State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Nebraska > Chapter77 > 77-203

77-203. Property taxes; when due; first lien.All property taxes levied for any county, city, village, or other political subdivision therein shall be due and payable on December 31 next following the date of levy except as provided in section 77-1214. Commencing on that date taxes on real property shall be a first lien on the property taxed until paid or extinguished as provided by law. Taxes on personal property shall be a first lien upon the personal property of the person to whom assessed until paid. SourceLaws 1903, c. 73, § 14, p. 390; R.S.1913, § 6302; Laws 1919, c. 163, § 1, p. 367; Laws 1921, c. 133, art. II, § 3, p. 547; C.S.1922, § 5822; C.S.1929, § 77-203; Laws 1933, c. 134, § 1, p. 513; Laws 1935, c. 151, § 1, p. 557; Laws 1937, c. 167, § 2, p. 636; Laws 1939, c. 98, § 2, p. 421; Laws 1941, c. 157, § 2, p. 607; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 77-1959; R.S.1943, § 77-203; Laws 1959, c. 354, § 4, p. 1249; Laws 1969, c. 645, § 1, p. 2559; Laws 1971, LB 945, § 3; Laws 1997, LB 269, § 35; Laws 1998, LB 1104, § 7. Cross ReferencesReal property taxes, extinguishment, see section 77-1861. Annotations1. First lien2. Miscellaneous1. First lienAll general real property taxes are a first lien. Polenz v. City of Ravenna, 145 Neb. 845, 18 N.W.2d 510 (1945).Lien of taxes is not satisfied by statutory sale of property, but the sale only operates to transfer the lien to the purchaser. Coffin v. Old Line Life Ins. Co., 138 Neb. 857, 295 N.W. 884 (1941).Special assessments are subsequent to general taxes in distribution of proceeds of tax foreclosure sale. Douglas County v. Shannon, 125 Neb. 783, 252 N.W. 199 (1934).Since taxes are required to be paid and are a first lien on land, agreement to pay taxes and highest rate of interest is usurious and invalidates mortgage to extent of usury. Matthews v. Guenther, 120 Neb. 742, 235 N.W. 98 (1931).Taxes take precedence over all other liens. Merriam v. Goodlett, 36 Neb. 384, 54 N.W. 686 (1893); Mutual Ben. Life Ins. Co. v. Siefken, 1 Neb. Unof. 860, 96 N.W. 603 (1901).Lien of taxes due to county was inferior to perfected loan of agency of United States. United States v. Hauff, 267 F.Supp. 390 (D. Neb. 1966).Proceeds of sale of real estate of bankrupt corporation were allocated first to county for real estate taxes. In re Independent Truckers, Inc., 226 F.Supp. 440 (D. Neb. 1963).2. MiscellaneousUnder this section, property tax liability is not determinable or chargeable until December 31 following the prior year. Under this section, property tax liability is not apportionable between the real estate life tenant and the remaindermen. In re Estate of Olsen, 254 Neb. 809, 579 N.W.2d 529 (1998).Where right to levy certain taxes is clearly conferred on cities of metropolitan class, such cities may supply the details necessary for full exercise of such power. Chicago & N. W. Ry. Co. v. Bauman, 132 Neb. 67, 271 N.W. 256 (1937).Life tenant should pay taxes on land during continuance of his estate. Spiech v. Tierney, 56 Neb. 514, 76 N.W. 1090 (1898).