§2213.Right to speedy trial, counsel and witnesses. In a criminal action the defendant is entitled: 1.To a speedy and public trial. 2.To be allowed counsel, as in civil actions, or to appear and defend in person and with counsel; and, 3.To produce witnesses on his behalf, and to be confronted with the witnesses against him in the presence of the court. §2214.Former jeopardy. No person can be subjected to a second prosecution for a public offense for which he has once been prosecuted and duly convicted or acquitted, except as hereinafter provided for new trials. R.L.1910, § 5548.§2215.Testimony against one's selfRestraint during trial and prior to conviction. No person can be compelled in a criminal action to be witness against himself; nor can a person charged with a public offense be subjected before conviction to any more restraint than is necessary for his detention to answer the charge, and in no event shall he be tried before a jury while in chains or shackles. R.L.1910, § 5549; Laws 1953, p. 97, § 1.§2216.Jury trialExceptions. No person can be convicted of a public offense, unless by the verdict of a jury, accepted and recorded by the court, or upon a plea of guilty, or upon final judgment for or against him upon a demurrer to the indictment, or upon a judgment of a police or justice's court in cases in which such judgment may be lawfully given without the intervention of a jury or grand jury. R.L.1910, § 5550.§22-17.Custody and distribution of proceeds from sale of rights arising from criminal act. A.Every person who has been charged, convicted, has pled guilty or has pled nolo contendere to any crime, hereinafter referred to as the defendant, or any other person with the cooperation of the defendant, who contracts to receive, or have any other person or entity receive, any proceeds or profits from any source, as a direct or indirect result of the crime or sentence, or the notoriety which the crime or sentence has conferred upon the defendant, shall forfeit the proceeds or profits as provided in this section; provided, however, proceeds or profits from a contract relating to the depiction or discussion of the defendant's crime shall not be subject to forfeiture unless an integral part of the work is a depiction or discussion of the defendant's crime or an impression of the defendant's thoughts, opinions, or emotions regarding the crime.All parties to a contract described in this section are required to pay to the district court wherein the criminal charges were filed any proceeds or thing of value which pursuant to the contract is to be paid to the defendant or to another person or entity.The district court shall make deposit of proceeds received pursuant to this section and direct the county treasurer to make the deposit of those funds in an escrow account for the benefit of and payable to victims of the crime or the legal representative of any victim of the crime committed by the defendant or to repay a public defender office for legal representation during a criminal proceeding.There is hereby created a lien upon any sum of money or other thing of value payable to anyone pursuant to any contract described in this section, for the purpose of enforcing the forfeiture obligation established herein, which lien may be foreclosed in the same manner as statutory tax liens created by Oklahoma law.Any person who contracts without fully providing for such forfeiture in compliance with the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) and not to exceed three times the value of the proceeds of the contract, or by imprisonment not exceeding ten (10) years in the custody of the Department of Corrections, or both such fine and imprisonment. B.Payments from the escrow account shall be used, in the following order of priority, to satisfy any judgment rendered in favor of a victim or a victim's legal representative, to pay restitution, fines, court costs, and other payments, reparations or reimbursements ordered by the court at the time of sentencing including repayments to a public defender office for legal representation of the defendant and to pay every cost and expense of incarceration and treatment authorized by law as a cost of the defendant. C.A victim or the legal representative of a victim must file a civil action, in a court of competent jurisdiction, to recover money against the defendant or the defendant's legal representative within seven (7) years of the filing of the criminal charges against the defendant.The victims and the legal representative of a victim of the crime shall have a priority interest in any proceeds or profits received pursuant to the provisions of this section.If no victim or legal representative of a victim has filed a civil suit within seven (7) years from the filing of the criminal charges against the defendant, any money in the escrow account shall be paid over in the following order of priority: 1.For restitution; 2.For any fine and court costs; 3.For other payments ordered in the sentence; 4.For the costs and expenses of incarceration; and any remaining money to the Victims' Compensation Revolving Fund.Upon disposition of charges favorable to the defendant, any money in the escrow account shall be paid over to the defendant. D.The district court wherein the criminal charges were filed shall, once every six (6) months for seven (7) years from the date any money is deposited with the court, publish a notice in at least one (1) newspaper of general circulation in each county of the state in accordance with the provisions on publication of notices found in Sections 101 et seq. of Title 25 of the Oklahoma Statutes, notifying any eligible victim or legal representative of an eligible victim that monies are available to satisfy judgments pursuant to this section. Added by Laws 1981, c. 49, § 1.Amended by Laws 1995, c. 201, § 1, emerg. eff. May 19, 1995; Laws 1997, c. 133, § 435, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 1999, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 5, § 319, eff. July 1, 1999.NOTE:Laws 1998, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 2, § 23 amended the effective date of Laws 1997, c. 133, § 435 from July 1, 1998, to July 1, 1999.§22-18.Expungement of records - Persons authorized. Persons authorized to file a motion for expungement, as provided herein, must be within one of the following categories: 1.The person has been acquitted; 2.The conviction was reversed with instructions to dismiss by an appellate court of competent jurisdiction, or an appellate court of competent jurisdiction reversed the conviction and the district attorney subsequently dismissed the charge; 3.The factual innocence of the person was established by the use of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) evidence subsequent to conviction, including a person who has been released from prison at the time innocence was established; 4.The person has received a full pardon on the basis of a written finding by the Governor of actual innocence for the crime for which the claimant was sentenced; 5.The person was arrested and no charges of any type, including charges for an offense different than that for which the person was originally arrested are filed or charges are dismissed within one (1) year of the arrest, or all charges are dismissed on the merits; 6.The statute of limitations on the offense had expired and no charges were filed; 7.The person was under eighteen (18) years of age at the time the offense was committed and the person has received a full pardon for the offense; 8.The offense was a misdemeanor, the person has not been convicted of any other misdemeanor or felony, no felony or misdemeanor charges are pending against the person, and at least ten (10) years have passed since the judgment was entered; 9.The offense was a nonviolent felony, as defined in Section 571 of Title 57 of the Oklahoma Statutes, the person has received a full pardon for the offense, the person has not been convicted of any other misdemeanor or felony, no felony or misdemeanor charges are pending against the person, and at least ten (10) years have passed since the conviction; or 10.The person has been charged or arrested or is the subject of an arrest warrant for a crime that was committed by another person who has appropriated or used the person’s name or other identification without the person’s consent or authorization. For purposes of this act, “expungement” shall mean the sealing of criminal records.Records expunged pursuant to paragraph 10 of this section shall be sealed to the public but not to law enforcement agencies for law enforcement purposes. Added by Laws 1987, c. 87, § 1, emerg. eff. May 14, 1987.Amended by Laws 1992, c. 151, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1997, c. 397, § 1, emerg. eff. June 10, 1997; Laws 2000, c. 382, § 9, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 475, § 1; Laws 2003, c. 3, § 17, emerg. eff. March 19, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 272, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2004, c. 406, § 1, eff. July 1, 2004; Laws 2008, c. 46, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2008; Laws 2009, c. 2, § 7, emerg. eff. March 12, 2009.NOTE:Laws 2002, c. 460, § 14 repealed by Laws 2003, c. 3, § 18, emerg. eff. March 19, 2003.Laws 2008, c. 75, § 1 repealed by Laws 2009, c. 2, § 8, emerg. eff. March 12, 2009.§22-19.Sealing and unsealing of records - Procedure. A.Any person qualified under Section 18 of this title may petition the district court of the district in which the arrest information pertaining to the person is located for the sealing of all or any part of the record, except basic identification information. B.Upon the filing of a petition or entering of a court order, the court shall set a date for a hearing and shall provide thirty (30) days of notice of the hearing to the district attorney, the arresting agency, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation, and any other person or agency whom the court has reason to believe may have relevant information related to the sealing of such record. C.Upon a finding that the harm to privacy of the person in interest or dangers of unwarranted adverse consequences outweigh the public interest in retaining the records, the court may order such records, or any part thereof except basic identification information, to be sealed.If the court finds that neither sealing of the records nor maintaining of the records unsealed by the agency would serve the ends of justice, the court may enter an appropriate order limiting access to such records. Any order entered under this subsection shall specify those agencies to which such order shall apply.Any order entered pursuant to this subsection may be appealed by the petitioner, the district attorney, the arresting agency, or the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation to the Oklahoma Supreme Court in accordance with the rules of the Oklahoma Supreme Court.In all such appeals, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation is a necessary party and must be given notice of the appellate proceedings. D.Upon the entry of an order to seal the records, or any part thereof, the subject official actions shall be deemed never to have occurred, and the person in interest and all criminal justice agencies may properly reply, upon any inquiry in the matter, that no such action ever occurred and that no such record exists with respect to such person. E.Inspection of the records included in the order may thereafter be permitted by the court only upon petition by the person in interest who is the subject of such records, the Attorney General, or by the district attorney and only to those persons and for such purposes named in such petition. F.Employers, educational institutions, state and local government agencies, officials, and employees shall not, in any application or interview or otherwise, require an applicant to disclose any information contained in sealed records.An applicant need not, in answer to any question concerning arrest and criminal records provide information that has been sealed, including any reference to or information concerning such sealed information and may state that no such action has ever occurred.Such an application may not be denied solely because of the applicant's refusal to disclose arrest and criminal records information that has been sealed. G.All arrest and criminal records information existing prior to the effective date of this section, except basic identification information, is also subject to sealing in accordance with subsection C of this section. H.Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the physical destruction of any criminal justice records. I.For the purposes of this section, sealed materials which are recorded in the same document as unsealed material may be recorded in a separate document, and sealed, then obliterated in the original document. J.For the purposes of this act, district court index reference of sealed material shall be destroyed, removed or obliterated. K.Any record ordered to be sealed pursuant to Section 1 et seq. of this title, if not unsealed within ten (10) years of the expungement order, may be obliterated or destroyed at the end of the tenyear period. L.Subsequent to records being sealed as provided herein, the district attorney, the arresting agency, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation, or other interested person or agency may petition the court for an order unsealing said records.Upon filing of a petition the court shall set a date for hearing, which hearing may be closed at the court's discretion, and shall provide thirty (30) days' notice to all interested parties.If, upon hearing, the court determines there has been a change of conditions or that there is a compelling reason to unseal the records, the court may order all or a portion of the records unsealed. M.Nothing herein shall prohibit the introduction of evidence regarding actions sealed pursuant to the provisions of this section at any hearing or trial for purposes of impeaching the credibility of a witness or as evidence of character testimony pursuant to Section 2608 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Added by Laws 1987, c. 87, § 2, emerg. eff. May 14, 1987.Amended by Laws 1999, c. 234, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2002, c. 475, § 2.§22-19a.Arrest or charge as result of identity theft - Expungement on motion of court, district attorney or defendant. Notwithstanding any provision of Section 18 or 19 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes, when a charge is dismissed because the court finds that the defendant has been arrested or charged as a result of the defendant’s name or other identification having been appropriated or used without the defendant’s consent or authorization by another person, the court dismissing the charge may, upon motion of the district attorney or the defendant or upon the court’s own motion, enter an order for expungement of law enforcement and court records relating to the charge.The order shall contain a statement that the dismissal and expungement are ordered pursuant to this section.An order entered pursuant to this section shall be subject to the provisions of subsections D through M of Section 19 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Added by Laws 2004, c. 406, § 2, eff. July 1, 2004.§22-19b.Oklahoma Identity Theft Passport Program. A.For purposes of protecting persons who are the victims of identity theft, there is hereby created the “Oklahoma Identity Theft Passport Program”.The Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI) shall administer the Oklahoma Identity Theft Passport Program, prescribe procedures and policies for issuing the identity theft passport consistent with this act, and provide information to law enforcement agencies explaining the program. B.A person shall be eligible for an Oklahoma identity theft passport if: 1.The person has obtained: a.an order for expungement and sealing of records pursuant to Sections 18 and 19 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes on grounds that the person has been charged or arrested or is the subject of an arrest warrant for a crime that was committed by another person who has appropriated or used the person’s name or other identification without the person’s consent or authorization, or b.an order for expungement and sealing of records pursuant to Section 2 of this act from a court that dismissed a charge against the person on such grounds; or 2.The person has filed an identity theft report with a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency and has submitted a copy of the identity theft report and an identity theft affidavit with supporting documentation to one or more consumer reporting agencies.For purposes of this act, “identity theft report”, “identity theft affidavit”, and “consumer reporting agency” shall be defined as provided in The Fair Credit Report Act, 15 United States Code, Section 1681 et seq. C.To apply for an identity theft passport the person shall submit to the OSBI a certified copy of a court order for expungement and sealing of records or copies of an identity theft report and identity theft affidavit that have been filed and submitted to a consumer reporting agency.The OSBI may prescribe other application requirements as deemed necessary. D.The OSBI shall issue the identity theft passport unless the OSBI finds reasonable cause not to issue the identity theft passport.The identity theft passport shall state whether the identity theft passport is issued on the basis of an order for expungement or an identity theft report and affidavit having been submitted to the OSBI. E.Upon issuance of an identity theft passport, the OSBI shall notify the Department of Public Safety.The identity theft passport shall be attached to any records maintained by the OSBI or the Department of Public Safety, including criminal history records for purposes of criminal background checks and law enforcement telecommunications checks.The record of an identity theft passport shall be sealed except to law enforcement authorities. F.The OSBI shall maintain records of identity theft passport requests and issuances and may provide such information to law enforcement agencies upon request of an agency or officer.Such records in the possession of the OSBI or other law enforcement agencies and officers shall not be public records and shall not be subject to the Oklahoma Open Records Act. G.The OSBI may prescribe a reasonable fee for processing applications for identify theft passports by administrative rule. H.The OSBI shall design the identity theft passport, which may include picture identification. I.An identity theft passport shall be used only for law enforcement purposes, including criminal background checks and similar public safety purposes.Financial institutions and other private entities are not required to honor an identity theft passport as proof of identity or proof of identity theft. Added by Laws 2004, c. 406, § 3, eff. July 1, 2004.§22-20.Incarceration of single custodial parents - Child placement. A.When any person is convicted of an offense against the laws of this state and is sentenced to imprisonment to be served in a county jail or a state correctional institution, the judge of the district court shall inquire whether such person is a single custodial parent of any minor child.If such person is a single custodial parent, the judge shall inquire into the arrangements that have been made for the care and custody of the child during the period of incarceration of the custodial parent.If the judge finds that such arrangements are not appropriate or in the best interests of the child, the court shall order the parent to execute the necessary powers of attorney, guardianship, or other appropriate legal documents or legal proceeding to place the child in order to ensure adequate and appropriate care and custody of the child during the absence of the parent.The parent may place the child with: 1.The other parent of the child involved, if such parent's rights have not been terminated.If the custodial parent has custody of the child pursuant to an order of a court in a divorce proceeding, the court having jurisdiction over the divorce proceeding shall determine whether a modification of the custody order placing the child in the custody of the other parent is appropriate and in the best interests of the child.The court shall notify the sentencing judge whether the custody order has been modified to place custody with the other parent.If the custody order is not modified, the judge shall order the parent to make other appropriate arrangements for the child; 2.A relative within the fourth degree when the judge determines such placement to be suitable for the child; 3.The Department of Human Services in accordance with the rules of the Department for the voluntary placement of children, or a child welfare agency duly licensed or recognized pursuant to the Oklahoma Child Care Facilities Licensing Act; or 4.Some other individual with the written assent of the court. B.When the custody of the child is placed with the other parent pursuant to a modification of a custody order by the court having jurisdiction over the divorce proceeding, the provisions of subsection C of this section shall not apply.Provided, upon the recommendation of such court, the sentencing judge may require the parent to whom custody is transferred to comply with the provisions of subsections D and E of this section. C.1.Except as provided by subsection B of this section, when the parent proposes to place the child with an individual specified by paragraph 1, 2 or 4 of subsection A of this section, the court shall require a placement investigation and report be made to the court.The person making the investigation and report to the court shall be a person qualified by training or experience as designated by the court; provided, the court shall give preference to designating an appropriately licensed or certified individual or agency to complete the investigation.The placement investigation shall include inquiry to determine whether the proposed home is a suitable one for the child and any other circumstances and conditions which may have a bearing on the health, safety and welfare of the child.The report shall become a part of the files in the case and shall contain a definite recommendation for or against the proposed placement and the reason therefor. 2.If suitable placement is not found pursuant to the provisions of this subsection, or the single custodial parent refuses or is unwilling to make appropriate arrangements for such child to the satisfaction of the court, the court shall order the district attorney to determine whether a petition alleging the child to be a deprived child is warranted and, if warranted by the facts in the case, to file such petition.When such petition is filed, the court may issue temporary orders for the care and custody of the child as otherwise provided by Title 10A of the Oklahoma Statutes.If the child is found by the court to be a deprived child, the provisions of Title 10A of the Oklahoma Statutes related to deprived children shall apply. D.Except when the child is found by a court to be a deprived child or as otherwise provided by subsection B of this section, when the child is placed as provided by this section or the period of incarceration of the custodial parent is less than six (6) months, the judge shall transfer matters related to the placement of the child to the judge of the district court having juvenile docket responsibilities and review the placement and circumstances of the child at least once every six (6) months until such time as the child is returned to the parent or the child reaches eighteen (18) years of age. 1.The person or agency with whom the child has been placed shall submit a report to the judge prior to each review at such time and in such manner as ordered by the judge. 2.The report shall include but not be limited to a summary of the physical, mental, and emotional condition of the child, the conditions existing in the home or facility where the child has been placed and the adjustment of the child to said home or facility, the child's attendance and progress in school, and any contact or involvement of the child with the courts or law enforcement other than the supervision of the placement of the child by the sentencing judge. 3.When a change in the placement of the child is desired or proposed by the person or agency with whom the child has been placed, the sentencing judge shall be notified and the placement of the child shall not be changed except with the approval of said judge.The judge shall approve any subsequent placement of the child as otherwise provided by this section and the person or agency with whom the child is subsequently placed shall be subject to the provisions of this subsection. E.Failure to file a report or to notify the judge of a desired or proposed change in the placement of the child shall be deemed to be contempt of court and is punishable as otherwise provided by law. Added by Laws 1994, c. 215, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.Amended by Laws 2009, c. 234, § 126, emerg. eff. May 21, 2009.§2231.Who may resist. Lawful resistance to the commission of a public offense may be made: 1. By the party about to be injured. 2. By other parties. R.L.1910, § 5556.§2232.Resistance by party to be injured. Resistance sufficient to prevent the offense may be made by the party about to be injured: 1.To prevent an offense against his person or his family, or some member thereof. 2.To prevent an illegal attempt, by force, to take or injure property in his lawful possession. R.L.1910, § 5557.§2233.Resistance by other person. Any other person, in aid or defense of the person about to be injured, may make resistance sufficient to prevent the offense. §2234.Intervention by officers. Public offenses may be prevented by the intervention of the officers of justice: 1.By requiring security to keep the peace. 2.By forming a police in cities and towns, and by requiring their attendance in exposed places. 3. By suppressing riots. R.L.1910, § 5559.§22-34.1.Peace officers using excessive force - Definition - Adoption of policies and guidelines. A.Any peace officer, as defined in Section 648 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes, who uses excessive force in pursuance of such officer's law enforcement duties shall be subject to the criminal laws of this state to the same degree as any other citizen. B.As used in this act, "excessive force" means physical force which exceeds the degree of physical force permitted by law or the policies and guidelines of the law enforcement entity.The use of excessive force shall be presumed when a peace officer continues to apply physical force in excess of the force permitted by law or said policies and guidelines to a person who has been rendered incapable of resisting arrest. C.Each law enforcement entity which employs any peace officer shall adopt policies or guidelines concerning the use of force by peace officers which shall be complied with by peace officers in carrying out the duties of such officers within the jurisdiction of the law enforcement entity. Added by Laws 1992, c. 146, § 1, eff. July 1, 1992.§22-34.2.Reporting incidents of excessive force - Contents of report - Failure to report or making materially false statements. A.Any peace officer, except a newly employed officer during such officer's probationary period, who, in pursuance of such officer's law enforcement duties, witnesses another peace officer, in pursuance of such other peace officer's law enforcement duties in carrying out an arrest of any person, placing any person under detention, taking any person into custody, booking any person, or in the process of crowd control or riot control, use physical force which exceeds the degree of physical force permitted by law or by the policies and guidelines of the law enforcement entity, shall report such use of excessive force to such officer's immediate supervisor. B.At a minimum, the report required by this section shall include: 1.The date, time, and place of the occurrence; 2.The identity, if known, and description of the participants; 3.A description of the events and the force used. C.A copy of an arrest report or other similar report required as a part of a peace officer's duties can be substituted for the report required by this section, as long as it includes the information specified in subsection B of this section.The report shall be made in writing within ten (10) days of the occurrence of the use of such force. D.Any peace officer who fails to report such use of excessive force in the manner prescribed in this section, or who knowingly makes a materially false statement which the officer does not believe to be true in any report made pursuant to this section, upon conviction, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Added by Laws 1992, c. 146, § 2, eff. July 1, 1992.§22-34.3.Racial profiling prohibited. A.For the purposes of this section, "racial profiling" means the detention, interdiction or other disparate treatment of an individual solely on the basis of the racial or ethnic status of such individual. B.No officer of any municipal, county or state law enforcement agency shall engage in racial profiling. C.The race or ethnicity of an individual shall not be the sole factor in determining the existence of probable cause to take into custody or to arrest an individual or in constituting a reasonable and articulable suspicion that an offense has been or is being committed so as to justify the detention of an individual or the investigatory stop of a motor vehicle. D.A violation of this section shall be a misdemeanor. E.Every municipal, county, and state law enforcement agency shall adopt a detailed written policy that clearly defines the elements constituting racial profiling.Each agency’s policy shall prohibit racial profiling based solely on an individual’s race or ethnicity.The policy shall be available for public inspection during normal business hours. F.If the investigation of a complaint of racial profiling reveals the officer was in direct violation of the law enforcement agency’s written policy regarding racial profiling, the employing law enforcement agency shall take appropriate action consistent with applicable laws, rules, ordinances or policy. Added by Laws 2000, c. 325, § 1, eff. July 1, 2000.§22-34.4.Stop or arrest resulting from racial profiling. Whenever a person who is stopped or arrested believes the stop or arrest was in violation of Section 1 of this act, that personmay file a complaint with the Oklahoma Human Rights Commission and may also file a complaint with the district attorney for the county in which the stop or arrest occurred.A copy of the complaint shall be forwarded to the arresting officer’s employer by the Commission.The employer shall investigate the complaint for purposes of disciplinary action and/or criminal prosecution. Added by Laws 2000, c. 325, § 2, eff. July 1, 2000.§22-34.5.Human Rights Commission to establish procedures for filing racial profiling complaint - Annual report of complaints. A.The Oklahoma Human Rights Commission shall promulgate rules establishing procedures for filing a racial profiling complaint with the Oklahoma Human Rights Commission and the district attorney and the process for delivering a copy of the complaint by the Commission to the employing agency.The Commission, in consultation with the Governor’s Cabinet Secretary for Safety and Security, shall promulgate forms for complaints of racial profiling. B.The Commission shall compile an annual report of all complaints received for racial profiling and submit the report on or before January 31 of each year to the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Added by Laws 2000, c. 325, § 3, eff. July 1, 2000.§2235.Persons assisting officers. When the officers of justice are authorized to act in the prevention of public offenses, other persons, who, by their command, act in their aid, are justified in so doing. R.L.1910, § 5560.§22-36.Civil and criminal immunity for private citizens aiding police officers - Federal law enforcement officers. Private citizens aiding a peace officer, or other officers of the law in the performance of their duties as peace officers or officers of the law, shall have the same civil and criminal immunity as a peace officer, as a result of any act or commission for aiding or attempting to aid a peace officer or other officer of the law, when such officer is in imminent danger of loss of life or grave bodily injury or when such officer requests such assistance and when such action was taken under emergency conditions and in good faith. Every federal law enforcement officer, as defined in Section 99 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes, while engaged in the performance of official duties as a federal law enforcement officer or when serving as a peace officer for the State of Oklahoma shall have the same immunity from civil and criminal actions as any other peace officer performing official duties within this state.The State of Oklahoma or any of its political subdivisions shall not assume the liability for or provide the legal representation for any federal law enforcement officer serving as peace officers of the State of Oklahoma. Added by Laws 1968, c. 362, § 1, emerg. eff. May 9, 1968.Amended by Laws 1995, c. 240, § 4, emerg. eff. May 24, 1995; Laws 1997, c. 43, § 4, emerg. eff. April 7, 1997.§2236.1.Police dog handlersCivil liability. Any dog handler as defined by Section 648 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes who uses a police dog in the line of duty in accordance with the policies or standards established by the law enforcement agency for which he is employed shall not be civilly liable for any damages arising from the use of said dog, except as provided for in the Governmental Tort Claims Act. Added by Laws 1986, c. 54, § 4, eff. July 1, 1986.§22-36.2.National Park Service rangers - Arrest authority and immunity from suit. A National Park Service ranger who, in the official capacity as park ranger, is authorized by law to make arrests shall, when making an arrest in this state for a nonfederal offense, have the same legal status and immunity from suit as a state or local law enforcement officer if the arrest is made under the following circumstances: 1.The Park Service ranger reasonably believes that the person arrested has committed a felony in the presence of the ranger or is committing a felony in the presence of the ranger; 2.The Park Service ranger reasonably believes the person arrested has committed a misdemeanor that amounts to a breach of the peace in the presence of the ranger or is committing a misdemeanor that amounts to a breach of the peace in the presence of the ranger; or 3.The Park Service ranger is rendering assistance to a law enforcement officer of this state in an emergency or at the request of such officer or pursuant to a memorandum of understanding between the state or a political subdivision of the state and the United States Department of the Interior National Park Service. Added by Laws 1996, c. 41, § 1, emerg. eff. April 8, 1996.§2237.Distinctive uniforms for police officersExceptions. The governing bodies of the state, county, city or town, as the case may be, may furnish distinctive uniforms for all sheriffs, deputy sheriffs, policemen, town marshals, peace officers and other officers, whose duty is to preserve and enforce public peace.When uniforms are furnished the sheriffs, deputy sheriffs, policemen, town marshals, peace officers, as the case might be, they are required to wear the same while on duty.This act shall not apply to detectives and other officers required to wear street apparel. Laws 1969, c. 188, § 1, emerg. eff. April 17, 1969.§2237.1.Offduty law enforcement officersPowers and duties Liability. An "offduty" law enforcement officer in official uniform in attendance at a public function, event or assemblage of people shall have the same powers and obligations as when he is "onduty". Nothing herein shall impose liability upon the governmental entity, by whom the law enforcement officer is employed, for actions of the said officer in the course of his employment by a nongovernmental entity. Laws 1980, c. 279, § 1, emerg. eff. June 13, 1980.§2238.Representation of law enforcement officers by district attorney in civil actions resulting from riot activity. A law enforcement officer who has no criminal action taken, pending or contemplated against him for the identical acts as hereinafter set forth shall be entitled to representation by the district attorney of his district or where the action is filed in a civil action brought against him for actions alleged to have been wrongfully committed by him while performing his official duty of endeavoring to quell a riot or to control civil disorder, whether or not a state of emergency was declared by the Governor at the time. Representation of a law enforcement officer against whom a civil action is instituted on account of alleged wrongful acts by the officer while performing riot quelling or civil disorder controlling functions shall not authorize a district attorney to receive other compensation for legal services than the salary provided by law for his office. Laws 1970, c. 291, § 1, emerg. eff. April 28, 1970.§2239.Benefits for citizens who aid. Any citizen who shall be aiding in the maintaining of law and order shall likewise be entitled to the benefits of this act. Laws 1970, c. 291, § 2, emerg. eff. April 28, 1970.§22-40.Definitions. As used in Sections 40 through 40.3 of this title: 1."Rape" means an act of sexual intercourse accomplished with a person pursuant to Sections 1111, 1111.1 and 1114 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes; and 2."Forcible sodomy" means the act of forcing another person to engage in the detestable and abominable crime against nature pursuant to Sections 886 and 887 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes that is punishable under Section 888 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 1.Amended by Laws 1991, c. 112, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Laws 2000, c. 370, § 1, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 1, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002.§22-40.1.Victim of rape or forcible sodomy - Notice of rights. Upon the preliminary investigation of any rape or forcible sodomy, it shall be the duty of the officer who interviews the victim of the rape or forcible sodomy to inform the victim, or a responsible adult if the victim is a minor child or an incompetent person, of the twenty-four-hour statewide telephone communication service established by the Office of the Attorney General for victims of sexual assault pursuant to Section 18p-5 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes and to give notice to the victim or such responsible adult of certain rights of the victim.The notice shall consist of handing such victim or responsible adult a written statement in substantially the following form: “As a victim of the crime of rape or forcible sodomy, you have certain rights.These rights are as follows: 1.The right to request that charges be pressed against your assailant; 2.The right to request protection from any harm or threat of harm arising out of your cooperation with law enforcement and prosecution efforts as far as facilities are available and to be provided with information on the level of protection available; 3.The right to be informed of financial assistance and other social services available to victims, including information on how to apply for the assistance and services; 4.The right to a free forensic medical examination; and 5.The right to be informed by the district attorney of other victim's rights available pursuant to Section 215.33 of Title 19 of the Oklahoma Statutes.” The written notice shall also include the telephone number of the twenty-four-hour statewide telephone communication service established by the Office of the Attorney General in Section 18p-5 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes.Failure to report the crime to law enforcement may impede the investigation and prosecution of the assailant. Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 2.Amended by Laws 2000, c. 370, § 2, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 2, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002; Laws 2007, c. 156, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2007; Laws 2007, c. 171, § 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.§22-40.2.Victim protection order - Victims not to be discouraged from pressing charges - Rape or forcible sodomy. A victim protection order for any victim of rape or forcible sodomy shall be substantially similar to a protective order in domestic abuse cases pursuant to Section 60 et seq. of this title.No peace officer shall discourage a victim of rape or forcible sodomy from pressing charges against any assailant of the victim. Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 3.Amended by Laws 1993, c. 325, § 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 3, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002.§22-40.3.Emergency temporary order of protection - Rape or forcible sodomy. A.When the court is not open for business, the victim of rape or forcible sodomy may request a petition for an emergency temporary order of protection.The peace officer making the preliminary investigation shall: 1.Provide the victim with a petition for an emergency temporary order of protection and, if necessary, assist the victim in completing the petition form.The petition shall be in substantially the same form as provided by Section 60.2 of this title for a petition for protective order in domestic abuse cases; 2.Immediately notify, by telephone or otherwise, a judge of the district court of the request for an emergency temporary order of protection and describe the circumstances.The judge shall inform the peace officer of the decision to approve or disapprove the emergency temporary order; 3.Inform the victim whether the judge has approved or disapproved the emergency temporary order.If an emergency temporary order has been approved, the officer shall provide the victim, or a responsible adult if the victim is a minor child or an incompetent person, with a copy of the petition and a written statement signed by the officer attesting that the judge has approved the emergency temporary order of protection; 4.Notify the person subject to the emergency temporary protection order of the issuance and conditions of the order if known.Notification pursuant to this paragraph may be made personally by the officer upon arrest, or upon identification of the assailant notice shall be given by any law enforcement officer.A copy of the petition and the statement of the officer attesting to the order of the judge shall be made available to the person; and 5.File a copy of the petition and the statement of the officer with the district court of the county immediately upon the opening of the court on the next day the court is open for business. B.The forms utilized by law enforcement agencies in carrying out the provisions of this section may be substantially similar to those used under Section 60.2 of this title. Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 4.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 197, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1993, c. 325, § 14, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1997, c. 368, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2000, c. 370, § 3, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 4, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002.§22-40.3A.Rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy, or any form of sexual assault – Reporting of incidents – Documentation of incidents – Referral of victim to services programs – Production of records to law enforcement officers. A.Any physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating the victim of what appears to be or is reported by the victim to be rape, rape by instrumentation or forcible sodomy, as defined in Section 1111, 1111.1 or 888 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes or any form of sexual assault, shall not be required to report any incident of what appears to be or is reported to be such crimes if: 1.Committed upon a person who is over the age of eighteen (18) years; and 2.The person is not an incapacitated adult. B.Any physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating a victim shall be required to report any incident of what appears to be or is reported to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, if requested to do so either orally or in writing by the victim and shall be required to inform the victim of the victim's right to have a report made.A requested report of any incident shall be promptly made orally or by telephone to the nearest law enforcement agency in the county wherein the sexual assault occurred or, if the location where the sexual assault occurred is unknown, the report shall be made to the law enforcement agency nearest to the location where the injury is treated. C.In all cases of what appears to be or is reported to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, the physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating the victim of what appears to be such crimes, shall clearly and legibly document the incident and injuries observed and reported, as well as any treatment provided or prescribed. D.In all cases of what appears to be or is reported to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, the physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating the victim of what appears to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, shall refer the victim to sexual assault and victim services programs, including providing the victim with twenty-four-hour statewide telephone communication service established by Section 18p-5 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes. E.Every physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional making a report of rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault pursuant to this section or examining such victims to determine the likelihood of such crimes, and every hospital or related institution in which the victims were examined or treated shall, upon the request of a law enforcement officer conducting a criminal investigation into the case, provide to the officer copies of the results of the examination or copies of the examination on which the report was based, and any other clinical notes, X-rays, photographs, and other previous or current records relevant to the case. Added by Laws 2009, c. 71, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2009.Amended by Laws 2009, c. 233, § 109, emerg. eff. May 21, 2009.§2240.5.Short Title. Sections 2 through 4 of this act shall be known and may be cited as the "Domestic Abuse Reporting Act". Added by Laws 1986, c. 197, § 2, eff. Nov. 1,
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  • §221. Title of code. 

    This chapter shall be known as the code of criminal procedure of the State of Oklahoma. 

    R.L.1910, § 5535. 

     

    §222. Indictment or information necessary, except when. 

    Every public offense must be prosecuted by indictment, or information except; 

    1. Where proceedings are had for the removal of civil officers of this state. 

    2. Offenses arising in the militia, when in actual service, and in the land and naval forces in time of war, or which the state may keep, with the consent of Congress in time of peace. 

    3. Offenses tried in justices' and police courts in cases concerning which lawful jurisdiction, without the intervention of a grand jury, is or may be conferred upon said courts. 

    R.L.1910, § 5536.  

    §223. Code not retroactive. 

    No part of this code is retroactive unless expressly so declared. 

    R.L.1910, § 5537.  

    §224. Construction of words. 

    Unless when otherwise provided, words used in this code in the present tense include the future as well as the present. Words used in the masculine comprehend as well the feminine and neuter. The singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular. And the word person includes a corporation as well as a natural person. 

    R.L.1910, § 5538. 

     

    §22-4A. "Court", "courts of the state", "courts in the state" and "court clerk" defined. 

    As used in Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes, the term "court" or "courts of the state" or "courts in the state" shall mean the district court of the State of Oklahoma as defined in Section 91.1 of Title 20 of the Oklahoma Statutes, and the term "court clerk" shall mean the clerk of the district court, except where a contrary intention plainly appears. 

    Added by Laws 1991, c. 238, § 33, eff. July 1, 1991. 

     

    §225. Writing includes printing. 

    The term writing includes printing. 

    R.L.1910, § 5539.  

    §226. Oath includes affirmation. 

    The term oath includes an affirmation. 

    R.L.1910, § 5540.  

    §22-7. Signature. 

    The term “signature” includes a mark when the person cannot write, the name being written near it, and the mark being witnessed by a person who writes their name as a witness, except to an affidavit or deposition, or a paper executed before a judicial officer, in which case the attestation of the officer is sufficient. The term “signature” also includes a digital or electronic signature, as defined in Section 15-102 of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes, in any case involving a misdemeanor. 

    R.L. 1910, § 5541. Amended by Laws 2008, c. 179, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008. 

     

    §228. Application of statutes. 

    This chapter applies to criminal actions and to all other proceedings in criminal cases which are herein provided for. 

    R.L.1910, § 5542.  

    §229. Common law prevails, when. 

    The procedure, practice and pleadings in the courts of record of this state, in criminal actions or in matters of criminal nature, not specifically provided for in this code, shall be in accordance with the procedure, practice and pleadings of the common law. 

    R.L.1910, § 5543.  

    §2210. Criminal action defined. 

    The proceeding by which a party charged with a public offense is accused and brought to trial and punishment, is known as a criminal action. 

    R.L.1910, § 5544.  

    §2211. Prosecution is by state against person charged. 

    A criminal action is prosecuted in the name of the State of Oklahoma as a party, against the person charged with the offense. 

    R.L.1910, § 5545. 

     

    §2212. Party defendant. 

    The party prosecuted in a criminal action is designated in this chapter as the defendant. 

    R.L.1910, § 5546.  

    §2213. Right to speedy trial, counsel and witnesses. 

    In a criminal action the defendant is entitled: 

    1. To a speedy and public trial. 

    2. To be allowed counsel, as in civil actions, or to appear and defend in person and with counsel; and, 

    3. To produce witnesses on his behalf, and to be confronted with the witnesses against him in the presence of the court. 

    §2214. Former jeopardy. 

    No person can be subjected to a second prosecution for a public offense for which he has once been prosecuted and duly convicted or acquitted, except as hereinafter provided for new trials. 

    R.L.1910, § 5548.  

    §2215. Testimony against one's self Restraint during trial and prior to conviction. 

    No person can be compelled in a criminal action to be witness against himself; nor can a person charged with a public offense be subjected before conviction to any more restraint than is necessary for his detention to answer the charge, and in no event shall he be tried before a jury while in chains or shackles. 

    R.L.1910, § 5549; Laws 1953, p. 97, § 1.  

    §2216. Jury trial Exceptions. 

    No person can be convicted of a public offense, unless by the verdict of a jury, accepted and recorded by the court, or upon a plea of guilty, or upon final judgment for or against him upon a demurrer to the indictment, or upon a judgment of a police or justice's court in cases in which such judgment may be lawfully given without the intervention of a jury or grand jury. 

    R.L.1910, § 5550.  

    §22-17. Custody and distribution of proceeds from sale of rights arising from criminal act. 

    A. Every person who has been charged, convicted, has pled guilty or has pled nolo contendere to any crime, hereinafter referred to as the defendant, or any other person with the cooperation of the defendant, who contracts to receive, or have any other person or entity receive, any proceeds or profits from any source, as a direct or indirect result of the crime or sentence, or the notoriety which the crime or sentence has conferred upon the defendant, shall forfeit the proceeds or profits as provided in this section; provided, however, proceeds or profits from a contract relating to the depiction or discussion of the defendant's crime shall not be subject to forfeiture unless an integral part of the work is a depiction or discussion of the defendant's crime or an impression of the defendant's thoughts, opinions, or emotions regarding the crime. All parties to a contract described in this section are required to pay to the district court wherein the criminal charges were filed any proceeds or thing of value which pursuant to the contract is to be paid to the defendant or to another person or entity. The district court shall make deposit of proceeds received pursuant to this section and direct the county treasurer to make the deposit of those funds in an escrow account for the benefit of and payable to victims of the crime or the legal representative of any victim of the crime committed by the defendant or to repay a public defender office for legal representation during a criminal proceeding. There is hereby created a lien upon any sum of money or other thing of value payable to anyone pursuant to any contract described in this section, for the purpose of enforcing the forfeiture obligation established herein, which lien may be foreclosed in the same manner as statutory tax liens created by Oklahoma law. Any person who contracts without fully providing for such forfeiture in compliance with the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) and not to exceed three times the value of the proceeds of the contract, or by imprisonment not exceeding ten (10) years in the custody of the Department of Corrections, or both such fine and imprisonment. 

    B. Payments from the escrow account shall be used, in the following order of priority, to satisfy any judgment rendered in favor of a victim or a victim's legal representative, to pay restitution, fines, court costs, and other payments, reparations or reimbursements ordered by the court at the time of sentencing including repayments to a public defender office for legal representation of the defendant and to pay every cost and expense of incarceration and treatment authorized by law as a cost of the defendant. 

    C. A victim or the legal representative of a victim must file a civil action, in a court of competent jurisdiction, to recover money against the defendant or the defendant's legal representative within seven (7) years of the filing of the criminal charges against the defendant. The victims and the legal representative of a victim of the crime shall have a priority interest in any proceeds or profits received pursuant to the provisions of this section. If no victim or legal representative of a victim has filed a civil suit within seven (7) years from the filing of the criminal charges against the defendant, any money in the escrow account shall be paid over in the following order of priority: 

    1. For restitution; 

    2. For any fine and court costs; 

    3. For other payments ordered in the sentence; 

    4. For the costs and expenses of incarceration; and 

    any remaining money to the Victims' Compensation Revolving Fund. Upon disposition of charges favorable to the defendant, any money in the escrow account shall be paid over to the defendant. 

    D. The district court wherein the criminal charges were filed shall, once every six (6) months for seven (7) years from the date any money is deposited with the court, publish a notice in at least one (1) newspaper of general circulation in each county of the state in accordance with the provisions on publication of notices found in Sections 101 et seq. of Title 25 of the Oklahoma Statutes, notifying any eligible victim or legal representative of an eligible victim that monies are available to satisfy judgments pursuant to this section. 

    Added by Laws 1981, c. 49, § 1. Amended by Laws 1995, c. 201, § 1, emerg. eff. May 19, 1995; Laws 1997, c. 133, § 435, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 1999, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 5, § 319, eff. July 1, 1999. 

     

    NOTE: Laws 1998, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 2, § 23 amended the effective date of Laws 1997, c. 133, § 435 from July 1, 1998, to July 1, 1999. 

     

    §22-18. Expungement of records - Persons authorized. 

    Persons authorized to file a motion for expungement, as provided herein, must be within one of the following categories: 

    1. The person has been acquitted; 

    2. The conviction was reversed with instructions to dismiss by an appellate court of competent jurisdiction, or an appellate court of competent jurisdiction reversed the conviction and the district attorney subsequently dismissed the charge; 

    3. The factual innocence of the person was established by the use of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) evidence subsequent to conviction, including a person who has been released from prison at the time innocence was established; 

    4. The person has received a full pardon on the basis of a written finding by the Governor of actual innocence for the crime for which the claimant was sentenced; 

    5. The person was arrested and no charges of any type, including charges for an offense different than that for which the person was originally arrested are filed or charges are dismissed within one (1) year of the arrest, or all charges are dismissed on the merits; 

    6. The statute of limitations on the offense had expired and no charges were filed; 

    7. The person was under eighteen (18) years of age at the time the offense was committed and the person has received a full pardon for the offense; 

    8. The offense was a misdemeanor, the person has not been convicted of any other misdemeanor or felony, no felony or misdemeanor charges are pending against the person, and at least ten (10) years have passed since the judgment was entered; 

    9. The offense was a nonviolent felony, as defined in Section 571 of Title 57 of the Oklahoma Statutes, the person has received a full pardon for the offense, the person has not been convicted of any other misdemeanor or felony, no felony or misdemeanor charges are pending against the person, and at least ten (10) years have passed since the conviction; or 

    10. The person has been charged or arrested or is the subject of an arrest warrant for a crime that was committed by another person who has appropriated or used the person’s name or other identification without the person’s consent or authorization. 

    For purposes of this act, “expungement” shall mean the sealing of criminal records. Records expunged pursuant to paragraph 10 of this section shall be sealed to the public but not to law enforcement agencies for law enforcement purposes. 

    Added by Laws 1987, c. 87, § 1, emerg. eff. May 14, 1987. Amended by Laws 1992, c. 151, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1997, c. 397, § 1, emerg. eff. June 10, 1997; Laws 2000, c. 382, § 9, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 475, § 1; Laws 2003, c. 3, § 17, emerg. eff. March 19, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 272, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2004, c. 406, § 1, eff. July 1, 2004; Laws 2008, c. 46, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2008; Laws 2009, c. 2, § 7, emerg. eff. March 12, 2009. 

     

    NOTE: Laws 2002, c. 460, § 14 repealed by Laws 2003, c. 3, § 18, emerg. eff. March 19, 2003. Laws 2008, c. 75, § 1 repealed by Laws 2009, c. 2, § 8, emerg. eff. March 12, 2009. 

     

    §22-19. Sealing and unsealing of records - Procedure. 

    A. Any person qualified under Section 18 of this title may petition the district court of the district in which the arrest information pertaining to the person is located for the sealing of all or any part of the record, except basic identification information. 

    B. Upon the filing of a petition or entering of a court order, the court shall set a date for a hearing and shall provide thirty (30) days of notice of the hearing to the district attorney, the arresting agency, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation, and any other person or agency whom the court has reason to believe may have relevant information related to the sealing of such record. 

    C. Upon a finding that the harm to privacy of the person in interest or dangers of unwarranted adverse consequences outweigh the public interest in retaining the records, the court may order such records, or any part thereof except basic identification information, to be sealed. If the court finds that neither sealing of the records nor maintaining of the records unsealed by the agency would serve the ends of justice, the court may enter an appropriate order limiting access to such records. 

    Any order entered under this subsection shall specify those agencies to which such order shall apply. Any order entered pursuant to this subsection may be appealed by the petitioner, the district attorney, the arresting agency, or the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation to the Oklahoma Supreme Court in accordance with the rules of the Oklahoma Supreme Court. In all such appeals, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation is a necessary party and must be given notice of the appellate proceedings. 

    D. Upon the entry of an order to seal the records, or any part thereof, the subject official actions shall be deemed never to have occurred, and the person in interest and all criminal justice agencies may properly reply, upon any inquiry in the matter, that no such action ever occurred and that no such record exists with respect to such person. 

    E. Inspection of the records included in the order may thereafter be permitted by the court only upon petition by the person in interest who is the subject of such records, the Attorney General, or by the district attorney and only to those persons and for such purposes named in such petition. 

    F. Employers, educational institutions, state and local government agencies, officials, and employees shall not, in any application or interview or otherwise, require an applicant to disclose any information contained in sealed records. An applicant need not, in answer to any question concerning arrest and criminal records provide information that has been sealed, including any reference to or information concerning such sealed information and may state that no such action has ever occurred. Such an application may not be denied solely because of the applicant's refusal to disclose arrest and criminal records information that has been sealed. 

    G. All arrest and criminal records information existing prior to the effective date of this section, except basic identification information, is also subject to sealing in accordance with subsection C of this section. 

    H. Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the physical destruction of any criminal justice records. 

    I. For the purposes of this section, sealed materials which are recorded in the same document as unsealed material may be recorded in a separate document, and sealed, then obliterated in the original document. 

    J. For the purposes of this act, district court index reference of sealed material shall be destroyed, removed or obliterated. 

    K. Any record ordered to be sealed pursuant to Section 1 et seq. of this title, if not unsealed within ten (10) years of the expungement order, may be obliterated or destroyed at the end of the tenyear period. 

    L. Subsequent to records being sealed as provided herein, the district attorney, the arresting agency, the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation, or other interested person or agency may petition the court for an order unsealing said records. Upon filing of a petition the court shall set a date for hearing, which hearing may be closed at the court's discretion, and shall provide thirty (30) days' notice to all interested parties. If, upon hearing, the court determines there has been a change of conditions or that there is a compelling reason to unseal the records, the court may order all or a portion of the records unsealed. 

    M. Nothing herein shall prohibit the introduction of evidence regarding actions sealed pursuant to the provisions of this section at any hearing or trial for purposes of impeaching the credibility of a witness or as evidence of character testimony pursuant to Section 2608 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    Added by Laws 1987, c. 87, § 2, emerg. eff. May 14, 1987. Amended by Laws 1999, c. 234, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2002, c. 475, § 2. 

     

    §22-19a. Arrest or charge as result of identity theft - Expungement on motion of court, district attorney or defendant. 

    Notwithstanding any provision of Section 18 or 19 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes, when a charge is dismissed because the court finds that the defendant has been arrested or charged as a result of the defendant’s name or other identification having been appropriated or used without the defendant’s consent or authorization by another person, the court dismissing the charge may, upon motion of the district attorney or the defendant or upon the court’s own motion, enter an order for expungement of law enforcement and court records relating to the charge. The order shall contain a statement that the dismissal and expungement are ordered pursuant to this section. An order entered pursuant to this section shall be subject to the provisions of subsections D through M of Section 19 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    Added by Laws 2004, c. 406, § 2, eff. July 1, 2004. 

     

    §22-19b. Oklahoma Identity Theft Passport Program. 

    A. For purposes of protecting persons who are the victims of identity theft, there is hereby created the “Oklahoma Identity Theft Passport Program”. The Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI) shall administer the Oklahoma Identity Theft Passport Program, prescribe procedures and policies for issuing the identity theft passport consistent with this act, and provide information to law enforcement agencies explaining the program. 

    B. A person shall be eligible for an Oklahoma identity theft passport if: 

    1. The person has obtained: 

    a.  an order for expungement and sealing of records pursuant to Sections 18 and 19 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes on grounds that the person has been charged or arrested or is the subject of an arrest warrant for a crime that was committed by another person who has appropriated or used the person’s name or other identification without the person’s consent or authorization, or 

    b.  an order for expungement and sealing of records pursuant to Section 2 of this act from a court that dismissed a charge against the person on such grounds; or 

    2. The person has filed an identity theft report with a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency and has submitted a copy of the identity theft report and an identity theft affidavit with supporting documentation to one or more consumer reporting agencies. For purposes of this act, “identity theft report”, “identity theft affidavit”, and “consumer reporting agency” shall be defined as provided in The Fair Credit Report Act, 15 United States Code, Section 1681 et seq. 

    C. To apply for an identity theft passport the person shall submit to the OSBI a certified copy of a court order for expungement and sealing of records or copies of an identity theft report and identity theft affidavit that have been filed and submitted to a consumer reporting agency. The OSBI may prescribe other application requirements as deemed necessary. 

    D. The OSBI shall issue the identity theft passport unless the OSBI finds reasonable cause not to issue the identity theft passport. The identity theft passport shall state whether the identity theft passport is issued on the basis of an order for expungement or an identity theft report and affidavit having been submitted to the OSBI. 

    E. Upon issuance of an identity theft passport, the OSBI shall notify the Department of Public Safety. The identity theft passport shall be attached to any records maintained by the OSBI or the Department of Public Safety, including criminal history records for purposes of criminal background checks and law enforcement telecommunications checks. The record of an identity theft passport shall be sealed except to law enforcement authorities. 

    F. The OSBI shall maintain records of identity theft passport requests and issuances and may provide such information to law enforcement agencies upon request of an agency or officer. Such records in the possession of the OSBI or other law enforcement agencies and officers shall not be public records and shall not be subject to the Oklahoma Open Records Act. 

    G. The OSBI may prescribe a reasonable fee for processing applications for identify theft passports by administrative rule. 

    H. The OSBI shall design the identity theft passport, which may include picture identification. 

    I. An identity theft passport shall be used only for law enforcement purposes, including criminal background checks and similar public safety purposes. Financial institutions and other private entities are not required to honor an identity theft passport as proof of identity or proof of identity theft. 

    Added by Laws 2004, c. 406, § 3, eff. July 1, 2004. 

     

    §22-20. Incarceration of single custodial parents - Child placement. 

    A. When any person is convicted of an offense against the laws of this state and is sentenced to imprisonment to be served in a county jail or a state correctional institution, the judge of the district court shall inquire whether such person is a single custodial parent of any minor child. If such person is a single custodial parent, the judge shall inquire into the arrangements that have been made for the care and custody of the child during the period of incarceration of the custodial parent. If the judge finds that such arrangements are not appropriate or in the best interests of the child, the court shall order the parent to execute the necessary powers of attorney, guardianship, or other appropriate legal documents or legal proceeding to place the child in order to ensure adequate and appropriate care and custody of the child during the absence of the parent. The parent may place the child with: 

    1. The other parent of the child involved, if such parent's rights have not been terminated. If the custodial parent has custody of the child pursuant to an order of a court in a divorce proceeding, the court having jurisdiction over the divorce proceeding shall determine whether a modification of the custody order placing the child in the custody of the other parent is appropriate and in the best interests of the child. The court shall notify the sentencing judge whether the custody order has been modified to place custody with the other parent. If the custody order is not modified, the judge shall order the parent to make other appropriate arrangements for the child; 

    2. A relative within the fourth degree when the judge determines such placement to be suitable for the child; 

    3. The Department of Human Services in accordance with the rules of the Department for the voluntary placement of children, or a child welfare agency duly licensed or recognized pursuant to the Oklahoma Child Care Facilities Licensing Act; or 

    4. Some other individual with the written assent of the court. 

    B. When the custody of the child is placed with the other parent pursuant to a modification of a custody order by the court having jurisdiction over the divorce proceeding, the provisions of subsection C of this section shall not apply. Provided, upon the recommendation of such court, the sentencing judge may require the parent to whom custody is transferred to comply with the provisions of subsections D and E of this section. 

    C. 1. Except as provided by subsection B of this section, when the parent proposes to place the child with an individual specified by paragraph 1, 2 or 4 of subsection A of this section, the court shall require a placement investigation and report be made to the court. The person making the investigation and report to the court shall be a person qualified by training or experience as designated by the court; provided, the court shall give preference to designating an appropriately licensed or certified individual or agency to complete the investigation. The placement investigation shall include inquiry to determine whether the proposed home is a suitable one for the child and any other circumstances and conditions which may have a bearing on the health, safety and welfare of the child. The report shall become a part of the files in the case and shall contain a definite recommendation for or against the proposed placement and the reason therefor. 

    2. If suitable placement is not found pursuant to the provisions of this subsection, or the single custodial parent refuses or is unwilling to make appropriate arrangements for such child to the satisfaction of the court, the court shall order the district attorney to determine whether a petition alleging the child to be a deprived child is warranted and, if warranted by the facts in the case, to file such petition. When such petition is filed, the court may issue temporary orders for the care and custody of the child as otherwise provided by Title 10A of the Oklahoma Statutes. If the child is found by the court to be a deprived child, the provisions of Title 10A of the Oklahoma Statutes related to deprived children shall apply. 

    D. Except when the child is found by a court to be a deprived child or as otherwise provided by subsection B of this section, when the child is placed as provided by this section or the period of incarceration of the custodial parent is less than six (6) months, the judge shall transfer matters related to the placement of the child to the judge of the district court having juvenile docket responsibilities and review the placement and circumstances of the child at least once every six (6) months until such time as the child is returned to the parent or the child reaches eighteen (18) years of age. 

    1. The person or agency with whom the child has been placed shall submit a report to the judge prior to each review at such time and in such manner as ordered by the judge. 

    2. The report shall include but not be limited to a summary of the physical, mental, and emotional condition of the child, the conditions existing in the home or facility where the child has been placed and the adjustment of the child to said home or facility, the child's attendance and progress in school, and any contact or involvement of the child with the courts or law enforcement other than the supervision of the placement of the child by the sentencing judge. 

    3. When a change in the placement of the child is desired or proposed by the person or agency with whom the child has been placed, the sentencing judge shall be notified and the placement of the child shall not be changed except with the approval of said judge. The judge shall approve any subsequent placement of the child as otherwise provided by this section and the person or agency with whom the child is subsequently placed shall be subject to the provisions of this subsection. 

    E. Failure to file a report or to notify the judge of a desired or proposed change in the placement of the child shall be deemed to be contempt of court and is punishable as otherwise provided by law. 

    Added by Laws 1994, c. 215, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994. Amended by Laws 2009, c. 234, § 126, emerg. eff. May 21, 2009. 

     

    §2231. Who may resist. 

    Lawful resistance to the commission of a public offense may be made: 

    1. By the party about to be injured. 

    2. By other parties. 

    R.L.1910, § 5556.  

    §2232. Resistance by party to be injured. 

    Resistance sufficient to prevent the offense may be made by the party about to be injured: 

    1. To prevent an offense against his person or his family, or some member thereof. 

    2. To prevent an illegal attempt, by force, to take or injure property in his lawful possession. 

    R.L.1910, § 5557.  

    §2233. Resistance by other person. 

    Any other person, in aid or defense of the person about to be injured, may make resistance sufficient to prevent the offense. 

    §2234. Intervention by officers. 

    Public offenses may be prevented by the intervention of the officers of justice: 

    1. By requiring security to keep the peace. 

    2. By forming a police in cities and towns, and by requiring their attendance in exposed places. 

    3. By suppressing riots. 

    R.L.1910, § 5559.  

    §22-34.1. Peace officers using excessive force - Definition - Adoption of policies and guidelines. 

    A. Any peace officer, as defined in Section 648 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes, who uses excessive force in pursuance of such officer's law enforcement duties shall be subject to the criminal laws of this state to the same degree as any other citizen. 

    B. As used in this act, "excessive force" means physical force which exceeds the degree of physical force permitted by law or the policies and guidelines of the law enforcement entity. The use of excessive force shall be presumed when a peace officer continues to apply physical force in excess of the force permitted by law or said policies and guidelines to a person who has been rendered incapable of resisting arrest. 

    C. Each law enforcement entity which employs any peace officer shall adopt policies or guidelines concerning the use of force by peace officers which shall be complied with by peace officers in carrying out the duties of such officers within the jurisdiction of the law enforcement entity. 

    Added by Laws 1992, c. 146, § 1, eff. July 1, 1992. 

     

    §22-34.2. Reporting incidents of excessive force - Contents of report - Failure to report or making materially false statements. 

    A. Any peace officer, except a newly employed officer during such officer's probationary period, who, in pursuance of such officer's law enforcement duties, witnesses another peace officer, in pursuance of such other peace officer's law enforcement duties in carrying out an arrest of any person, placing any person under detention, taking any person into custody, booking any person, or in the process of crowd control or riot control, use physical force which exceeds the degree of physical force permitted by law or by the policies and guidelines of the law enforcement entity, shall report such use of excessive force to such officer's immediate supervisor. 

    B. At a minimum, the report required by this section shall include: 

    1. The date, time, and place of the occurrence; 

    2. The identity, if known, and description of the participants; 

    3. A description of the events and the force used. 

    C. A copy of an arrest report or other similar report required as a part of a peace officer's duties can be substituted for the report required by this section, as long as it includes the information specified in subsection B of this section. The report shall be made in writing within ten (10) days of the occurrence of the use of such force. 

    D. Any peace officer who fails to report such use of excessive force in the manner prescribed in this section, or who knowingly makes a materially false statement which the officer does not believe to be true in any report made pursuant to this section, upon conviction, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. 

    Added by Laws 1992, c. 146, § 2, eff. July 1, 1992. 

     

    §22-34.3. Racial profiling prohibited. 

    A. For the purposes of this section, "racial profiling" means the detention, interdiction or other disparate treatment of an individual solely on the basis of the racial or ethnic status of such individual. 

    B. No officer of any municipal, county or state law enforcement agency shall engage in racial profiling. 

    C. The race or ethnicity of an individual shall not be the sole factor in determining the existence of probable cause to take into custody or to arrest an individual or in constituting a reasonable and articulable suspicion that an offense has been or is being committed so as to justify the detention of an individual or the investigatory stop of a motor vehicle. 

    D. A violation of this section shall be a misdemeanor. 

    E. Every municipal, county, and state law enforcement agency shall adopt a detailed written policy that clearly defines the elements constituting racial profiling. Each agency’s policy shall prohibit racial profiling based solely on an individual’s race or ethnicity. The policy shall be available for public inspection during normal business hours. 

    F. If the investigation of a complaint of racial profiling reveals the officer was in direct violation of the law enforcement agency’s written policy regarding racial profiling, the employing law enforcement agency shall take appropriate action consistent with applicable laws, rules, ordinances or policy. 

    Added by Laws 2000, c. 325, § 1, eff. July 1, 2000. 

     

    §22-34.4. Stop or arrest resulting from racial profiling. 

    Whenever a person who is stopped or arrested believes the stop or arrest was in violation of Section 1 of this act, that person may file a complaint with the Oklahoma Human Rights Commission and may also file a complaint with the district attorney for the county in which the stop or arrest occurred. A copy of the complaint shall be forwarded to the arresting officer’s employer by the Commission. The employer shall investigate the complaint for purposes of disciplinary action and/or criminal prosecution. 

    Added by Laws 2000, c. 325, § 2, eff. July 1, 2000. 

     

    §22-34.5. Human Rights Commission to establish procedures for filing racial profiling complaint - Annual report of complaints. 

    A. The Oklahoma Human Rights Commission shall promulgate rules establishing procedures for filing a racial profiling complaint with the Oklahoma Human Rights Commission and the district attorney and the process for delivering a copy of the complaint by the Commission to the employing agency. The Commission, in consultation with the Governor’s Cabinet Secretary for Safety and Security, shall promulgate forms for complaints of racial profiling. 

    B. The Commission shall compile an annual report of all complaints received for racial profiling and submit the report on or before January 31 of each year to the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

    Added by Laws 2000, c. 325, § 3, eff. July 1, 2000. 

     

    §2235. Persons assisting officers. 

    When the officers of justice are authorized to act in the prevention of public offenses, other persons, who, by their command, act in their aid, are justified in so doing. 

    R.L.1910, § 5560.  

    §22-36. Civil and criminal immunity for private citizens aiding police officers - Federal law enforcement officers. 

    Private citizens aiding a peace officer, or other officers of the law in the performance of their duties as peace officers or officers of the law, shall have the same civil and criminal immunity as a peace officer, as a result of any act or commission for aiding or attempting to aid a peace officer or other officer of the law, when such officer is in imminent danger of loss of life or grave bodily injury or when such officer requests such assistance and when such action was taken under emergency conditions and in good faith. 

    Every federal law enforcement officer, as defined in Section 99 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes, while engaged in the performance of official duties as a federal law enforcement officer or when serving as a peace officer for the State of Oklahoma shall have the same immunity from civil and criminal actions as any other peace officer performing official duties within this state. The State of Oklahoma or any of its political subdivisions shall not assume the liability for or provide the legal representation for any federal law enforcement officer serving as peace officers of the State of Oklahoma. 

    Added by Laws 1968, c. 362, § 1, emerg. eff. May 9, 1968. Amended by Laws 1995, c. 240, § 4, emerg. eff. May 24, 1995; Laws 1997, c. 43, § 4, emerg. eff. April 7, 1997. 

     

    §2236.1. Police dog handlers Civil liability. 

    Any dog handler as defined by Section 648 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes who uses a police dog in the line of duty in accordance with the policies or standards established by the law enforcement agency for which he is employed shall not be civilly liable for any damages arising from the use of said dog, except as provided for in the Governmental Tort Claims Act. 

    Added by Laws 1986, c. 54, § 4, eff. July 1, 1986.  

    §22-36.2. National Park Service rangers - Arrest authority and immunity from suit. 

    A National Park Service ranger who, in the official capacity as park ranger, is authorized by law to make arrests shall, when making an arrest in this state for a nonfederal offense, have the same legal status and immunity from suit as a state or local law enforcement officer if the arrest is made under the following circumstances: 

    1. The Park Service ranger reasonably believes that the person arrested has committed a felony in the presence of the ranger or is committing a felony in the presence of the ranger; 

    2. The Park Service ranger reasonably believes the person arrested has committed a misdemeanor that amounts to a breach of the peace in the presence of the ranger or is committing a misdemeanor that amounts to a breach of the peace in the presence of the ranger; or 

    3. The Park Service ranger is rendering assistance to a law enforcement officer of this state in an emergency or at the request of such officer or pursuant to a memorandum of understanding between the state or a political subdivision of the state and the United States Department of the Interior National Park Service. 

    Added by Laws 1996, c. 41, § 1, emerg. eff. April 8, 1996. 

     

    §2237. Distinctive uniforms for police officers Exceptions. 

    The governing bodies of the state, county, city or town, as the case may be, may furnish distinctive uniforms for all sheriffs, deputy sheriffs, policemen, town marshals, peace officers and other officers, whose duty is to preserve and enforce public peace. When uniforms are furnished the sheriffs, deputy sheriffs, policemen, town marshals, peace officers, as the case might be, they are required to wear the same while on duty. This act shall not apply to detectives and other officers required to wear street apparel. 

    Laws 1969, c. 188, § 1, emerg. eff. April 17, 1969.  

    §2237.1. Offduty law enforcement officers Powers and duties Liability. 

    An "offduty" law enforcement officer in official uniform in attendance at a public function, event or assemblage of people shall have the same powers and obligations as when he is "onduty". 

    Nothing herein shall impose liability upon the governmental entity, by whom the law enforcement officer is employed, for actions of the said officer in the course of his employment by a nongovernmental entity. 

    Laws 1980, c. 279, § 1, emerg. eff. June 13, 1980.  

    §2238. Representation of law enforcement officers by district attorney in civil actions resulting from riot activity. 

    A law enforcement officer who has no criminal action taken, pending or contemplated against him for the identical acts as hereinafter set forth shall be entitled to representation by the district attorney of his district or where the action is filed in a civil action brought against him for actions alleged to have been wrongfully committed by him while performing his official duty of endeavoring to quell a riot or to control civil disorder, whether or not a state of emergency was declared by the Governor at the time. Representation of a law enforcement officer against whom a civil action is instituted on account of alleged wrongful acts by the officer while performing riot quelling or civil disorder controlling functions shall not authorize a district attorney to receive other compensation for legal services than the salary provided by law for his office. 

    Laws 1970, c. 291, § 1, emerg. eff. April 28, 1970.  

    §2239. Benefits for citizens who aid. 

    Any citizen who shall be aiding in the maintaining of law and order shall likewise be entitled to the benefits of this act. 

    Laws 1970, c. 291, § 2, emerg. eff. April 28, 1970.  

    §22-40. Definitions. 

    As used in Sections 40 through 40.3 of this title: 

    1. "Rape" means an act of sexual intercourse accomplished with a person pursuant to Sections 1111, 1111.1 and 1114 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes; and 

    2. "Forcible sodomy" means the act of forcing another person to engage in the detestable and abominable crime against nature pursuant to Sections 886 and 887 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes that is punishable under Section 888 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 1. Amended by Laws 1991, c. 112, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Laws 2000, c. 370, § 1, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 1, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002. 

     

    §22-40.1. Victim of rape or forcible sodomy - Notice of rights. 

    Upon the preliminary investigation of any rape or forcible sodomy, it shall be the duty of the officer who interviews the victim of the rape or forcible sodomy to inform the victim, or a responsible adult if the victim is a minor child or an incompetent person, of the twenty-four-hour statewide telephone communication service established by the Office of the Attorney General for victims of sexual assault pursuant to Section 18p-5 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes and to give notice to the victim or such responsible adult of certain rights of the victim. The notice shall consist of handing such victim or responsible adult a written statement in substantially the following form: 

    “As a victim of the crime of rape or forcible sodomy, you have certain rights. These rights are as follows: 

    1. The right to request that charges be pressed against your assailant; 

    2. The right to request protection from any harm or threat of harm arising out of your cooperation with law enforcement and prosecution efforts as far as facilities are available and to be provided with information on the level of protection available; 

    3. The right to be informed of financial assistance and other social services available to victims, including information on how to apply for the assistance and services; 

    4. The right to a free forensic medical examination; and 

    5. The right to be informed by the district attorney of other victim's rights available pursuant to Section 215.33 of Title 19 of the Oklahoma Statutes.” 

    The written notice shall also include the telephone number of the twenty-four-hour statewide telephone communication service established by the Office of the Attorney General in Section 18p-5 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Failure to report the crime to law enforcement may impede the investigation and prosecution of the assailant. 

    Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 2. Amended by Laws 2000, c. 370, § 2, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 2, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002; Laws 2007, c. 156, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2007; Laws 2007, c. 171, § 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2007. 

     

    §22-40.2. Victim protection order - Victims not to be discouraged from pressing charges - Rape or forcible sodomy. 

    A victim protection order for any victim of rape or forcible sodomy shall be substantially similar to a protective order in domestic abuse cases pursuant to Section 60 et seq. of this title. No peace officer shall discourage a victim of rape or forcible sodomy from pressing charges against any assailant of the victim. 

    Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 3. Amended by Laws 1993, c. 325, § 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 3, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002. 

     

    §22-40.3. Emergency temporary order of protection - Rape or forcible sodomy. 

    A. When the court is not open for business, the victim of rape or forcible sodomy may request a petition for an emergency temporary order of protection. The peace officer making the preliminary investigation shall: 

    1. Provide the victim with a petition for an emergency temporary order of protection and, if necessary, assist the victim in completing the petition form. The petition shall be in substantially the same form as provided by Section 60.2 of this title for a petition for protective order in domestic abuse cases; 

    2. Immediately notify, by telephone or otherwise, a judge of the district court of the request for an emergency temporary order of protection and describe the circumstances. The judge shall inform the peace officer of the decision to approve or disapprove the emergency temporary order; 

    3. Inform the victim whether the judge has approved or disapproved the emergency temporary order. If an emergency temporary order has been approved, the officer shall provide the victim, or a responsible adult if the victim is a minor child or an incompetent person, with a copy of the petition and a written statement signed by the officer attesting that the judge has approved the emergency temporary order of protection; 

    4. Notify the person subject to the emergency temporary protection order of the issuance and conditions of the order if known. Notification pursuant to this paragraph may be made personally by the officer upon arrest, or upon identification of the assailant notice shall be given by any law enforcement officer. A copy of the petition and the statement of the officer attesting to the order of the judge shall be made available to the person; and 

    5. File a copy of the petition and the statement of the officer with the district court of the county immediately upon the opening of the court on the next day the court is open for business. 

    B. The forms utilized by law enforcement agencies in carrying out the provisions of this section may be substantially similar to those used under Section 60.2 of this title. 

    Added by Laws 1982, c. 220, § 4. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 197, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1993, c. 325, § 14, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1997, c. 368, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2000, c. 370, § 3, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 466, § 4, emerg. eff. June 5, 2002. 

     

    §22-40.3A. Rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy, or any form of sexual assault – Reporting of incidents – Documentation of incidents – Referral of victim to services programs – Production of records to law enforcement officers. 

    A. Any physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating the victim of what appears to be or is reported by the victim to be rape, rape by instrumentation or forcible sodomy, as defined in Section 1111, 1111.1 or 888 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes or any form of sexual assault, shall not be required to report any incident of what appears to be or is reported to be such crimes if: 

    1. Committed upon a person who is over the age of eighteen (18) years; and 

    2. The person is not an incapacitated adult. 

    B. Any physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating a victim shall be required to report any incident of what appears to be or is reported to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, if requested to do so either orally or in writing by the victim and shall be required to inform the victim of the victim's right to have a report made. A requested report of any incident shall be promptly made orally or by telephone to the nearest law enforcement agency in the county wherein the sexual assault occurred or, if the location where the sexual assault occurred is unknown, the report shall be made to the law enforcement agency nearest to the location where the injury is treated. 

    C. In all cases of what appears to be or is reported to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, the physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating the victim of what appears to be such crimes, shall clearly and legibly document the incident and injuries observed and reported, as well as any treatment provided or prescribed. 

    D. In all cases of what appears to be or is reported to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, the physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional examining, attending, or treating the victim of what appears to be rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault, shall refer the victim to sexual assault and victim services programs, including providing the victim with twenty-four-hour statewide telephone communication service established by Section 18p-5 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    E. Every physician, surgeon, resident, intern, physician assistant, registered nurse, or any other health care professional making a report of rape, rape by instrumentation, forcible sodomy or any form of sexual assault pursuant to this section or examining such victims to determine the likelihood of such crimes, and every hospital or related institution in which the victims were examined or treated shall, upon the request of a law enforcement officer conducting a criminal investigation into the case, provide to the officer copies of the results of the examination or copies of the examination on which the report was based, and any other clinical notes, X-rays, photographs, and other previous or current records relevant to the case. 

    Added by Laws 2009, c. 71, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2009. Amended by Laws 2009, c. 233, § 109, emerg. eff. May 21, 2009. 

     

    §2240.5. Short Title. 

    Sections 2 through 4 of this act shall be known and may be cited as the "Domestic Abuse Reporting Act". 

    Added by Laws 1986, c. 197, § 2, eff. Nov. 1,

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