State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > North-carolina > Chapter_90 > GS_90-21_20

Article 1C.

Physicians and HospitalReports.

§ 90‑21.20.  Reportingby physicians and hospitals of wounds, injuries and illnesses.

(a)        Such cases ofwounds, injuries or illnesses as are enumerated in subsection (b) shall bereported as soon as it becomes practicable before, during or after completionof treatment of a person suffering such wounds, injuries, or illnesses. If suchcase is treated in a hospital, sanitarium or other medical institution orfacility, such report shall be made by the Director, Administrator, or otherperson designated by the Director or Administrator, or if such case is treatedelsewhere, such report shall be made by the physician or surgeon treating thecase, to the chief of police or the police authorities of the city or town of thisState in which the hospital or other institution, or place of treatment islocated. If such hospital or other institution or place of treatment is locatedoutside the corporate limits of a city or town, then the report shall be madeby the proper person in the manner set forth above to the sheriff of therespective county or to one of his deputies.

(b)        Cases of wounds,injuries or illnesses which shall be reported by physicians, and hospitalsinclude every case of a bullet wound, gunshot wound, powder burn or any otherinjury arising from or caused by, or appearing to arise from or be caused by,the discharge of a gun or firearm, every case of illness apparently caused bypoisoning, every case of a wound or injury caused, or apparently caused, by aknife or sharp or pointed instrument if it appears to the physician or surgeontreating the case that a criminal act was involved, and every case of a wound,injury or illness in which there is grave bodily harm or grave illness if itappears to the physician or surgeon treating the case that the wound, injury orillness resulted from a criminal act of violence.

(c)        Each report madepursuant to subsections (a) and (b) above shall state the name of the wounded,ill or injured person, if known, and the age, sex, race, residence or presentlocation, if known, and the character and extent of his injuries.

(c1)      In addition to thereporting requirements of subsection (b) of this section, cases involvingrecurrent illness or serious physical injury to any child under the age of 18years where the illness or injury appears, in the physician's professionaljudgment, to be the result of non‑accidental trauma shall be reported bythe physician as soon as it becomes practicable before, during, or aftercompletion of treatment. If the case is treated in a hospital, sanitarium, orother medical institution or facility, the report shall be made by theDirector, Administrator, or other person designated by the Director orAdministrator of the medical institution or facility, or if the case is treatedelsewhere, the report shall be made by the physician or surgeon treating thecase to the chief of police or the police authorities of the city or town inthis State in which the hospital or other institution or place of treatment islocated. If the hospital or other institution or place of treatment is locatedoutside the corporate limits of a city or town, then the report shall be madeby the proper person in the manner set forth above to the sheriff of therespective county or to one of the sheriff's deputies. This reportingrequirement is in addition to the duty set forth in G.S. 7B‑301 to reportchild abuse, neglect, dependence, or the death of any juvenile as the result ofmaltreatment to the director of the department of social services in the countywhere the juvenile resides or is found.

(d)        Any hospital,sanitarium, or other like institution or Director, Administrator, or otherdesignated person, or physician or surgeon participating in good faith in themaking of a report pursuant to this section shall have immunity from anyliability, civil or criminal, that might otherwise be incurred or imposed asthe result of the making of such report.  (1971, c. 4; 1977, c. 31; c. 843, s. 2; 2008‑179,s. 1.)