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OKLAHOMA STATUTES AND CODES

Title 43A. Mental Health

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§43A-1.Renumbered as § 1-101 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. §43A1101.Short title. This act shall be known as the Mental Health Law. Added by Laws 1953, p. 152, § 1.Renumbered from § 1 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.§43A-1-102.Purpose of law. A.The purpose of the Mental Health Law is to provide for the humane care and treatment of persons who: 1.Are mentally ill; or 2.Require treatment for drug or alcohol abuse. B.All such residents of this state are entitled to care and treatment in accordance with the appropriate standard of care. Added by Laws 1953, p. 152, § 2, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 2 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 2001, c. 186, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 1, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 348, § 10, eff. July 1, 2005.§43A-1-103.Definitions. When used in this title, unless otherwise expressly stated, or unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires: 1."Department" means the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services; 2."Chair" means the chair of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services; 3."Mental illness" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, psychological orientation or memory that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life; 4."Board" means the "Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services" as established by this law; 5."Commissioner" means the individual selected and appointed by the Board to serve as Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services; 6."Indigent person" means a person who has not sufficient assets or resources to support the person and to support members of the family of the person lawfully dependent on the person for support; 7."Facility" means any hospital, school, building, house or retreat, authorized by law to have the care, treatment or custody of an individual with mental illness, or drug or alcohol dependency, gambling addiction, eating disorders, or an individual receiving methadone treatment for dependency purposes only, including, but not limited to, public or private hospitals, community mental health centers, clinics, satellites or facilities; provided that facility shall not mean a child guidance center operated by the State Department of Health; 8."Consumer" means a person under care or treatment in a facility pursuant to the Mental Health Law, or in an outpatient status; 9."Care and treatment" means medical care and behavioral health services, as well as food, clothing and maintenance, furnished to a person; 10.Whenever in this law or in any other law, or in any rule or order made or promulgated pursuant to this law or to any other law, or in the printed forms prepared for the admission of consumers or for statistical reports, the words "insane", "insanity", "lunacy", "mentally sick", "mental disease" or "mental disorder" are used, such terms shall have equal significance to the words "mental illness"; 11."Licensed mental health professional" means: a.a psychiatrist who is a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, b.a physician licensed pursuant to Section 480 et seq. or Section 620 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes who has received specific training for and is experienced in performing mental health therapeutic, diagnostic, or counseling functions, c.a clinical psychologist who is duly licensed to practice by the State Board of Examiners of Psychologists, d.a professional counselor licensed pursuant to Section 1901 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes, e.a person licensed as a clinical social worker pursuant to the provisions of the Social Worker’s Licensing Act, f.a licensed marital and family therapist as defined in Section 1925.1 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes, g.a licensed behavioral practitioner as defined in Section 1930 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes, h.an advanced practice nurse as defined in Section 567.1 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes specializing in mental health, or i.a physician’s assistant who is licensed in good standing in this state and has received specific training for and is experienced in performing mental health therapeutic, diagnostic, or counseling functions; 12."Mentally incompetent person" means any person who has been adjudicated mentally or legally incompetent by an appropriate district court; 13.a."Person requiring treatment" means: (1)a person who because of a mental illness of the person represents a risk of harm to self or others, or (2)a person who is a drug- or alcohol-dependent person and who as a result of dependency represents a risk of harm to self or others. b.Unless a person also meets the criteria established in subparagraph a of this paragraph, person requiring treatment shall not mean: (1)a person whose mental processes have been weakened or impaired by reason of advanced years, dementia, or Alzheimer’s disease, (2)a mentally retarded or developmentally disabled person as defined in Title 10 of the Oklahoma Statutes, (3)a person with seizure disorder, (4)a person with a traumatic brain injury, or (5)a person who is homeless; 14."Petitioner" means a person who files a petition alleging that an individual is a person requiring treatment; 15."Executive director" means the person in charge of a facility as defined in this section; 16."Private hospital or facility" means any general hospital maintaining a neuro-psychiatric unit or ward, or any private hospital or facility for care and treatment of a person having a mental illness, which is not supported by the state or federal government.The term “private hospital” or “facility” shall not include nursing homes or other facilities maintained primarily for the care of elderly and disabled persons; 17."Individualized treatment plan" means a proposal developed during the stay of an individual in a facility, under the provisions of this title, which is specifically tailored to the treatment needs of the individual.Each plan shall clearly include the following: a.a statement of treatment goals or objectives, based upon and related to a clinical evaluation, which can be reasonably achieved within a designated time interval, b.treatment methods and procedures to be used to obtain these goals, which methods and procedures are related to each of these goals and which include specific prognosis for achieving each of these goals, c.identification of the types of professional personnel who will carry out the treatment procedures, including appropriate medical or other professional involvement by a physician or other health professional properly qualified to fulfill legal requirements mandated under state and federal law, d.documentation of involvement by the individual receiving treatment and, if applicable, the accordance of the individual with the treatment plan, and e.a statement attesting that the executive director of the facility or clinical director has made a reasonable effort to meet the plan's individualized treatment goals in the least restrictive environment possible closest to the home community of the individual; 18."Risk of harm to self or others" means: a.a substantial risk of immediate physical harm to self as manifested by evidence or serious threats of or attempts at suicide or other significant self-inflicted bodily harm, b.a substantial risk of immediate physical harm to another person or persons as manifested by evidence of violent behavior directed toward another person or persons, c.having placed another person or persons in a reasonable fear of violent behavior directed towards such person or persons or serious physical harm to them as manifested by serious and immediate threats, d.there exists a substantial risk that without immediate intervention severe impairment or injury will result to the person alleged to be a person requiring treatment, or e.a substantial risk of immediate serious physical injury to self, or immediate death, as manifested by evidence that the person is unable to provide for and is not providing for the basic physical needs of the person and that appropriate provision for those needs cannot be made immediately available in the community. Unless a person also meets the criteria established in subparagraphs a, b, c, d, or e of this paragraph, “risk of harm to self or others” does not mean a person who is homeless; and 19.“Telemedicine” means the practice of health care delivery, diagnosis, consultation, evaluation, treatment, transfer of medical data, or exchange of medical education information by means of audio, video, or data communications.Telemedicine uses audio and video multimedia telecommunication equipment which permits two-way real-time communication between a health care practitioner and a patient who are not in the same physical location.Telemedicine shall not include consultation provided by telephone or facsimile machine. Added by Laws 1953, p. 152, § 3, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953.Amended by Laws 1959, p. 185, § 1, emerg. eff. June 27, 1959; Laws 1963, c. 310, § 1, emerg. eff. June 19, 1963; Laws 1965, c. 32, § 1, emerg. eff. March 3, 1965; Laws 1965, c. 381, § 1, emerg. eff. June 29, 1965; Laws 1977, c. 145, § 2, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977; Laws 1978, c. 247, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Laws 1980, c. 324, § 1, emerg. eff. June 17, 1980; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 3 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1987, c. 118, § 2, operative July 1, 1987; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 23, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 389, § 1, emerg. eff. June 10, 1992; Laws 2001, c. 186, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 394, § 2; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 16, § 18, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006; Laws 2006, c. 97, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2006; Laws 2008, c. 401, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.NOTE:Laws 2005, c. 150, § 1 repealed by Laws 2006, c. 16, § 19, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006.§43A1104.Public policy. The Oklahoma Legislature hereby declares that the public policy of this state is to assure adequate treatment of persons alleged to be in need of mental health treatment or treatment for drug or alcohol abuse, to establish behavioral standards for determination of dangerousness of persons in need of such treatment, to allow for the use of the least restrictive alternative in the determination of the method of treatment, to provide orderly and reliable procedures for commitment of persons alleged to be in need of treatment consistent with due process of law, and to protect the rights of consumers hospitalized pursuant to law. Added by Laws 1977, c. 145, § 1, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 50 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 302, § 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 298, § 39, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 2, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005.§43A1105.Mental or legal incompetencePresumptions. No person admitted to any facility shall be considered or presumed to be mentally or legally incompetent except those persons who have been determined to be mentally or legally incompetent in separate and independent proceedings of an appropriate district court. Added by Laws 1953, p. 167, § 64.Amended by Laws 1977, c. 145, § 6, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977; Laws 1978, c. 247, § 5, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 64 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.§43A-1-106.Representation of state in court proceedings. The district attorneys of this state shall represent the people of Oklahoma in all court proceedings provided for in the Mental Health Law in which the State of Oklahoma including any facility operated by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is the petitioner for involuntary commitment. Added by Laws 1970, c. 102, § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1971.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 55.1 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1999, c. 414, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 2, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003.§43A-1-107.Venue of actions - Hearings. A.Civil actions for involuntary commitment of a person may be brought in any of the following counties: 1.The person’s county of residence; 2.The county where the person was first taken into protective custody; or 3.The county in which the person is being held on emergency detention. B.If a civil action for involuntary commitment can be brought in more than one county pursuant to the provisions of subsection A of this section, the action may be filed in any of such counties.No court shall refuse any case solely because the action may have been brought in another county. C.1.Hearings in actions for involuntary commitment may be held within the mental health facility in which the person is being detained or is to be committed whenever the judge deems it to be in the best interests of the consumer. 2.Such hearings shall be conducted by any judge designated by the presiding judge of the judicial district.Hearings may be held in an area of the facility designated by the executive director and agreed upon by the presiding judge of that judicial district. D.The court may conduct any nonjury hearing required or authorized pursuant to the provisions of this title for detained or confined persons, at the discretion of the judge, by video teleconferencing after advising the person subject to possible detention or commitment of his or her constitutional rights.If the video teleconferencing hearing is conducted, the image of the detainee or person subject to commitment may be broadcast by secure video to the judge.A secure video system shall provide for two-way communications including image and sound between the detainee and the judge. E.The provisions for criminal venue as provided otherwise by law shall not be applicable to proceedings encompassed by commitment statutes referred to in this title which are deemed civil in nature. F.Unless otherwise provided by law, the rules of civil procedure shall apply to all judicial proceedings provided for in this title, including, but not limited to, the rules concerning vacation of orders and appellate review. Added by Laws 1985, c. 235, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 54.13 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 24, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1994, c. 207, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 3, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 3, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2005.§43A-1-108.Habeas corpus - Notice - Evidence. A.Anyone in custody as a person in need of treatment or a minor in need of mental health treatment, pursuant to the provisions of this title, is entitled to a writ of habeas corpus, upon a proper application made by such person or some relative or friend in the person’s behalf pursuant to the provisions of Sections 1331 through 1355 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. B.Upon the return of a writ of habeas corpus, whether the person is a person requiring treatment as defined by Section 1-103 of this title or whether the minor is a minor requiring treatment as defined by Section 5-502 of this title shall be inquired into and determined. C.Notice of hearing on the writ must be given to the guardian of the consumer, if one has been appointed, to the person who applied for the original commitment and to such other persons as the court may direct. D.The medical or other history of the consumer, as it appears in the facility record, shall be given in evidence, and the executive director of the facility wherein the consumer is held in custody shall testify as to the condition of the consumer. E.The executive director shall make available for examination by physicians selected by the person seeking the writ, the consumer whose freedom is sought by writ of habeas corpus. F.Any evidence, including evidence adduced in any previous habeas corpus proceedings, touching upon the mental condition of the consumer shall be admitted in evidence. Added by Laws 1953, p. 172, § 99, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 7, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 99 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1992, c. 298, § 40, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 4, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005.§43A-1-109.Confidential and privileged information - Disclosure. A.1.All mental health and drug or alcohol abuse treatment information, whether or not recorded, and all communications between a physician or psychotherapist and a consumer are both privileged and confidential.In addition, the identity of all persons who have received or are receiving mental health or drug or alcohol abuse treatment services shall be considered confidential and privileged. 2.Such information shall only be available to persons actively engaged in the treatment of the consumer or in related administrative work.The information available to persons actively engaged in the treatment of the consumer or in related administrative work shall be limited to the minimum amount of information necessary for the person or agency to carry out its function. 3.Except as otherwise provided in this section, such information shall not be disclosed to anyone not involved in the treatment of the patient or related administrative work. B.A person who is or has been a consumer of a physician, psychotherapist, mental health facility, a drug or alcohol abuse treatment facility or service, other agency for the purpose of mental health or drug or alcohol abuse care and treatment shall be entitled to personal access to his or her mental health or drug or alcohol abuse treatment information, except the following: 1.Information contained in notes recorded in any medium by a mental health professional documenting or analyzing the contents of conversation during a private counseling session or a group, joint or family counseling session, and that is separated from the rest of the patient’s medical record; 2.Information compiled in reasonable anticipation of or for use in a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding; 3.Information that is otherwise privileged or prohibited from disclosure by law; 4.Information the person in charge of the care and treatment of the patient determines to be reasonably likely to endanger the life or physical safety of the patient or another person; 5.Information created or obtained as part of research that includes treatment; provided, the patient consented to the temporary suspension of access while the research is ongoing.The patient’s right of access shall resume upon completion of the research; 6.Information requested by an inmate that a correctional institution has determined may jeopardize the health, safety, security, custody or rehabilitation of the inmate or other person; and 7.Information obtained under a promise of confidentiality and the access requested would be reasonably likely to reveal the source of the information. C.1.A valid written release for disclosure of mental health or drug or alcohol abuse treatment information shall have, at a minimum, the following elements: a.the specific name or general designation of the program or person permitted to make the disclosure, b.the name or title of the individual or the name of the organization to which disclosure is to be made, c.the name of the consumer whose records are to be released, d.the purpose of the disclosure, e.a description of the information to be disclosed, f.the dated signature of the consumer or authorized representative or both when required, g.a statement of the right of the consumer to revoke the release in writing and a description of how the consumer may do so, h.an expiration date, event or condition which, if not revoked before, shall ensure the release will last no longer than reasonably necessary to serve the purpose for which it is given, and i.if the release is signed by a person authorized to act for a consumer, a description of the authority of such person to act. 2.A release is not valid if the document submitted has any of the following defects: a.the expiration date has passed or the expiration event or condition is known to have occurred or to exist, b.the release has not been filled out completely with respect to an element described in paragraph 1 of this section, c.the release is known to have been revoked, or d.any material information in the release is known to be false. 3.A revocation of a release as provided in this section shall be in writing and may be made at any time, except when: a.information has already been released in reliance thereon, b.the authorization was obtained as a condition of obtaining insurance coverage and other law provides the insurer with the right to contest a claim under the policy or the policy itself, or c.the release was executed as part of a criminal justice referral. 4.Disclosure regarding a deceased consumer shall require either a court order or a written release of an executor, administrator or personal representative appointed by the court, or if there is no such appointment, by the spouse of the consumer or, if none, by any responsible member of the family of the consumer.As used in this paragraph, “responsible family member” means the parent, adult child, adult sibling or other adult relative who was actively involved in providing care to or monitoring the care of the patient as verified by the physician, psychologist or other person responsible for the care and treatment of such person. D.Except as otherwise permitted, mental health and alcohol or substance abuse treatment information may not be disclosed without valid patient authorization or a valid court order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction.For purposes of this section, a subpoena by itself is not sufficient to authorize disclosure of mental health and alcohol or substance abuse treatment information. E.An authorization shall not be required for the following uses and disclosures, but information disclosed pursuant to one of these exceptions must be limited to the minimum amount of information necessary: 1.Disclosure by a health care provider of mental health information necessary to carry out another provider’s own treatment, payment, or health care operations.Such disclosures shall be limited to mental health information and shall not include substance abuse information; 2.Communications to law enforcement officers regarding information directly related to the commission of a crime on the premises of a facility or against facility personnel, or a threat to commit such a crime.Such communications involving persons with substance abuse disorders shall be limited to the circumstances surrounding the incident, consumer status, name and address of that individual and the last-known whereabouts of that individual; 3.A review preparatory to research, research on decedents information or research conducted when a waiver of authorization has been approved by either an institutional review board or privacy board; 4.Communications pursuant to a business associate agreement, qualified service organization agreement or a qualified service organization/business associate agreement.As used in this paragraph: a.“business associate agreement” means a written signed agreement between a health care provider and an outside entity which performs or assists in the performance of a function or activity involving the use or disclosure of individually identifiable health information on behalf of the health care provider, b.“qualified service organization agreement” means a written, signed agreement between a health care provider and an outside entity which provides services to the health care provider’s consumers that are different from the services provided by the health care provider, that allows the health care provider to communicate consumer information necessary for the outside entity to provide services to the health care provider’s consumers without the need for an authorization signed by a consumer and in which the outside entity acknowledges that in receiving, storing, processing or otherwise dealing with any consumer information from the health care provider it is fully bound by the provisions of 42 C.F.R., Part 2 and, if necessary, will resist any efforts in judicial proceedings to obtain access to consumer information, except as permitted by 42 C.F.R., Part 2, and c.“qualified service organization/business agreement” means a written, signed agreement between a health care provider and an outside entity which provides services to the health care provider’s consumers that are different from the services provided by the health care provider, that allows the health care provider to communicate consumer information necessary for the outside entity to provide services to the health care provider’s consumers without the need for an authorization signed by a consumer, and in which the outside entity acknowledges that in receiving, storing, processing or otherwise dealing with any consumer information from the health care provider it is fully bound by the provisions 42 C.F.R., Part 2 and, if necessary, will resist any efforts in judicial proceedings to obtain access to consumer information, except as permitted by 42 C.F.R., Part 2.The agreement must also contain elements required by federal privacy regulations in 45 C.F.R., Parts 160 & 164; 5.Reporting under state law incidents of suspected child abuse or neglect to the appropriate authorities; provided, however, for disclosures involving an individual with a substance abuse disorder, this exception does not allow for follow-up communications; 6.Disclosure of consumer-identifying information to medical personnel who have a need for information about a consumer for the purpose of treating a condition which poses an immediate threat to the health of any individual and which requires immediate medical intervention; 7.Communications necessary for audit and evaluation activities; 8.When a program or facility director determines that an adult person with a substance abuse disorder has a medical condition which prevents the person from “knowing or effective action on his or her own behalf”, the program or facility director may authorize disclosures for the sole purpose of obtaining payment for services.If the person has been adjudicated incompetent, the facility must seek permission to disclose information for payment from the legal guardian; 9.Reporting of such information as otherwise required by law; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 10.Communications to coroners, medical examiners and funeral directors for the purpose of identifying a deceased person, determining a cause of death, or other duties as authorized by law and as necessary to carry out their duties; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 11.Communications to organ procurement organizations or other entities engaged in procurement, banking, or transplantation of cadaveric organs, eyes or tissue for the purpose of facilitating organ, eye or tissue donation and transplantation; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 12.Disclosure to professional licensure boards investigating alleged unethical behavior towards a patient; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 13.Disclosure to the parent of a minor for the purpose of notifying the parent of the location of his or her child; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 14.Mental health records may be disclosed to parties in a judicial or administrative proceeding in cases involving a claim for personal injury or death against any practitioner of the healing arts, a licensed hospital, or a nursing facility or nursing home licensed pursuant to Section 1-1903 of Title 63 of the Oklahoma Statutes arising out of patient care, where any person has placed the physical or mental condition of that person in issue by the commencement of any action, proceeding, or suit for damages, or where any person has placed in issue the physical or mental condition of any other person or deceased person by or through whom the person rightfully claims; 15.Disclosure of consumer-identifying information when it appears from all the circumstances that the individual has escaped from a correctional institution or from lawful custody and the release is to a law enforcement authority for the purpose of identification and apprehension.Such disclosures shall be limited to mental health information and shall not include substance abuse information; and 16.When failure to disclose the information presents a serious threat to the health and safety of a person or the public; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder. Added by Laws 1987, c. 168, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1987.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 25, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1991, c. 102, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Laws 1992, c. 298, § 41, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 1997, c. 195, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 4, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2003, c. 196, § 1, emerg. eff. May 7, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 16, § 20, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006; Laws 2006, c. 97, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2006; Laws 2008, c. 401, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.NOTE:Laws 2004, c. 168, § 6 repealed by Laws 2005, c. 195, § 29, eff. Nov. 1, 2005, without reference to amendment by Laws 2005, c. 150, § 5.Laws 2005, c. 150, § 5 repealed by Laws 2006, c. 16, § 21, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006.§43A-1-109.1.Treatment advocates. A.1.Every adult having a mental illness as defined in Section 1-103 of this title who is under the care of a licensed mental health professional shall be informed by the licensed mental health professional or the mental health treatment facility that the consumer has the right to designate a family member or other concerned individual as a treatment advocate. 2.The individual designated as a treatment advocate shall act at all times in the best interests of the consumer. 3.The patient may change or revoke the designation of a treatment advocate at any time and for any reason. 4.The treatment advocate may participate in the treatment planning and discharge planning of the consumer to the extent consented to by the consumer and as permitted by law. B.1.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall promulgate rules for all facilities certified by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services as to the design, contents, and maintenance of a treatment advocate consent form. 2.The contents of the consent form, at a minimum, shall include a statement indicating that the treatment advocate understands that all mental health treatment information is confidential and that the treatment advocate agrees to maintain confidentiality. C.This section shall not apply to inmates of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Added by Laws 2003, c. 187, § 1, emerg. eff. May 7, 2003.Amended by Laws 2004, c. 113, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 6, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005.§43A-1-110.Law enforcement responsibility for transporting persons for mental health services - Reimbursement of expenses. A.Sheriffs and peace officers shall be responsible for transporting individuals to and from designated sites or facilities for the purpose of examination, emergency detention, protective custody and inpatient services. B.A municipal law enforcement agency shall be responsible for any individual found within such municipality’s jurisdiction.The county sheriff shall be responsible for any individual found outside of a municipality’s jurisdiction, but within the county. C.The law enforcement agency transporting an individual to and from designated sites or facilities pursuant to the provisions of this section shall maintain responsibility for the transportation of such individual pending completion of the examination, emergency detention, protective custody and inpatient services. D.Sheriffs and peace officers shall be entitled to reimbursement from the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services for transportation services associated with minors or adults requiring examination, emergency detention, protective custody and inpatient services. E.Any transportation provided by a sheriff or deputy sheriff or a peace officer on behalf of any county, city, town or municipality of this state, to or from any facility for the purpose of examination, admission, interfacility transfer, medical treatment or court appearance shall be reimbursed in accordance with the provisions of the State Travel Reimbursement Act. F.Nothing in this section shall prohibit a law enforcement agency from entering into a lawful agreement with any other law enforcement agency to fulfill the requirements established by this section. Added by Laws 1998, c. 384, § 2, emerg. eff. June 9, 1998.Amended by Laws 2000, c. 326, § 1, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 5, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2005.§43A-2.Renumbered as § 1-102 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. §43A2101.Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services - Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. A.1.There is hereby established in this state a Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. 2.This Department’s governing board shall be the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, and its chief executive officer shall be the Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. 3.The Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall exercise all functions of the state in relation to the administration and operation of all state facilities for the care and treatment of the mentally ill and drug- or alcohol-dependent persons. B.All references in the Oklahoma Statutes to the Department of Mental Health or the Board of Mental Health shall be construed to refer to the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services or the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, respectively. Added by Laws 1953, p. 153, § 11, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 8, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 11 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1989, p. 1666, S.J.R. No. 23, § 1, eff. July 1, 1989; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 26, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 7, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005.§43A2102.Department to have charge and control of state institutions. Unless otherwise specified by law, the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall have charge and control of any and all state institutions established for the care of the mentally ill and drug or alcoholdependent person. Added by Laws 1953, p. 159, § 32.Amended by Laws 1983, c. 304, § 14, eff. July 1, 1983; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 9, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 32 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 27, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990.§43A-2-103.Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services - Members - Terms - Meetings - Visitation - Expenses. A.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be composed of eleven (11) members, appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, as follows: 1.One member, who shall be a physician licensed to practice in this state, and one member, who shall be a psychiatrist certified as a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, shall both be appointed from a list containing the names of not less than three physicians and not less than three psychiatrists submitted to the Governor by the Oklahoma State Medical Association; 2.One member, who shall be an attorney licensed to practice in this state and shall be appointed from a list of not less than three names submitted to the Governor by the Board of Governors of the Oklahoma Bar Association; 3.One member, who shall be a psychologist, licensed to practice in this state, who shall be appointed from a list of not less than three names submitted to the Governor by the Oklahoma State Psychological Association; 4.Three members, qualified by education and experience in the area of substance abuse recovery, who shall be appointed from a list of not less than ten names submitted to the Governor by a state association of substance abuse recovery programs or organizations for terms ending on December 31, 2002, December 31, 2004, and December 31, 2006, respectively; and 5.Four members who shall be citizens of this state, at least one of whom shall be either a current or former consumer of mental health services. B.Upon expiration of the initial terms of each of the four members, a successor shall be appointed for a full term of seven (7) years. C.No person shall be appointed a member of the Board who has been a member of the Legislature of this state within the preceding five (5) years. D.The Board shall elect from among its members a chair and a vice-chair.The chair may call meetings at any time. E.All regularly scheduled meetings of the Board shall be held at the Central Office of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, unless otherwise scheduled. Six members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting, and all action may be taken by an affirmative vote of the majority of the members present at any such meeting. F.The action taken by the Board on any matter, or any document passed by the Board, shall be considered official when such action is placed in writing and signed by the chair or vice-chair. G.The duties of the Board shall pertain to the care, treatment, and hospitalization of persons with mental illness, or alcohol- or drug-dependent persons. H.Members of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be allowed their necessary travel expenses pursuant to the provisions of the State Travel Reimbursement Act. I.Members of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be allowed to serve on the State Board of Medical Licensure and Supervision during members’ terms on the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. Added by Laws 1953, p. 153, § 12.Amended by Laws 1955, p. 249, § 1; Laws 1970, c. 93, § 1, emerg. eff. March 27, 1970; Laws 1985, c. 178, § 19, operative July 1, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 12 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1988, c. 58, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1988; Laws 1989, c. 329, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1989; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 28, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1991, c. 301, § 9, eff. July 1, 1991; Laws 1999, c. 414, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2001, c. 186, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 348, § 11, eff. July 1, 2005; Laws 2008, c. 401, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2008.§43A-2-104.Disposition of surplus equipment and land - Purchases. A.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is authorized to discontinue farm operations or any portion of the farm operations at any time it feels it is in the best interest of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and this state. B.The Board may declare equipment which is surplus to the needs of the Department to the Department of Central Services.The Department of Central Services shall dispose of the surpluses as provided by law. C.The Department of Central Services shall be the purchasing agency for all facilities for which appropriations are made in the Mental Health Law, but shall not have authority to determine the propriety of purchases of institutions over which the Department of Central Services is not the controlling entity. D.The Board is authorized to spend funds for the development of recreational facilities on state-owned land outside the facility grounds.Added by Laws 1967, c. 324, § 5, emerg. eff. May 16, 1967.Amended by Laws 1983, c. 304, § 13, eff. July 1, 1983.Renumbered from § 25 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 29, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 217, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2003.§43A2105.Board as Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Authority - Federal funds - Transition period. (a) On and after July 1, 1967, the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be the Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Authority of the State of Oklahoma, and is authorized to receive grants of federal funds for the purpose of combating or preventing mental illness, including but not limited to funds for the treatment, care, rehabilitation, or training of the mentally ill, or for the establishment or expansion of any program of facilities or research projects relating to the mentally ill, or for construction of research centers and other facilities for the mentally ill, and is authorized to cooperate in any reasonable manner with the federal agency or agencies granting such federal funds for such purposes, including compliance with any conditions prescribed by federal authorities for the granting of such funds.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall serve as the sole designated state agency for receiving, disbursing, or administering federal funds for any of the aforesaid purposes, provided federal law requires such an agency and the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is eligible to be such an agency under federal law.Construction projects, and applications therefor for any of the aforesaid purposes, shall not require the approval of any other state agency.Provided, that this section shall not prevent any other agency from receiving, disbursing, or administering federal grants for any of the aforesaid purposes in accordance with federal law. (b) In order to provide for an orderly transition to the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services of such of the aforesaid functions as are now vested in other public agencies, this section shall not affect the construction by other public agencies of community mental health facilities, or the maintenance by other public agencies of programs for mental health, or the furnishing by other public agencies of mental health services in child guidance centers, or the receipt by other public agencies of federal funds for any of such purposes. Added by Laws 1967, c. 324, § 4, emerg. eff. May 16, 1967.Renumbered from § 24 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 30, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990.§43A-2-106.Grants, devises, donations and bequests - Investment of funds - Lease or sale of property - Annual account to State Auditor and Inspector. A.1.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, the Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services or any employee of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services designated by the Commissioner may solicit and receive contributions, gifts and donations for use by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, or to any institution therein.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall accept, hold in trust and authorize the use of any grant or devise of land, or any donation or bequest of money, or other personal property made to the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, or to any institution therein, so long as the terms of the grant, donation, bequest, gift, or will are carried out. 2.The Board may invest and reinvest any funds and may lease any real or personal property, may sell any personal property and may invest the proceeds, for the benefit of the Department or any institution therein unless prevented by the terms of the grant, donation, bequest, gift or will. B.The Board may lease any property owned or held in trust to any other state agency, political subdivision, federal agency, county, municipality or a nonprofit organization for a period not to exceed fifty (50) years.An original lease may be for a period not to exceed ten (10) years with up to four ten-year options. C.The Board must annually account to the State Auditor and Inspector for all monies or property received or expended by virtue of this section.The account shall state: 1.The source of the monies or property received with the actual date of its receipt; 2.The particular use or place for which it was expended; and 3.The balance on hand showing the place of deposit of the unexpended balance. Added by Laws 1953, p. 159, § 34, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953.Amended by Laws 1979, c. 30, § 13, emerg. eff. April 6, 1979.Renumbered from § 34 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 31, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1995, c. 85, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1995; Laws 1997, c. 127, § 1, emerg. eff. April 17, 1997; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 6, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2003, c. 217, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2004.§43A-2-107.Capital Outlay Fund - Approval of easements, rights-of-way and leases - Deposit and use of proceeds. A.1.There is hereby created in the State Treasury a revolving fund for the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services to be designated the "Capital Outlay Fund".The fund shall be a continuing fund, not subject to fiscal year limitations, and shall consist of income as provided in this section and any monies transferred by the Department into the fund. 2.All monies accruing to the credit of the fund are hereby appropriated and may be budgeted and expended by the Department for the purposes described in this section and for improvements to real property owned by the Department or held in the Department’s trust as authorized by Section 2-111 of this title.Expenditures from the fund shall be made upon warrants issued by the State Treasurer against claims filed as prescribed by law with the Director of State Finance for approval and payment. B.On and after July 1, 1988, no easement, right-of-way, oil and gas lease or surface lease on any land used or occupied by any institution, under the jurisdiction of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, shall be granted or conveyed without the approval of the Board.All monies hereafter received or derived from such easements, rights-of-way and leases, including, but not limited to, rentals and royalties for leases and from sale of equipment, shall be deposited in the Capital Outlay Fund of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and used by the Board for capital improvement at any Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services facility and for improvements to real property owned by the Department or held in the Department’s trust as authorized by Section 2-111 of this title, except as otherwise provided by the Legislature. Added by Laws 1967, c. 324, § 6, emerg. eff. May 16, 1967.Renumbered from Title 43A, § 26 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 277, § 30, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 1988, c. 283, § 18, operative July 1, 1988; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 32, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2003, c. 217, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2005.§43A-2-108.Investigation of wrongful, negligent or improper treatment - System for prompt resolution of complaints. A.When the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services has reason to believe that any individual receiving services from a facility operated by, certified by, or under contract with the Department has been wrongfully deprived of liberty, or is cruelly, negligently or improperly treated, or inadequate provision is made for the individual’s appropriate medical care, proper supervision and safe keeping, the Department may ascertain the facts or may require an investigation of the facts. B.The Board shall establish and maintain a fair, simple and expeditious system for resolution of complaints of all individuals receiving such services. Added by Laws 1953, p. 171, § 98.Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 11, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Renumbered from § 98 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 33, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.§43A-2-109.Office of Consumer Advocacy - Advocate General - Powers and duties. A.The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is authorized and directed to establish the Office of Consumer Advocacy within the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and to employ such personnel as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of Section 2-108 of this title. 1.The chief administrative officer of the Office of Consumer Advocacy shall be the Advocate General, who shall be an attorney admitted to practice in the State of Oklahoma with a minimum of three (3) years experience.The Advocate General shall report to the Board and be supervised by the Board, and may be dismissed only for cause. 2.The Advocate General shall have the following powers and duties:
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  • §43A-1. Renumbered as § 1-101 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. 

    §43A1101. Short title. 

    This act shall be known as the Mental Health Law. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 152, § 1. Renumbered from § 1 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. 

     

    §43A-1-102. Purpose of law. 

    A. The purpose of the Mental Health Law is to provide for the humane care and treatment of persons who: 

    1. Are mentally ill; or 

    2. Require treatment for drug or alcohol abuse. 

    B. All such residents of this state are entitled to care and treatment in accordance with the appropriate standard of care. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 152, § 2, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 2 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 2001, c. 186, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 1, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 348, § 10, eff. July 1, 2005. 

     

    §43A-1-103. Definitions. 

    When used in this title, unless otherwise expressly stated, or unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires: 

    1. "Department" means the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services; 

    2. "Chair" means the chair of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services; 

    3. "Mental illness" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, psychological orientation or memory that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life; 

    4. "Board" means the "Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services" as established by this law; 

    5. "Commissioner" means the individual selected and appointed by the Board to serve as Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services; 

    6. "Indigent person" means a person who has not sufficient assets or resources to support the person and to support members of the family of the person lawfully dependent on the person for support; 

    7. "Facility" means any hospital, school, building, house or retreat, authorized by law to have the care, treatment or custody of an individual with mental illness, or drug or alcohol dependency, gambling addiction, eating disorders, or an individual receiving methadone treatment for dependency purposes only, including, but not limited to, public or private hospitals, community mental health centers, clinics, satellites or facilities; provided that facility shall not mean a child guidance center operated by the State Department of Health; 

    8. "Consumer" means a person under care or treatment in a facility pursuant to the Mental Health Law, or in an outpatient status; 

    9. "Care and treatment" means medical care and behavioral health services, as well as food, clothing and maintenance, furnished to a person; 

    10. Whenever in this law or in any other law, or in any rule or order made or promulgated pursuant to this law or to any other law, or in the printed forms prepared for the admission of consumers or for statistical reports, the words "insane", "insanity", "lunacy", "mentally sick", "mental disease" or "mental disorder" are used, such terms shall have equal significance to the words "mental illness"; 

    11. "Licensed mental health professional" means: 

    a.  a psychiatrist who is a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 

    b.  a physician licensed pursuant to Section 480 et seq. or Section 620 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes who has received specific training for and is experienced in performing mental health therapeutic, diagnostic, or counseling functions, 

    c.  a clinical psychologist who is duly licensed to practice by the State Board of Examiners of Psychologists, 

    d.  a professional counselor licensed pursuant to Section 1901 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes, 

    e.  a person licensed as a clinical social worker pursuant to the provisions of the Social Worker’s Licensing Act, 

    f.  a licensed marital and family therapist as defined in Section 1925.1 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes, 

    g.  a licensed behavioral practitioner as defined in Section 1930 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes, 

    h.  an advanced practice nurse as defined in Section 567.1 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes specializing in mental health, or 

    i.  a physician’s assistant who is licensed in good standing in this state and has received specific training for and is experienced in performing mental health therapeutic, diagnostic, or counseling functions; 

    12. "Mentally incompetent person" means any person who has been adjudicated mentally or legally incompetent by an appropriate district court; 

    13. a.  "Person requiring treatment" means: 

    (1)  a person who because of a mental illness of the person represents a risk of harm to self or others, or 

    (2)  a person who is a drug- or alcohol-dependent person and who as a result of dependency represents a risk of harm to self or others. 

    b.  Unless a person also meets the criteria established in subparagraph a of this paragraph, person requiring treatment shall not mean: 

    (1)  a person whose mental processes have been weakened or impaired by reason of advanced years, dementia, or Alzheimer’s disease, 

    (2)  a mentally retarded or developmentally disabled person as defined in Title 10 of the Oklahoma Statutes, 

    (3)  a person with seizure disorder, 

    (4)  a person with a traumatic brain injury, or 

    (5)  a person who is homeless; 

    14. "Petitioner" means a person who files a petition alleging that an individual is a person requiring treatment; 

    15. "Executive director" means the person in charge of a facility as defined in this section; 

    16. "Private hospital or facility" means any general hospital maintaining a neuro-psychiatric unit or ward, or any private hospital or facility for care and treatment of a person having a mental illness, which is not supported by the state or federal government. The term “private hospital” or “facility” shall not include nursing homes or other facilities maintained primarily for the care of elderly and disabled persons; 

    17. "Individualized treatment plan" means a proposal developed during the stay of an individual in a facility, under the provisions of this title, which is specifically tailored to the treatment needs of the individual. Each plan shall clearly include the following: 

    a.  a statement of treatment goals or objectives, based upon and related to a clinical evaluation, which can be reasonably achieved within a designated time interval, 

    b.  treatment methods and procedures to be used to obtain these goals, which methods and procedures are related to each of these goals and which include specific prognosis for achieving each of these goals, 

    c.  identification of the types of professional personnel who will carry out the treatment procedures, including appropriate medical or other professional involvement by a physician or other health professional properly qualified to fulfill legal requirements mandated under state and federal law, 

    d.  documentation of involvement by the individual receiving treatment and, if applicable, the accordance of the individual with the treatment plan, and 

    e.  a statement attesting that the executive director of the facility or clinical director has made a reasonable effort to meet the plan's individualized treatment goals in the least restrictive environment possible closest to the home community of the individual; 

    18. "Risk of harm to self or others" means: 

    a.  a substantial risk of immediate physical harm to self as manifested by evidence or serious threats of or attempts at suicide or other significant self-inflicted bodily harm, 

    b.  a substantial risk of immediate physical harm to another person or persons as manifested by evidence of violent behavior directed toward another person or persons, 

    c.  having placed another person or persons in a reasonable fear of violent behavior directed towards such person or persons or serious physical harm to them as manifested by serious and immediate threats, 

    d.  there exists a substantial risk that without immediate intervention severe impairment or injury will result to the person alleged to be a person requiring treatment, or 

    e.  a substantial risk of immediate serious physical injury to self, or immediate death, as manifested by evidence that the person is unable to provide for and is not providing for the basic physical needs of the person and that appropriate provision for those needs cannot be made immediately available in the community. 

    Unless a person also meets the criteria established in subparagraphs a, b, c, d, or e of this paragraph, “risk of harm to self or others” does not mean a person who is homeless; and 

    19. “Telemedicine” means the practice of health care delivery, diagnosis, consultation, evaluation, treatment, transfer of medical data, or exchange of medical education information by means of audio, video, or data communications. Telemedicine uses audio and video multimedia telecommunication equipment which permits two-way real-time communication between a health care practitioner and a patient who are not in the same physical location. Telemedicine shall not include consultation provided by telephone or facsimile machine. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 152, § 3, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1959, p. 185, § 1, emerg. eff. June 27, 1959; Laws 1963, c. 310, § 1, emerg. eff. June 19, 1963; Laws 1965, c. 32, § 1, emerg. eff. March 3, 1965; Laws 1965, c. 381, § 1, emerg. eff. June 29, 1965; Laws 1977, c. 145, § 2, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977; Laws 1978, c. 247, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Laws 1980, c. 324, § 1, emerg. eff. June 17, 1980; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 3 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1987, c. 118, § 2, operative July 1, 1987; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 23, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 389, § 1, emerg. eff. June 10, 1992; Laws 2001, c. 186, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 394, § 2; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 16, § 18, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006; Laws 2006, c. 97, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2006; Laws 2008, c. 401, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2008. 

     

    NOTE: Laws 2005, c. 150, § 1 repealed by Laws 2006, c. 16, § 19, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006. 

     

    §43A1104. Public policy. 

    The Oklahoma Legislature hereby declares that the public policy of this state is to assure adequate treatment of persons alleged to be in need of mental health treatment or treatment for drug or alcohol abuse, to establish behavioral standards for determination of dangerousness of persons in need of such treatment, to allow for the use of the least restrictive alternative in the determination of the method of treatment, to provide orderly and reliable procedures for commitment of persons alleged to be in need of treatment consistent with due process of law, and to protect the rights of consumers hospitalized pursuant to law. 

    Added by Laws 1977, c. 145, § 1, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 50 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 302, § 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 298, § 39, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 2, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005. 

     

    §43A1105. Mental or legal incompetence Presumptions. 

    No person admitted to any facility shall be considered or presumed to be mentally or legally incompetent except those persons who have been determined to be mentally or legally incompetent in separate and independent proceedings of an appropriate district court. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 167, § 64. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 145, § 6, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977; Laws 1978, c. 247, § 5, eff. Oct. 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 64 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. 

     

    §43A-1-106. Representation of state in court proceedings. 

    The district attorneys of this state shall represent the people of Oklahoma in all court proceedings provided for in the Mental Health Law in which the State of Oklahoma including any facility operated by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is the petitioner for involuntary commitment. 

    Added by Laws 1970, c. 102, § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1971. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 55.1 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1999, c. 414, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 2, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003. 

     

    §43A-1-107. Venue of actions - Hearings. 

    A. Civil actions for involuntary commitment of a person may be brought in any of the following counties: 

    1. The person’s county of residence; 

    2. The county where the person was first taken into protective custody; or 

    3. The county in which the person is being held on emergency detention. 

    B. If a civil action for involuntary commitment can be brought in more than one county pursuant to the provisions of subsection A of this section, the action may be filed in any of such counties. No court shall refuse any case solely because the action may have been brought in another county. 

    C. 1. Hearings in actions for involuntary commitment may be held within the mental health facility in which the person is being detained or is to be committed whenever the judge deems it to be in the best interests of the consumer. 

    2. Such hearings shall be conducted by any judge designated by the presiding judge of the judicial district. Hearings may be held in an area of the facility designated by the executive director and agreed upon by the presiding judge of that judicial district. 

    D. The court may conduct any nonjury hearing required or authorized pursuant to the provisions of this title for detained or confined persons, at the discretion of the judge, by video teleconferencing after advising the person subject to possible detention or commitment of his or her constitutional rights. If the video teleconferencing hearing is conducted, the image of the detainee or person subject to commitment may be broadcast by secure video to the judge. A secure video system shall provide for two-way communications including image and sound between the detainee and the judge. 

    E. The provisions for criminal venue as provided otherwise by law shall not be applicable to proceedings encompassed by commitment statutes referred to in this title which are deemed civil in nature. 

    F. Unless otherwise provided by law, the rules of civil procedure shall apply to all judicial proceedings provided for in this title, including, but not limited to, the rules concerning vacation of orders and appellate review. 

    Added by Laws 1985, c. 235, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1985. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 54.13 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 24, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1994, c. 207, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 3, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 3, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2005. 

     

    §43A-1-108. Habeas corpus - Notice - Evidence. 

    A. Anyone in custody as a person in need of treatment or a minor in need of mental health treatment, pursuant to the provisions of this title, is entitled to a writ of habeas corpus, upon a proper application made by such person or some relative or friend in the person’s behalf pursuant to the provisions of Sections 1331 through 1355 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. 

    B. Upon the return of a writ of habeas corpus, whether the person is a person requiring treatment as defined by Section 1-103 of this title or whether the minor is a minor requiring treatment as defined by Section 5-502 of this title shall be inquired into and determined. 

    C. Notice of hearing on the writ must be given to the guardian of the consumer, if one has been appointed, to the person who applied for the original commitment and to such other persons as the court may direct. 

    D. The medical or other history of the consumer, as it appears in the facility record, shall be given in evidence, and the executive director of the facility wherein the consumer is held in custody shall testify as to the condition of the consumer. 

    E. The executive director shall make available for examination by physicians selected by the person seeking the writ, the consumer whose freedom is sought by writ of habeas corpus. 

    F. Any evidence, including evidence adduced in any previous habeas corpus proceedings, touching upon the mental condition of the consumer shall be admitted in evidence. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 172, § 99, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 7, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 99 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1992, c. 298, § 40, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 4, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005. 

     

    §43A-1-109. Confidential and privileged information - Disclosure. 

    A. 1. All mental health and drug or alcohol abuse treatment information, whether or not recorded, and all communications between a physician or psychotherapist and a consumer are both privileged and confidential. In addition, the identity of all persons who have received or are receiving mental health or drug or alcohol abuse treatment services shall be considered confidential and privileged. 

    2. Such information shall only be available to persons actively engaged in the treatment of the consumer or in related administrative work. The information available to persons actively engaged in the treatment of the consumer or in related administrative work shall be limited to the minimum amount of information necessary for the person or agency to carry out its function. 

    3. Except as otherwise provided in this section, such information shall not be disclosed to anyone not involved in the treatment of the patient or related administrative work. 

    B. A person who is or has been a consumer of a physician, psychotherapist, mental health facility, a drug or alcohol abuse treatment facility or service, other agency for the purpose of mental health or drug or alcohol abuse care and treatment shall be entitled to personal access to his or her mental health or drug or alcohol abuse treatment information, except the following: 

    1. Information contained in notes recorded in any medium by a mental health professional documenting or analyzing the contents of conversation during a private counseling session or a group, joint or family counseling session, and that is separated from the rest of the patient’s medical record; 

    2. Information compiled in reasonable anticipation of or for use in a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding; 

    3. Information that is otherwise privileged or prohibited from disclosure by law; 

    4. Information the person in charge of the care and treatment of the patient determines to be reasonably likely to endanger the life or physical safety of the patient or another person; 

    5. Information created or obtained as part of research that includes treatment; provided, the patient consented to the temporary suspension of access while the research is ongoing. The patient’s right of access shall resume upon completion of the research; 

    6. Information requested by an inmate that a correctional institution has determined may jeopardize the health, safety, security, custody or rehabilitation of the inmate or other person; and 

    7. Information obtained under a promise of confidentiality and the access requested would be reasonably likely to reveal the source of the information. 

    C. 1. A valid written release for disclosure of mental health or drug or alcohol abuse treatment information shall have, at a minimum, the following elements: 

    a.  the specific name or general designation of the program or person permitted to make the disclosure, 

    b.  the name or title of the individual or the name of the organization to which disclosure is to be made, 

    c.  the name of the consumer whose records are to be released, 

    d.  the purpose of the disclosure, 

    e.  a description of the information to be disclosed, 

    f.  the dated signature of the consumer or authorized representative or both when required, 

    g.  a statement of the right of the consumer to revoke the release in writing and a description of how the consumer may do so, 

    h.  an expiration date, event or condition which, if not revoked before, shall ensure the release will last no longer than reasonably necessary to serve the purpose for which it is given, and 

    i.  if the release is signed by a person authorized to act for a consumer, a description of the authority of such person to act. 

    2. A release is not valid if the document submitted has any of the following defects: 

    a.  the expiration date has passed or the expiration event or condition is known to have occurred or to exist, 

    b.  the release has not been filled out completely with respect to an element described in paragraph 1 of this section, 

    c.  the release is known to have been revoked, or 

    d.  any material information in the release is known to be false. 

    3. A revocation of a release as provided in this section shall be in writing and may be made at any time, except when: 

    a.  information has already been released in reliance thereon, 

    b.  the authorization was obtained as a condition of obtaining insurance coverage and other law provides the insurer with the right to contest a claim under the policy or the policy itself, or 

    c.  the release was executed as part of a criminal justice referral. 

    4. Disclosure regarding a deceased consumer shall require either a court order or a written release of an executor, administrator or personal representative appointed by the court, or if there is no such appointment, by the spouse of the consumer or, if none, by any responsible member of the family of the consumer. As used in this paragraph, “responsible family member” means the parent, adult child, adult sibling or other adult relative who was actively involved in providing care to or monitoring the care of the patient as verified by the physician, psychologist or other person responsible for the care and treatment of such person. 

    D. Except as otherwise permitted, mental health and alcohol or substance abuse treatment information may not be disclosed without valid patient authorization or a valid court order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction. For purposes of this section, a subpoena by itself is not sufficient to authorize disclosure of mental health and alcohol or substance abuse treatment information. 

    E. An authorization shall not be required for the following uses and disclosures, but information disclosed pursuant to one of these exceptions must be limited to the minimum amount of information necessary: 

    1. Disclosure by a health care provider of mental health information necessary to carry out another provider’s own treatment, payment, or health care operations. Such disclosures shall be limited to mental health information and shall not include substance abuse information; 

    2. Communications to law enforcement officers regarding information directly related to the commission of a crime on the premises of a facility or against facility personnel, or a threat to commit such a crime. Such communications involving persons with substance abuse disorders shall be limited to the circumstances surrounding the incident, consumer status, name and address of that individual and the last-known whereabouts of that individual; 

    3. A review preparatory to research, research on decedents information or research conducted when a waiver of authorization has been approved by either an institutional review board or privacy board; 

    4. Communications pursuant to a business associate agreement, qualified service organization agreement or a qualified service organization/business associate agreement. As used in this paragraph: 

    a.  “business associate agreement” means a written signed agreement between a health care provider and an outside entity which performs or assists in the performance of a function or activity involving the use or disclosure of individually identifiable health information on behalf of the health care provider, 

    b.  “qualified service organization agreement” means a written, signed agreement between a health care provider and an outside entity which provides services to the health care provider’s consumers that are different from the services provided by the health care provider, that allows the health care provider to communicate consumer information necessary for the outside entity to provide services to the health care provider’s consumers without the need for an authorization signed by a consumer and in which the outside entity acknowledges that in receiving, storing, processing or otherwise dealing with any consumer information from the health care provider it is fully bound by the provisions of 42 C.F.R., Part 2 and, if necessary, will resist any efforts in judicial proceedings to obtain access to consumer information, except as permitted by 42 C.F.R., Part 2, and 

    c.  “qualified service organization/business agreement” means a written, signed agreement between a health care provider and an outside entity which provides services to the health care provider’s consumers that are different from the services provided by the health care provider, that allows the health care provider to communicate consumer information necessary for the outside entity to provide services to the health care provider’s consumers without the need for an authorization signed by a consumer, and in which the outside entity acknowledges that in receiving, storing, processing or otherwise dealing with any consumer information from the health care provider it is fully bound by the provisions 42 C.F.R., Part 2 and, if necessary, will resist any efforts in judicial proceedings to obtain access to consumer information, except as permitted by 42 C.F.R., Part 2. The agreement must also contain elements required by federal privacy regulations in 45 C.F.R., Parts 160 & 164; 

    5. Reporting under state law incidents of suspected child abuse or neglect to the appropriate authorities; provided, however, for disclosures involving an individual with a substance abuse disorder, this exception does not allow for follow-up communications; 

    6. Disclosure of consumer-identifying information to medical personnel who have a need for information about a consumer for the purpose of treating a condition which poses an immediate threat to the health of any individual and which requires immediate medical intervention; 

    7. Communications necessary for audit and evaluation activities; 

    8. When a program or facility director determines that an adult person with a substance abuse disorder has a medical condition which prevents the person from “knowing or effective action on his or her own behalf”, the program or facility director may authorize disclosures for the sole purpose of obtaining payment for services. If the person has been adjudicated incompetent, the facility must seek permission to disclose information for payment from the legal guardian; 

    9. Reporting of such information as otherwise required by law; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 

    10. Communications to coroners, medical examiners and funeral directors for the purpose of identifying a deceased person, determining a cause of death, or other duties as authorized by law and as necessary to carry out their duties; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 

    11. Communications to organ procurement organizations or other entities engaged in procurement, banking, or transplantation of cadaveric organs, eyes or tissue for the purpose of facilitating organ, eye or tissue donation and transplantation; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 

    12. Disclosure to professional licensure boards investigating alleged unethical behavior towards a patient; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 

    13. Disclosure to the parent of a minor for the purpose of notifying the parent of the location of his or her child; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder; 

    14. Mental health records may be disclosed to parties in a judicial or administrative proceeding in cases involving a claim for personal injury or death against any practitioner of the healing arts, a licensed hospital, or a nursing facility or nursing home licensed pursuant to Section 1-1903 of Title 63 of the Oklahoma Statutes arising out of patient care, where any person has placed the physical or mental condition of that person in issue by the commencement of any action, proceeding, or suit for damages, or where any person has placed in issue the physical or mental condition of any other person or deceased person by or through whom the person rightfully claims; 

    15. Disclosure of consumer-identifying information when it appears from all the circumstances that the individual has escaped from a correctional institution or from lawful custody and the release is to a law enforcement authority for the purpose of identification and apprehension. Such disclosures shall be limited to mental health information and shall not include substance abuse information; and 

    16. When failure to disclose the information presents a serious threat to the health and safety of a person or the public; provided, however, such disclosure may not identify the person directly or indirectly as a person with a substance abuse disorder. 

    Added by Laws 1987, c. 168, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1987. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 25, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1991, c. 102, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Laws 1992, c. 298, § 41, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 1997, c. 195, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 4, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2003, c. 196, § 1, emerg. eff. May 7, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 16, § 20, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006; Laws 2006, c. 97, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2006; Laws 2008, c. 401, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2008. 

     

    NOTE: Laws 2004, c. 168, § 6 repealed by Laws 2005, c. 195, § 29, eff. Nov. 1, 2005, without reference to amendment by Laws 2005, c. 150, § 5. Laws 2005, c. 150, § 5 repealed by Laws 2006, c. 16, § 21, emerg. eff. March 29, 2006. 

     

    §43A-1-109.1. Treatment advocates. 

    A. 1. Every adult having a mental illness as defined in Section 1-103 of this title who is under the care of a licensed mental health professional shall be informed by the licensed mental health professional or the mental health treatment facility that the consumer has the right to designate a family member or other concerned individual as a treatment advocate. 

    2. The individual designated as a treatment advocate shall act at all times in the best interests of the consumer. 

    3. The patient may change or revoke the designation of a treatment advocate at any time and for any reason. 

    4. The treatment advocate may participate in the treatment planning and discharge planning of the consumer to the extent consented to by the consumer and as permitted by law. 

    B. 1. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall promulgate rules for all facilities certified by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services as to the design, contents, and maintenance of a treatment advocate consent form. 

    2. The contents of the consent form, at a minimum, shall include a statement indicating that the treatment advocate understands that all mental health treatment information is confidential and that the treatment advocate agrees to maintain confidentiality. 

    C. This section shall not apply to inmates of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections. 

    Added by Laws 2003, c. 187, § 1, emerg. eff. May 7, 2003. Amended by Laws 2004, c. 113, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2004; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 6, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005. 

     

    §43A-1-110. Law enforcement responsibility for transporting persons for mental health services - Reimbursement of expenses. 

    A. Sheriffs and peace officers shall be responsible for transporting individuals to and from designated sites or facilities for the purpose of examination, emergency detention, protective custody and inpatient services. 

    B. A municipal law enforcement agency shall be responsible for any individual found within such municipality’s jurisdiction. The county sheriff shall be responsible for any individual found outside of a municipality’s jurisdiction, but within the county. 

    C. The law enforcement agency transporting an individual to and from designated sites or facilities pursuant to the provisions of this section shall maintain responsibility for the transportation of such individual pending completion of the examination, emergency detention, protective custody and inpatient services. 

    D. Sheriffs and peace officers shall be entitled to reimbursement from the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services for transportation services associated with minors or adults requiring examination, emergency detention, protective custody and inpatient services. 

    E. Any transportation provided by a sheriff or deputy sheriff or a peace officer on behalf of any county, city, town or municipality of this state, to or from any facility for the purpose of examination, admission, interfacility transfer, medical treatment or court appearance shall be reimbursed in accordance with the provisions of the State Travel Reimbursement Act. 

    F. Nothing in this section shall prohibit a law enforcement agency from entering into a lawful agreement with any other law enforcement agency to fulfill the requirements established by this section. 

    Added by Laws 1998, c. 384, § 2, emerg. eff. June 9, 1998. Amended by Laws 2000, c. 326, § 1, eff. July 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 5, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2005. 

     

    §43A-2. Renumbered as § 1-102 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. 

    §43A2101. Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services - Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. 

    A. 1. There is hereby established in this state a Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. 

    2. This Department’s governing board shall be the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, and its chief executive officer shall be the Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. 

    3. The Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall exercise all functions of the state in relation to the administration and operation of all state facilities for the care and treatment of the mentally ill and drug- or alcohol-dependent persons. 

    B. All references in the Oklahoma Statutes to the Department of Mental Health or the Board of Mental Health shall be construed to refer to the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services or the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, respectively. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 153, § 11, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 8, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 11 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1989, p. 1666, S.J.R. No. 23, § 1, eff. July 1, 1989; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 26, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2005, c. 150, § 7, emerg. eff. May 9, 2005. 

     

    §43A2102. Department to have charge and control of state institutions. 

    Unless otherwise specified by law, the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall have charge and control of any and all state institutions established for the care of the mentally ill and drug or alcoholdependent person. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 159, § 32. Amended by Laws 1983, c. 304, § 14, eff. July 1, 1983; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 9, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 32 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 27, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990. 

     

    §43A-2-103. Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services - Members - Terms - Meetings - Visitation - Expenses. 

    A. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be composed of eleven (11) members, appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, as follows: 

    1. One member, who shall be a physician licensed to practice in this state, and one member, who shall be a psychiatrist certified as a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, shall both be appointed from a list containing the names of not less than three physicians and not less than three psychiatrists submitted to the Governor by the Oklahoma State Medical Association; 

    2. One member, who shall be an attorney licensed to practice in this state and shall be appointed from a list of not less than three names submitted to the Governor by the Board of Governors of the Oklahoma Bar Association; 

    3. One member, who shall be a psychologist, licensed to practice in this state, who shall be appointed from a list of not less than three names submitted to the Governor by the Oklahoma State Psychological Association; 

    4. Three members, qualified by education and experience in the area of substance abuse recovery, who shall be appointed from a list of not less than ten names submitted to the Governor by a state association of substance abuse recovery programs or organizations for terms ending on December 31, 2002, December 31, 2004, and December 31, 2006, respectively; and 

    5. Four members who shall be citizens of this state, at least one of whom shall be either a current or former consumer of mental health services. 

    B. Upon expiration of the initial terms of each of the four members, a successor shall be appointed for a full term of seven (7) years. 

    C. No person shall be appointed a member of the Board who has been a member of the Legislature of this state within the preceding five (5) years. 

    D. The Board shall elect from among its members a chair and a vice-chair. The chair may call meetings at any time. 

    E. All regularly scheduled meetings of the Board shall be held at the Central Office of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, unless otherwise scheduled. Six members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting, and all action may be taken by an affirmative vote of the majority of the members present at any such meeting. 

    F. The action taken by the Board on any matter, or any document passed by the Board, shall be considered official when such action is placed in writing and signed by the chair or vice-chair. 

    G. The duties of the Board shall pertain to the care, treatment, and hospitalization of persons with mental illness, or alcohol- or drug-dependent persons. 

    H. Members of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be allowed their necessary travel expenses pursuant to the provisions of the State Travel Reimbursement Act. 

    I. Members of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be allowed to serve on the State Board of Medical Licensure and Supervision during members’ terms on the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 153, § 12. Amended by Laws 1955, p. 249, § 1; Laws 1970, c. 93, § 1, emerg. eff. March 27, 1970; Laws 1985, c. 178, § 19, operative July 1, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 103, § 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 12 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1988, c. 58, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1988; Laws 1989, c. 329, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1989; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 28, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1991, c. 301, § 9, eff. July 1, 1991; Laws 1999, c. 414, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2001, c. 186, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2005, c. 348, § 11, eff. July 1, 2005; Laws 2008, c. 401, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2008. 

     

    §43A-2-104. Disposition of surplus equipment and land - Purchases. 

    A. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is authorized to discontinue farm operations or any portion of the farm operations at any time it feels it is in the best interest of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and this state. 

    B. The Board may declare equipment which is surplus to the needs of the Department to the Department of Central Services. The Department of Central Services shall dispose of the surpluses as provided by law. 

    C. The Department of Central Services shall be the purchasing agency for all facilities for which appropriations are made in the Mental Health Law, but shall not have authority to determine the propriety of purchases of institutions over which the Department of Central Services is not the controlling entity. 

    D. The Board is authorized to spend funds for the development of recreational facilities on state-owned land outside the facility grounds. 

    Added by Laws 1967, c. 324, § 5, emerg. eff. May 16, 1967. Amended by Laws 1983, c. 304, § 13, eff. July 1, 1983. Renumbered from § 25 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 29, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 217, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2003. 

     

    §43A2105. Board as Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Authority - Federal funds - Transition period. 

    (a) On and after July 1, 1967, the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall be the Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Authority of the State of Oklahoma, and is authorized to receive grants of federal funds for the purpose of combating or preventing mental illness, including but not limited to funds for the treatment, care, rehabilitation, or training of the mentally ill, or for the establishment or expansion of any program of facilities or research projects relating to the mentally ill, or for construction of research centers and other facilities for the mentally ill, and is authorized to cooperate in any reasonable manner with the federal agency or agencies granting such federal funds for such purposes, including compliance with any conditions prescribed by federal authorities for the granting of such funds. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall serve as the sole designated state agency for receiving, disbursing, or administering federal funds for any of the aforesaid purposes, provided federal law requires such an agency and the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is eligible to be such an agency under federal law. Construction projects, and applications therefor for any of the aforesaid purposes, shall not require the approval of any other state agency. Provided, that this section shall not prevent any other agency from receiving, disbursing, or administering federal grants for any of the aforesaid purposes in accordance with federal law. 

    (b) In order to provide for an orderly transition to the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services of such of the aforesaid functions as are now vested in other public agencies, this section shall not affect the construction by other public agencies of community mental health facilities, or the maintenance by other public agencies of programs for mental health, or the furnishing by other public agencies of mental health services in child guidance centers, or the receipt by other public agencies of federal funds for any of such purposes. 

    Added by Laws 1967, c. 324, § 4, emerg. eff. May 16, 1967. Renumbered from § 24 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 30, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990. 

     

    §43A-2-106. Grants, devises, donations and bequests - Investment of funds - Lease or sale of property - Annual account to State Auditor and Inspector. 

    A. 1. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, the Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services or any employee of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services designated by the Commissioner may solicit and receive contributions, gifts and donations for use by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, or to any institution therein. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services shall accept, hold in trust and authorize the use of any grant or devise of land, or any donation or bequest of money, or other personal property made to the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, or to any institution therein, so long as the terms of the grant, donation, bequest, gift, or will are carried out. 

    2. The Board may invest and reinvest any funds and may lease any real or personal property, may sell any personal property and may invest the proceeds, for the benefit of the Department or any institution therein unless prevented by the terms of the grant, donation, bequest, gift or will. 

    B. The Board may lease any property owned or held in trust to any other state agency, political subdivision, federal agency, county, municipality or a nonprofit organization for a period not to exceed fifty (50) years. An original lease may be for a period not to exceed ten (10) years with up to four ten-year options. 

    C. The Board must annually account to the State Auditor and Inspector for all monies or property received or expended by virtue of this section. The account shall state: 

    1. The source of the monies or property received with the actual date of its receipt; 

    2. The particular use or place for which it was expended; and 

    3. The balance on hand showing the place of deposit of the unexpended balance. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 159, § 34, emerg. eff. June 3, 1953. Amended by Laws 1979, c. 30, § 13, emerg. eff. April 6, 1979. Renumbered from § 34 of this title by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 31, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 1995, c. 85, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1995; Laws 1997, c. 127, § 1, emerg. eff. April 17, 1997; Laws 2003, c. 46, § 6, emerg. eff. April 8, 2003; Laws 2003, c. 217, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2003; Laws 2004, c. 113, § 5, eff. Nov. 1, 2004. 

     

    §43A-2-107. Capital Outlay Fund - Approval of easements, rights-of-way and leases - Deposit and use of proceeds. 

    A. 1. There is hereby created in the State Treasury a revolving fund for the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services to be designated the "Capital Outlay Fund". The fund shall be a continuing fund, not subject to fiscal year limitations, and shall consist of income as provided in this section and any monies transferred by the Department into the fund. 

    2. All monies accruing to the credit of the fund are hereby appropriated and may be budgeted and expended by the Department for the purposes described in this section and for improvements to real property owned by the Department or held in the Department’s trust as authorized by Section 2-111 of this title. Expenditures from the fund shall be made upon warrants issued by the State Treasurer against claims filed as prescribed by law with the Director of State Finance for approval and payment. 

    B. On and after July 1, 1988, no easement, right-of-way, oil and gas lease or surface lease on any land used or occupied by any institution, under the jurisdiction of the Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, shall be granted or conveyed without the approval of the Board. All monies hereafter received or derived from such easements, rights-of-way and leases, including, but not limited to, rentals and royalties for leases and from sale of equipment, shall be deposited in the Capital Outlay Fund of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and used by the Board for capital improvement at any Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services facility and for improvements to real property owned by the Department or held in the Department’s trust as authorized by Section 2-111 of this title, except as otherwise provided by the Legislature. 

    Added by Laws 1967, c. 324, § 6, emerg. eff. May 16, 1967. Renumbered from Title 43A, § 26 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 277, § 30, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 1988, c. 283, § 18, operative July 1, 1988; Laws 1990, c. 51, § 32, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2003, c. 217, § 4, eff. Nov. 1, 2003; Laws 2005, c. 195, § 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2005. 

     

    §43A-2-108. Investigation of wrongful, negligent or improper treatment - System for prompt resolution of complaints. 

    A. When the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services has reason to believe that any individual receiving services from a facility operated by, certified by, or under contract with the Department has been wrongfully deprived of liberty, or is cruelly, negligently or improperly treated, or inadequate provision is made for the individual’s appropriate medical care, proper supervision and safe keeping, the Department may ascertain the facts or may require an investigation of the facts. 

    B. The Board shall establish and maintain a fair, simple and expeditious system for resolution of complaints of all individuals receiving such services. 

    Added by Laws 1953, p. 171, § 98. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 11, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from § 98 by Laws 1986, c. 103, § 103, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 51, § 33, emerg. eff. April 9, 1990; Laws 2002, c. 488, § 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2002. 

     

    §43A-2-109. Office of Consumer Advocacy - Advocate General - Powers and duties. 

    A. The Board of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services is authorized and directed to establish the Office of Consumer Advocacy within the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services and to employ such personnel as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of Section 2-108 of this title. 

    1. The chief administrative officer of the Office of Consumer Advocacy shall be the Advocate General, who shall be an attorney admitted to practice in the State of Oklahoma with a minimum of three (3) years experience. The Advocate General shall report to the Board and be supervised by the Board, and may be dismissed only for cause. 

    2. The Advocate General shall have the following powers and duties: 

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