State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > New-mexico > Chapter-3 > Article-60a > Section-3-60a-10

3-60A-10. Powers of municipality.

A municipality shall have all the powers, other than the power of eminent domain, necessary or convenient to carry out and effectuate the purposes and provisions of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code [3-60A-1 to 3-60A-13, 3-60A-14 to 3-60A-48 NMSA 1978], including but not necessarily limited to the following powers: 

A.     to undertake and carry out metropolitan redevelopment projects within its area of operation, including clearance and redevelopment, rehabilitation, conservation and development activities and programs; to make, enter into and execute contracts and other agreements and instruments necessary or convenient to the exercise of its powers under the Redevelopment Law [3-60A-5 to 3-60A-13, 3-60A-14 to 3-60A-18 NMSA 1978]; and to disseminate information regarding slum clearance, prevention of blight and the metropolitan redevelopment projects and areas; 

B.     to provide, arrange or contract for the furnishing or repair by a public or private person or agency for services, privileges, works, streets, roads, public utilities, public buildings or other facilities for or in connection with a metropolitan redevelopment project; to, within its area of operation, install, acquire, construct, reconstruct, remodel, rehabilitate, maintain and operate streets, utilities, parks, buildings, playgrounds and public buildings, including but not limited to parking facilities, transportation centers, public safety buildings and other public improvements or facilities or improvements for public purposes, as may be required by the municipality, the state or a political subdivision of the state; to agree to conditions that it may deem reasonable and appropriate that are attached to federal financial assistance and imposed pursuant to federal law, including conditions relating to the determination of prevailing salaries or wages or compliance with federal and state labor standards, compliance with federal property acquisition policy and the provision of relocation assistance in accordance with federal law in the undertaking or carrying out of a metropolitan redevelopment project; and to include in a contract let in connection with the project provisions to fulfill these conditions as it may deem reasonable and appropriate; provided, however, that all purchases of personal property shall be in accordance with the Procurement Code [13-1-28 NMSA 1978]; 

C.     within its area of operation, to inspect any building or property in a metropolitan redevelopment area in order to make surveys, appraisals, soundings or test borings and to obtain an order for this purpose from a court of competent jurisdiction in the event inspection is denied by the property owner or occupant; to acquire, by purchase, lease, option, gift, grant, bequest, devise or otherwise, any real property or personal property for its administrative or project purposes, together with any improvements thereon; to hold, improve, clear or prepare for redevelopment any such property; to mortgage, pledge, hypothecate or otherwise encumber or dispose of any real property; to insure or provide for the insurance of real or personal property or operations of the municipality against risks or hazards, including the power to pay premiums on that insurance; and to enter into contracts necessary to effectuate the purposes of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code; 

D.     to invest metropolitan redevelopment project funds held in reserve, sinking funds or other project funds that are not required for immediate disbursement in property or securities in which municipalities may legally invest funds subject to their control; to redeem bonds as have been issued pursuant to the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code at the redemption price established in the bonds or to purchase the bonds at less than redemption price.  Bonds so redeemed or purchased shall be canceled; 

E.     to borrow or lend money subject to those procedures and limitations as may be provided in the constitution of New Mexico or the Municipal Code [3-1-1 NMSA 1978] and to apply for and accept advances, loans, grants, contributions and other forms of financial assistance from the federal government, the state, the county or other public body or from sources, public or private, for the purposes of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code; and to give security as may be required and subject to the provisions and limitations of general law except as may otherwise be provided by the Redevelopment Law and to enter into and carry out contracts in connection with that law.  A municipality may include in a contract for financial assistance with the federal government for a metropolitan redevelopment project conditions imposed pursuant to federal law that the municipality may deem reasonable or appropriate and that are not inconsistent with the purposes of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code; 

F.     within its area of operation, to make plans necessary for the carrying out of the purposes of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code and to contract with any person, public or private, in making and carrying out such plans and to adopt or approve, modify and amend the plans.  The plans may include without limitation: 

(1)     a general plan for redevelopment of the metropolitan area as a whole; 

(2)     redevelopment plans for specific areas; 

(3)     plans for programs of voluntary or assisted repair and rehabilitation of buildings and improvements; 

(4)     plans for the enforcement of state and local laws, codes and regulations relating to the use of land and the use and occupancy of buildings and improvements and to the compulsory repair, rehabilitation, demolition or removal of buildings and improvements; and  

(5)     appraisals, title searches, surveys, studies and other preliminary plans and work necessary to prepare for the undertaking of metropolitan redevelopment projects;  

G.     to develop, test and report methods and techniques and carry out demonstrations and other activities for the prevention and elimination of slums and urban blight and to pay for, accept and use grants of funds from the federal government for those purposes; 

H.     to prepare plans for the relocation of families displaced from a metropolitan redevelopment area to the extent essential for acquiring possession of and clearing the area or its parts or permit the carrying out of the metropolitan redevelopment project; 

I.     to appropriate under existing authority the funds and make expenditures necessary to carry out the purposes of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code and under existing authority to levy taxes and assessments for such purposes; to close, vacate, plan or replan streets, roads, sidewalks, ways or other places; in accordance with applicable law or ordinances, to plan or replan, zone or rezone any part of the municipality or make exceptions from building regulations; and to enter into agreements with a metropolitan redevelopment agency vested with metropolitan redevelopment project powers, which agreements may extend over any period, notwithstanding any provision or rule of law to the contrary, respecting action to be taken by the municipality pursuant to the powers granted by the Redevelopment Law; 

J.     within its area of operation, to organize, coordinate and direct the administration of the provisions of the Redevelopment Law as they apply to the municipality in order that the objective of remedying slum areas and blighted areas and preventing the causes of those areas within the municipality may be most effectively promoted and achieved and to establish any new office of the municipality or to reorganize existing offices as necessary; 

K.     to acquire real property that is appropriate for the preservation or restoration of historic sites; the beautification of urban land; the conservation of open spaces, natural resources and scenic areas; or the provision of recreational opportunities; or that is to be used for public purposes; 

L.     to engage in the following activities as part of a metropolitan redevelopment project: 

(1)     acquisition, construction, reconstruction or installation of public works, facilities and site or other improvements, including but not limited to neighborhood facilities, senior citizen centers, historic properties, utilities, streets, street lights, water and sewer facilities, including connections for residential users, foundations and platforms for air-rights sites, pedestrian malls and walkways, parks, playgrounds and other recreation facilities, flood and drainage facilities, parking facilities, solid waste disposal facilities and fire protection or health facilities that serve designated areas; 

(2)     special projects directed to the removal of materials and architectural barriers that restrict the mobility and accessibility of elderly and disabled persons; 

(3)     provision of public services in the metropolitan redevelopment area that are not otherwise available in the area, including but not limited to the provisions of public services directed to the employment, economic development, crime prevention, child care, health, drug abuse, welfare or recreation needs of the people who reside in the metropolitan redevelopment area; 

(4)     payment of the nonfederal share of any federal grant-in-aid program to the municipality that will be a part of a metropolitan redevelopment project; 

(5)     if federal funds are used in the project to provide for payment of relocation costs and assistance to individuals, families, businesses, organizations and farm operations displaced as a direct result of a metropolitan redevelopment project in accordance with applicable law governing such payment; 

(6)     payment of reasonable administrative costs and carrying charges related to the planning and execution of plans and projects; 

(7)     economic and marketing studies to determine the economic condition of an area and to determine the viability of certain economic ventures proposed for the metropolitan redevelopment area; 

(8)     issuance of bonds, grants or loans as authorized by the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code in accordance with the requirements of that code; and 

(9)     grants to nonprofit corporations, local development corporations or entities organized under Section 301 (d) of the federal Small Business Investment Act of 1958 for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code; 

M.     if payments are to be made by the municipality or metropolitan redevelopment agency under the terms of a contract for reconstruction or rehabilitation of private property payments shall be made from a special fund created for that purpose and shall not be paid directly to the property owner but shall instead be paid to the contractor by the municipality or agency from such fund upon proper authorization of the property owner and notification that the terms of the contract have been fulfilled.  However, those rehabilitation contracts shall be between the property owner and the contractor after a sealed bidding procedure and award of contract approved by the municipality has taken place; 

N.     in a metropolitan redevelopment project or rehabilitation or conservation undertaking or activity, to exercise the following powers in one or more metropolitan redevelopment areas to include the elimination and prevention of the development or spread of slums or blight and may involve slum clearance and redevelopment in that area or rehabilitation or conservation in that area or any combination or part of those areas in accordance with a metropolitan redevelopment plan and for undertakings or activities of a municipality in a metropolitan redevelopment area to eliminate the conditions that caused an area to be so designated and may include the following: 

(1)     acquisition of real property within the metropolitan redevelopment area pursuant to any powers and for purposes enumerated in the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code; 

(2)     clearing the land, grading the land and replatting the land in accordance with the metropolitan redevelopment plan; installation, construction or reconstruction of roads, streets, gutters, sidewalks, storm drainage facilities, water lines or water supply installations, sewer lines and sewage disposal installations, steam, gas and electric lines and installations, airport facilities and construction of any other needed public facilities or buildings whether on or off the site if deemed necessary by the local governing body to prepare the land in the metropolitan redevelopment area for residential, commercial, industrial and public use in accordance with the metropolitan redevelopment plan; and 

(3)     making the land available for development by private enterprise or public agencies, including sale, initial leasing, leasing or retention by the municipality itself, at its fair market value for uses in accordance with the metropolitan redevelopment plan for the area; 

O.     the municipality is empowered in a metropolitan redevelopment area to undertake slum clearance and redevelopment that includes: 

(1)     acquisition of a slum area or a blighted area or portion thereof; 

(2)     demolition and removal of buildings and improvements; 

(3)     installation, construction, reconstruction, maintenance and operation of streets, utilities, storm drainage facilities, curbs and gutters, parks, playgrounds, single- or multi-family dwelling units, buildings, public buildings, including but not limited to parking facilities, transportation centers, safety buildings and other improvements, necessary for carrying out in the area the provisions of an approved plan for the area; and 

(4)     making the real property available for development or redevelopment by private enterprise or public agencies, including sale, leasing or retention by the municipality itself, at its fair value for uses in accordance with the metropolitan redevelopment area plan; and 

P.     to engage in rehabilitation or conservation that includes the restoration and renewal of a slum or blighted area or portion thereof in accordance with any approved plan, by: 

(1)     carrying out plans for a program of voluntary or compulsory repair and rehabilitation of buildings or other improvements; 

(2)     acquisition of real property and demolition or removal of buildings and improvements thereon where necessary to eliminate unhealthful, unsanitary or unsafe conditions, lessen or increase density, eliminate obsolete or other uses detrimental to the public welfare or to otherwise remove or prevent the spread of blight or deterioration or to provide land for needed public facilities; 

(3)     installation, construction or reconstruction of streets, utilities, parks, playgrounds and other improvements necessary for carrying out in the area the provisions of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code; 

(4)     the disposition of any property acquired in such an area, including sale, leasing or retention by the municipality itself, for uses in accordance with such an approved plan; 

(5)     acquisition of real property in the area which, under a plan, is to be repaired or rehabilitated; 

(6)     repair or rehabilitation of structures within the area; 

(7)     power to resell repaired or rehabilitated property; 

(8)     acquisition, without regard to any  requirement that the area be a slum or blighted area, of air-rights in an area consisting principally of land on which is located a highway, railway, bridge or subway tracks or tunnel entrance or other similar facilities that have a blighting influence on the surrounding area and over which air-rights sites are to be developed for the elimination of such blighting influences; and 

(9)     making loans or grants or authorizing the use of the proceeds of bonds issued pursuant to the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code for the purpose of repairing, remodeling, modifying or otherwise reconstructing a building or buildings located in the metropolitan redevelopment area.  Such rehabilitation or conservation with use of funds expended by authority of the Metropolitan Redevelopment Code or by metropolitan revenue bonds authorized by that code shall be authorized only after approval by the local governing body and after it has been determined that such expenditure is in accordance with the metropolitan redevelopment plan for that area.