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OKLAHOMA STATUTES AND CODES

Title 42. Liens

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§421.Lien defined. A lien is a charge imposed upon specific property, by which it is made security for the performance of an act. R.L. 1910, § 3822.§422.Classes of liens. Liens are either general or special. R.L. 1910, § 3823.§423.General lien. A general lien is one which the holder thereof is entitled to enforce as a security for the performance of all the obligations, or all of a particular class of obligations, which exist in his favor against the owner of the property. R.L. 1910, § 3824.§424.Special lienPrior lien. A special lien is one which the holder thereof can enforce only as a security for the performance of a particular act or obligation, and of such obligations as may be incidental thereto.Where the holder of a special lien is compelled to satisfy a prior lien for his own protection, he may enforce payment of the amount so paid by him, as a part of the claim for which his own lien exists. R.L. 1910, § 3825.§425.Law applies to what. Contracts of mortgage and pledge, are subject to all the provisions of this chapter. R.L. 1910, § 3826.§426.Lien created, how. A lien is created: 1.By contract of the parties; or, 2.By operation of law. R.L. 1910, § 3827.§427.Lien created by law. No lien arises by mere operation of law until the time at which the act to be secured thereby ought to be performed. R.L. 1910, § 3828.§428.Lien on future interest. An agreement may be made to create a lien upon property not yet acquired by the party agreeing to give the lien, or not yet in existence.In such case the lien agreed for attaches from the time when the party agreeing to give it acquires an interest in the thing to the extent of such interest. R.L. 1910, § 3829.§429.Lien to take immediate effect. A lien may be created by contract, to take immediate effect, as security for the performance of obligations not then in existence. R.L. 1910, § 3830.§4210.Lien transfers no title. Notwithstanding an agreement to the contrary, a lien or a contract for a lien transfers no title to the property subject to the lien. R.L. 1910, § 3831.§4211.Contracts for forfeiture of property and restraining redemption. All contracts for the forfeiture of property subject to a lien, in satisfaction of the obligation secured thereby, and all contracts in restraint of the right of redemption from a lien, are void, except in the case specified in Section 1122. R.L. 1910, § 3832.§4212.Lien does not imply obligation. The creation of a lien does not of itself imply that any person is bound to perform the act for which the lien is a security. R.L. 1910, § 3833.§4213.Extent of lien limited. The existence of a lien upon property does not of itself entitle the person, in whose favor it exists, to a lien upon the same property for the performance of any other obligation than that which the lien originally secured. R.L. 1910, § 3834.§4214.Holder of lien not entitled to compensation. One who holds property by virtue of a lien thereon, is not entitled to compensation from the owner thereof for any trouble or expense which he incurs respecting it, except to the same extent as a borrower, under Sections 1018 and 1019. R.L. 1910, § 3835.§4215.Priority of liens according to date. Other things being equal, different liens upon the same property have priority according to the time of their creation, except in cases of bottomry and respondentia. R.L. 1910, § 3836.§4216.Priority of mortgage for price of realty. A mortgage given for the price of real property, at the time of its conveyance, has priority over all other liens created against the purchaser, subject to the operation of the recording laws. R.L. 1910, § 3837.§4217.Order of resort for payment of prior liens. Where one has a lien upon several things, and other persons have subordinate liens upon or interests in, some but not all of the same things, the person having the prior lien, if he can do so without the risk of loss to himself, or injustice to other persons, must resort to the property in the following order, on the demand of any party interested: 1.To the things upon which he has an exclusive lien. 2.To the things which are subject to the fewest subordinate liens. 3.In like manner inversely to the number of subordinate liens upon the same thing; and, 4.When several things are within one of the foregoing classes, and subject to the same number of liens, resort must be had, (a)To the things which have not been transferred since the prior lien was created. (b)To the things which have been so transferred without a valuable consideration; and, (c)To the things which have been so transferred for a valuable consideration. R.L. 1910, § 3838.§4218.Persons entitled to redeem lienFederal right of first refusalRule of construction. Every person having an interest in property subject to a lien, has a right to redeem it from the lien, at any time after the claim is due, and before his right of redemption is foreclosed. B.Neither this section nor any existing or future order or regulation of any entity of state government or case law or common law shall be construed as limiting or diminishing any federally guaranteed "right of first refusal" granted by the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (P.L. 100233). R.L. 1910, § 3839; Laws 1988, c. 100, § 1, emerg. eff. April 1, 1988.§4219.Holder of inferior lienRedemption. One who has a lien, inferior to another upon the same property, has a right: 1.To redeem the property in the same manner as its owner might, from the superior lien; and, 2.To be subrogated to all the benefits of the superior lien when necessary for the protection of his interests, upon satisfying the claim secured thereby. R.L. 1910, § 3840.§4220.RedemptionHow made. Redemption from a lien is made by performing, or offering to perform, the act for the performance of which it is a security, and paying, or offering to pay, the damages, if any, to which the holder of the lien is entitled for delay. R.L. 1910, § 3841.§4221.Lien is an accessory obligation. A lien is to be deemed accessory to the act for the performance of which it is a security, whether any person is bound for such performance or not, and is extinguishable in like manner with any other accessory obligation. R.L. 1910, § 3842.§4222.Sale or conversion of property extinguishes lien. The sale of any property on which there is a lien, in satisfaction of the claim secured thereby, or, in case of personal property, its wrongful conversion by the person holding the lien, extinguishes the lien thereon. R.L. 1910, § 3843.§4223.Limitation of time. A lien is extinguished by the mere lapse of the time within which, under the provisions of civil procedure, an action can be brought upon the principal obligation. R.L. 1910, § 3844.§4224.Partial performance as extinguishing lien. The partial performance of an act secured by a lien does not extinguish the lien upon any part of the property subject thereto, even if it is divisible. R.L. 1910, § 3845.§4225.Voluntary restoration as extinguishing lien. The voluntary restoration of property to its owner, by the holder of a lien thereon, dependent upon possession, extinguishes the lien as to such property, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, and extinguishes it, notwithstanding any such agreement, as to creditors of the owner and persons subsequently acquiring title to the property, or a lien thereon, in good faith and for a good consideration. R.L. 1910, § 3846.§4226.Vendor's lien for price of realty. One who sells real property has a special or vendor's lien thereon, independent of possession, for so much of the price as remains unpaid and unsecured, otherwise than by the personal obligation of the buyer, subject to the rights of purchasers and encumbrancers, in good faith, without notice. R.L. 1910, § 3847.§4227.Waiver of vendor's lien. Where the buyer of real property gives to the seller a written contract for payment of all or part of the price, an absolute transfer of such contract by the seller, waives his lien to the extent of the sum payable under the contract, but a transfer of such contract in trust to pay debts, and return the surplus, is not a waiver of the lien. R.L. 1910, § 3848.§4228.Validity of liens of vendors and purchasers. The liens defined in Sections 3847 and 3851 are valid against everyone claiming under the debtor, except a purchaser or encumbrancer in good faith, and for value. R.L. 1910, § 3849.§42-29.Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). §4230.Lien of purchaser of real property. One who pays to the owner any part of the price of real property, under an agreement for the sale thereof, has a special lien upon the property, independent of possession, for such part of the amount paid as he may be entitled to recover back in case of a failure of consideration. R.L. 1910, § 3851.§4231.Lien of factor. A factor has a general lien, dependent on possession, for all that is due to him as such, upon all articles of commercial value that are entrusted to him by the same principal. R.L. 1910, § 3853.§4232.Banker's lien. A banker has a general lien, dependent on possession, upon all property in his hands belonging to a customer, for the balance due to him from such customer in the course of the business. R.L. 1910, § 3854.§4233.Special lien of officer levying attachment or execution. An officer, who levies an attachment or execution upon personal property, acquires a special lien, dependent on possession, upon such property, which authorizes him to hold it until the process is discharged or satisfied, or a judicial sale of the property is had. R.L. 1910, § 3855.§4234.Other liens. Innkeepers, boarding housekeepers, attorneysatlaw and others, have liens which are defined and regulated. R.L. 1910, § 3856.§4235.Judgment liens. The lien of a judgment is regulated by civil procedure. R.L. 1910, § 3857.§42-36.Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). §42-37.Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). §42-38.Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). §4239.Keeper of inn, hotel, boardinghouse, or rooming houseLien on baggage and other propertyLimitationEnforcement. The keeper of any inn, hotel, boardinghouse, or rooming house, whether individual, partnership or corporation, shall have a lien on the baggage and other property in and about such inn, brought to the same by or under the control of his guest or boarders for the proper charges due him from such guests or boarders for accommodation, board and lodging, and for all money paid for or advanced to them, not to exceed the sum of Two Hundred Dollars ($200.00), and for such other extras as are furnished at the request of such guests, and said innkeeper, hotelkeeper or rooming house keeper shall have the right to detain such baggage and other property until the amount of such charges are paid and such baggage and other property shall be exempt from attachment or execution until such innkeeper's lien and the cost of satisfying it are paid.The innkeeper, boardinghouse or hotelkeeper or rooming house keeper shall retain such baggage and other property upon which he has a lien for a period of ninety (90) days, at the expiration of which time, if the lien is not satisfied, he may sell such baggage and other property at public auction, first giving notice of the time and place of sale by posting at least three notices thereof in public places in the county where the inn or hotel is situated, and also by mailing a copy of such notice addressed to said guest or boarder at the place of residence designated by the register of such inn or hotel.And after satisfying the lien and any costs that may accrue, any residue remaining shall, on demand, within six (6) months, be paid to such guest or boarder, and if not so demanded within six (6) months from date of sale, such residue shall be deposited by such innkeeper with the treasurer of the county; said residue shall be retained by the county treasurer for a period of one (1) year, and if not claimed within that time by the owner thereof, it shall be placed to the credit of the school fund. Laws 1915, c. 178, § 2.§42-40.Repealed by Laws 1986, c. 292, § 160, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. §42-41.Repealed by Laws 1986, c. 292, § 160, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. §42-42.Repealed by Laws 1983, c. 72, § 1, emerg. eff. April 29, 1983. §42-43.Hospital liens in personal injury cases - Priority - Exception. A.Every hospital in this state, which shall furnish emergency medical or other service to any patient injured by reason of an accident not covered by the Workers' Compensation Act, shall, if such injured party shall assert or maintain a claim against another for damages on account of such injuries, have a lien upon any recovery or sum had or collected or to be collected by such patient, or by his or her heirs, personal representatives or next of kin in the case of his or her death, whether by judgment or by settlement or compromise to the amount of the reasonable and necessary charges of such hospital for the treatment, care and maintenance of such patient in such hospital up to the date of payment of such damages.Provided, however, the lien shall be inferior to any lien or claim of any attorney or attorneys for handling the claim on behalf of such patient, his or her heirs or personal representatives; provided, further, that the lien herein set forth shall not be applied or considered valid against any claim for amounts due under the Workers' Compensation Act in this state. B.This section shall apply, in medically referred cases, to a medical diagnostic imaging facility not affiliated with a hospital that provides diagnostic imaging that includes, but is not limited to, modalities such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET). Added by Laws 1969, c. 231, § 1, emerg. eff. April 21, 1969.Amended by Laws 2008, c. 190, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.§42-44.Filing of notice of lien - Enforcement by civil action. A.No such lien shall be effective unless a written notice containing an itemized statement of the amount claimed, the name and address of the injured person, the date of the accident, the name and location of the hospital, and the name of the person or persons, firm or firms, corporation or corporations alleged to be liable to the injured party for the injuries received, shall be filed in the office of the county clerk of the county in which such hospital is located, on the mechanic's and materialman's docket, prior to the payment of any monies to such injured person, his attorneys or legal representatives, as compensation for such injuries; nor unless the hospital shall also send, by registered or certified mail postage prepaid, a copy of such notice with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the person or persons, firm or firms, corporation or corporations alleged to be liable to the injured party for the injuries sustained prior to the payment of any monies to such injured person, his attorneys or legal representatives, as compensation for such injuries.Such hospital shall mail a copy of such notice to any insurance carrier which has insured such person, firm or corporation against such liability, if the name and address shall be known.Such hospital shall also send, by registered or certified mail, a copy of such notice to such patient upon whom emergency medical or other service has been performed, if the name and address of such patient shall be known to the hospital or can with reasonable diligence be ascertained.A copy of said notice shall be mailed to any attorney for the patient, provided that the hospital has notice of the name of such attorney. B.The liens provided for in this section and Section 43 of this title may be enforced by civil action in the district court of the county where the lien was filed.Such an action shall be brought within one (1) year after the hospital becomes aware of final judgment, settlement or compromise of the claim asserted or maintained by or on behalf of the injured person.The practice, pleading and proceedings in the action shall conform to the rules prescribed by the Oklahoma Pleading Code to the extent applicable. Laws 1969, c. 231, § 2, emerg. eff. April 21, 1969; Laws 1978, c. 68, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Laws 1994, c. 202, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.§4245.Insurance agent's lien. A.Every insurance agent licensed as such under the laws of this state who shall pay the premium on any policy of insurance to an insurer for and on behalf of any person to whom such policy is issued shall have a lien upon all refunds, proceeds or other funds payable to the insured under the provisions of such policy for all sums due the agent for the premium on any policy of insurance procured by the agent for the insured. B.No such lien shall be effective unless a written statement setting forth the amount claimed, identifying the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted, and containing the name and address of the insured, the insurer, and the agent shall be filed in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the insured resides or has its principal place of business. The statement shall be signed by the insurance agent and verified by affidavit.The statement shall be recorded by the county clerk on the mechanics and materialman's lien docket. C.Immediately upon filing the lien statement, the insurance agent shall mail, by certified or registered mail, postage prepaid, a copy of such statement with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the insured and the insurer at the address indicated for each on the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted or at their lastknown address if a later address is known. D.Upon receipt of a copy of such lien statement the insurer or insurers named in the statement shall withhold from any sums thereafter payable to the insured under the provisions of any policy identified in the statement an amount equal to the claim of the insurance agent until the lien is released or otherwise discharged in proceedings to enforce the lien. Added by Laws 1985, c. 136, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.§42-46.Physician's lien. A.Every physician who performs medical services or any other professional person who engages in the healing arts, within their scope of practice pursuant to Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes for any person injured as a result of the negligence or act of another, shall, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against such other person for damages on account of such injuries, have a lien for the amount due for such medical or healing arts services upon that part going or belonging to the injured person of any recovery or sum had or collected or to be collected by the injured person, or by the heirs, personal representative, or next of kin of the injured person in the event of his death, whether by judgment, settlement, or compromise.Such lien shall be inferior to any lien or claim of any attorney handling the claim for or on behalf of the injured person.The lien shall not be applied or considered valid against any claim for amounts due pursuant to the provisions of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes. B.In addition to the lien provided for in subsection A of this section, every physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes who performs medical or healing arts within their scope of practice for any person injured as a result of the negligence or act of another, shall have, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against an insurer, a lien for the amount due for such medical or healing arts services upon any monies payable by the insurer to the injured person. C.No lien which is provided for in this section shall be effective unless, before the payment of any monies to the injured person, the attorney for the injured person, or legal representative as compensation for such injuries or death: 1.A written notice is sent setting forth an itemized statement of the amount claimed, identifying the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted, if any, and containing the name and address of the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes claiming the lien, the injured person, and the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made, is filed on the mechanic's and materialman's lien docket in the office of the county clerk of the county where the principal office of the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes is located; and 2.The physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes sends, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, a copy of such notice with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made and to the injured person.The physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall also send a copy of the notice to the attorney for the injured person, if the name and address of such attorney is known to the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes. D.The liens provided for in this section may be enforced by civil action in the district court of the county where the lien was filed.Such an action shall be brought within one (1) year after the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes becomes aware of final judgment, settlement or compromise of the claim asserted or maintained by or on behalf of the injured person.The practice, pleading, and proceedings in the action shall conform to the rules prescribed by the Oklahoma Pleading Code to the extent applicable. Added by Laws 1985, c. 136, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.Amended by Laws 1994, c. 202, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 2008, c. 190, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.§42-47.Provider of seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer - Agricultural lien. A.Any person selling, furnishing, applying or providing to the owner of crops which are growing or to be grown, any seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer for the growing of the crops shall, upon filing, have a lien on the crops for the amount due for such seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer or for the application thereof.The lien provided for in this section shall be subject to all prior perfected liens. B.The lien created by this section shall not be effective unless filed as an agricultural lien pursuant to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. C.The lien created by this section may be foreclosed by the sale of the crops subject to the lien anytime within twelve (12) months after filing of the lien in accordance with the provisions of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes. Added by Laws 1992, c. 276, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992.Amended by Laws 2000, c. 371, § 170, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2009, c. 208, § 21, eff. Nov. 1, 2009.§42-48.Provider of seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer - General agriculture commodities lien. Any person selling, furnishing, applying or providing to the owner of crops which are growing or to be grown any seed, chemical, pesticide, herbicide or fertilizer for the growing of said crop shall have a general lien upon all agricultural commodities except livestock in his possession belonging to the owner of the crops, for the balance due to him in the course of business.The lien provided for in this section shall be subject to all prior perfected liens. Added by Laws 1992, c. 276, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1992.§42-49.Ambulance service provider liens. A.Every person, company, governmental entity, or trust authority operating an ambulance service within this state who or which performs ambulance services for any person injured as a result of the negligent or intentional act of another shall, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against another person for damages on account of the injuries, have a lien for the amount due for the ambulance services upon any recovery or sum had or collected or to be collected by the injured person or the estate of the injured person in the event of the injured person's death, whether by judgment, settlement, or compromise.The lien shall be inferior to any lien or claim of any attorney representing the injured person.The lien shall not be applied or considered valid against any claim for amounts due pursuant to the provisions of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes. B.In addition to the lien provided for in subsection A of this section, every person, company, governmental entity, or trust authority operating an ambulance service within this state who or which performs ambulance services for any person injured as a result of the negligent or intentional act of another shall have, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against an insurer, a lien for the amount due for the ambulance services upon any monies payable by the insurer to the injured person. C.No lien which is provided for in this section shall be effective unless, before the payment of any monies to the injured person or the injured person's attorney or legal representative, as compensation for the injuries or death: 1.A written notice is sent setting forth an itemized statement of the amount claimed, identifying the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted, if any, and containing the name and address of the person, company, governmental entity, or trust authority claiming the lien, the injured person, and the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made, is filed on the mechanic's and materialman's lien docket in the office of the county clerk of the county where the principal office of the claimant is located; and 2.The claimant sends, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, a copy of the notice with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made and to the injured person.The claimant shall also send a copy of the notice to the attorney for the injured person, if the name and address of the attorney is known to the claimant. D.A lien created pursuant to this section may be enforced in a civil action in the district court of the county where the lien was filed.An action shall be brought within one (1) year of a final judgment, settlement, or compromise of the claim asserted or maintained by or on behalf of the injured person.The practice, pleading, and proceedings in the action shall conform to the rules prescribed by the Oklahoma Pleading Code to the extent applicable. Added by Laws 1995, c. 194, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1995.Amended by Laws 1999, c. 293, § 23, eff. Nov. 1, 1999.§42-91.Lien on certain personal property for service thereon - Foreclosure - Notice - Purchaser - Unpaid checks - Repossession. A.1.This section applies to every vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility vehicle, manufactured home, motorcycle, boat, outboard motor, or trailer that has a certificate of title issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, except as otherwise provided in subsection D of this section.This section does not apply to farm equipment as defined in Section 91.2 of this title.The items of personal property to which this section applies are collectively referred to as “Section 91 Personal Property”.If personal property is apparently covered both by this section and by Sections 191 through 200 of this title, the procedures set out in this section shall apply instead of Sections 191 through 200. 2.Any person who, while lawfully in possession of an article of Section 91 Personal Property, renders any service to the owner thereof by furnishing storage, rental space, material, labor or skill for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, towing, right to occupy space, storage or carriage thereof, has a special lien thereon, dependent on possession, for the compensation, if any, which is due to such person from the owner for such service. 3.This special lien shall be subordinate to any perfected security interest unless the claimant complies with the requirements of this section. 4.Any person claiming the special lien provided in paragraph 2 of this subsection shall mail a notice of such lien, no later than sixty (60) days after the first services are rendered, by regular, first class United States mail, and by certified mail, to all interested parties who reside at separate locations.(If services provided are pursuant to a contract primarily for the purpose of storage or rental of space, the beginning date of the sixty-day period provided in the previous sentence shall be the first day of the first period or partial period for which rental or storage charges remain unpaid.)The notice shall be in writing and shall contain, but not be limited to, the following: a.a statement that the notice is a notice of a possessory lien, b.the complete legal name, physical and mailing address, and telephone number of the claimant, c.the complete legal name, physical and mailing address of the person who requested that the claimant render service to the owner by furnishing material, labor or skill, storage, or rental space, or the date the property was abandoned if the claimant did not render any other service, d.a description of the article of personal property and the complete physical and mailing address of the location of the article of personal property, e.an itemized statement describing the date or dates the labor or services were performed and material furnished, and the amount of the compensation claimed, f.a statement by the claimant that the materials, labor or skill furnished, or arrangement for storage or rental of space, was authorized by the owner of the personal property and was in fact provided or performed, or that the property was abandoned by the owner if the claimant did not render any other service, and that storage or rental fees will accrue as allowed by law, and g.the signature of the claimant which shall be notarized and, if applicable, the signature of the claimant’s attorney.If the claimant is a business, then the name of the contact person must be shown.In place of an original signature and notary seal, a digital or electronic signature or seal shall be accepted. 5.For services rendered or vehicles abandoned on or after November 1, 2005, storage charges or charges for rental of space (unless agreed to by contract as part of an overall transaction or arrangement that was primarily for the purpose of storage of the Section 91 Personal Property or rental of space) may only be assessed beginning with the day that the Notice of Possessory Lien is mailed as evidenced by certified mail.Provided, however, in the case of contractual charges incurred for storage or rental of space in an overall transaction primarily for the purpose of storage or rental, charges subject to the special lien may only be assessed beginning with a date not more than sixty (60) days prior to the day that the Notice of Possessory Lien is mailed, and shall accrue only at the regular periodic rate for storage or rental as provided in the contract, adjusted for partial periods of storage or rental.The maximum allowable compensation for storage shall not exceed the fees specified pursuant to Section 953.2 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 6.The lien may be foreclosed by a sale of such personal property upon the notice and in the manner following:The notice of sale shall contain: a.a statement that the notice is a Notice of Sale, b.the names of all interested parties known to the claimant, c.a description of the property to be sold, d.a notarized statement of the nature of the work, labor or service performed, material furnished, or storage or rental of space, and the date thereof, and the name of the person who authorized the work, labor or service performed, or the storage or rental arrangement, or that the property was abandoned if the claimant did not render any other service, e.the date, time and exact physical location of sale, and f.the name, complete physical address and telephone number of the party foreclosing such lien.If the claimant is a business, then the name of the contact person must be shown.In place of an original signature and notary seal, a digital or electronic signature or seal shall be accepted. 7.Such notice of sale shall be posted in three public places in the county where the property is to be sold at least ten (10) days before the time therein specified for such sale, and a copy of the notice shall be mailed to all interested parties at their last-known post office address, by regular, first class United States mail and by certified mail on the day of posting.If the item of personal property is a manufactured home, notice shall also be sent by certified mail to the county treasurer and to the county assessor of the county where the manufactured home is located. 8.Interested parties shall include all owners of the article of personal property as indicated by the certificate of title issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma; lien debtors, if any, other than the owners; any lienholder whose lien is noted on the face of the certificate of title; and any other person having any interest in the article of personal property, of whom the claimant has actual notice. 9.Any interested party shall be permitted to inspect and verify the services rendered by the claimant prior to the sale of the article of personal property during normal business hours, unless the property was abandoned and the claimant did not render any other service. 10.The claimant or any other person may in good faith become a purchaser of the property sold. 11.Proceedings for foreclosure under this act shall be commenced within thirty (30) days after the Notice of Possessory Lien has been mailed as evidenced by certified mail.The date actually sold shall be within sixty (60) days from the date of the Notice of Sale as evidenced by certified mail. B. 1. a.Any person who is induced by means of a check or other form of written order for immediate payment of money to deliver up possession of an article of personal property on which the person has a special lien created by subsection A of this section, which check or other written order is dishonored, or is not paid when presented, shall have a lien for the amount thereof upon the personal property. b.The person claiming such lien shall, within thirty (30) days from the date of dishonor of the check or other written order for payment of money, file in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the property is situated a sworn statement that: (1)the check or other written order for immediate payment of money, copy thereof being attached, was received for labor, material or supplies for producing or repairing an article of personal property, or for other specific property-related services covered by this section, (2)the check or other written order was not paid, and (3)the uttering of the check or other written order constituted the means for inducing the person, one possessed of a special lien created by subsection A of this section upon the described article of personal property, to deliver up the said article of personal property. 2.a.Any person who renders service to the owner of an article of personal property by furnishing storage, rental space, material, labor, or skill for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, towing, right to occupy space, storage, or carriage thereof shall have a special lien on such property pursuant to this section if such property is removed from the person’s possession, without such person’s written consent or without payment for such service. b.The person claiming such lien shall, within five (5) days of such nonauthorized removal, file in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the property is located, a sworn statement including: (1)that services were rendered on or in relation to the article of personal property by the person claiming such lien, (2)that the property was in the possession of the person claiming the lien but such property was removed without his or her written consent, (3)an identifying description of the article of personal property on which the service was rendered, and (4)that the debt for the services rendered on or in relation to the article of personal property was not paid.Provided, if the unpaid total amount of the debt for services rendered on or in relation to the article of personal property is unknown, an approximated amount of the debt due and owing shall be included in the sworn statement but such approximated debt may be amended within thirty (30) days of such filing to reflect the actual amount of the debt due and owing. 3.The enforcement of the lien shall be within sixty (60) days after filing the lien in the manner provided by law for enforcing the lien of a security agreement and provided that the lien shall not affect the rights of innocent, intervening purchasers without notice. 4.If a person claiming a special lien pursuant to this section fails to substantially comply with any of the requirements of this section, any interested party may proceed against the person claiming such lien for all damages arising therefrom, including conversion, if the article of personal property has been sold.If the notice or notices required by this section shall be shown to be knowingly false or fraudulent, the interested party shall be entitled to treble damages.The prevailing party shall be entitled to all costs, including a reasonable attorney fee. C.If the person who renders service to the owner of an article of personal property to which this section applies relinquishes or loses possession of the article due to circumstances described in subparagraph a of paragraph 1 or subparagraph a of paragraph 2 of subsection B of this section, the person claiming the lien shall be entitled to possession of the article until the amount due is paid, unless the article is possessed by a person who became a bona fide purchaser.Entitlement to possession shall be in accordance with the following: 1.The claimant may take possession of an article pursuant to this subsection only if the person obligated under the contract for services has signed an acknowledgement of receipt of a notice that the article may be subject to repossession.The notice and acknowledgement pursuant to this subsection shall be: a.in writing and separate from the written contract for services, or b.printed on the written contract for services, credit agreement or other document which displays the notice in bold-faced, capitalized and underlined type, or is separated from surrounding written material so as to be conspicuous with a separate signature line; 2.The claimant may require the person obligated under the contract for services to pay the costs of repossession as a condition for reclaiming the article only to the extent of the reasonable fair market value of the services required to take possession of the article; 3.The claimant shall not transfer to a third party or to a person who performs repossession services, a check, money order, or credit card transaction that is received as payment for services with respect to an article and that is returned to the claimant because of insufficient funds or no funds, because the person writing the check, issuing the money order, or credit cardholder has no account or because the check, money order, or credit card account has been closed.A person violating this paragraph shall be guilty of a misdemeanor; and 4.An article that is repossessed pursuant to this subsection shall be promptly delivered to the location where the services were performed.The article shall remain at the services location at all times until the article is lawfully returned to the record owner or a lienholder or is disposed of pursuant to this section. D.1.If a vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility vehicle, manufactured home, motorcycle, boat, outboard motor, or trailer has a certificate of title issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, but there is no active lien recorded on the certificate of title, Section 91A of this title will apply instead of this section.Likewise, if there is an active lien recorded on the certificate of title but the lien is over fifteen (15) years old and the property is not a manufactured home, Section 91A will apply instead of this section. 2.If personal property that otherwise would be covered by this section has been registered by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, and there is a lien of record but no certificate of title has been issued, Section 91A of this title will apply instead of this section. 3.If personal property otherwise would be covered by this section, but the services were rendered or the property was abandoned prior to November 1, 2005, Section 91A of this title will apply instead of this section. 4.Salvage pools as defined in Section 591.2 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes and class AA licensed wrecker operators in their capacity as wrecker operators shall not be subject to the provisions of this section.Salvage pools as defined in Section 591.2 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes and class AA licensed wrecker operators shall be subject to Section 91A of this title. E.For purposes of this section: 1."Possession" includes actual possession and constructive possession; and 2."Constructive possession" means possession by a person who, although not in actual possession, does not have an intention to abandon property, knowingly has both power and the intention at a given time to exercise dominion or control over the property, and who holds claim to such thing by virtue of some legal right. R.L.1910, § 3852.Amended by Laws 1955, p. 248, § 1; Laws 1973, c. 111, § 1, emerg. eff. May 4, 1973; Laws 1992, c. 309, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 2003, c. 214, § 1, eff. July 1, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 213, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 477, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 247, § 1; Laws 2008, c. 98, § 1, eff. July 1, 2008.§42-91.1.Abandoned vehicle auctions – Exemption from fees and taxes. Any abandoned vehicle auction performed by a class AA wrecker or lien claimant shall be exempt from all prior years’ tag fees, title fees, stop flag fees, and any other fees imposed by the state from the prior ownership of the vehicle.The wrecker operator, lien claimant, or buyer of the abandoned vehicle will be responsible only for fees incurred after the completion of the abandoned vehicle sale unless the buyer is the registered vehicle owner prior to the towing or abandonment of the vehicle, in which case all fees will be due from the buyer.Vehicles purchased from a class AA wrecker at an abandoned vehicle auction on which a junk title will be issued, shall be exempt from motor vehicle excise tax. Added by Laws 2004, c. 360, § 1, emerg. eff. May 27, 2004.Amended by Laws 2006, c. 247, § 3.§42-91.2.Liens on farm equipment. A.Any person who, at or with the owner’s request or consent, performs work, or makes repairs or improvements on any farm equipment has a first and prior lien, subject to the restrictions set forth in subsections B and C of this section, on such equipment for the total value of the services performed, including the reasonable value of all material used in the performance of such services and the reasonable value of all equipment replaced, added or installed. B.If the lien claimant is in possession of the farm equipment for the purpose of having the work, repairs or improvements made, or the equipment replaced, added or installed thereon, the lien shall be first and prior and valid as long as the lien claimant retains possession of the equipment.The lien claimant shall retain the lien after releasing the equipment by filing within ninety (90) days thereafter a statement, under oath, of the items of the account, a description of the equipment on which the lien is claimed and the legal name of the owner of the equipment, with the county clerk in the county in this state where the owner resides, or if the owner does not reside in this state, then with the county clerk in the county where the equipment is located.Provided, once the lien claimant has released possession of the equipment, the lien established by this section shall be subordinate to any prior lien or security interest of record. C.If the lien claimant was never in possession of the farm equipment, the lien claimant shall retain the lien by filing with the county clerk in the county where the owner resides, or if the owner does not reside in this state, then with the county clerk in the county where the equipment is located, within ninety (90) days after the date work was last performed, material was last furnished in performing such work or making such repairs or improvements, equipment was last replaced, added or installed or the farm equipment was last towed or stored, a statement, under oath, of the items of the account, a description of the equipment on which the lien is claimed, the legal name of the owner of the equipment and the date upon which work was last performed, material was last furnished in performing such work or making such repairs or improvements, equipment was last replaced, added or installed, or the equipment was last towed or stored.Provided, if the lien claimant was never in possession of the equipment, the lien established by this section shall be subordinate to any prior lien or security interest. D.For purposes of this section, “farm equipment” means equipment, as defined in paragraph (33) of subsection (a) of Section 1-9-102 of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes, that is primarily used in connection with a farming operation, as defined in paragraph (35) of subsection (a) of Section 1-9-102 of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes. Added by Laws 2005, c. 213, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005.§42-91A.Lien on certain personal property for service thereon - Certificate of title - Foreclosure - Notice - Purchaser - Unpaid checks - Repossession. A. 1. a.This section applies to all types of personal property other than: (1)farm equipment as defined in Section 91.2 of this title, and (2)“Section 91 Personal Property” as defined in Section 91 of this title. b.This section applies to any vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility vehicle, manufactured home, motorcycle, boat, outboard motor, or trailer that is excluded from coverage under subsection A of Section 91 of this title because the personal property: (1)does not have a certificate of title, or (2)has a certificate of title but does not have an active lien recorded on the certificate of title, or (3)has a certificate of title that is not issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, or (4)is otherwise excluded by subsection D of Section 91 of this title. c.If personal property has a certificate of title, or would be required to have a certificate of title under Oklahoma law, and is apparently covered both by this section and by Sections 191 through 200 of this title, the procedures set out in this section shall apply instead of Sections 191 through 200 of this title.If personal property without a certificate of title and not required to be titled under Oklahoma law is covered both by this section and Sections 191 through 200 of this title, the procedures set out in Sections 191 through 200 of this title shall apply instead of this section. 2.Any person who, while lawfully in possession of an article of personal property to which this section applies, renders any service to the owner thereof by furnishing storage, rental space, material, labor or skill for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, towing, right to occupy space, storage or carriage thereof, has a special lien thereon, dependent on possession, for the compensation, if any, which is due to such person from the owner for such service.Charges owed under a contract primarily for the purpose of storage or rental of space shall be accrued only at the regular periodic rate for storage or rental as provided in the contract, adjusted for partial periods of storage or rental. 3.The lien may be foreclosed by a sale of such personal property upon the notice and in the manner following:The notice shall contain: a.the names of the owner and any other known party or parties who may claim any interest in the property, b.a description of the property to be sold, c.the nature of the work, labor or service performed, material furnished, or the storage or rental arrangement, and the date thereof, d.the time and place of sale, and e.the name of the party, agent or attorney foreclosing such lien.If the claimant is a business, then the name of the contact person must be shown.In place of an original signature and notary seal, a digital
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  • §421. Lien defined. 

    A lien is a charge imposed upon specific property, by which it is made security for the performance of an act. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3822. 

     

    §422. Classes of liens. 

    Liens are either general or special. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3823. 

     

    §423. General lien. 

    A general lien is one which the holder thereof is entitled to enforce as a security for the performance of all the obligations, or all of a particular class of obligations, which exist in his favor against the owner of the property. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3824. 

     

    §424. Special lien Prior lien. 

    A special lien is one which the holder thereof can enforce only as a security for the performance of a particular act or obligation, and of such obligations as may be incidental thereto. Where the holder of a special lien is compelled to satisfy a prior lien for his own protection, he may enforce payment of the amount so paid by him, as a part of the claim for which his own lien exists. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3825. 

     

    §425. Law applies to what. 

    Contracts of mortgage and pledge, are subject to all the provisions of this chapter. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3826. 

     

    §426. Lien created, how. 

    A lien is created: 

    1. By contract of the parties; or, 

    2. By operation of law. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3827. 

     

    §427. Lien created by law. 

    No lien arises by mere operation of law until the time at which the act to be secured thereby ought to be performed. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3828. 

     

    §428. Lien on future interest. 

    An agreement may be made to create a lien upon property not yet acquired by the party agreeing to give the lien, or not yet in existence. In such case the lien agreed for attaches from the time when the party agreeing to give it acquires an interest in the thing to the extent of such interest. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3829. 

     

    §429. Lien to take immediate effect. 

    A lien may be created by contract, to take immediate effect, as security for the performance of obligations not then in existence. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3830. 

     

    §4210. Lien transfers no title. 

    Notwithstanding an agreement to the contrary, a lien or a contract for a lien transfers no title to the property subject to the lien. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3831. 

     

    §4211. Contracts for forfeiture of property and restraining redemption. 

    All contracts for the forfeiture of property subject to a lien, in satisfaction of the obligation secured thereby, and all contracts in restraint of the right of redemption from a lien, are void, except in the case specified in Section 1122. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3832. 

     

    §4212. Lien does not imply obligation. 

    The creation of a lien does not of itself imply that any person is bound to perform the act for which the lien is a security. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3833. 

     

    §4213. Extent of lien limited. 

    The existence of a lien upon property does not of itself entitle the person, in whose favor it exists, to a lien upon the same property for the performance of any other obligation than that which the lien originally secured. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3834. 

     

    §4214. Holder of lien not entitled to compensation. 

    One who holds property by virtue of a lien thereon, is not entitled to compensation from the owner thereof for any trouble or expense which he incurs respecting it, except to the same extent as a borrower, under Sections 1018 and 1019. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3835. 

     

    §4215. Priority of liens according to date. 

    Other things being equal, different liens upon the same property have priority according to the time of their creation, except in cases of bottomry and respondentia. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3836. 

     

    §4216. Priority of mortgage for price of realty. 

    A mortgage given for the price of real property, at the time of its conveyance, has priority over all other liens created against the purchaser, subject to the operation of the recording laws. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3837. 

     

    §4217. Order of resort for payment of prior liens. 

    Where one has a lien upon several things, and other persons have subordinate liens upon or interests in, some but not all of the same things, the person having the prior lien, if he can do so without the risk of loss to himself, or injustice to other persons, must resort to the property in the following order, on the demand of any party interested: 

    1. To the things upon which he has an exclusive lien. 

    2. To the things which are subject to the fewest subordinate liens. 

    3. In like manner inversely to the number of subordinate liens upon the same thing; and, 

    4. When several things are within one of the foregoing classes, and subject to the same number of liens, resort must be had, 

    (a)  To the things which have not been transferred since the prior lien was created. 

    (b)  To the things which have been so transferred without a valuable consideration; and, 

    (c)  To the things which have been so transferred for a valuable consideration. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3838. 

     

    §4218. Persons entitled to redeem lien Federal right of first refusal Rule of construction. 

    Every person having an interest in property subject to a lien, has a right to redeem it from the lien, at any time after the claim is due, and before his right of redemption is foreclosed. 

    B. Neither this section nor any existing or future order or regulation of any entity of state government or case law or common law shall be construed as limiting or diminishing any federally guaranteed "right of first refusal" granted by the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (P.L. 100233). 

    R.L. 1910, § 3839; Laws 1988, c. 100, § 1, emerg. eff. April 1, 1988. 

     

    §4219. Holder of inferior lien Redemption. 

    One who has a lien, inferior to another upon the same property, has a right: 

    1. To redeem the property in the same manner as its owner might, from the superior lien; and, 

    2. To be subrogated to all the benefits of the superior lien when necessary for the protection of his interests, upon satisfying the claim secured thereby. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3840. 

     

    §4220. Redemption How made. 

    Redemption from a lien is made by performing, or offering to perform, the act for the performance of which it is a security, and paying, or offering to pay, the damages, if any, to which the holder of the lien is entitled for delay. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3841. 

     

    §4221. Lien is an accessory obligation. 

    A lien is to be deemed accessory to the act for the performance of which it is a security, whether any person is bound for such performance or not, and is extinguishable in like manner with any other accessory obligation. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3842. 

     

    §4222. Sale or conversion of property extinguishes lien. 

    The sale of any property on which there is a lien, in satisfaction of the claim secured thereby, or, in case of personal property, its wrongful conversion by the person holding the lien, extinguishes the lien thereon. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3843. 

     

    §4223. Limitation of time. 

    A lien is extinguished by the mere lapse of the time within which, under the provisions of civil procedure, an action can be brought upon the principal obligation. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3844. 

     

    §4224. Partial performance as extinguishing lien. 

    The partial performance of an act secured by a lien does not extinguish the lien upon any part of the property subject thereto, even if it is divisible. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3845. 

     

    §4225. Voluntary restoration as extinguishing lien. 

    The voluntary restoration of property to its owner, by the holder of a lien thereon, dependent upon possession, extinguishes the lien as to such property, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, and extinguishes it, notwithstanding any such agreement, as to creditors of the owner and persons subsequently acquiring title to the property, or a lien thereon, in good faith and for a good consideration. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3846. 

     

    §4226. Vendor's lien for price of realty. 

    One who sells real property has a special or vendor's lien thereon, independent of possession, for so much of the price as remains unpaid and unsecured, otherwise than by the personal obligation of the buyer, subject to the rights of purchasers and encumbrancers, in good faith, without notice. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3847. 

     

    §4227. Waiver of vendor's lien. 

    Where the buyer of real property gives to the seller a written contract for payment of all or part of the price, an absolute transfer of such contract by the seller, waives his lien to the extent of the sum payable under the contract, but a transfer of such contract in trust to pay debts, and return the surplus, is not a waiver of the lien. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3848. 

     

    §4228. Validity of liens of vendors and purchasers. 

    The liens defined in Sections 3847 and 3851 are valid against everyone claiming under the debtor, except a purchaser or encumbrancer in good faith, and for value. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3849. 

     

    §42-29. Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). 

    §4230. Lien of purchaser of real property. 

    One who pays to the owner any part of the price of real property, under an agreement for the sale thereof, has a special lien upon the property, independent of possession, for such part of the amount paid as he may be entitled to recover back in case of a failure of consideration. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3851. 

     

    §4231. Lien of factor. 

    A factor has a general lien, dependent on possession, for all that is due to him as such, upon all articles of commercial value that are entrusted to him by the same principal. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3853. 

     

    §4232. Banker's lien. 

    A banker has a general lien, dependent on possession, upon all property in his hands belonging to a customer, for the balance due to him from such customer in the course of the business. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3854. 

     

    §4233. Special lien of officer levying attachment or execution. 

    An officer, who levies an attachment or execution upon personal property, acquires a special lien, dependent on possession, upon such property, which authorizes him to hold it until the process is discharged or satisfied, or a judicial sale of the property is had. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3855. 

     

    §4234. Other liens. 

    Innkeepers, boarding housekeepers, attorneysatlaw and others, have liens which are defined and regulated. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3856. 

     

    §4235. Judgment liens. 

    The lien of a judgment is regulated by civil procedure. 

    R.L. 1910, § 3857. 

     

    §42-36. Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). 

    §42-37. Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). 

    §42-38. Repealed by Laws 1961, p. 181, § 10-102 (Uniform Commercial Code, Title 12A, § 10-102). 

    §4239. Keeper of inn, hotel, boardinghouse, or rooming house Lien on baggage and other property Limitation Enforcement. 

    The keeper of any inn, hotel, boardinghouse, or rooming house, whether individual, partnership or corporation, shall have a lien on the baggage and other property in and about such inn, brought to the same by or under the control of his guest or boarders for the proper charges due him from such guests or boarders for accommodation, board and lodging, and for all money paid for or advanced to them, not to exceed the sum of Two Hundred Dollars ($200.00), and for such other extras as are furnished at the request of such guests, and said innkeeper, hotelkeeper or rooming house keeper shall have the right to detain such baggage and other property until the amount of such charges are paid and such baggage and other property shall be exempt from attachment or execution until such innkeeper's lien and the cost of satisfying it are paid. The innkeeper, boardinghouse or hotelkeeper or rooming house keeper shall retain such baggage and other property upon which he has a lien for a period of ninety (90) days, at the expiration of which time, if the lien is not satisfied, he may sell such baggage and other property at public auction, first giving notice of the time and place of sale by posting at least three notices thereof in public places in the county where the inn or hotel is situated, and also by mailing a copy of such notice addressed to said guest or boarder at the place of residence designated by the register of such inn or hotel. And after satisfying the lien and any costs that may accrue, any residue remaining shall, on demand, within six (6) months, be paid to such guest or boarder, and if not so demanded within six (6) months from date of sale, such residue shall be deposited by such innkeeper with the treasurer of the county; said residue shall be retained by the county treasurer for a period of one (1) year, and if not claimed within that time by the owner thereof, it shall be placed to the credit of the school fund. 

    Laws 1915, c. 178, § 2. 

     

    §42-40. Repealed by Laws 1986, c. 292, § 160, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. 

    §42-41. Repealed by Laws 1986, c. 292, § 160, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. 

    §42-42. Repealed by Laws 1983, c. 72, § 1, emerg. eff. April 29, 1983. 

    §42-43. Hospital liens in personal injury cases - Priority - Exception. 

    A. Every hospital in this state, which shall furnish emergency medical or other service to any patient injured by reason of an accident not covered by the Workers' Compensation Act, shall, if such injured party shall assert or maintain a claim against another for damages on account of such injuries, have a lien upon any recovery or sum had or collected or to be collected by such patient, or by his or her heirs, personal representatives or next of kin in the case of his or her death, whether by judgment or by settlement or compromise to the amount of the reasonable and necessary charges of such hospital for the treatment, care and maintenance of such patient in such hospital up to the date of payment of such damages. Provided, however, the lien shall be inferior to any lien or claim of any attorney or attorneys for handling the claim on behalf of such patient, his or her heirs or personal representatives; provided, further, that the lien herein set forth shall not be applied or considered valid against any claim for amounts due under the Workers' Compensation Act in this state. 

    B. This section shall apply, in medically referred cases, to a medical diagnostic imaging facility not affiliated with a hospital that provides diagnostic imaging that includes, but is not limited to, modalities such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET). 

    Added by Laws 1969, c. 231, § 1, emerg. eff. April 21, 1969. Amended by Laws 2008, c. 190, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2008. 

     

    §42-44. Filing of notice of lien - Enforcement by civil action. 

    A. No such lien shall be effective unless a written notice containing an itemized statement of the amount claimed, the name and address of the injured person, the date of the accident, the name and location of the hospital, and the name of the person or persons, firm or firms, corporation or corporations alleged to be liable to the injured party for the injuries received, shall be filed in the office of the county clerk of the county in which such hospital is located, on the mechanic's and materialman's docket, prior to the payment of any monies to such injured person, his attorneys or legal representatives, as compensation for such injuries; nor unless the hospital shall also send, by registered or certified mail postage prepaid, a copy of such notice with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the person or persons, firm or firms, corporation or corporations alleged to be liable to the injured party for the injuries sustained prior to the payment of any monies to such injured person, his attorneys or legal representatives, as compensation for such injuries. Such hospital shall mail a copy of such notice to any insurance carrier which has insured such person, firm or corporation against such liability, if the name and address shall be known. Such hospital shall also send, by registered or certified mail, a copy of such notice to such patient upon whom emergency medical or other service has been performed, if the name and address of such patient shall be known to the hospital or can with reasonable diligence be ascertained. A copy of said notice shall be mailed to any attorney for the patient, provided that the hospital has notice of the name of such attorney. 

    B. The liens provided for in this section and Section 43 of this title may be enforced by civil action in the district court of the county where the lien was filed. Such an action shall be brought within one (1) year after the hospital becomes aware of final judgment, settlement or compromise of the claim asserted or maintained by or on behalf of the injured person. The practice, pleading and proceedings in the action shall conform to the rules prescribed by the Oklahoma Pleading Code to the extent applicable. 

    Laws 1969, c. 231, § 2, emerg. eff. April 21, 1969; Laws 1978, c. 68, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Laws 1994, c. 202, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994. 

     

    §4245. Insurance agent's lien. 

    A. Every insurance agent licensed as such under the laws of this state who shall pay the premium on any policy of insurance to an insurer for and on behalf of any person to whom such policy is issued shall have a lien upon all refunds, proceeds or other funds payable to the insured under the provisions of such policy for all sums due the agent for the premium on any policy of insurance procured by the agent for the insured. 

    B. No such lien shall be effective unless a written statement setting forth the amount claimed, identifying the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted, and containing the name and address of the insured, the insurer, and the agent shall be filed in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the insured resides or has its principal place of business. The statement shall be signed by the insurance agent and verified by affidavit. The statement shall be recorded by the county clerk on the mechanics and materialman's lien docket. 

    C. Immediately upon filing the lien statement, the insurance agent shall mail, by certified or registered mail, postage prepaid, a copy of such statement with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the insured and the insurer at the address indicated for each on the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted or at their lastknown address if a later address is known. 

      D. Upon receipt of a copy of such lien statement the insurer or insurers named in the statement shall withhold from any sums thereafter payable to the insured under the provisions of any policy identified in the statement an amount equal to the claim of the insurance agent until the lien is released or otherwise discharged in proceedings to enforce the lien. 

    Added by Laws 1985, c. 136, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1985. 

     

    §42-46. Physician's lien. 

    A. Every physician who performs medical services or any other professional person who engages in the healing arts, within their scope of practice pursuant to Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes for any person injured as a result of the negligence or act of another, shall, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against such other person for damages on account of such injuries, have a lien for the amount due for such medical or healing arts services upon that part going or belonging to the injured person of any recovery or sum had or collected or to be collected by the injured person, or by the heirs, personal representative, or next of kin of the injured person in the event of his death, whether by judgment, settlement, or compromise. Such lien shall be inferior to any lien or claim of any attorney handling the claim for or on behalf of the injured person. The lien shall not be applied or considered valid against any claim for amounts due pursuant to the provisions of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    B. In addition to the lien provided for in subsection A of this section, every physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes who performs medical or healing arts within their scope of practice for any person injured as a result of the negligence or act of another, shall have, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against an insurer, a lien for the amount due for such medical or healing arts services upon any monies payable by the insurer to the injured person. 

    C. No lien which is provided for in this section shall be effective unless, before the payment of any monies to the injured person, the attorney for the injured person, or legal representative as compensation for such injuries or death: 

    1. A written notice is sent setting forth an itemized statement of the amount claimed, identifying the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted, if any, and containing the name and address of the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes claiming the lien, the injured person, and the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made, is filed on the mechanic's and materialman's lien docket in the office of the county clerk of the county where the principal office of the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes is located; and 

    2. The physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes sends, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, a copy of such notice with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made and to the injured person. The physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall also send a copy of the notice to the attorney for the injured person, if the name and address of such attorney is known to the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    D. The liens provided for in this section may be enforced by civil action in the district court of the county where the lien was filed. Such an action shall be brought within one (1) year after the physician or professional person licensed under Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes becomes aware of final judgment, settlement or compromise of the claim asserted or maintained by or on behalf of the injured person. The practice, pleading, and proceedings in the action shall conform to the rules prescribed by the Oklahoma Pleading Code to the extent applicable. 

    Added by Laws 1985, c. 136, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1985. Amended by Laws 1994, c. 202, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 2008, c. 190, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008. 

     

    §42-47. Provider of seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer - Agricultural lien. 

    A. Any person selling, furnishing, applying or providing to the owner of crops which are growing or to be grown, any seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer for the growing of the crops shall, upon filing, have a lien on the crops for the amount due for such seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer or for the application thereof. The lien provided for in this section shall be subject to all prior perfected liens. 

    B. The lien created by this section shall not be effective unless filed as an agricultural lien pursuant to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. 

    C. The lien created by this section may be foreclosed by the sale of the crops subject to the lien anytime within twelve (12) months after filing of the lien in accordance with the provisions of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    Added by Laws 1992, c. 276, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992. Amended by Laws 2000, c. 371, § 170, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2009, c. 208, § 21, eff. Nov. 1, 2009. 

     

    §42-48. Provider of seed, chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or fertilizer - General agriculture commodities lien. 

    Any person selling, furnishing, applying or providing to the owner of crops which are growing or to be grown any seed, chemical, pesticide, herbicide or fertilizer for the growing of said crop shall have a general lien upon all agricultural commodities except livestock in his possession belonging to the owner of the crops, for the balance due to him in the course of business. The lien provided for in this section shall be subject to all prior perfected liens. 

    Added by Laws 1992, c. 276, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1992. 

     

    §42-49. Ambulance service provider liens. 

    A. Every person, company, governmental entity, or trust authority operating an ambulance service within this state who or which performs ambulance services for any person injured as a result of the negligent or intentional act of another shall, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against another person for damages on account of the injuries, have a lien for the amount due for the ambulance services upon any recovery or sum had or collected or to be collected by the injured person or the estate of the injured person in the event of the injured person's death, whether by judgment, settlement, or compromise. The lien shall be inferior to any lien or claim of any attorney representing the injured person. The lien shall not be applied or considered valid against any claim for amounts due pursuant to the provisions of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    B. In addition to the lien provided for in subsection A of this section, every person, company, governmental entity, or trust authority operating an ambulance service within this state who or which performs ambulance services for any person injured as a result of the negligent or intentional act of another shall have, if the injured person asserts or maintains a claim against an insurer, a lien for the amount due for the ambulance services upon any monies payable by the insurer to the injured person. 

    C. No lien which is provided for in this section shall be effective unless, before the payment of any monies to the injured person or the injured person's attorney or legal representative, as compensation for the injuries or death: 

    1. A written notice is sent setting forth an itemized statement of the amount claimed, identifying the insurance policy or policies against which the lien is asserted, if any, and containing the name and address of the person, company, governmental entity, or trust authority claiming the lien, the injured person, and the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made, is filed on the mechanic's and materialman's lien docket in the office of the county clerk of the county where the principal office of the claimant is located; and 

    2. The claimant sends, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, a copy of the notice with a statement of the date of filing thereof to the person, firm, or corporation against whom the claim is made and to the injured person. The claimant shall also send a copy of the notice to the attorney for the injured person, if the name and address of the attorney is known to the claimant. 

    D. A lien created pursuant to this section may be enforced in a civil action in the district court of the county where the lien was filed. An action shall be brought within one (1) year of a final judgment, settlement, or compromise of the claim asserted or maintained by or on behalf of the injured person. The practice, pleading, and proceedings in the action shall conform to the rules prescribed by the Oklahoma Pleading Code to the extent applicable. 

    Added by Laws 1995, c. 194, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1995. Amended by Laws 1999, c. 293, § 23, eff. Nov. 1, 1999. 

     

    §42-91. Lien on certain personal property for service thereon - Foreclosure - Notice - Purchaser - Unpaid checks - Repossession. 

    A. 1. This section applies to every vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility vehicle, manufactured home, motorcycle, boat, outboard motor, or trailer that has a certificate of title issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, except as otherwise provided in subsection D of this section. This section does not apply to farm equipment as defined in Section 91.2 of this title. The items of personal property to which this section applies are collectively referred to as “Section 91 Personal Property”. If personal property is apparently covered both by this section and by Sections 191 through 200 of this title, the procedures set out in this section shall apply instead of Sections 191 through 200. 

    2. Any person who, while lawfully in possession of an article of Section 91 Personal Property, renders any service to the owner thereof by furnishing storage, rental space, material, labor or skill for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, towing, right to occupy space, storage or carriage thereof, has a special lien thereon, dependent on possession, for the compensation, if any, which is due to such person from the owner for such service. 

    3. This special lien shall be subordinate to any perfected security interest unless the claimant complies with the requirements of this section. 

    4. Any person claiming the special lien provided in paragraph 2 of this subsection shall mail a notice of such lien, no later than sixty (60) days after the first services are rendered, by regular, first class United States mail, and by certified mail, to all interested parties who reside at separate locations. (If services provided are pursuant to a contract primarily for the purpose of storage or rental of space, the beginning date of the sixty-day period provided in the previous sentence shall be the first day of the first period or partial period for which rental or storage charges remain unpaid.) The notice shall be in writing and shall contain, but not be limited to, the following: 

    a.  a statement that the notice is a notice of a possessory lien, 

    b.  the complete legal name, physical and mailing address, and telephone number of the claimant, 

    c.  the complete legal name, physical and mailing address of the person who requested that the claimant render service to the owner by furnishing material, labor or skill, storage, or rental space, or the date the property was abandoned if the claimant did not render any other service, 

    d.  a description of the article of personal property and the complete physical and mailing address of the location of the article of personal property, 

    e.  an itemized statement describing the date or dates the labor or services were performed and material furnished, and the amount of the compensation claimed, 

    f.  a statement by the claimant that the materials, labor or skill furnished, or arrangement for storage or rental of space, was authorized by the owner of the personal property and was in fact provided or performed, or that the property was abandoned by the owner if the claimant did not render any other service, and that storage or rental fees will accrue as allowed by law, and 

    g.  the signature of the claimant which shall be notarized and, if applicable, the signature of the claimant’s attorney. If the claimant is a business, then the name of the contact person must be shown. In place of an original signature and notary seal, a digital or electronic signature or seal shall be accepted. 

    5. For services rendered or vehicles abandoned on or after November 1, 2005, storage charges or charges for rental of space (unless agreed to by contract as part of an overall transaction or arrangement that was primarily for the purpose of storage of the Section 91 Personal Property or rental of space) may only be assessed beginning with the day that the Notice of Possessory Lien is mailed as evidenced by certified mail. Provided, however, in the case of contractual charges incurred for storage or rental of space in an overall transaction primarily for the purpose of storage or rental, charges subject to the special lien may only be assessed beginning with a date not more than sixty (60) days prior to the day that the Notice of Possessory Lien is mailed, and shall accrue only at the regular periodic rate for storage or rental as provided in the contract, adjusted for partial periods of storage or rental. The maximum allowable compensation for storage shall not exceed the fees specified pursuant to Section 953.2 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    6. The lien may be foreclosed by a sale of such personal property upon the notice and in the manner following: The notice of sale shall contain: 

    a.  a statement that the notice is a Notice of Sale, 

    b.  the names of all interested parties known to the claimant, 

    c.  a description of the property to be sold, 

    d.  a notarized statement of the nature of the work, labor or service performed, material furnished, or storage or rental of space, and the date thereof, and the name of the person who authorized the work, labor or service performed, or the storage or rental arrangement, or that the property was abandoned if the claimant did not render any other service, 

    e.  the date, time and exact physical location of sale, and 

    f.  the name, complete physical address and telephone number of the party foreclosing such lien. If the claimant is a business, then the name of the contact person must be shown. In place of an original signature and notary seal, a digital or electronic signature or seal shall be accepted. 

    7. Such notice of sale shall be posted in three public places in the county where the property is to be sold at least ten (10) days before the time therein specified for such sale, and a copy of the notice shall be mailed to all interested parties at their last-known post office address, by regular, first class United States mail and by certified mail on the day of posting. If the item of personal property is a manufactured home, notice shall also be sent by certified mail to the county treasurer and to the county assessor of the county where the manufactured home is located. 

    8. Interested parties shall include all owners of the article of personal property as indicated by the certificate of title issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma; lien debtors, if any, other than the owners; any lienholder whose lien is noted on the face of the certificate of title; and any other person having any interest in the article of personal property, of whom the claimant has actual notice. 

    9. Any interested party shall be permitted to inspect and verify the services rendered by the claimant prior to the sale of the article of personal property during normal business hours, unless the property was abandoned and the claimant did not render any other service. 

    10. The claimant or any other person may in good faith become a purchaser of the property sold. 

    11. Proceedings for foreclosure under this act shall be commenced within thirty (30) days after the Notice of Possessory Lien has been mailed as evidenced by certified mail. The date actually sold shall be within sixty (60) days from the date of the Notice of Sale as evidenced by certified mail. 

    B. 1. a.  Any person who is induced by means of a check or other form of written order for immediate payment of money to deliver up possession of an article of personal property on which the person has a special lien created by subsection A of this section, which check or other written order is dishonored, or is not paid when presented, shall have a lien for the amount thereof upon the personal property. 

    b.  The person claiming such lien shall, within thirty (30) days from the date of dishonor of the check or other written order for payment of money, file in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the property is situated a sworn statement that: 

    (1)  the check or other written order for immediate payment of money, copy thereof being attached, was received for labor, material or supplies for producing or repairing an article of personal property, or for other specific property-related services covered by this section, 

    (2)  the check or other written order was not paid, and 

    (3)  the uttering of the check or other written order constituted the means for inducing the person, one possessed of a special lien created by subsection A of this section upon the described article of personal property, to deliver up the said article of personal property. 

    2.  a.  Any person who renders service to the owner of an article of personal property by furnishing storage, rental space, material, labor, or skill for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, towing, right to occupy space, storage, or carriage thereof shall have a special lien on such property pursuant to this section if such property is removed from the person’s possession, without such person’s written consent or without payment for such service. 

    b.  The person claiming such lien shall, within five (5) days of such nonauthorized removal, file in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the property is located, a sworn statement including: 

    (1)  that services were rendered on or in relation to the article of personal property by the person claiming such lien, 

    (2)  that the property was in the possession of the person claiming the lien but such property was removed without his or her written consent, 

    (3)  an identifying description of the article of personal property on which the service was rendered, and 

    (4)  that the debt for the services rendered on or in relation to the article of personal property was not paid. Provided, if the unpaid total amount of the debt for services rendered on or in relation to the article of personal property is unknown, an approximated amount of the debt due and owing shall be included in the sworn statement but such approximated debt may be amended within thirty (30) days of such filing to reflect the actual amount of the debt due and owing. 

    3. The enforcement of the lien shall be within sixty (60) days after filing the lien in the manner provided by law for enforcing the lien of a security agreement and provided that the lien shall not affect the rights of innocent, intervening purchasers without notice. 

    4. If a person claiming a special lien pursuant to this section fails to substantially comply with any of the requirements of this section, any interested party may proceed against the person claiming such lien for all damages arising therefrom, including conversion, if the article of personal property has been sold. If the notice or notices required by this section shall be shown to be knowingly false or fraudulent, the interested party shall be entitled to treble damages. The prevailing party shall be entitled to all costs, including a reasonable attorney fee. 

    C. If the person who renders service to the owner of an article of personal property to which this section applies relinquishes or loses possession of the article due to circumstances described in subparagraph a of paragraph 1 or subparagraph a of paragraph 2 of subsection B of this section, the person claiming the lien shall be entitled to possession of the article until the amount due is paid, unless the article is possessed by a person who became a bona fide purchaser. Entitlement to possession shall be in accordance with the following: 

    1. The claimant may take possession of an article pursuant to this subsection only if the person obligated under the contract for services has signed an acknowledgement of receipt of a notice that the article may be subject to repossession. The notice and acknowledgement pursuant to this subsection shall be: 

    a.  in writing and separate from the written contract for services, or 

    b.  printed on the written contract for services, credit agreement or other document which displays the notice in bold-faced, capitalized and underlined type, or is separated from surrounding written material so as to be conspicuous with a separate signature line; 

    2. The claimant may require the person obligated under the contract for services to pay the costs of repossession as a condition for reclaiming the article only to the extent of the reasonable fair market value of the services required to take possession of the article; 

    3. The claimant shall not transfer to a third party or to a person who performs repossession services, a check, money order, or credit card transaction that is received as payment for services with respect to an article and that is returned to the claimant because of insufficient funds or no funds, because the person writing the check, issuing the money order, or credit cardholder has no account or because the check, money order, or credit card account has been closed. A person violating this paragraph shall be guilty of a misdemeanor; and 

    4. An article that is repossessed pursuant to this subsection shall be promptly delivered to the location where the services were performed. The article shall remain at the services location at all times until the article is lawfully returned to the record owner or a lienholder or is disposed of pursuant to this section. 

    D. 1. If a vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility vehicle, manufactured home, motorcycle, boat, outboard motor, or trailer has a certificate of title issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, but there is no active lien recorded on the certificate of title, Section 91A of this title will apply instead of this section. Likewise, if there is an active lien recorded on the certificate of title but the lien is over fifteen (15) years old and the property is not a manufactured home, Section 91A will apply instead of this section. 

    2. If personal property that otherwise would be covered by this section has been registered by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, and there is a lien of record but no certificate of title has been issued, Section 91A of this title will apply instead of this section. 

    3. If personal property otherwise would be covered by this section, but the services were rendered or the property was abandoned prior to November 1, 2005, Section 91A of this title will apply instead of this section. 

    4. Salvage pools as defined in Section 591.2 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes and class AA licensed wrecker operators in their capacity as wrecker operators shall not be subject to the provisions of this section. Salvage pools as defined in Section 591.2 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes and class AA licensed wrecker operators shall be subject to Section 91A of this title. 

    E. For purposes of this section: 

    1. "Possession" includes actual possession and constructive possession; and 

    2. "Constructive possession" means possession by a person who, although not in actual possession, does not have an intention to abandon property, knowingly has both power and the intention at a given time to exercise dominion or control over the property, and who holds claim to such thing by virtue of some legal right. 

    R.L.1910, § 3852. Amended by Laws 1955, p. 248, § 1; Laws 1973, c. 111, § 1, emerg. eff. May 4, 1973; Laws 1992, c. 309, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 2003, c. 214, § 1, eff. July 1, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 213, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 477, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 247, § 1; Laws 2008, c. 98, § 1, eff. July 1, 2008. 

     

    §42-91.1. Abandoned vehicle auctions – Exemption from fees and taxes. 

    Any abandoned vehicle auction performed by a class AA wrecker or lien claimant shall be exempt from all prior years’ tag fees, title fees, stop flag fees, and any other fees imposed by the state from the prior ownership of the vehicle. The wrecker operator, lien claimant, or buyer of the abandoned vehicle will be responsible only for fees incurred after the completion of the abandoned vehicle sale unless the buyer is the registered vehicle owner prior to the towing or abandonment of the vehicle, in which case all fees will be due from the buyer. Vehicles purchased from a class AA wrecker at an abandoned vehicle auction on which a junk title will be issued, shall be exempt from motor vehicle excise tax. 

    Added by Laws 2004, c. 360, § 1, emerg. eff. May 27, 2004. Amended by Laws 2006, c. 247, § 3. 

     

    §42-91.2. Liens on farm equipment. 

    A. Any person who, at or with the owner’s request or consent, performs work, or makes repairs or improvements on any farm equipment has a first and prior lien, subject to the restrictions set forth in subsections B and C of this section, on such equipment for the total value of the services performed, including the reasonable value of all material used in the performance of such services and the reasonable value of all equipment replaced, added or installed. 

    B. If the lien claimant is in possession of the farm equipment for the purpose of having the work, repairs or improvements made, or the equipment replaced, added or installed thereon, the lien shall be first and prior and valid as long as the lien claimant retains possession of the equipment. The lien claimant shall retain the lien after releasing the equipment by filing within ninety (90) days thereafter a statement, under oath, of the items of the account, a description of the equipment on which the lien is claimed and the legal name of the owner of the equipment, with the county clerk in the county in this state where the owner resides, or if the owner does not reside in this state, then with the county clerk in the county where the equipment is located. Provided, once the lien claimant has released possession of the equipment, the lien established by this section shall be subordinate to any prior lien or security interest of record. 

    C. If the lien claimant was never in possession of the farm equipment, the lien claimant shall retain the lien by filing with the county clerk in the county where the owner resides, or if the owner does not reside in this state, then with the county clerk in the county where the equipment is located, within ninety (90) days after the date work was last performed, material was last furnished in performing such work or making such repairs or improvements, equipment was last replaced, added or installed or the farm equipment was last towed or stored, a statement, under oath, of the items of the account, a description of the equipment on which the lien is claimed, the legal name of the owner of the equipment and the date upon which work was last performed, material was last furnished in performing such work or making such repairs or improvements, equipment was last replaced, added or installed, or the equipment was last towed or stored. Provided, if the lien claimant was never in possession of the equipment, the lien established by this section shall be subordinate to any prior lien or security interest. 

    D. For purposes of this section, “farm equipment” means equipment, as defined in paragraph (33) of subsection (a) of Section 1-9-102 of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes, that is primarily used in connection with a farming operation, as defined in paragraph (35) of subsection (a) of Section 1-9-102 of Title 12A of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    Added by Laws 2005, c. 213, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005. 

     

    §42-91A. Lien on certain personal property for service thereon - Certificate of title - Foreclosure - Notice - Purchaser - Unpaid checks - Repossession. 

    A. 1. a.  This section applies to all types of personal property other than: 

    (1)  farm equipment as defined in Section 91.2 of this title, and 

    (2)  “Section 91 Personal Property” as defined in Section 91 of this title. 

    b.  This section applies to any vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility vehicle, manufactured home, motorcycle, boat, outboard motor, or trailer that is excluded from coverage under subsection A of Section 91 of this title because the personal property: 

    (1)  does not have a certificate of title, or 

    (2)  has a certificate of title but does not have an active lien recorded on the certificate of title, or 

    (3)  has a certificate of title that is not issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission or by a federally recognized Indian tribe in the State of Oklahoma, or 

    (4)  is otherwise excluded by subsection D of Section 91 of this title. 

    c.  If personal property has a certificate of title, or would be required to have a certificate of title under Oklahoma law, and is apparently covered both by this section and by Sections 191 through 200 of this title, the procedures set out in this section shall apply instead of Sections 191 through 200 of this title. If personal property without a certificate of title and not required to be titled under Oklahoma law is covered both by this section and Sections 191 through 200 of this title, the procedures set out in Sections 191 through 200 of this title shall apply instead of this section. 

    2. Any person who, while lawfully in possession of an article of personal property to which this section applies, renders any service to the owner thereof by furnishing storage, rental space, material, labor or skill for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, towing, right to occupy space, storage or carriage thereof, has a special lien thereon, dependent on possession, for the compensation, if any, which is due to such person from the owner for such service. Charges owed under a contract primarily for the purpose of storage or rental of space shall be accrued only at the regular periodic rate for storage or rental as provided in the contract, adjusted for partial periods of storage or rental. 

    3. The lien may be foreclosed by a sale of such personal property upon the notice and in the manner following: The notice shall contain: 

    a.  the names of the owner and any other known party or parties who may claim any interest in the property, 

    b.  a description of the property to be sold, 

    c.  the nature of the work, labor or service performed, material furnished, or the storage or rental arrangement, and the date thereof, 

    d.  the time and place of sale, and 

    e.  the name of the party, agent or attorney foreclosing such lien. If the claimant is a business, then the name of the contact person must be shown. In place of an original signature and notary seal, a digital

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