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CHAPTER 5 - UNIFORM ACT REGULATING TRAFFIC ON HIGHWAYS

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Title 56 - Motor VehiclesCHAPTER 5. UNIFORM ACT REGULATING TRAFFIC ON HIGHWAYSARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONSSECTION 56-5-10. Short title. This chapter may be cited as the "Uniform Act Regulating Traffic on Highways." SECTION 56-5-20. Applicability of chapter to vehicles operated upon highways;exceptions. The provision of this chapter relating to the operation of vehicles refer exclusively to the operation of vehicles upon highways, except: (1) When a different place is specifically referred to in a given section;and (2) That the provisions of Articles 9 and 23 shall apply upon highways and elsewhere throughout the State. SECTION 56-5-30. Chapter applicable and uniform throughout State;local regulations. The provisions of this chapter shall be applicable and uniform throughout this State and in all political subdivisions and municipalities therein, and no local authority shall enact or enforce any ordinance, rule or regulation in conflict with the provisions of this chapter unless expressly authorized herein.Local authorities may, however, subject to the limitations prescribed in Section 56-5-930, adopt additional traffic regulations which are not in conflict with the provisions of this chapter. SECTION 56-5-40. Applicability of chapter to roads on Atomic Energy Commission lands in Aiken, Allendale and Barnwell counties. All the provisions of this chapter, except Articles 27, 33, 37, and 39 and Section 56-5-910, apply to all roads within the confines of lands in Aiken, Allendale, and Barnwell counties acquired or to be acquired by the United States Government for use of the Department of Energy. SECTION 56-5-50. Applicability of chapter to operation of mopeds. With the exception of Articles 35 and 37, the provisions of Chapter 5 of Title 56 govern the operation of mopeds on the public highways and streets of this State. SECTION 56-5-60. Requirements for envelope containing certain notices. The envelope in which a notice required by law to be mailed by the Department of Motor Vehicles is mailed, other than by registered or certified mail, must have printed on it in bold letters "Please Forward". SECTION 56-5-70. Certain vehicle requirements suspended during state of emergency. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any other provision of law, during a state of emergency declared by the Governor and for thirty days thereafter, requirements relating to registration, permitting, length, width, weight, load, and time of service are suspended for commercial and utility vehicles that do not exceed a gross weight of ninety thousand pounds and a width of twelve feet responding to the state of emergency.All vehicles operated upon the public highways of this State under the authority of this section must: (1) be operated in a safe manner; (2) maintain required limits of insurance; (3) be clearly identified as a utility vehicle or provide appropriate documentation indicating it is a commercial vehicle responding to the emergency. SECTION 56-5-80. [Reserved] SECTION 56-5-90. Driving limitations for intrastate motor carrier driver. (A) For motor carriers subject to this title, an intrastate motor carrier driver may not drive: (1) more than twelve hours following eight consecutive hours off duty; (2) for any period after having been on duty sixteen hours following eight consecutive hours off duty; (3) after having been on duty seventy hours in seven consecutive days; (4) more than eighty hours in eight consecutive days. (B) An intrastate driver is determined by his previous seven days of operation. ARTICLE 3. DEFINITIONSIN GENERALSECTION 56-5-110. Generally. For the purposes of this chapter the words, phrases and terms defined in this article shall have the meanings thereby attributed to them. SUBARTICLE I. . VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENTSECTION 56-5-120. Vehicle. Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks, is a "vehicle." SECTION 56-5-130. Motor vehicle. Every vehicle which is self-propelled, except mopeds, and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, is a "motor vehicle". SECTION 56-5-140. Motorcycle. Every motor vehicle having no more than two permanent functional wheels in contact with the ground or trailer and having a saddle for the use of the rider, but excluding a tractor, is a "motorcycle". SECTION 56-5-145. Automotive three-wheel vehicle defined. An automotive three-wheel vehicle means a motor vehicle having no more than three permanent functional wheels in contact with the ground, having a bench seat for the use of the operator, and having an automotive type steering device, but excludes a tractor and a motorcycle three-wheel vehicle. SECTION 56-5-150. Motor-driven cycle. Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five horsepower is a "motor-driven cycle". SECTION 56-5-155. Motorcycle three-wheel vehicle defined. A motorcycle three-wheel vehicle means a motor vehicle having no more than three permanent functional wheels in contact with the ground and includes motorcycles with detachable side cars, having a saddle type seat for the operator, and handle bars or a motorcycle type steering device, but excludes a tractor or automotive three-wheel vehicle. SECTION 56-5-160. Bicycle. A bicycle is a device propelled solely by pedals, operated by one or more persons, and having two or more wheels, except childrens' tricycles. SECTION 56-5-165. Moped, defined. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 56-5-160, every cycle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power or without pedals and with a motor of not more than fifty cubic centimeters which produces not to exceed two brake horsepower and which is not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed in excess of thirty miles an hour on level ground is a moped.If an internal combustion engine is used, the moped must have a power drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged. SECTION 56-5-170. Authorized emergency vehicles. (A) Authorized emergency vehicles for purposes of this section include the following: (1) fire department vehicles; (2) police vehicles; (3) ambulances and rescue squad vehicles which are publicly owned; (4) vehicles of coroners and deputy coroners of the forty-six counties as designated by the coroners; (5) emergency vehicles designated by the fire department or the chief of police of a municipality; (6) county government litter enforcement vehicles used by certified law enforcement Class 3 litter control officers; (7) Department of Natural Resources vehicles, federal natural resources vehicles, and forestry commission vehicles when being used in the performance of law enforcement duties; (8) public and private vehicles while transporting individuals actually engaged in emergency activities because one or more occupants belong to a fire department, volunteer fire department, police department, sheriff's office, authorized county government litter enforcement office, rescue squad, or volunteer rescue squad; (9) county or municipal government jail or corrections vehicles used by certified jail or corrections officers, and emergency vehicles designated by the Director of the South Carolina Department of Corrections; (10) vehicles designated by the Commissioner of the Department of Health and Environmental Control when being used in the performance of law enforcement or emergency response duties;and (11) federal law enforcement, military, and emergency vehicles. (B) Only authorized emergency vehicles and private security patrol vehicles regulated by the State Law Enforcement Division are allowed use or display of any blue lights or red lights.This includes light bars and smaller lights such as dash, deck, or visor lights.To "display" means to be seen, whether activated or not. (C) A vehicle shall not display the word 'police' unless it is an authorized emergency vehicle for use only by sworn police or other officers who are approved and certified by the South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy. (D) The provisions of this section do not apply to automobile dealerships, to police equipment suppliers that sell, deliver, or equip police vehicles to or for a law enforcement agency, to vehicles owned solely as collector's items and used only for participation in club activities, exhibits, tours, parades, and similar uses, or to persons designated by an agency owning such a vehicle to drive the vehicle or drive an auxiliary vehicle transporting such a vehicle. SECTION 56-5-180. Bus. Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten passengers and used for the transportation of persons and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation is a "bus." SECTION 56-5-190. School bus. Every motor vehicle that complies with the color and identification requirements set forth in Section 59-67-30 and State Board of Education Regulations and Specifications Pertaining to School Buses which is used to transport children to or from public school or in connection with school activities, but not including buses operated by common carriers not exclusively engaged in the transportation of school students and vehicles having school bus markings temporarily removed or covered, is a "school bus". SECTION 56-5-195. School bus safety standards. (A) Effective July 1, 2000, any entity transporting preprimary, primary, or secondary school students to or from school, school-related activities, or child care, and utilizing a vehicle defined as a "school bus" under 49 U.S.C. Section 30125, as defined on April 5, 2000, must transport these students in a vehicle meeting federal school bus safety standards, as contained in 49 U.S.C. Section 30101, et seq., or any successor statutes, and all applicable federal regulations.Nothing in this section prohibits the transportation of children to or from child care in nonconforming vehicles by a State of South Carolina human service provider or public transportation authority as long as each child is accompanied by a parent or legal guardian whose transportation is in connection with his work, education, or training. (B) Notwithstanding subsection (A) of this section, any vehicle that is purchased before July 1, 2000, and is utilized to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary students to or from school, school-related activities, or child care is not subject to the requirements contained in subsection (A) of this section until July 1, 2006.A vehicle that is purchased on or after July 1, 2000, and is utilized to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary students to or from school, school-related activities, or child care is subject to the requirements contained in subsection (A) of this section once the vehicle is utilized for those purposes. (C) Before July 1, 2006, nothing in this section may be construed to create a duty or other obligation to cease utilizing nonconforming vehicles purchased before the effective date of this act. (D) To facilitate compliance with the provisions contained in this section, any entity contained in this section may purchase conforming vehicles under the State of South Carolina contracts for purchase of these vehicles. (E) Nothing in the section prohibits the transportation of students by common carriers that are not exclusively engaged in the transportation of school students or by the entities subject to this section which own or operate these vehicles.However, the motor carriage used by the common carrier or entity to transport students must be designed to carry thirty or more passengers. SECTION 56-5-196. Designation of daycare center as origin or destination for school transportation. The parents or legal guardians of a student who is eligible to receive public school bus transportation must have the option of designating a child daycare center or other before or after school program as the student's origin or destination for school transportation. SECTION 56-5-200. Truck. Every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property is a "truck." SECTION 56-5-210. Truck tractor. Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn is a "truck tractor." SECTION 56-5-220. Farm tractor. Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other implements of husbandry is a "farm tractor." SECTION 56-5-230. Road tractor. Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn is a "road tractor." SECTION 56-5-240. Trailer. Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle is a "trailer." SECTION 56-5-250. Semitrailer. Every vehicle, with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle is a "semitrailer." SECTION 56-5-260. Pole trailer. Every vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle and ordinarily used for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes or structural members capable, generally, of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections is a "pole trailer." SECTION 56-5-270. Railroad. A "railroad" is a carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than streetcars, operated upon stationary rails. SECTION 56-5-280. Railroad train. A "railroad train" is a steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, other than a streetcar. SECTION 56-5-290. Streetcar. A "streetcar" is a car other than a railroad train for transporting persons or property and operated upon rails principally within a municipality. SECTION 56-5-300. Pneumatic tire. Every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load is a "pneumatic tire." SECTION 56-5-310. Solid tire. Every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load is a "solid tire." SECTION 56-5-320. Metal tire. Every tire the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material is a "metal tire." SECTION 56-5-330. Safety glass. "Safety glass" shall mean any product composed of glass, so manufactured, fabricated or treated as substantially to prevent shattering and flying of the glass when struck or broken or such other or similar product as may be approved by the Department of Public Safety. SECTION 56-5-340. Explosive. An "explosive" is any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb. SECTION 56-5-350. Flammable liquid. Any liquid which has a flash point of 70
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  • Title 56 - Motor Vehicles

    CHAPTER 5.

    UNIFORM ACT REGULATING TRAFFIC ON HIGHWAYS

    ARTICLE 1.

    GENERAL PROVISIONS

    SECTION 56-5-10. Short title.

    This chapter may be cited as the "Uniform Act Regulating Traffic on Highways."

    SECTION 56-5-20. Applicability of chapter to vehicles operated upon highways; exceptions.

    The provision of this chapter relating to the operation of vehicles refer exclusively to the operation of vehicles upon highways, except:

    (1) When a different place is specifically referred to in a given section; and

    (2) That the provisions of Articles 9 and 23 shall apply upon highways and elsewhere throughout the State.

    SECTION 56-5-30. Chapter applicable and uniform throughout State; local regulations.

    The provisions of this chapter shall be applicable and uniform throughout this State and in all political subdivisions and municipalities therein, and no local authority shall enact or enforce any ordinance, rule or regulation in conflict with the provisions of this chapter unless expressly authorized herein. Local authorities may, however, subject to the limitations prescribed in Section 56-5-930, adopt additional traffic regulations which are not in conflict with the provisions of this chapter.

    SECTION 56-5-40. Applicability of chapter to roads on Atomic Energy Commission lands in Aiken, Allendale and Barnwell counties.

    All the provisions of this chapter, except Articles 27, 33, 37, and 39 and Section 56-5-910, apply to all roads within the confines of lands in Aiken, Allendale, and Barnwell counties acquired or to be acquired by the United States Government for use of the Department of Energy.

    SECTION 56-5-50. Applicability of chapter to operation of mopeds.

    With the exception of Articles 35 and 37, the provisions of Chapter 5 of Title 56 govern the operation of mopeds on the public highways and streets of this State.

    SECTION 56-5-60. Requirements for envelope containing certain notices.

    The envelope in which a notice required by law to be mailed by the Department of Motor Vehicles is mailed, other than by registered or certified mail, must have printed on it in bold letters "Please Forward".

    SECTION 56-5-70. Certain vehicle requirements suspended during state of emergency.

    Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any other provision of law, during a state of emergency declared by the Governor and for thirty days thereafter, requirements relating to registration, permitting, length, width, weight, load, and time of service are suspended for commercial and utility vehicles that do not exceed a gross weight of ninety thousand pounds and a width of twelve feet responding to the state of emergency. All vehicles operated upon the public highways of this State under the authority of this section must:

    (1) be operated in a safe manner;

    (2) maintain required limits of insurance;

    (3) be clearly identified as a utility vehicle or provide appropriate documentation indicating it is a commercial vehicle responding to the emergency.

    SECTION 56-5-80. [Reserved]

    SECTION 56-5-90. Driving limitations for intrastate motor carrier driver.

    (A) For motor carriers subject to this title, an intrastate motor carrier driver may not drive:

    (1) more than twelve hours following eight consecutive hours off duty;

    (2) for any period after having been on duty sixteen hours following eight consecutive hours off duty;

    (3) after having been on duty seventy hours in seven consecutive days;

    (4) more than eighty hours in eight consecutive days.

    (B) An intrastate driver is determined by his previous seven days of operation.

    ARTICLE 3.

    DEFINITIONS

    IN GENERAL

    SECTION 56-5-110. Generally.

    For the purposes of this chapter the words, phrases and terms defined in this article shall have the meanings thereby attributed to them.

    SUBARTICLE I.

    . VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

    SECTION 56-5-120. Vehicle.

    Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks, is a "vehicle."

    SECTION 56-5-130. Motor vehicle.

    Every vehicle which is self-propelled, except mopeds, and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, is a "motor vehicle".

    SECTION 56-5-140. Motorcycle.

    Every motor vehicle having no more than two permanent functional wheels in contact with the ground or trailer and having a saddle for the use of the rider, but excluding a tractor, is a "motorcycle".

    SECTION 56-5-145. Automotive three-wheel vehicle defined.

    An automotive three-wheel vehicle means a motor vehicle having no more than three permanent functional wheels in contact with the ground, having a bench seat for the use of the operator, and having an automotive type steering device, but excludes a tractor and a motorcycle three-wheel vehicle.

    SECTION 56-5-150. Motor-driven cycle.

    Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five horsepower is a "motor-driven cycle".

    SECTION 56-5-155. Motorcycle three-wheel vehicle defined.

    A motorcycle three-wheel vehicle means a motor vehicle having no more than three permanent functional wheels in contact with the ground and includes motorcycles with detachable side cars, having a saddle type seat for the operator, and handle bars or a motorcycle type steering device, but excludes a tractor or automotive three-wheel vehicle.

    SECTION 56-5-160. Bicycle.

    A bicycle is a device propelled solely by pedals, operated by one or more persons, and having two or more wheels, except childrens' tricycles.

    SECTION 56-5-165. Moped, defined.

    Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 56-5-160, every cycle with pedals to permit propulsion by human power or without pedals and with a motor of not more than fifty cubic centimeters which produces not to exceed two brake horsepower and which is not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed in excess of thirty miles an hour on level ground is a moped. If an internal combustion engine is used, the moped must have a power drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.

    SECTION 56-5-170. Authorized emergency vehicles.

    (A) Authorized emergency vehicles for purposes of this section include the following:

    (1) fire department vehicles;

    (2) police vehicles;

    (3) ambulances and rescue squad vehicles which are publicly owned;

    (4) vehicles of coroners and deputy coroners of the forty-six counties as designated by the coroners;

    (5) emergency vehicles designated by the fire department or the chief of police of a municipality;

    (6) county government litter enforcement vehicles used by certified law enforcement Class 3 litter control officers;

    (7) Department of Natural Resources vehicles, federal natural resources vehicles, and forestry commission vehicles when being used in the performance of law enforcement duties;

    (8) public and private vehicles while transporting individuals actually engaged in emergency activities because one or more occupants belong to a fire department, volunteer fire department, police department, sheriff's office, authorized county government litter enforcement office, rescue squad, or volunteer rescue squad;

    (9) county or municipal government jail or corrections vehicles used by certified jail or corrections officers, and emergency vehicles designated by the Director of the South Carolina Department of Corrections;

    (10) vehicles designated by the Commissioner of the Department of Health and Environmental Control when being used in the performance of law enforcement or emergency response duties; and

    (11) federal law enforcement, military, and emergency vehicles.

    (B) Only authorized emergency vehicles and private security patrol vehicles regulated by the State Law Enforcement Division are allowed use or display of any blue lights or red lights. This includes light bars and smaller lights such as dash, deck, or visor lights. To "display" means to be seen, whether activated or not.

    (C) A vehicle shall not display the word 'police' unless it is an authorized emergency vehicle for use only by sworn police or other officers who are approved and certified by the South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy.

    (D) The provisions of this section do not apply to automobile dealerships, to police equipment suppliers that sell, deliver, or equip police vehicles to or for a law enforcement agency, to vehicles owned solely as collector's items and used only for participation in club activities, exhibits, tours, parades, and similar uses, or to persons designated by an agency owning such a vehicle to drive the vehicle or drive an auxiliary vehicle transporting such a vehicle.

    SECTION 56-5-180. Bus.

    Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten passengers and used for the transportation of persons and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation is a "bus."

    SECTION 56-5-190. School bus.

    Every motor vehicle that complies with the color and identification requirements set forth in Section 59-67-30 and State Board of Education Regulations and Specifications Pertaining to School Buses which is used to transport children to or from public school or in connection with school activities, but not including buses operated by common carriers not exclusively engaged in the transportation of school students and vehicles having school bus markings temporarily removed or covered, is a "school bus".

    SECTION 56-5-195. School bus safety standards.

    (A) Effective July 1, 2000, any entity transporting preprimary, primary, or secondary school students to or from school, school-related activities, or child care, and utilizing a vehicle defined as a "school bus" under 49 U.S.C. Section 30125, as defined on April 5, 2000, must transport these students in a vehicle meeting federal school bus safety standards, as contained in 49 U.S.C. Section 30101, et seq., or any successor statutes, and all applicable federal regulations. Nothing in this section prohibits the transportation of children to or from child care in nonconforming vehicles by a State of South Carolina human service provider or public transportation authority as long as each child is accompanied by a parent or legal guardian whose transportation is in connection with his work, education, or training.

    (B) Notwithstanding subsection (A) of this section, any vehicle that is purchased before July 1, 2000, and is utilized to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary students to or from school, school-related activities, or child care is not subject to the requirements contained in subsection (A) of this section until July 1, 2006. A vehicle that is purchased on or after July 1, 2000, and is utilized to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary students to or from school, school-related activities, or child care is subject to the requirements contained in subsection (A) of this section once the vehicle is utilized for those purposes.

    (C) Before July 1, 2006, nothing in this section may be construed to create a duty or other obligation to cease utilizing nonconforming vehicles purchased before the effective date of this act.

    (D) To facilitate compliance with the provisions contained in this section, any entity contained in this section may purchase conforming vehicles under the State of South Carolina contracts for purchase of these vehicles.

    (E) Nothing in the section prohibits the transportation of students by common carriers that are not exclusively engaged in the transportation of school students or by the entities subject to this section which own or operate these vehicles. However, the motor carriage used by the common carrier or entity to transport students must be designed to carry thirty or more passengers.

    SECTION 56-5-196. Designation of daycare center as origin or destination for school transportation.

    The parents or legal guardians of a student who is eligible to receive public school bus transportation must have the option of designating a child daycare center or other before or after school program as the student's origin or destination for school transportation.

    SECTION 56-5-200. Truck.

    Every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property is a "truck."

    SECTION 56-5-210. Truck tractor.

    Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn is a "truck tractor."

    SECTION 56-5-220. Farm tractor.

    Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other implements of husbandry is a "farm tractor."

    SECTION 56-5-230. Road tractor.

    Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn is a "road tractor."

    SECTION 56-5-240. Trailer.

    Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle is a "trailer."

    SECTION 56-5-250. Semitrailer.

    Every vehicle, with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle is a "semitrailer."

    SECTION 56-5-260. Pole trailer.

    Every vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle and ordinarily used for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes or structural members capable, generally, of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections is a "pole trailer."

    SECTION 56-5-270. Railroad.

    A "railroad" is a carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than streetcars, operated upon stationary rails.

    SECTION 56-5-280. Railroad train.

    A "railroad train" is a steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, other than a streetcar.

    SECTION 56-5-290. Streetcar.

    A "streetcar" is a car other than a railroad train for transporting persons or property and operated upon rails principally within a municipality.

    SECTION 56-5-300. Pneumatic tire.

    Every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load is a "pneumatic tire."

    SECTION 56-5-310. Solid tire.

    Every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load is a "solid tire."

    SECTION 56-5-320. Metal tire.

    Every tire the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material is a "metal tire."

    SECTION 56-5-330. Safety glass.

    "Safety glass" shall mean any product composed of glass, so manufactured, fabricated or treated as substantially to prevent shattering and flying of the glass when struck or broken or such other or similar product as may be approved by the Department of Public Safety.

    SECTION 56-5-340. Explosive.

    An "explosive" is any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb.

    SECTION 56-5-350. Flammable liquid.

    Any liquid which has a flash point of 70

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