State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Nebraska > Chapter48 > 48-1107_02

48-1107.02. Qualified individual with a disability; discrimination, defined.When referring to a qualified individual with a disability, discrimination shall include:(1) Limiting, segregating, or classifying a job applicant or employee in a way that adversely affects the opportunities or status of the applicant or employee because of the disability of the applicant or employee;(2) Participating in a contractual or other arrangement or relationship that has the effect of subjecting a qualified individual with a disability to discrimination in the application or employment process, including a relationship with an employment agency, a labor union, an organization providing fringe benefits to an employee of the covered entity, or an organization providing training and apprenticeship programs;(3) Utilizing standards, criteria, or methods of administration (a) that have the effect of discrimination on the basis of disability or (b) that perpetuate the discrimination against others who are subject to common administrative control;(4) Excluding or otherwise denying equal jobs or benefits to a qualified individual with a disability because of the known disability of an individual with whom the qualified individual with a disability is known to have a relationship or association;(5) Not making reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of an otherwise qualified individual with a disability who is an applicant or employee unless such covered entity can demonstrate that the accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the business of the covered entity;(6) Denying employment opportunities to a job applicant or employee who is otherwise a qualified individual with a disability if the denial is based upon the need of such covered entity to make reasonable accommodation to the physical or mental impairments of the employee or applicant;(7) Using qualification standards, employment tests, or other selection criteria that screen out or tend to screen out an individual with a disability or a class of individuals with disabilities unless the standard, test, or other selection criteria, as used by the covered entity, is shown to be job-related for the position in question and is consistent with business necessity;(8) Failing to select and administer tests concerning employment in the most effective manner to ensure that, when the test is administered to a job applicant or employee who has a disability that impairs sensory, manual, or speaking skills, the test results accurately reflect the skills, aptitude, or whatever other factor of the applicant or employee that the test purports to measure rather than reflecting the impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills of the employee or applicant except when such skills are the factors that the test purports to measure;(9) Conducting a medical examination or making inquiries of a job applicant as to whether the applicant is an individual with a disability or as to the nature or severity of the disability, except that:(a) A covered entity may make preemployment inquiries into the ability of an applicant to perform job-related functions;(b) A test to determine the illegal use of drugs shall not be considered a medical examination; and(c) A covered entity may require a medical examination after an offer of employment has been made to a job applicant and prior to the commencement of the employment duties of the applicant and may condition an offer of employment on the results of the examination if:(i) All entering employees are subjected to such an examination regardless of disability;(ii) Information obtained regarding the medical condition or history of the applicant is collected and maintained on separate forms and in separate medical files and is treated as a confidential medical record, except that (A) supervisors and managers may be informed regarding necessary restrictions on the work or duties of the employee and necessary accommodations, (B) first-aid and safety personnel may be informed, when appropriate, if the disability might require emergency treatment, (C) government officials investigating compliance with the Nebraska Fair Employment Practice Act shall be provided relevant information on request, and (D) information shall be made available in accordance with the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Act; and(iii) The results of the examination are used only in a manner not inconsistent with the Nebraska Fair Employment Practice Act; and(10) Requiring a medical examination or making inquiries of an employee as to whether the employee is an individual with a disability or as to the nature or severity of the disability, unless the examination or inquiry is shown to be job-related and consistent with business necessity. A test to determine the illegal use of drugs shall not be considered a medical examination. A covered entity may conduct voluntary medical examinations, including voluntary medical histories, which are part of an employee health program available to employees at the worksite and may make inquiries into the ability of an employee to perform job-related functions if the information obtained regarding the medical condition or history of the employee is subject to the requirements in subdivisions (9)(c)(ii) and (iii) of this section. SourceLaws 1993, LB 360, § 6. Cross ReferencesNebraska Workers' Compensation Act, see section 48-1,110.