State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Vermont > Title-09 > Chapter-150 > 5306

§ 5306. Denial, suspension, and revocation of securities registration

(a) The commissioner may issue a stop order denying effectiveness to, or suspending or revoking the effectiveness of, a registration statement if the commissioner finds that the order is in the public interest and that:

(1) The registration statement as of its effective date or before the effective date in the case of an order denying effectiveness, an amendment under subsection 5305(j) of this chapter as of its effective date, or a report under subsection 5305(i) of this chapter is incomplete in a material respect or contains a statement that, in the light of the circumstances under which it was made, was false or misleading with respect to a material fact.

(2) This chapter or a rule adopted or order issued under this chapter or a condition imposed under this chapter has been willfully violated, in connection with the offering, by the person filing the registration statement; by the issuer, a partner, an officer, or a director of the issuer or a person having a similar status or performing a similar function; a promoter of the issuer; or a person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by the issuer; but only if the person filing the registration statement is directly or indirectly controlled by or acting for the issuer; or by an underwriter. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "willfully" means purposely or willingly committing the act or making the omission and does not require an intent to violate the law or to injure another or to acquire any advantage.

(3) The security registered or sought to be registered is the subject of a permanent or temporary injunction of a court of competent jurisdiction or an administrative stop order or similar order issued under any federal, foreign, or state law other than this chapter applicable to the offering, but the commissioner may not institute a proceeding against an effective registration statement under this subsection more than one year after the date of the order or injunction on which it is based, and the commissioner may not issue an order under this subdivision on the basis of an order or injunction issued under the securities act of another state unless the order or injunction was based on conduct that would constitute, as of the date of the order, a ground for a stop order under this section.

(4) The issuer's enterprise or method of business includes or would include activities that are unlawful where performed.

(5) With respect to a security sought to be registered under section 5303 of this chapter, there has been a failure to comply with the undertaking required by subdivision 5303(b)(4) of this chapter.

(6) The applicant or registrant has not paid the filing fee, but the commissioner shall void the order if the deficiency is corrected.

(7) The offering:

(A) will work or tend to work a fraud upon purchasers or would so operate;

(B) has been or would be made with unreasonable amounts of underwriters' and sellers' discounts, commissions, or other compensation, or promoters' profits or participations, or unreasonable amounts or kinds of options; or

(C) is being made on terms that are unfair, unjust, or inequitable.

(b) To the extent practicable, the commissioner by rule adopted or order issued under this chapter shall publish standards that provide notice of conduct that violates subdivision (a)(7) of this section.

(c) The commissioner may not institute a stop order proceeding against an effective registration statement on the basis of conduct or a transaction known to the commissioner when the registration statement became effective unless the proceeding is instituted within 30 days after the registration statement became effective.

(d) The commissioner may summarily revoke, deny, postpone, or suspend the effectiveness of a registration statement pending final determination of an administrative proceeding. Upon the issuance of the order, the commissioner shall promptly notify each person specified in subsection (e) of this section that the order has been issued; the reasons for the revocation, denial, postponement, or suspension; and that within 15 days after the receipt of a request in a record from the person the matter will be scheduled for a hearing. If a hearing is not requested and none is ordered by the commissioner, within 30 days after the date of service of the order, the order becomes final. If a hearing is requested or ordered, the commissioner, after notice of and opportunity for hearing for each person subject to the order, may modify or vacate the order or extend the order until final determination.

(e) A stop order may not be issued under this section without:

(1) appropriate notice to the applicant or registrant, the issuer, and the person on whose behalf the securities are to be or have been offered;

(2) an opportunity for hearing; and

(3) findings of fact and conclusions of law in a record in accordance with the procedures set forth in chapter 25 of Title 3 (Administrative Procedure Act).

(f) Subject to notice and opportunity for hearing and in accordance with the procedures set forth in chapter 25 of Title 3 (Administrative Procedure Act), the commissioner may modify or vacate a stop order issued under this section if the commissioner finds that the conditions that caused its issuance have changed or that it is necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. (Added 2005, No. 11, § 1, eff. July 1, 2006.)