State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Wisconsin > 137 > 137.24

137.24

137.24 Transferable records.

137.24(1)

(1) In this section, "transferable record" means an electronic record that is a note under ch. 403 or a record under ch. 407.

137.24 - ANNOT.

NOTE: Sub. (1) is shown as amended eff. 8-1-10 by 2009 Wis. Act 322. Prior to 8-1-10 it reads:

137.24 - ANNOT.

(1) In this section, "transferable record" means an electronic record that would be a note under ch. 403 or a record under ch. 407 if the electronic record were in writing.

137.24(1m)

(1m) An electronic record qualifies as a transferable record under this section only if the issuer of the electronic record expressly has agreed that the electronic record is a transferable record.

137.24(2)

(2) A person has control of a transferable record if a system employed for evidencing the transfer of interests in the transferable record reliably establishes that person as the person to which the transferable record was issued or transferred.

137.24(3)

(3) A system satisfies the requirements of sub. (2), and a person is deemed to have control of a transferable record, if the transferable record is created, stored, and assigned in such a manner that:

137.24(3)(a)

(a) A single authoritative copy of the transferable record exists which is unique, identifiable, and, except as otherwise provided in pars. (d) to (f), unalterable;

137.24(3)(b)

(b) The authoritative copy identifies the person asserting control as the person to which the transferable record was issued or, if the authoritative copy indicates that the transferable record has been transferred, the person to which the transferable record was most recently transferred;

137.24(3)(c)

(c) The authoritative copy is communicated to and maintained by the person asserting control or its designated custodian;

137.24(3)(d)

(d) Copies or revisions that add or change an identified assignee of the authoritative copy can be made only with the consent of the person asserting control;

137.24(3)(e)

(e) Each copy of the authoritative copy and any copy of a copy is readily identifiable as a copy that is not the authoritative copy; and

137.24(3)(f)

(f) Any revision of the authoritative copy is readily identifiable as authorized or unauthorized.

137.24(4)

(4) Except as otherwise agreed, a person having control of a transferable record is the holder, as defined in s. 401.201 (2) (km), of the transferable record and has the same rights and defenses as a holder of an equivalent record or writing under chs. 401 to 411, including, if the applicable statutory requirements under s. 403.302 (1), 407.501, or 409.330 are satisfied, the rights and defenses of a holder in due course, a holder to which a negotiable record of title has been duly negotiated, or a purchaser, respectively. Delivery, possession, and endorsement are not required to obtain or exercise any of the rights under this subsection.

137.24 - ANNOT.

NOTE: Sub. (4) is shown as amended eff. 8-1-10 by 2009 Wis. Act 320. Prior to 8-1-10 it reads:

137.24 - ANNOT.

(4) Except as otherwise agreed, a person having control of a transferable record is the holder, as defined in s. 401.201 (20), of the transferable record and has the same rights and defenses as a holder of an equivalent record or writing under chs. 401 to 411, including, if the applicable statutory requirements under s. 403.302 (1), 407.501, or 409.330 are satisfied, the rights and defenses of a holder in due course, a holder to which a negotiable record of title has been duly negotiated, or a purchaser, respectively. Delivery, possession, and endorsement are not required to obtain or exercise any of the rights under this subsection.

137.24(5)

(5) Except as otherwise agreed, an obligor under a transferable record has the same rights and defenses as an equivalent obligor under equivalent records or writings under chs. 401 to 411.

137.24(6)

(6) If requested by a person against which enforcement is sought, the person seeking to enforce the transferable record shall provide reasonable proof that the person is in control of the transferable record. Proof may include access to the authoritative copy of the transferable record and related business records sufficient to review the terms of the transferable record and to establish the identity of the person having control of the transferable record.

137.24 - ANNOT.

History: 2003 a. 294; 2009 a. 320, 322.