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77-20-1 - Right to bail -- Denial of bail -- Hearing.

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77-20-1.Right to bail -- Denial of bail -- Hearing.(1)A person charged with or arrested for a criminal offense shall be admitted to bail as amatter of right, except if the person is charged with a:(a)capital felony, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support thecharge;(b)felony committed while on probation or parole, or while free on bail awaiting trial ona previous felony charge, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the currentfelony charge;(c)felony when there is substantial evidence to support the charge and the court finds byclear and convincing evidence that the person would constitute a substantial danger to any otherperson or to the community, or is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, if released on bail; or(d)felony when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the charge and itfinds by clear and convincing evidence that the person violated a material condition of releasewhile previously on bail.(2)Any person who may be admitted to bail may be released either on the person's ownrecognizance or upon posting bail, on condition that the person appear in court for future courtproceedings in the case, and on any other conditions imposed in the discretion of the magistrateor court that will reasonably:(a)ensure the appearance of the accused;(b)ensure the integrity of the court process;(c)prevent direct or indirect contact with witnesses or victims by the accused, ifappropriate; and(d)ensure the safety of the public.(3) (a)The initial order denying or fixing the amount of bail shall be issued by themagistrate or court issuing the warrant of arrest or by the magistrate or court presiding over theaccused's first judicial appearance.(b)A person arrested for a violation of a criminal protective order issued pursuant toSection 77-36-2.5 may not be released prior to the accused's first judicial appearance.(4)The magistrate or court may rely upon information contained in:(a)the indictment or information;(b)any sworn probable cause statement;(c)information provided by any pretrial services agency; or(d)any other reliable record or source.(5) (a)A motion to modify the initial order may be made by a party at any time uponnotice to the opposing party sufficient to permit the opposing party to prepare for hearing and topermit any victim to be notified and be present.(b)Hearing on a motion to modify may be held in conjunction with a preliminary hearingor any other pretrial hearing.(c)The magistrate or court may rely on information as provided in Subsection (4) andmay base its ruling on evidence provided at the hearing so long as each party is provided anopportunity to present additional evidence or information relevant to bail.(6)Subsequent motions to modify bail orders may be made only upon a showing thatthere has been a material change in circumstances.(7)An appeal may be taken from an order of any court denying bail to the SupremeCourt, which shall review the determination under Subsection (1).(8)For purposes of this section, any arrest or charge for a violation of Section 76-5-202,aggravated murder, is a capital felony unless:(a)the prosecutor files a notice of intent to not seek the death penalty; or(b)the time for filing a notice to seek the death penalty has expired and the prosecutorhas not filed a notice to seek the death penalty.Amended by Chapter 373, 2008 General Session
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  • 77-20-1. Right to bail -- Denial of bail -- Hearing.
    (1) A person charged with or arrested for a criminal offense shall be admitted to bail as amatter of right, except if the person is charged with a:
    (a) capital felony, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support thecharge;
    (b) felony committed while on probation or parole, or while free on bail awaiting trial ona previous felony charge, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the currentfelony charge;
    (c) felony when there is substantial evidence to support the charge and the court finds byclear and convincing evidence that the person would constitute a substantial danger to any otherperson or to the community, or is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, if released on bail; or
    (d) felony when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the charge and itfinds by clear and convincing evidence that the person violated a material condition of releasewhile previously on bail.
    (2) Any person who may be admitted to bail may be released either on the person's ownrecognizance or upon posting bail, on condition that the person appear in court for future courtproceedings in the case, and on any other conditions imposed in the discretion of the magistrateor court that will reasonably:
    (a) ensure the appearance of the accused;
    (b) ensure the integrity of the court process;
    (c) prevent direct or indirect contact with witnesses or victims by the accused, ifappropriate; and
    (d) ensure the safety of the public.
    (3) (a) The initial order denying or fixing the amount of bail shall be issued by themagistrate or court issuing the warrant of arrest or by the magistrate or court presiding over theaccused's first judicial appearance.
    (b) A person arrested for a violation of a criminal protective order issued pursuant toSection 77-36-2.5 may not be released prior to the accused's first judicial appearance.
    (4) The magistrate or court may rely upon information contained in:
    (a) the indictment or information;
    (b) any sworn probable cause statement;
    (c) information provided by any pretrial services agency; or
    (d) any other reliable record or source.
    (5) (a) A motion to modify the initial order may be made by a party at any time uponnotice to the opposing party sufficient to permit the opposing party to prepare for hearing and topermit any victim to be notified and be present.
    (b) Hearing on a motion to modify may be held in conjunction with a preliminary hearingor any other pretrial hearing.
    (c) The magistrate or court may rely on information as provided in Subsection (4) andmay base its ruling on evidence provided at the hearing so long as each party is provided anopportunity to present additional evidence or information relevant to bail.
    (6) Subsequent motions to modify bail orders may be made only upon a showing thatthere has been a material change in circumstances.
    (7) An appeal may be taken from an order of any court denying bail to the SupremeCourt, which shall review the determination under Subsection (1).


    (8) For purposes of this section, any arrest or charge for a violation of Section 76-5-202,aggravated murder, is a capital felony unless:
    (a) the prosecutor files a notice of intent to not seek the death penalty; or
    (b) the time for filing a notice to seek the death penalty has expired and the prosecutorhas not filed a notice to seek the death penalty.

    Amended by Chapter 373, 2008 General Session

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