State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > North-dakota > T151 > T151c07

Download pdf
Loading PDF...


CHAPTER 15.1-07SCHOOL DISTRICTS15.1-07-01. School district - Corporate powers.1.Each school district in this state is a public school district governed by the provisions<br>of this title. Each school district is a body corporate. Each school district may sue<br>and be sued, contract, and convey any real and personal property that comes into its<br>possession.2.The board of education of the city of Fargo is a body corporate. It has the power to<br>sue and be sued and to contract with others. It possesses all the powers usual and<br>incidental to a body corporate.15.1-07-02. School district - Name change.1.In order for the name of a school district to be changed, the question must be placed<br>before and approved by a majority of the district's qualified voters at a district<br>election. The school board may place the question on the ballot by resolution and<br>shall place the question on the ballot if it receives a petition signed by qualified<br>electors of the district equal in number to at least one-third of those who voted at the<br>most recent annual school district election.2.The proposed name change must include the phrase &quot;school district&quot; or &quot;public<br>school district&quot; and may include no more than two additional words.3.If a majority of the district's qualified voters approve the name change, the district<br>must be renamed accordingly.4.The business manager of the district shall provide notification of the new name to<br>the county auditor, the county superintendent of schools, and the superintendent of<br>public instruction.15.1-07-03. District's limit of indebtedness - Resolution.1.The board of a school district may by resolution place on the ballot of any regular or<br>special election the question of increasing the district's limit of indebtedness, beyond<br>that fixed by the constitution, by five percent of the assessed valuation of all taxable<br>property in the district.2.The board of a school district shall place on the ballot of the next regular or special<br>election the question of increasing the district's limit of indebtedness, beyond that<br>fixed by the constitution, by five percent of the assessed valuation of all taxable<br>property in the district, if the board receives a petition requesting the increase and<br>signed by qualified electors of the district equal in number to at least one-third of<br>those who voted at the most recent annual school district election.15.1-07-04. District's limit of indebtedness - Election - Notice. If an election is toinclude a question regarding an increase in the school district's limit of indebtedness, the board of<br>the school district shall ensure that the question is clearly stated in the notice of election. If the<br>board calls a special election to vote on the question of increasing the district's limit of<br>indebtedness, the board shall publish notice of the election in the official newspaper of the<br>district, at least fourteen days before the date of the election.15.1-07-05.District's limit of indebtedness - Ballot.In an election to increase aschool district's limit of indebtedness, the ballots must state the question in clear and concise<br>language.Page No. 115.1-07-06. District's limit of indebtedness - Increase. If a majority of the votes castare in favor of increasing the school district's limit of indebtedness, the limit is raised to ten<br>percent of the assessed valuation of all taxable property in the district.15.1-07-07.District's limit of indebtedness - Increase - Notification of countyauditor. If a majority of the votes cast are in favor of increasing the school district's limit of<br>indebtedness, the president of the school board and the school district business manager shall<br>inform the county auditor, in writing, of the election results and of the fact that the district's limit of<br>indebtedness has been increased to ten percent of the assessed valuation of all taxable property<br>in the district.15.1-07-08. School district funds - Transfers. At the time of preparing the annualbudget, a school board, by resolution, may transfer from the general fund of the district the<br>amount of money, in whole or in part, by which the balance in the general fund exceeds the<br>amount that would be required for the general reserve fund in the ensuing fiscal year, into any<br>sinking funds of the district established and held for the payment of outstanding bonds.15.1-07-09. Sinking fund - Transfers - Increases. If a school board transfers moneyinto a sinking fund, the board may not consider the money to be cash on hand when computing<br>the budget for the ensuing fiscal year. A school board may not through transfers increase a<br>sinking fund to the extent that the sinking fund is greater than the amount needed to pay the<br>bond issue in full.15.1-07-10. Activities fund. The board of a school district shall establish an activitiesfund for the support of school-related extracurricular activities.The school district businessmanager shall deposit all receipts from extracurricular activities in the activities fund.Thebusiness manager shall submit to the school board a monthly report of receipts, expenditures,<br>and balances in the activities fund.15.1-07-11. Incidental revolving fund. The board of a school district may establish arevolving fund from which to pay incidental expenses. The board shall establish the amount to<br>be retained in the incidental fund and must draw the amount from the general fund of the district.<br>The school district superintendent or another school administrator designated to draw checks on<br>the fund shall submit a monthly report to the school board listing the checks drawn, the payee,<br>and the purpose for which each check was drawn.15.1-07-12.Negotiable instruments - Disbursement of moneys by businessmanager.1.a.The board of a school district may adopt policies governing the disbursement of<br>school district moneys by the business manager.b.The policies adopted under subdivision a may include:(1)The authorization, creation, and approval of negotiable instruments;(2)The use of credit or debit cards;(3)The payment of invoices;(4)The use of petty cash;(5)The use of electronic payments; and(6)The use of facsimile signatures.c.The policies adopted under subdivision a must include internal controls to<br>safeguard school district moneys.Page No. 22.If the board of a school district has not adopted policies to govern the disbursement<br>of school district moneys by the business manager, the business manager may<br>disburse moneys only by issuance of a negotiable instrument upon presentation of a<br>bill or invoice, the payment of which has been authorized by the president of the<br>school board, and only if there are sufficient moneys available for the disbursement.<br>Upon issuing a negotiable instrument, the business manager shall make a record of<br>the instrument.15.1-07-13. Negotiable instruments - Cancellation - Description in minutes. Theboard of a school district, at a regular meeting, may cancel all negotiable instruments that have<br>remained unpaid for one year or more. Before canceling a negotiable instrument, the board shall<br>enter in its minutes a brief description of the instrument, including the name of the payee, and the<br>number, date, and amount of each instrument to be canceled. If any party entitled to payment<br>appears and shows cause for the delay in presenting the instrument for payment, the board may<br>issue a new instrument in the amount to which the party is entitled, unless the board is barred<br>from so doing by the statute of limitations.15.1-07-14. Qualified elector.1.An individual who is a qualified elector of this state may:a.Vote to elect board members for the school district in which the individual<br>resides.b.Serve as a board member for the school district in which the individual resides.c.Serve as a judge or clerk of election for the school district in which the<br>individual resides.d.Serve as the business manager of a school district.2.For the purposes of elections held under this chapter, an individual residing on a<br>military installation is deemed to be a resident of a school district if the school district<br>admits students from the military installation pursuant to a contract and receives<br>impact aid pursuant to Public Law No. 81-874 [64 Stat. 1100; 20 U.S.C. 236 et seq.],<br>as amended.15.1-07-15. School district election - Violation - Penalty. An individual who willfullyviolates the provisions of this title in relation to elections is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.15.1-07-16. New district - Enumeration. The board of a school district organized afterthe annual enumeration has been taken shall proceed immediately to take the enumeration, as<br>provided by law, and after receipt of the enumeration by the superintendent of public instruction,<br>the newly organized district shall receive its share of apportioned funds.15.1-07-17. School district contracts - Conflict of interest - Penalty.1.A school board member or other school officer who has a conflict of interest in any<br>contract requiring the expenditure of school funds shall disclose the conflict to the<br>board and may not participate in any discussions or votes regarding that contract<br>without the consent of all other board members.2.For purposes of this section, a conflict of interest means the personal, professional,<br>or pecuniary interest of an individual, the individual's spouse or relative, or the<br>individual's business or professional associate.3.Any person who violates this section is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.Page No. 315.1-07-18. Offer of reward - Purchase of school supplies - Penalty. It is a class Amisdemeanor for any person to give or offer to a county superintendent of schools, a school<br>board member, or a school district employee a commission, fee, or other reward for the purchase<br>by the district of any textbooks, furniture, or school supplies.15.1-07-19.Reward for purchase of school supplies - Penalty.It is a class Bmisdemeanor for a county superintendent of schools, a school board member, or a school district<br>employee to accept a commission, fee, or other reward for the purchase by the district of any<br>textbooks, furniture, or school supplies.15.1-07-20. School vehicle driver - Requirements.1.a.Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if an individual transports<br>students or other passengers in a school vehicle for which a commercial<br>driver's license is not required, the individual must:(1)Hold a North Dakota driver's license;(2)Be free from communicable diseases;(3)Be in good physical health and have normal use of both hands, both feet,<br>both eyes, and both ears;(4)Be of sound mental health;(5)Pass any drug and alcohol screening tests required by the school board;<br>and(6)Be at least twenty-one years of age, unless the board of a school district<br>determines that an individual not meeting this requirement can safely and<br>adequately perform the required duties.b.If the vehicle being used to transport students or other passengers under this<br>subsection is a school vehicle for which a commercial driver's license is not<br>required, but which is designed to seat ten to fifteen passengers, the individual<br>must:(1)Hold a North Dakota driver's license;(2)Meet the physical and medical requirements established for commercial<br>vehicle drivers;(3)Complete any annual training required by the superintendent of public<br>instruction; and(4)Be at least twenty-one years of age, unless the board of a school district<br>determines that an individual not meeting this requirement can safely and<br>adequately perform the required duties.2.The board of a school district may request, at any time, that a health care<br>professional designated by the board examine an individual to determine if the<br>individual meets the physical and medical requirements of subsection 1.Anyexamination costs that remain after application of the individual's insurance<br>coverage are the responsibility of the board.15.1-07-21. School district business manager - Duties. The business manager of aschool district shall:1.Keep a true and accurate record of all school board proceedings.Page No. 42.Hold all books and records of the district and deliver them to the business manager's<br>successor in office.3.Prepare and submit an annual report to the board and to the county superintendent<br>of schools.4.Authorize the preparation of all negotiable instruments as directed by the board.5.Perform all duties required by law.6.Perform duties required by the board.7.Keep true and accurate district financial records.8.Prepare and submit a school district financial report to the board quarterly or in the<br>case of a business manager for a district having only one-room or two-room schools,<br>to submit the report at the request of the board.9.Produce all district financial records when directed to do so by the board.10.Maintain custody of all district moneys coming into the business manager's hands.11.Pay out district moneys under the business manager's control as directed by the<br>board.12.Receive and maintain custody of all moneys to which the district or the board is<br>entitled.15.1-07-22.School district business manager - Affirmation or oath of office.Repealed by S.L. 2001, ch. 161, <!-- END .shortcode-content --> </div> </div> <!-- END .main-content-left --> </div> <!-- BEGIN .main-content-right --> <div class="main-content-right"> <!-- BEGIN .main-nosplit --> <div class="main-nosplit"> <!--<div class="widget-0 first panel"> <h3>Advertising</h3> <script type="text/javascript"> /* var rkbspt = document.createElement('script'); rkbspt.type = 'text/javascript'; rkbspt.src = 'https://c.amazon-adsystem.com/aax2/getads.js'; var rkbscpt = document.querySelector('.widget-0.panel').appendChild(rkbspt); rkbscpt.onload = function(){ aax_getad_mpb({ "slot_uuid":"557c365d-8984-4710-a63b-62d1baabc10e" }); }; */ </script> <script id="mNCC" language="javascript"> medianet_width = "336"; medianet_height = "280"; medianet_crid = "436333511"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; </script> <script src="//contextual.media.net/nmedianet.js?cid=8CUC4DD64"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> var e9 = new Object(); e9.size = "300x250"; e9.noAd = 1; </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//tags.expo9.exponential.com/tags/Lawscom/BTF/tags.js"></script> </div>--> <div class="widget_text widget-1 first panel"><div class="textwidget custom-html-widget"><script type="text/javascript"><!-- e9 = new Object(); e9.size = "300x250,300x600"; e9.noAd = 1; //--></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//tags.expo9.exponential.com/tags/Lawscom/ROS/tags.js"></script></div></div><div class="widget_text widget-2 panel"><div class="textwidget custom-html-widget"><script type="text/javascript"><!-- e9 = new Object(); e9.size = "300x250,300x600"; e9.noAd = 1; //--></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//tags.expo9.exponential.com/tags/Lawscom/ROS/tags.js"></script></div></div><div class="widget-3 panel"><h3>Important Links</h3><div class="menu-top-menu-container"><ul id="menu-top-menu" class="menu"><li id="menu-item-154" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-154 custom-class-1"><a href="https://www.laws.com/">Laws</a></li> <li id="menu-item-155" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-155 custom-class-2"><a href="https://lawyer.laws.com/">Lawyers</a></li> <li id="menu-item-156" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-156 custom-class-3"><a href="https://find.laws.com/">Find Laws</a></li> <li id="menu-item-157" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-157 custom-class-4"><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/">Legal Forms</a></li> <li id="menu-item-158" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-158 custom-class-5"><a href="https://state-laws.laws.com/">State Laws</a></li> </ul></div></div><div class="widget_text widget-4 panel"><div class="textwidget custom-html-widget"><script type="text/javascript"><!-- e9 = new Object(); e9.size = "300x250,300x600"; e9.noAd = 1; //--></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//tags.expo9.exponential.com/tags/Lawscom/ROS/tags.js"></script></div></div><div class="widget_text widget-5 panel"><div class="textwidget custom-html-widget"><script type="text/javascript"><!-- e9 = new Object(); e9.size = "300x250,300x600"; e9.noAd = 1; //--></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//tags.expo9.exponential.com/tags/Lawscom/ROS/tags.js"></script></div></div><div class="widget_text widget-6 last panel"><div class="textwidget custom-html-widget"><script type="text/javascript"><!-- e9 = new Object(); e9.size = "300x250,300x600"; e9.noAd = 1; //--></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//tags.expo9.exponential.com/tags/Lawscom/ROS/tags.js"></script></div></div> <!-- END .main-nosplit --> </div> <!-- END .main-content-right --> </div> <div class="clear-float"></div> <!-- END .wrapper --> </div> <!-- BEGIN .content --> </div> <!-- BEGIN .footer --> <div class="footer"> <!-- BEGIN .wrapper --> <div class="wrapper"> <div class="banner-block"> <!-- <a href="https://www.orange-themes.com" target="_blank"><img src="https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/images/banner-468x60.jpg" alt="" title="" /></a>--> </div> <!-- Disable breaking news slider - Peter - 7 Apr 2015 --> <!-- BEGIN .footer-content --> <div class="footer-content"> <div class="left"> <ul> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/alabama-forms">Alabama Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/alaska-forms">Alaska Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/arizona-forms">Arizona Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/arkansas-forms">Arkansas Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/california-forms">California Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/colorado-forms">Colorado Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/connecticut-forms">Connecticut Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/district-of-columbia-forms">District Of Columbia Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/delaware-forms">Delaware Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/florida-forms">Florida Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/georgia-forms">Georgia Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/idaho-forms">Idaho Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/hawaii-forms">Hawaii Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/illinois-forms">Illinois Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/indiana-forms">Indiana Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/iowa-forms">Iowa Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/kansas-forms">Kansas Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/kentucky-forms">Kentucky Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/louisiana-forms">Louisiana Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/maine-forms">Maine Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/maryland-forms">Maryland Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/massachusetts-forms">Massachusetts Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/michigan-forms">Michigan Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/minnesota-forms">Minnesota Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/mississippi-forms">Mississippi Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/missouri-forms">Missouri Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/montana-forms">Montana Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/nebraska-forms">Nebraska Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/nevada-forms">Nevada Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/new-hampshire-forms">New Hampshire Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/new-jersey-forms">New Jersey Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/new-mexico-forms">New Mexico Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/new-york-forms">New York Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/north-carolina-forms">North Carolina Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/north-dakota-forms">North Dakota Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/ohio-forms">Ohio Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/oklahoma-forms">Oklahoma Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/oregon-forms">Oregon Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/pennsylvania-forms">Pennsylvania Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/rhode-island-forms">Rhode Island Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/south-carolina-forms">South Carolina Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/south-dakota-forms">South Dakota Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/tennessee-forms">Tennessee Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/texas-forms">Texas Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/utah-forms">Utah Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/vermont-forms">Vermont Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/virginia-forms">Virginia Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/washington-forms">Washington Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/west-virginia-forms">West Virginia Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/wisconsin-forms">Wisconsin Forms</a></li> <li><a href="https://legal-forms.laws.com/wyoming-forms">Wyoming Forms</a></li> </ul> <div> <ul> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/alabama">Alabama Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/alaska">Alaska Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/arizona">Arizona Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/arkansas">Arkansas Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/california">California Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/connecticut">Connecticut Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/delaware">Delaware Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/district-of-columbia">District of Columbia Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/florida">Florida Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/georgia">Georgia Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/hawaii">Hawaii Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/idaho">Idaho Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/illinois">Illinois Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/indiana">Indiana Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/iowa">Iowa Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/kansas">Kansas Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/kentucky">Kentucky Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/louisiana">Louisiana Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/maine">Maine Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/maryland">Maryland Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/massachusetts">Massachusetts Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/michigan">Michigan Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/minnesota">Minnesota Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/mississippi">Mississippi Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/missouri">Missouri Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/montana">Montana Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/nebraska">Nebraska Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/nevada">Nevada Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/new-hampshire">New Hampshire Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/new-jersey">New Jersey Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/new-mexico">New Mexico Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/new-york">New York Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/north-carolina">North Carolina Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/north-dakota">North Dakota Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/ohio">Ohio Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/oklahoma">Oklahoma Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/oregon">Oregon Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/pennsylvania">Pennsylvania Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/rhode-island">Rhode Island Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/south-carolina">South Carolina Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/south-dakota">South Dakota Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/tennessee">Tennessee Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/texas">Texas Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/utah">Utah Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/vermont">Vermont Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/washington">Washington Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/west-virginia">West Virginia Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/wisconsin">Wisconsin Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="https://statutes.laws.com/wyoming">Wyoming Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> </ul> </div> <div> </div> </center><br> <div class="footer-menu"> <ul class="load-responsive" rel="Footer Menu"><li id="menu-item-34164" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34164"><a href="https://www.laws.com/category/about">Contact Us</a></li> <li id="menu-item-34165" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34165"><a href="https://marketing.laws.com">Lawyer Marketing</a></li> <li id="menu-item-34166" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34166"><a href="https://advertising.laws.com/">Advertise on Laws.com</a></li> <li id="menu-item-34167" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34167"><a href="https://www.laws.com/category/AboutUs">About Us</a></li> <li id="menu-item-34168" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34168"><a href="https://www.laws.com/category/TermsOfUse">Terms of Use</a></li> <li id="menu-item-34169" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34169"><a href="https://www.laws.com/category/PrivacyPolicy">Privacy Policy</a></li> <li id="menu-item-34170" class="menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-34170"><a href="https://www.laws.com/category/AdvertisingPolicy">Advertising Policy</a></li> </ul> </div> <strong>Disclaimer</strong> <br>There is no confidential attorney-client relationship formed by using Laws.com website and information provided on this site is not legal advice. For legal advice, please contact your attorney. Attorneys listed on this website are not referred or endorsed by this website. By using Laws.com you agree to Laws.com Terms Of Use.<br> Copyright © 2017 Laws.com | All rights reserved </div> <!--<div class="right">Designed by <a href="https://laws.com" target="_blank">Laws.com</a></div>--> <div class="clear-float"></div> <!-- END .footer-content --> </div> <!-- END .wrapper --> </div> <!-- END .footer --> </div> <!-- END .boxed --> </div> <div class="lightbox"> <div class="lightcontent-loading"> <h2 class="light-title">Loading..</h2> <a href="#" onclick="javascript:lightboxclose();" class="light-close"><i class="fa fa-times"></i>Close Window</a> <div class="loading-box"> <h3>Loading, Please Wait!</h3> <span>This may take a second or two.</span> <span class="loading-image"><img src="https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/images/loading.gif" title="" alt="" /></span> </div> </div> <div class="lightcontent"></div> </div> <!-- Powered by WPtouch Pro: 4.3.34 --><script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-includes/js/jquery/suggest.min.js?ver=1.1-20110113'></script> <script type='text/javascript'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var wpss_options = {"url":"https:\/\/statutes.laws.com\/wp-admin\/admin-ajax.php","nonce":"a4d97f9577","ajaxurl":"https:\/\/statutes.laws.com\/wp-admin\/admin-ajax.php?action=wp-search-suggest&_wpnonce=4ba06a93f5"}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/plugins/wp-search-suggest/js/wpss-search-suggest.js?ver=4'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-includes/js/jquery/ui/effect.min.js?ver=1.11.4'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-includes/js/jquery/ui/effect-slide.min.js?ver=1.11.4'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/admin/jquery.c00kie.js?ver=1.0'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/jquery.floating_popup.1.3.min.js?ver=1.0'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/theme-scripts.js?ver=4.8.10'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/jquery.event.move.js?ver=1.3.1'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/jquery.event.swipe.js?ver=4.8.10'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/plugins/js_composer/assets/lib/isotope/dist/isotope.pkgd.min.js?ver=4.3.5'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-includes/js/imagesloaded.min.js?ver=3.2.0'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-includes/js/masonry.min.js?ver=3.3.2'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/jquery.infinitescroll.min.js?ver=4.8.10'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/lightbox.js?ver=4.8.10'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/iscroll.js?ver=4.8.10'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/ot_gallery.js?ver=1.0'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/scripts.js?ver=1.0'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/themes/legatus/js/legatus.js?ver=1.0.0'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-content/plugins/youtube-embed-plus/scripts/fitvids.min.js?ver=13.1'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='https://statutes.laws.com/wp-includes/js/wp-embed.min.js?ver=4.8.10'></script> <!-- Clicky Web Analytics - https://clicky.com, WordPress Plugin by Yoast - https://yoast.com/wordpress/plugins/clicky/ --><script type='text/javascript'> function clicky_gc(name) { var ca = document.cookie.split(';'); for (var i in ca) { if (ca[i].indexOf(name + '=') != -1) { return decodeURIComponent(ca[i].split('=')[1]); } } return ''; } var username_check = clicky_gc('comment_author_d2f3dac10cedf763d31d1d5e708a3685'); if (username_check) var clicky_custom_session = {username: username_check}; </script> <script type="text/javascript"> var clicky = { log : function () { return true; }, goal: function () { return true; } }; var clicky_site_id = 100851447; (function () { var s = document.createElement('script');s.type = 'text/javascript';s.async = true;s.src = '//static.getclicky.com/js'; ( document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0] ).appendChild(s); })(); </script> <noscript><p><img alt="Clicky" width="1" height="1" src="//in.getclicky.com/100851447ns.gif" /></p></noscript> <!-- Facebook Comments Plugin for WordPress: http://peadig.com/wordpress-plugins/facebook-comments/ --> <div id="fb-root"></div> <script>(function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&appId=185314598264617&version=v2.0"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));</script> <!-- END body --> </body> <!-- END html --> </html>