State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Wisconsin > 183 > 183.0403

183.0403

183.0403 Limitation of liability and indemnification of members and managers.

183.0403(1)

(1) In this section:

183.0403(1)(a)

(a) "Expenses" has the meaning given in s. 180.0850 (3).

183.0403(1)(b)

(b) "Liabilities" include the obligation to pay a judgment, settlement, forfeiture, or fine, including an excise tax assessed with respect to an employee benefit plan, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, and reasonable expenses.

183.0403(2)

(2) A limited liability company shall indemnify or allow reasonable expenses to and pay liabilities of each member and, if management of the limited liability company is vested in one or more managers, of each manager, incurred with respect to a proceeding if that member or manager was a party to the proceeding in the capacity of a member or manager.

183.0403(3)

(3) An operating agreement may alter or provide additional rights to indemnification of liabilities or allowance of expenses to members and managers.

183.0403(4)

(4) Notwithstanding subs. (2) and (3), a limited liability company may not indemnify a member or manager for liabilities or permit a member or manager to retain any allowance for expenses provided under those subsections unless it is determined by or on behalf of the limited liability company that the liabilities or expenses did not result from the member's or manager's breach or failure to perform a duty to the limited liability company as provided in s. 183.0402.

183.0403(5)

(5) Unless otherwise provided in an operating agreement, all of the following apply:

183.0403(5)(a)

(a) A member or manager who is a party to a proceeding because the person is a member or manager shall be conclusively presumed not to have breached or failed to perform a duty to the limited liability company to the extent that the member or manager has been successful on the merits or otherwise in the defense of the proceeding.

183.0403(5)(b)

(b) In situations not described in par. (a), the determination of whether a member or manager, who is a party to a proceeding because the person is a member or manager, has breached or failed to perform a duty to the limited liability company, or whether the liability or expenses resulted from the breach or failure, shall be made by the vote of the members that meets the requirements under s. 183.0404 (1) (a), except that the vote of any member who is a party to the same or a related proceeding shall be excluded unless all members are parties.

183.0403 - ANNOT.

History: 1993 a. 112; 1995 a. 400; 2003 a. 139.