State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Illinois > Chapter205 > 1178

    (205 ILCS 5/1) (from Ch. 17, par. 301)
    Sec. 1. Title.
    This Act may be cited as the Illinois Banking Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 83.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2)(from Ch. 17, par. 302)
    Sec. 2. General definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
    "Accommodation party" shall have the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 3‑419 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
    "Action" in the sense of a judicial proceeding includes recoupments, counterclaims, set‑off, and any other proceeding in which rights are determined.
    "Affiliate facility" of a bank means a main banking premises or branch of another commonly owned bank. The main banking premises or any branch of a bank may be an "affiliate facility" with respect to one or more other commonly owned banks.
    "Appropriate federal banking agency" means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, or the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, as determined by federal law.
    "Bank" means any person doing a banking business whether subject to the laws of this or any other jurisdiction.
    A "banking house", "branch", "branch bank" or "branch office" shall mean any place of business of a bank at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made, but shall not include any place at which only records thereof are made, posted, or kept. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office if the place of business is adjacent to and connected with the main banking premises, or if it is separated from the main banking premises by not more than an alley; provided always that (i) if the place of business is separated by an alley from the main banking premises there is a connection between the two by public or private way or by subterranean or overhead passage, and (ii) if the place of business is in a building not wholly occupied by the bank, the place of business shall not be within any office or room in which any other business or service of any kind or nature other than the business of the bank is conducted or carried on. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office (i) of any bank if the place is a terminal established and maintained in accordance with paragraph (17) of Section 5 of this Act, or (ii) of a commonly owned bank by virtue of transactions conducted at that place on behalf of the other commonly owned bank under paragraph (23) of Section 5 of this Act if the place is an affiliate facility with respect to the other bank.
    "Branch of an out‑of‑state bank" means a branch established or maintained in Illinois by an out‑of‑state bank as a result of a merger between an Illinois bank and the out‑of‑state bank that occurs on or after May 31, 1997, or any branch established by the out‑of‑state bank following the merger.
    "Bylaws" means the bylaws of a bank that are adopted by the bank's board of directors or shareholders for the regulation and management of the bank's affairs. If the bank operates as a limited liability company, however, "bylaws" means the operating agreement of the bank.
    "Call report fee" means the fee to be paid to the Commissioner by each State bank pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of Section 48 of this Act.
    "Capital" includes the aggregate of outstanding capital stock and preferred stock.
    "Cash flow reserve account" means the account within the books and records of the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate used to record funds designated to maintain a reasonable Bank and Trust Company Fund operating balance to meet agency obligations on a timely basis.
    "Charter" includes the original charter and all amendments thereto and articles of merger or consolidation.
    "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate, except that beginning on April 6, 2009 (the effective date of Public Act 95‑1047), all references in this Act to the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate are deemed, in appropriate contexts, to be references to the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Commonly owned banks" means 2 or more banks that each qualify as a bank subsidiary of the same bank holding company pursuant to Section 18 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act; "commonly owned bank" refers to one of a group of commonly owned banks but only with respect to one or more of the other banks in the same group.
    "Community" means a city, village, or incorporated town and also includes the area served by the banking offices of a bank, but need not be limited or expanded to conform to the geographic boundaries of units of local government.
    "Company" means a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, business trust, association, or similar organization and, unless specifically excluded, includes a "State bank" and a "bank".
    "Consolidating bank" means a party to a consolidation.
    "Consolidation" takes place when 2 or more banks, or a trust company and a bank, are extinguished and by the same process a new bank is created, taking over the assets and assuming the liabilities of the banks or trust company passing out of existence.
    "Continuing bank" means a merging bank, the charter of which becomes the charter of the resulting bank.
    "Converting bank" means a State bank converting to become a national bank, or a national bank converting to become a State bank.
    "Converting trust company" means a trust company converting to become a State bank.
    "Court" means a court of competent jurisdiction.
    "Director" means a member of the board of directors of a bank. In the case of a manager‑managed limited liability company, however, "director" means a manager of the bank and, in the case of a member‑managed limited liability company, "director" means a member of the bank. The term "director" does not include an advisory director, honorary director, director emeritus, or similar person, unless the person is otherwise performing functions similar to those of a member of the board of directors.
    "Director of Banking" means the Director of the Division of Banking of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Eligible depository institution" means an insured savings association that is in default, an insured savings association that is in danger of default, a State or national bank that is in default or a State or national bank that is in danger of default, as those terms are defined in this Section, or a new bank as that term defined in Section 11(m) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a bridge bank as that term is defined in Section 11(n) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a new federal savings association authorized under Section 11(d)(2)(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    "Fiduciary" means trustee, agent, executor, administrator, committee, guardian for a minor or for a person under legal disability, receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, assignee for creditors, or any holder of similar position of trust.
    "Financial institution" means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, or any licensee under the Consumer Installment Loan Act or the Sales Finance Agency Act and, for purposes of Section 48.3, any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, or any corporate fiduciary, its subsidiaries, affiliates, parent company, or contractual service provider that is examined by the Commissioner. For purposes of Section 5c and subsection (b) of Section 13 of this Act, "financial institution" includes any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, and any corporate fiduciary.
    "Foundation" means the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation.
    "General obligation" means a bond, note, debenture, security, or other instrument evidencing an obligation of the government entity that is the issuer that is supported by the full available resources of the issuer, the principal and interest of which is payable in whole or in part by taxation.
    "Guarantee" means an undertaking or promise to answer for payment of another's debt or performance of another's duty, liability, or obligation whether "payment guaranteed" or "collection guaranteed".
    "In danger of default" means a State or national bank, a federally chartered insured savings association or an Illinois state chartered insured savings association with respect to which the Commissioner or the appropriate federal banking agency has advised the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that:
        (1) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        association is not likely to be able to meet the demands of the State or national bank's or savings association's obligations in the normal course of business; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        State or national bank or insured savings association will be able to meet those demands or pay those obligations without federal assistance; or
        (2) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        association has incurred or is likely to incur losses that will deplete all or substantially all of its capital; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        capital of the State or national bank or insured savings association will be replenished without federal assistance.
    "In default" means, with respect to a State or national bank or an insured savings association, any adjudication or other official determination by any court of competent jurisdiction, the Commissioner, the appropriate federal banking agency, or other public authority pursuant to which a conservator, receiver, or other legal custodian is appointed for a State or national bank or an insured savings association.
    "Insured savings association" means any federal savings association chartered under Section 5 of the federal Home Owners' Loan Act and any State savings association chartered under the Illinois Savings and Loan Act of 1985 or a predecessor Illinois statute, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The term also includes a savings bank organized or operating under the Savings Bank Act.
    "Insured savings association in recovery" means an insured savings association that is not an eligible depository institution and that does not meet the minimum capital requirements applicable with respect to the insured savings association.
    "Issuer" means for purposes of Section 33 every person who shall have issued or proposed to issue any security; except that (1) with respect to certificates of deposit, voting trust certificates, collateral‑trust certificates, and certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors (or persons performing similar functions), "issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust, agreement, or instrument under which the securities are issued; (2) with respect to trusts other than those specified in clause (1) above, where the trustee is a corporation authorized to accept and execute trusts, "issuer" means the entrusters, depositors, or creators of the trust and any manager or committee charged with the general direction of the affairs of the trust pursuant to the provisions of the agreement or instrument creating the trust; and (3) with respect to equipment trust certificates or like securities, "issuer" means the person to whom the equipment or property is or is to be leased or conditionally sold.
    "Letter of credit" and "customer" shall have the meanings ascribed to those terms in Section 5‑102 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
    "Main banking premises" means the location that is designated in a bank's charter as its main office.
    "Maker or obligor" means for purposes of Section 33 the issuer of a security, the promisor in a debenture or other debt security, or the mortgagor or grantor of a trust deed or similar conveyance of a security interest in real or personal property.
    "Merged bank" means a merging bank that is not the continuing, resulting, or surviving bank in a consolidation or merger.
    "Merger" includes consolidation.
    "Merging bank" means a party to a bank merger.
    "Merging trust company" means a trust company party to a merger with a State bank.
    "Mid‑tier bank holding company" means a corporation that (a) owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of each class of stock of a State bank, (b) has no other subsidiaries, and (c) 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of the corporation are owned by a parent bank holding company.
    "Municipality" means any municipality, political subdivision, school district, taxing district, or agency.
    "National bank" means a national banking association located in this State and after May 31, 1997, means a national banking association without regard to its location.
    "Out‑of‑state bank" means a bank chartered under the laws of a state other than Illinois, a territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia.
    "Parent bank holding company" means a corporation that is a bank holding company as that term is defined in the Illinois Bank Holding Company Act of 1957 and owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of a mid‑tier bank holding company.
    "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, estate, or unincorporated association.
    "Public agency" means the State of Illinois, the various counties, townships, cities, towns, villages, school districts, educational service regions, special road districts, public water supply districts, fire protection districts, drainage districts, levee districts, sewer districts, housing authorities, the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation, the Chicago Park District, and all other political corporations or subdivisions of the State of Illinois, whether now or hereafter created, whether herein specifically mentioned or not, and shall also include any other state or any political corporation or subdivision of another state.
    "Public funds" or "public money" means current operating funds, special funds, interest and sinking funds, and funds of any kind or character belonging to, in the custody of, or subject to the control or regulation of the United States or a public agency. "Public funds" or "public money" shall include funds held by any of the officers, agents, or employees of the United States or of a public agency in the course of their official duties and, with respect to public money of the United States, shall include Postal Savings funds.
    "Published" means, unless the context requires otherwise, the publishing of the notice or instrument referred to in some newspaper of general circulation in the community in which the bank is located at least once each week for 3 successive weeks. Publishing shall be accomplished by, and at the expense of, the bank required to publish. Where publishing is required, the bank shall submit to the Commissioner that evidence of the publication as the Commissioner shall deem appropriate.
    "Qualified financial contract" means any security contract, commodity contract, forward contract, including spot and forward foreign exchange contracts, repurchase agreement, swap agreement, and any similar agreement, any option to enter into any such agreement, including any combination of the foregoing, and any master agreement for such agreements. A master agreement, together with all supplements thereto, shall be treated as one qualified financial contract. The contract, option, agreement, or combination of contracts, options, or agreements shall be reflected upon the books, accounts, or records of the bank, or a party to the contract shall provide documentary evidence of such agreement.
    "Recorded" means the filing or recording of the notice or instrument referred to in the office of the Recorder of the county wherein the bank is located.
    "Resulting bank" means the bank resulting from a merger or conversion.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation, or a person authorized by the Secretary or by this Act to act in the Secretary's stead.
    "Securities" means stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, or other similar obligations.
    "Stand‑by letter of credit" means a letter of credit under which drafts are payable upon the condition the customer has defaulted in performance of a duty, liability, or obligation.
    "State bank" means any banking corporation that has a banking charter issued by the Commissioner under this Act.
    "State Banking Board" means the State Banking Board of Illinois.
    "Subsidiary" with respect to a specified company means a company that is controlled by the specified company. For purposes of paragraphs (8) and (12) of Section 5 of this Act, "control" means the exercise of operational or managerial control of a corporation by the bank, either alone or together with other affiliates of the bank.
    "Surplus" means the aggregate of (i) amounts paid in excess of the par value of capital stock and preferred stock; (ii) amounts contributed other than for capital stock and preferred stock and allocated to the surplus account; and (iii) amounts transferred from undivided profits.
    "Tier 1 Capital" and "Tier 2 Capital" have the meanings assigned to those terms in regulations promulgated for the appropriate federal banking agency of a state bank, as those regulations are now or hereafter amended.
    "Trust company" means a limited liability company or corporation incorporated in this State for the purpose of accepting and executing trusts.
    "Undivided profits" means undistributed earnings less discretionary transfers to surplus.
    "Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus", for the purposes of paragraph (21) of Section 5 and Sections 32, 33, 34, 35.1, 35.2, and 47 of this Act means the sum of the state bank's Tier 1 Capital and Tier 2 Capital plus such other shareholder equity as may be included by regulation of the Commissioner. Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated on the basis of the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner preceding the date of the transaction for which the calculation is made, provided that: (i) when a material event occurs after the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner that reduces or increases the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus by 10% or more, then the unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated from the date of the material event for a transaction conducted after the date of the material event; and (ii) if the Commissioner determines for safety and soundness reasons that a state bank should calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus more frequently than provided by this paragraph, the Commissioner may by written notice direct the bank to calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus at a more frequent interval. In the case of a state bank newly chartered under Section 13 or a state bank resulting from a merger, consolidation, or conversion under Sections 21 through 26 for which no preceding quarterly call report has been filed with the Commissioner, unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated for the first calendar quarter on the basis of the effective date of the charter, merger, consolidation, or conversion.
(Source: P.A. 95‑924, eff. 8‑26‑08; 95‑1047, eff. 4‑6‑09; 96‑1000, eff. 7‑2‑10; 96‑1163, eff. 1‑1‑11.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.1) (from Ch. 17, par. 303)
    Sec. 2.1. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.2) (from Ch. 17, par. 304)
    Sec. 2.2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83‑1177. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.3) (from Ch. 17, par. 305)
    Sec. 2.3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86‑1157. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.4) (from Ch. 17, par. 306)
    Sec. 2.4. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.5) (from Ch. 17, par. 307)
    Sec. 2.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83‑1177. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.6) (from Ch. 17, par. 308)
    Sec. 2.6. Transfer of powers. There is transferred to the Commissioner all the powers and authorities and all duties and responsibilities heretofore vested in the Director of Financial Institutions under this Act. This transfer shall not affect any act done, ratified or confirmed or any right accrued or established or affect or abate any notice or report required to be furnished or any action or proceeding had or commenced in a civil or criminal cause before this act takes effect; but such notices and reports shall be due to, and such actions or proceedings may be prosecuted, defended or continued by the Commissioner. Every person and every bank shall be subject to the same obligations and duties and shall have the same rights arising from the exercise of such rights, powers and duties as if such rights, powers and duties were exercised by the Director of Financial Institutions; and every person and every bank shall be subject to the same penalty or penalties, civil or criminal for failure to perform any such obligation or duty, or for doing a prohibited act, as if such obligation or duty arose from or such act were prohibited in, the exercise of such rights, powers or duties by the Director of Financial Institutions. Every officer and employee shall for any offense be subject to the same penalty or penalties, civil or criminal, as are prescribed by existing law for the same offense by any officer or employee whose powers or duties devolve upon him under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020.)

    (205 ILCS 5/3) (from Ch. 17, par. 309)
    Sec. 3. Formation and primary powers. It shall be lawful to form banks, as herein provided, for the purpose of discount and deposit, buying and selling exchange and doing a general banking business, excepting the issuing of bills to circulate as money; and such banks shall have the power to loan money on personal and real estate security, and to accept and execute trusts upon obtaining a certificate of authority pursuant to the "Corporate Fiduciary Act", and shall be subject to all of the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85‑1402.)

    (205 ILCS 5/4) (from Ch. 17, par. 310)
    Sec. 4. Effect on existing banks. The certificates, permits and charters of state banks existing at the time of the adoption of this Act shall continue in full force and effect, and the provisions of this Act shall apply thereto. Any corporation with banking powers availing itself of or accepting the benefits of this Act and all corporations with banking powers existing by virtue of any special charter or general law of this State, shall be subject to the provisions and requirements of this Act in every particular, as if organized under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 83.)

    (205 ILCS 5/5) (from Ch. 17, par. 311)
    Sec. 5. General corporate powers. A bank organized under this Act or subject hereto shall be a body corporate and politic and shall, without specific mention thereof in the charter, have all the powers conferred by this Act and the following additional general corporate powers:
    (1) To sue and be sued, complain, and defend in its corporate name.
    (2) To have a corporate seal, which may be altered at pleasure, and to use the same by causing it or a facsimile thereof to be impressed or affixed or in any manner reproduced, provided that the affixing of a corporate seal to an instrument shall not give the instrument additional force or effect, or change the construction thereof, and the use of a corporate seal is not mandatory.
    (3) To make, alter, amend, and repeal bylaws, not inconsistent with its charter or with law, for the administration of the affairs of the bank. If this Act does not provide specific guidance in matters of corporate governance, the provisions of the Business Corporation Act of 1983 may be used if so provided in the bylaws, and if the bank is a limited liability company, the provisions of the Limited Liability Company Act shall be used.
    (4) To elect or appoint and remove officers and agents of the bank and define their duties and fix their compensation.
    (5) To adopt and operate reasonable bonus plans, profit‑sharing plans, stock‑bonus plans, stock‑option plans, pension plans and similar incentive plans for its directors, officers and employees.
    (5.1) To manage, operate and administer a fund for the investment of funds by a public agency or agencies, including any unit of local government or school district, or any person. The fund for a public agency shall invest in the same type of investments and be subject to the same limitations provided for the investment of public funds. The fund for public agencies shall maintain a separate ledger showing the amount of investment for each public agency in the fund. "Public funds" and "public agency" as used in this Section shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 1 of the Public Funds Investment Act.
    (6) To make reasonable donations for the public welfare or for charitable, scientific, religious or educational purposes.
    (7) To borrow or incur an obligation; and to pledge its assets:
        (a) to secure its borrowings, its lease of personal
     or real property or its other nondeposit obligations;
        (b) to enable it to act as agent for the sale of
     obligations of the United States;
        (c) to secure deposits of public money of the United
     States, whenever required by the laws of the United States, including without being limited to, revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the control or regulation of the United States or any of its officers, agents, or employees and Postal Savings funds;
        (d) to secure deposits of public money of any state
     or of any political corporation or subdivision thereof including, without being limited to, revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the control or regulation of any state or of any political corporation or subdivisions thereof or of any of their officers, agents, or employees;
        (e) to secure deposits of money whenever required by
     the National Bankruptcy Act;
        (f) (blank); and
        (g) to secure trust funds commingled with the bank's
     funds, whether deposited by the bank or an affiliate of the bank, pursuant to Section 2‑8 of the Corporate Fiduciary Act.
    (8) To own, possess, and carry as assets all or part of the real estate necessary in or with which to do its banking business, either directly or indirectly through the ownership of all or part of the capital stock, shares or interests in any corporation, association, trust engaged in holding any part or parts or all of the bank premises, engaged in such business and in conducting a safe deposit business in the premises or part of them, or engaged in any activity that the bank is permitted to conduct in a subsidiary pursuant to paragraph (12) of this Section 5.
    (9) To own, possess, and carry as assets other real estate to which it may obtain title in the collection of its debts or that was formerly used as a part of the bank premises, but title to any real estate except as herein permitted shall not be retained by the bank, either directly or by or through a subsidiary, as permitted by subsection (12) of this Section for a total period of more than 10 years after acquiring title, either directly or indirectly.
    (10) To do any act, including the acquisition of stock, necessary to obtain insurance of its deposits, or part thereof, and any act necessary to obtain a guaranty, in whole or in part, of any of its loans or investments by the United States or any agency thereof, and any act necessary to sell or otherwise dispose of any of its loans or investments to the United States or any agency thereof, and to acquire and hold membership in the Federal Reserve System.
    (11) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act or any other law, to do any act and to own, possess, and carry as assets property of the character, including stock, that is at the time authorized or permitted to national banks by an Act of Congress, but subject always to the same limitations and restrictions as are applicable to national banks by the pertinent federal law and subject to applicable provisions of the Financial Institutions Insurance Sales Law.
    (12) To own, possess, and carry as assets stock of one or more corporations that is, or are, engaged in one or more of the following businesses:
        (a) holding title to and administering assets
     acquired as a result of the collection or liquidating of loans, investments, or discounts; or
        (b) holding title to and administering personal
     property acquired by the bank, directly or indirectly through a subsidiary, for the purpose of leasing to others, provided the lease or leases and the investment of the bank, directly or through a subsidiary, in that personal property otherwise comply with Section 35.1 of this Act; or
        (c) carrying on or administering any of the
     activities excepting the receipt of deposits or the payment of checks or other orders for the payment of money in which a bank may engage in carrying on its general banking business; provided, however, that nothing contained in this paragraph (c) shall be deemed to permit a bank organized under this Act or subject hereto to do, either directly or indirectly through any subsidiary, any act, including the making of any loan or investment, or to own, possess, or carry as assets any property that if done by or owned, possessed, or carried by the State bank would be in violation of or prohibited by any provision of this Act.
    The provisions of this subsection (12) shall not apply to and shall not be deemed to limit the powers of a State bank with respect to the ownership, possession, and carrying of stock that a State bank is permitted to own, possess, or carry under this Act.
    Any bank intending to establish a subsidiary under this subsection (12) shall give written notice to the Commissioner 60 days prior to the subsidiary's commencing of business or, as the case may be, prior to acquiring stock in a corporation that has already commenced business. After receiving the notice, the Commissioner may waive or reduce the balance of the 60 day notice period. The Commissioner may specify the form of the notice and may promulgate rules and regulations to administer this subsection (12).
    (13) To accept for payment at a future date not exceeding one year from the date of acceptance, drafts drawn upon it by its customers; and to issue, advise, or confirm letters of credit authorizing the holders thereof to draw drafts upon it or its correspondents.
    (14) To own and lease personal property acquired by the bank at the request of a prospective lessee and upon the agreement of that person to lease the personal property provided that the lease, the agreement with respect thereto, and the amount of the investment of the bank in the property comply with Section 35.1 of this Act.
    (15) (a) To establish and maintain, in addition to the
     main banking premises, branches offering any banking services permitted at the main banking premises of a State bank.

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Illinois > Chapter205 > 1178

    (205 ILCS 5/1) (from Ch. 17, par. 301)
    Sec. 1. Title.
    This Act may be cited as the Illinois Banking Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 83.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2)(from Ch. 17, par. 302)
    Sec. 2. General definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
    "Accommodation party" shall have the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 3‑419 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
    "Action" in the sense of a judicial proceeding includes recoupments, counterclaims, set‑off, and any other proceeding in which rights are determined.
    "Affiliate facility" of a bank means a main banking premises or branch of another commonly owned bank. The main banking premises or any branch of a bank may be an "affiliate facility" with respect to one or more other commonly owned banks.
    "Appropriate federal banking agency" means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, or the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, as determined by federal law.
    "Bank" means any person doing a banking business whether subject to the laws of this or any other jurisdiction.
    A "banking house", "branch", "branch bank" or "branch office" shall mean any place of business of a bank at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made, but shall not include any place at which only records thereof are made, posted, or kept. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office if the place of business is adjacent to and connected with the main banking premises, or if it is separated from the main banking premises by not more than an alley; provided always that (i) if the place of business is separated by an alley from the main banking premises there is a connection between the two by public or private way or by subterranean or overhead passage, and (ii) if the place of business is in a building not wholly occupied by the bank, the place of business shall not be within any office or room in which any other business or service of any kind or nature other than the business of the bank is conducted or carried on. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office (i) of any bank if the place is a terminal established and maintained in accordance with paragraph (17) of Section 5 of this Act, or (ii) of a commonly owned bank by virtue of transactions conducted at that place on behalf of the other commonly owned bank under paragraph (23) of Section 5 of this Act if the place is an affiliate facility with respect to the other bank.
    "Branch of an out‑of‑state bank" means a branch established or maintained in Illinois by an out‑of‑state bank as a result of a merger between an Illinois bank and the out‑of‑state bank that occurs on or after May 31, 1997, or any branch established by the out‑of‑state bank following the merger.
    "Bylaws" means the bylaws of a bank that are adopted by the bank's board of directors or shareholders for the regulation and management of the bank's affairs. If the bank operates as a limited liability company, however, "bylaws" means the operating agreement of the bank.
    "Call report fee" means the fee to be paid to the Commissioner by each State bank pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of Section 48 of this Act.
    "Capital" includes the aggregate of outstanding capital stock and preferred stock.
    "Cash flow reserve account" means the account within the books and records of the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate used to record funds designated to maintain a reasonable Bank and Trust Company Fund operating balance to meet agency obligations on a timely basis.
    "Charter" includes the original charter and all amendments thereto and articles of merger or consolidation.
    "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate, except that beginning on April 6, 2009 (the effective date of Public Act 95‑1047), all references in this Act to the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate are deemed, in appropriate contexts, to be references to the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Commonly owned banks" means 2 or more banks that each qualify as a bank subsidiary of the same bank holding company pursuant to Section 18 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act; "commonly owned bank" refers to one of a group of commonly owned banks but only with respect to one or more of the other banks in the same group.
    "Community" means a city, village, or incorporated town and also includes the area served by the banking offices of a bank, but need not be limited or expanded to conform to the geographic boundaries of units of local government.
    "Company" means a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, business trust, association, or similar organization and, unless specifically excluded, includes a "State bank" and a "bank".
    "Consolidating bank" means a party to a consolidation.
    "Consolidation" takes place when 2 or more banks, or a trust company and a bank, are extinguished and by the same process a new bank is created, taking over the assets and assuming the liabilities of the banks or trust company passing out of existence.
    "Continuing bank" means a merging bank, the charter of which becomes the charter of the resulting bank.
    "Converting bank" means a State bank converting to become a national bank, or a national bank converting to become a State bank.
    "Converting trust company" means a trust company converting to become a State bank.
    "Court" means a court of competent jurisdiction.
    "Director" means a member of the board of directors of a bank. In the case of a manager‑managed limited liability company, however, "director" means a manager of the bank and, in the case of a member‑managed limited liability company, "director" means a member of the bank. The term "director" does not include an advisory director, honorary director, director emeritus, or similar person, unless the person is otherwise performing functions similar to those of a member of the board of directors.
    "Director of Banking" means the Director of the Division of Banking of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Eligible depository institution" means an insured savings association that is in default, an insured savings association that is in danger of default, a State or national bank that is in default or a State or national bank that is in danger of default, as those terms are defined in this Section, or a new bank as that term defined in Section 11(m) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a bridge bank as that term is defined in Section 11(n) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a new federal savings association authorized under Section 11(d)(2)(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    "Fiduciary" means trustee, agent, executor, administrator, committee, guardian for a minor or for a person under legal disability, receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, assignee for creditors, or any holder of similar position of trust.
    "Financial institution" means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, or any licensee under the Consumer Installment Loan Act or the Sales Finance Agency Act and, for purposes of Section 48.3, any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, or any corporate fiduciary, its subsidiaries, affiliates, parent company, or contractual service provider that is examined by the Commissioner. For purposes of Section 5c and subsection (b) of Section 13 of this Act, "financial institution" includes any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, and any corporate fiduciary.
    "Foundation" means the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation.
    "General obligation" means a bond, note, debenture, security, or other instrument evidencing an obligation of the government entity that is the issuer that is supported by the full available resources of the issuer, the principal and interest of which is payable in whole or in part by taxation.
    "Guarantee" means an undertaking or promise to answer for payment of another's debt or performance of another's duty, liability, or obligation whether "payment guaranteed" or "collection guaranteed".
    "In danger of default" means a State or national bank, a federally chartered insured savings association or an Illinois state chartered insured savings association with respect to which the Commissioner or the appropriate federal banking agency has advised the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that:
        (1) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        association is not likely to be able to meet the demands of the State or national bank's or savings association's obligations in the normal course of business; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        State or national bank or insured savings association will be able to meet those demands or pay those obligations without federal assistance; or
        (2) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        association has incurred or is likely to incur losses that will deplete all or substantially all of its capital; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        capital of the State or national bank or insured savings association will be replenished without federal assistance.
    "In default" means, with respect to a State or national bank or an insured savings association, any adjudication or other official determination by any court of competent jurisdiction, the Commissioner, the appropriate federal banking agency, or other public authority pursuant to which a conservator, receiver, or other legal custodian is appointed for a State or national bank or an insured savings association.
    "Insured savings association" means any federal savings association chartered under Section 5 of the federal Home Owners' Loan Act and any State savings association chartered under the Illinois Savings and Loan Act of 1985 or a predecessor Illinois statute, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The term also includes a savings bank organized or operating under the Savings Bank Act.
    "Insured savings association in recovery" means an insured savings association that is not an eligible depository institution and that does not meet the minimum capital requirements applicable with respect to the insured savings association.
    "Issuer" means for purposes of Section 33 every person who shall have issued or proposed to issue any security; except that (1) with respect to certificates of deposit, voting trust certificates, collateral‑trust certificates, and certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors (or persons performing similar functions), "issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust, agreement, or instrument under which the securities are issued; (2) with respect to trusts other than those specified in clause (1) above, where the trustee is a corporation authorized to accept and execute trusts, "issuer" means the entrusters, depositors, or creators of the trust and any manager or committee charged with the general direction of the affairs of the trust pursuant to the provisions of the agreement or instrument creating the trust; and (3) with respect to equipment trust certificates or like securities, "issuer" means the person to whom the equipment or property is or is to be leased or conditionally sold.
    "Letter of credit" and "customer" shall have the meanings ascribed to those terms in Section 5‑102 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
    "Main banking premises" means the location that is designated in a bank's charter as its main office.
    "Maker or obligor" means for purposes of Section 33 the issuer of a security, the promisor in a debenture or other debt security, or the mortgagor or grantor of a trust deed or similar conveyance of a security interest in real or personal property.
    "Merged bank" means a merging bank that is not the continuing, resulting, or surviving bank in a consolidation or merger.
    "Merger" includes consolidation.
    "Merging bank" means a party to a bank merger.
    "Merging trust company" means a trust company party to a merger with a State bank.
    "Mid‑tier bank holding company" means a corporation that (a) owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of each class of stock of a State bank, (b) has no other subsidiaries, and (c) 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of the corporation are owned by a parent bank holding company.
    "Municipality" means any municipality, political subdivision, school district, taxing district, or agency.
    "National bank" means a national banking association located in this State and after May 31, 1997, means a national banking association without regard to its location.
    "Out‑of‑state bank" means a bank chartered under the laws of a state other than Illinois, a territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia.
    "Parent bank holding company" means a corporation that is a bank holding company as that term is defined in the Illinois Bank Holding Company Act of 1957 and owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of a mid‑tier bank holding company.
    "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, estate, or unincorporated association.
    "Public agency" means the State of Illinois, the various counties, townships, cities, towns, villages, school districts, educational service regions, special road districts, public water supply districts, fire protection districts, drainage districts, levee districts, sewer districts, housing authorities, the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation, the Chicago Park District, and all other political corporations or subdivisions of the State of Illinois, whether now or hereafter created, whether herein specifically mentioned or not, and shall also include any other state or any political corporation or subdivision of another state.
    "Public funds" or "public money" means current operating funds, special funds, interest and sinking funds, and funds of any kind or character belonging to, in the custody of, or subject to the control or regulation of the United States or a public agency. "Public funds" or "public money" shall include funds held by any of the officers, agents, or employees of the United States or of a public agency in the course of their official duties and, with respect to public money of the United States, shall include Postal Savings funds.
    "Published" means, unless the context requires otherwise, the publishing of the notice or instrument referred to in some newspaper of general circulation in the community in which the bank is located at least once each week for 3 successive weeks. Publishing shall be accomplished by, and at the expense of, the bank required to publish. Where publishing is required, the bank shall submit to the Commissioner that evidence of the publication as the Commissioner shall deem appropriate.
    "Qualified financial contract" means any security contract, commodity contract, forward contract, including spot and forward foreign exchange contracts, repurchase agreement, swap agreement, and any similar agreement, any option to enter into any such agreement, including any combination of the foregoing, and any master agreement for such agreements. A master agreement, together with all supplements thereto, shall be treated as one qualified financial contract. The contract, option, agreement, or combination of contracts, options, or agreements shall be reflected upon the books, accounts, or records of the bank, or a party to the contract shall provide documentary evidence of such agreement.
    "Recorded" means the filing or recording of the notice or instrument referred to in the office of the Recorder of the county wherein the bank is located.
    "Resulting bank" means the bank resulting from a merger or conversion.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation, or a person authorized by the Secretary or by this Act to act in the Secretary's stead.
    "Securities" means stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, or other similar obligations.
    "Stand‑by letter of credit" means a letter of credit under which drafts are payable upon the condition the customer has defaulted in performance of a duty, liability, or obligation.
    "State bank" means any banking corporation that has a banking charter issued by the Commissioner under this Act.
    "State Banking Board" means the State Banking Board of Illinois.
    "Subsidiary" with respect to a specified company means a company that is controlled by the specified company. For purposes of paragraphs (8) and (12) of Section 5 of this Act, "control" means the exercise of operational or managerial control of a corporation by the bank, either alone or together with other affiliates of the bank.
    "Surplus" means the aggregate of (i) amounts paid in excess of the par value of capital stock and preferred stock; (ii) amounts contributed other than for capital stock and preferred stock and allocated to the surplus account; and (iii) amounts transferred from undivided profits.
    "Tier 1 Capital" and "Tier 2 Capital" have the meanings assigned to those terms in regulations promulgated for the appropriate federal banking agency of a state bank, as those regulations are now or hereafter amended.
    "Trust company" means a limited liability company or corporation incorporated in this State for the purpose of accepting and executing trusts.
    "Undivided profits" means undistributed earnings less discretionary transfers to surplus.
    "Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus", for the purposes of paragraph (21) of Section 5 and Sections 32, 33, 34, 35.1, 35.2, and 47 of this Act means the sum of the state bank's Tier 1 Capital and Tier 2 Capital plus such other shareholder equity as may be included by regulation of the Commissioner. Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated on the basis of the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner preceding the date of the transaction for which the calculation is made, provided that: (i) when a material event occurs after the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner that reduces or increases the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus by 10% or more, then the unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated from the date of the material event for a transaction conducted after the date of the material event; and (ii) if the Commissioner determines for safety and soundness reasons that a state bank should calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus more frequently than provided by this paragraph, the Commissioner may by written notice direct the bank to calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus at a more frequent interval. In the case of a state bank newly chartered under Section 13 or a state bank resulting from a merger, consolidation, or conversion under Sections 21 through 26 for which no preceding quarterly call report has been filed with the Commissioner, unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated for the first calendar quarter on the basis of the effective date of the charter, merger, consolidation, or conversion.
(Source: P.A. 95‑924, eff. 8‑26‑08; 95‑1047, eff. 4‑6‑09; 96‑1000, eff. 7‑2‑10; 96‑1163, eff. 1‑1‑11.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.1) (from Ch. 17, par. 303)
    Sec. 2.1. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.2) (from Ch. 17, par. 304)
    Sec. 2.2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83‑1177. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.3) (from Ch. 17, par. 305)
    Sec. 2.3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86‑1157. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.4) (from Ch. 17, par. 306)
    Sec. 2.4. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.5) (from Ch. 17, par. 307)
    Sec. 2.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83‑1177. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.6) (from Ch. 17, par. 308)
    Sec. 2.6. Transfer of powers. There is transferred to the Commissioner all the powers and authorities and all duties and responsibilities heretofore vested in the Director of Financial Institutions under this Act. This transfer shall not affect any act done, ratified or confirmed or any right accrued or established or affect or abate any notice or report required to be furnished or any action or proceeding had or commenced in a civil or criminal cause before this act takes effect; but such notices and reports shall be due to, and such actions or proceedings may be prosecuted, defended or continued by the Commissioner. Every person and every bank shall be subject to the same obligations and duties and shall have the same rights arising from the exercise of such rights, powers and duties as if such rights, powers and duties were exercised by the Director of Financial Institutions; and every person and every bank shall be subject to the same penalty or penalties, civil or criminal for failure to perform any such obligation or duty, or for doing a prohibited act, as if such obligation or duty arose from or such act were prohibited in, the exercise of such rights, powers or duties by the Director of Financial Institutions. Every officer and employee shall for any offense be subject to the same penalty or penalties, civil or criminal, as are prescribed by existing law for the same offense by any officer or employee whose powers or duties devolve upon him under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020.)

    (205 ILCS 5/3) (from Ch. 17, par. 309)
    Sec. 3. Formation and primary powers. It shall be lawful to form banks, as herein provided, for the purpose of discount and deposit, buying and selling exchange and doing a general banking business, excepting the issuing of bills to circulate as money; and such banks shall have the power to loan money on personal and real estate security, and to accept and execute trusts upon obtaining a certificate of authority pursuant to the "Corporate Fiduciary Act", and shall be subject to all of the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85‑1402.)

    (205 ILCS 5/4) (from Ch. 17, par. 310)
    Sec. 4. Effect on existing banks. The certificates, permits and charters of state banks existing at the time of the adoption of this Act shall continue in full force and effect, and the provisions of this Act shall apply thereto. Any corporation with banking powers availing itself of or accepting the benefits of this Act and all corporations with banking powers existing by virtue of any special charter or general law of this State, shall be subject to the provisions and requirements of this Act in every particular, as if organized under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 83.)

    (205 ILCS 5/5) (from Ch. 17, par. 311)
    Sec. 5. General corporate powers. A bank organized under this Act or subject hereto shall be a body corporate and politic and shall, without specific mention thereof in the charter, have all the powers conferred by this Act and the following additional general corporate powers:
    (1) To sue and be sued, complain, and defend in its corporate name.
    (2) To have a corporate seal, which may be altered at pleasure, and to use the same by causing it or a facsimile thereof to be impressed or affixed or in any manner reproduced, provided that the affixing of a corporate seal to an instrument shall not give the instrument additional force or effect, or change the construction thereof, and the use of a corporate seal is not mandatory.
    (3) To make, alter, amend, and repeal bylaws, not inconsistent with its charter or with law, for the administration of the affairs of the bank. If this Act does not provide specific guidance in matters of corporate governance, the provisions of the Business Corporation Act of 1983 may be used if so provided in the bylaws, and if the bank is a limited liability company, the provisions of the Limited Liability Company Act shall be used.
    (4) To elect or appoint and remove officers and agents of the bank and define their duties and fix their compensation.
    (5) To adopt and operate reasonable bonus plans, profit‑sharing plans, stock‑bonus plans, stock‑option plans, pension plans and similar incentive plans for its directors, officers and employees.
    (5.1) To manage, operate and administer a fund for the investment of funds by a public agency or agencies, including any unit of local government or school district, or any person. The fund for a public agency shall invest in the same type of investments and be subject to the same limitations provided for the investment of public funds. The fund for public agencies shall maintain a separate ledger showing the amount of investment for each public agency in the fund. "Public funds" and "public agency" as used in this Section shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 1 of the Public Funds Investment Act.
    (6) To make reasonable donations for the public welfare or for charitable, scientific, religious or educational purposes.
    (7) To borrow or incur an obligation; and to pledge its assets:
        (a) to secure its borrowings, its lease of personal
     or real property or its other nondeposit obligations;
        (b) to enable it to act as agent for the sale of
     obligations of the United States;
        (c) to secure deposits of public money of the United
     States, whenever required by the laws of the United States, including without being limited to, revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the control or regulation of the United States or any of its officers, agents, or employees and Postal Savings funds;
        (d) to secure deposits of public money of any state
     or of any political corporation or subdivision thereof including, without being limited to, revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the control or regulation of any state or of any political corporation or subdivisions thereof or of any of their officers, agents, or employees;
        (e) to secure deposits of money whenever required by
     the National Bankruptcy Act;
        (f) (blank); and
        (g) to secure trust funds commingled with the bank's
     funds, whether deposited by the bank or an affiliate of the bank, pursuant to Section 2‑8 of the Corporate Fiduciary Act.
    (8) To own, possess, and carry as assets all or part of the real estate necessary in or with which to do its banking business, either directly or indirectly through the ownership of all or part of the capital stock, shares or interests in any corporation, association, trust engaged in holding any part or parts or all of the bank premises, engaged in such business and in conducting a safe deposit business in the premises or part of them, or engaged in any activity that the bank is permitted to conduct in a subsidiary pursuant to paragraph (12) of this Section 5.
    (9) To own, possess, and carry as assets other real estate to which it may obtain title in the collection of its debts or that was formerly used as a part of the bank premises, but title to any real estate except as herein permitted shall not be retained by the bank, either directly or by or through a subsidiary, as permitted by subsection (12) of this Section for a total period of more than 10 years after acquiring title, either directly or indirectly.
    (10) To do any act, including the acquisition of stock, necessary to obtain insurance of its deposits, or part thereof, and any act necessary to obtain a guaranty, in whole or in part, of any of its loans or investments by the United States or any agency thereof, and any act necessary to sell or otherwise dispose of any of its loans or investments to the United States or any agency thereof, and to acquire and hold membership in the Federal Reserve System.
    (11) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act or any other law, to do any act and to own, possess, and carry as assets property of the character, including stock, that is at the time authorized or permitted to national banks by an Act of Congress, but subject always to the same limitations and restrictions as are applicable to national banks by the pertinent federal law and subject to applicable provisions of the Financial Institutions Insurance Sales Law.
    (12) To own, possess, and carry as assets stock of one or more corporations that is, or are, engaged in one or more of the following businesses:
        (a) holding title to and administering assets
     acquired as a result of the collection or liquidating of loans, investments, or discounts; or
        (b) holding title to and administering personal
     property acquired by the bank, directly or indirectly through a subsidiary, for the purpose of leasing to others, provided the lease or leases and the investment of the bank, directly or through a subsidiary, in that personal property otherwise comply with Section 35.1 of this Act; or
        (c) carrying on or administering any of the
     activities excepting the receipt of deposits or the payment of checks or other orders for the payment of money in which a bank may engage in carrying on its general banking business; provided, however, that nothing contained in this paragraph (c) shall be deemed to permit a bank organized under this Act or subject hereto to do, either directly or indirectly through any subsidiary, any act, including the making of any loan or investment, or to own, possess, or carry as assets any property that if done by or owned, possessed, or carried by the State bank would be in violation of or prohibited by any provision of this Act.
    The provisions of this subsection (12) shall not apply to and shall not be deemed to limit the powers of a State bank with respect to the ownership, possession, and carrying of stock that a State bank is permitted to own, possess, or carry under this Act.
    Any bank intending to establish a subsidiary under this subsection (12) shall give written notice to the Commissioner 60 days prior to the subsidiary's commencing of business or, as the case may be, prior to acquiring stock in a corporation that has already commenced business. After receiving the notice, the Commissioner may waive or reduce the balance of the 60 day notice period. The Commissioner may specify the form of the notice and may promulgate rules and regulations to administer this subsection (12).
    (13) To accept for payment at a future date not exceeding one year from the date of acceptance, drafts drawn upon it by its customers; and to issue, advise, or confirm letters of credit authorizing the holders thereof to draw drafts upon it or its correspondents.
    (14) To own and lease personal property acquired by the bank at the request of a prospective lessee and upon the agreement of that person to lease the personal property provided that the lease, the agreement with respect thereto, and the amount of the investment of the bank in the property comply with Section 35.1 of this Act.
    (15) (a) To establish and maintain, in addition to the
     main banking premises, branches offering any banking services permitted at the main banking premises of a State bank.
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State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Illinois > Chapter205 > 1178

    (205 ILCS 5/1) (from Ch. 17, par. 301)
    Sec. 1. Title.
    This Act may be cited as the Illinois Banking Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 83.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2)(from Ch. 17, par. 302)
    Sec. 2. General definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
    "Accommodation party" shall have the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 3‑419 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
    "Action" in the sense of a judicial proceeding includes recoupments, counterclaims, set‑off, and any other proceeding in which rights are determined.
    "Affiliate facility" of a bank means a main banking premises or branch of another commonly owned bank. The main banking premises or any branch of a bank may be an "affiliate facility" with respect to one or more other commonly owned banks.
    "Appropriate federal banking agency" means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, or the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, as determined by federal law.
    "Bank" means any person doing a banking business whether subject to the laws of this or any other jurisdiction.
    A "banking house", "branch", "branch bank" or "branch office" shall mean any place of business of a bank at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made, but shall not include any place at which only records thereof are made, posted, or kept. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office if the place of business is adjacent to and connected with the main banking premises, or if it is separated from the main banking premises by not more than an alley; provided always that (i) if the place of business is separated by an alley from the main banking premises there is a connection between the two by public or private way or by subterranean or overhead passage, and (ii) if the place of business is in a building not wholly occupied by the bank, the place of business shall not be within any office or room in which any other business or service of any kind or nature other than the business of the bank is conducted or carried on. A place of business at which deposits are received, checks paid, or loans made shall not be deemed to be a branch, branch bank, or branch office (i) of any bank if the place is a terminal established and maintained in accordance with paragraph (17) of Section 5 of this Act, or (ii) of a commonly owned bank by virtue of transactions conducted at that place on behalf of the other commonly owned bank under paragraph (23) of Section 5 of this Act if the place is an affiliate facility with respect to the other bank.
    "Branch of an out‑of‑state bank" means a branch established or maintained in Illinois by an out‑of‑state bank as a result of a merger between an Illinois bank and the out‑of‑state bank that occurs on or after May 31, 1997, or any branch established by the out‑of‑state bank following the merger.
    "Bylaws" means the bylaws of a bank that are adopted by the bank's board of directors or shareholders for the regulation and management of the bank's affairs. If the bank operates as a limited liability company, however, "bylaws" means the operating agreement of the bank.
    "Call report fee" means the fee to be paid to the Commissioner by each State bank pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of Section 48 of this Act.
    "Capital" includes the aggregate of outstanding capital stock and preferred stock.
    "Cash flow reserve account" means the account within the books and records of the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate used to record funds designated to maintain a reasonable Bank and Trust Company Fund operating balance to meet agency obligations on a timely basis.
    "Charter" includes the original charter and all amendments thereto and articles of merger or consolidation.
    "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate, except that beginning on April 6, 2009 (the effective date of Public Act 95‑1047), all references in this Act to the Commissioner of Banks and Real Estate are deemed, in appropriate contexts, to be references to the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Commonly owned banks" means 2 or more banks that each qualify as a bank subsidiary of the same bank holding company pursuant to Section 18 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act; "commonly owned bank" refers to one of a group of commonly owned banks but only with respect to one or more of the other banks in the same group.
    "Community" means a city, village, or incorporated town and also includes the area served by the banking offices of a bank, but need not be limited or expanded to conform to the geographic boundaries of units of local government.
    "Company" means a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, business trust, association, or similar organization and, unless specifically excluded, includes a "State bank" and a "bank".
    "Consolidating bank" means a party to a consolidation.
    "Consolidation" takes place when 2 or more banks, or a trust company and a bank, are extinguished and by the same process a new bank is created, taking over the assets and assuming the liabilities of the banks or trust company passing out of existence.
    "Continuing bank" means a merging bank, the charter of which becomes the charter of the resulting bank.
    "Converting bank" means a State bank converting to become a national bank, or a national bank converting to become a State bank.
    "Converting trust company" means a trust company converting to become a State bank.
    "Court" means a court of competent jurisdiction.
    "Director" means a member of the board of directors of a bank. In the case of a manager‑managed limited liability company, however, "director" means a manager of the bank and, in the case of a member‑managed limited liability company, "director" means a member of the bank. The term "director" does not include an advisory director, honorary director, director emeritus, or similar person, unless the person is otherwise performing functions similar to those of a member of the board of directors.
    "Director of Banking" means the Director of the Division of Banking of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Eligible depository institution" means an insured savings association that is in default, an insured savings association that is in danger of default, a State or national bank that is in default or a State or national bank that is in danger of default, as those terms are defined in this Section, or a new bank as that term defined in Section 11(m) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a bridge bank as that term is defined in Section 11(n) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or a new federal savings association authorized under Section 11(d)(2)(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    "Fiduciary" means trustee, agent, executor, administrator, committee, guardian for a minor or for a person under legal disability, receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, assignee for creditors, or any holder of similar position of trust.
    "Financial institution" means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, or any licensee under the Consumer Installment Loan Act or the Sales Finance Agency Act and, for purposes of Section 48.3, any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, or any corporate fiduciary, its subsidiaries, affiliates, parent company, or contractual service provider that is examined by the Commissioner. For purposes of Section 5c and subsection (b) of Section 13 of this Act, "financial institution" includes any proprietary network, funds transfer corporation, or other entity providing electronic funds transfer services, and any corporate fiduciary.
    "Foundation" means the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation.
    "General obligation" means a bond, note, debenture, security, or other instrument evidencing an obligation of the government entity that is the issuer that is supported by the full available resources of the issuer, the principal and interest of which is payable in whole or in part by taxation.
    "Guarantee" means an undertaking or promise to answer for payment of another's debt or performance of another's duty, liability, or obligation whether "payment guaranteed" or "collection guaranteed".
    "In danger of default" means a State or national bank, a federally chartered insured savings association or an Illinois state chartered insured savings association with respect to which the Commissioner or the appropriate federal banking agency has advised the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that:
        (1) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        association is not likely to be able to meet the demands of the State or national bank's or savings association's obligations in the normal course of business; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        State or national bank or insured savings association will be able to meet those demands or pay those obligations without federal assistance; or
        (2) in the opinion of the Commissioner or the
    appropriate federal banking agency,
            (A) the State or national bank or insured savings
        association has incurred or is likely to incur losses that will deplete all or substantially all of its capital; and
            (B) there is no reasonable prospect that the
        capital of the State or national bank or insured savings association will be replenished without federal assistance.
    "In default" means, with respect to a State or national bank or an insured savings association, any adjudication or other official determination by any court of competent jurisdiction, the Commissioner, the appropriate federal banking agency, or other public authority pursuant to which a conservator, receiver, or other legal custodian is appointed for a State or national bank or an insured savings association.
    "Insured savings association" means any federal savings association chartered under Section 5 of the federal Home Owners' Loan Act and any State savings association chartered under the Illinois Savings and Loan Act of 1985 or a predecessor Illinois statute, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The term also includes a savings bank organized or operating under the Savings Bank Act.
    "Insured savings association in recovery" means an insured savings association that is not an eligible depository institution and that does not meet the minimum capital requirements applicable with respect to the insured savings association.
    "Issuer" means for purposes of Section 33 every person who shall have issued or proposed to issue any security; except that (1) with respect to certificates of deposit, voting trust certificates, collateral‑trust certificates, and certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors (or persons performing similar functions), "issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust, agreement, or instrument under which the securities are issued; (2) with respect to trusts other than those specified in clause (1) above, where the trustee is a corporation authorized to accept and execute trusts, "issuer" means the entrusters, depositors, or creators of the trust and any manager or committee charged with the general direction of the affairs of the trust pursuant to the provisions of the agreement or instrument creating the trust; and (3) with respect to equipment trust certificates or like securities, "issuer" means the person to whom the equipment or property is or is to be leased or conditionally sold.
    "Letter of credit" and "customer" shall have the meanings ascribed to those terms in Section 5‑102 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
    "Main banking premises" means the location that is designated in a bank's charter as its main office.
    "Maker or obligor" means for purposes of Section 33 the issuer of a security, the promisor in a debenture or other debt security, or the mortgagor or grantor of a trust deed or similar conveyance of a security interest in real or personal property.
    "Merged bank" means a merging bank that is not the continuing, resulting, or surviving bank in a consolidation or merger.
    "Merger" includes consolidation.
    "Merging bank" means a party to a bank merger.
    "Merging trust company" means a trust company party to a merger with a State bank.
    "Mid‑tier bank holding company" means a corporation that (a) owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of each class of stock of a State bank, (b) has no other subsidiaries, and (c) 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of the corporation are owned by a parent bank holding company.
    "Municipality" means any municipality, political subdivision, school district, taxing district, or agency.
    "National bank" means a national banking association located in this State and after May 31, 1997, means a national banking association without regard to its location.
    "Out‑of‑state bank" means a bank chartered under the laws of a state other than Illinois, a territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia.
    "Parent bank holding company" means a corporation that is a bank holding company as that term is defined in the Illinois Bank Holding Company Act of 1957 and owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of a mid‑tier bank holding company.
    "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, estate, or unincorporated association.
    "Public agency" means the State of Illinois, the various counties, townships, cities, towns, villages, school districts, educational service regions, special road districts, public water supply districts, fire protection districts, drainage districts, levee districts, sewer districts, housing authorities, the Illinois Bank Examiners' Education Foundation, the Chicago Park District, and all other political corporations or subdivisions of the State of Illinois, whether now or hereafter created, whether herein specifically mentioned or not, and shall also include any other state or any political corporation or subdivision of another state.
    "Public funds" or "public money" means current operating funds, special funds, interest and sinking funds, and funds of any kind or character belonging to, in the custody of, or subject to the control or regulation of the United States or a public agency. "Public funds" or "public money" shall include funds held by any of the officers, agents, or employees of the United States or of a public agency in the course of their official duties and, with respect to public money of the United States, shall include Postal Savings funds.
    "Published" means, unless the context requires otherwise, the publishing of the notice or instrument referred to in some newspaper of general circulation in the community in which the bank is located at least once each week for 3 successive weeks. Publishing shall be accomplished by, and at the expense of, the bank required to publish. Where publishing is required, the bank shall submit to the Commissioner that evidence of the publication as the Commissioner shall deem appropriate.
    "Qualified financial contract" means any security contract, commodity contract, forward contract, including spot and forward foreign exchange contracts, repurchase agreement, swap agreement, and any similar agreement, any option to enter into any such agreement, including any combination of the foregoing, and any master agreement for such agreements. A master agreement, together with all supplements thereto, shall be treated as one qualified financial contract. The contract, option, agreement, or combination of contracts, options, or agreements shall be reflected upon the books, accounts, or records of the bank, or a party to the contract shall provide documentary evidence of such agreement.
    "Recorded" means the filing or recording of the notice or instrument referred to in the office of the Recorder of the county wherein the bank is located.
    "Resulting bank" means the bank resulting from a merger or conversion.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation, or a person authorized by the Secretary or by this Act to act in the Secretary's stead.
    "Securities" means stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, or other similar obligations.
    "Stand‑by letter of credit" means a letter of credit under which drafts are payable upon the condition the customer has defaulted in performance of a duty, liability, or obligation.
    "State bank" means any banking corporation that has a banking charter issued by the Commissioner under this Act.
    "State Banking Board" means the State Banking Board of Illinois.
    "Subsidiary" with respect to a specified company means a company that is controlled by the specified company. For purposes of paragraphs (8) and (12) of Section 5 of this Act, "control" means the exercise of operational or managerial control of a corporation by the bank, either alone or together with other affiliates of the bank.
    "Surplus" means the aggregate of (i) amounts paid in excess of the par value of capital stock and preferred stock; (ii) amounts contributed other than for capital stock and preferred stock and allocated to the surplus account; and (iii) amounts transferred from undivided profits.
    "Tier 1 Capital" and "Tier 2 Capital" have the meanings assigned to those terms in regulations promulgated for the appropriate federal banking agency of a state bank, as those regulations are now or hereafter amended.
    "Trust company" means a limited liability company or corporation incorporated in this State for the purpose of accepting and executing trusts.
    "Undivided profits" means undistributed earnings less discretionary transfers to surplus.
    "Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus", for the purposes of paragraph (21) of Section 5 and Sections 32, 33, 34, 35.1, 35.2, and 47 of this Act means the sum of the state bank's Tier 1 Capital and Tier 2 Capital plus such other shareholder equity as may be included by regulation of the Commissioner. Unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated on the basis of the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner preceding the date of the transaction for which the calculation is made, provided that: (i) when a material event occurs after the date of the last quarterly call report filed with the Commissioner that reduces or increases the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus by 10% or more, then the unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated from the date of the material event for a transaction conducted after the date of the material event; and (ii) if the Commissioner determines for safety and soundness reasons that a state bank should calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus more frequently than provided by this paragraph, the Commissioner may by written notice direct the bank to calculate unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus at a more frequent interval. In the case of a state bank newly chartered under Section 13 or a state bank resulting from a merger, consolidation, or conversion under Sections 21 through 26 for which no preceding quarterly call report has been filed with the Commissioner, unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus shall be calculated for the first calendar quarter on the basis of the effective date of the charter, merger, consolidation, or conversion.
(Source: P.A. 95‑924, eff. 8‑26‑08; 95‑1047, eff. 4‑6‑09; 96‑1000, eff. 7‑2‑10; 96‑1163, eff. 1‑1‑11.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.1) (from Ch. 17, par. 303)
    Sec. 2.1. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.2) (from Ch. 17, par. 304)
    Sec. 2.2. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83‑1177. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.3) (from Ch. 17, par. 305)
    Sec. 2.3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86‑1157. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.4) (from Ch. 17, par. 306)
    Sec. 2.4. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.5) (from Ch. 17, par. 307)
    Sec. 2.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 83‑1177. Repealed by P.A. 89‑508, eff. 7‑3‑96.)

    (205 ILCS 5/2.6) (from Ch. 17, par. 308)
    Sec. 2.6. Transfer of powers. There is transferred to the Commissioner all the powers and authorities and all duties and responsibilities heretofore vested in the Director of Financial Institutions under this Act. This transfer shall not affect any act done, ratified or confirmed or any right accrued or established or affect or abate any notice or report required to be furnished or any action or proceeding had or commenced in a civil or criminal cause before this act takes effect; but such notices and reports shall be due to, and such actions or proceedings may be prosecuted, defended or continued by the Commissioner. Every person and every bank shall be subject to the same obligations and duties and shall have the same rights arising from the exercise of such rights, powers and duties as if such rights, powers and duties were exercised by the Director of Financial Institutions; and every person and every bank shall be subject to the same penalty or penalties, civil or criminal for failure to perform any such obligation or duty, or for doing a prohibited act, as if such obligation or duty arose from or such act were prohibited in, the exercise of such rights, powers or duties by the Director of Financial Institutions. Every officer and employee shall for any offense be subject to the same penalty or penalties, civil or criminal, as are prescribed by existing law for the same offense by any officer or employee whose powers or duties devolve upon him under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2020.)

    (205 ILCS 5/3) (from Ch. 17, par. 309)
    Sec. 3. Formation and primary powers. It shall be lawful to form banks, as herein provided, for the purpose of discount and deposit, buying and selling exchange and doing a general banking business, excepting the issuing of bills to circulate as money; and such banks shall have the power to loan money on personal and real estate security, and to accept and execute trusts upon obtaining a certificate of authority pursuant to the "Corporate Fiduciary Act", and shall be subject to all of the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 85‑1402.)

    (205 ILCS 5/4) (from Ch. 17, par. 310)
    Sec. 4. Effect on existing banks. The certificates, permits and charters of state banks existing at the time of the adoption of this Act shall continue in full force and effect, and the provisions of this Act shall apply thereto. Any corporation with banking powers availing itself of or accepting the benefits of this Act and all corporations with banking powers existing by virtue of any special charter or general law of this State, shall be subject to the provisions and requirements of this Act in every particular, as if organized under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 83.)

    (205 ILCS 5/5) (from Ch. 17, par. 311)
    Sec. 5. General corporate powers. A bank organized under this Act or subject hereto shall be a body corporate and politic and shall, without specific mention thereof in the charter, have all the powers conferred by this Act and the following additional general corporate powers:
    (1) To sue and be sued, complain, and defend in its corporate name.
    (2) To have a corporate seal, which may be altered at pleasure, and to use the same by causing it or a facsimile thereof to be impressed or affixed or in any manner reproduced, provided that the affixing of a corporate seal to an instrument shall not give the instrument additional force or effect, or change the construction thereof, and the use of a corporate seal is not mandatory.
    (3) To make, alter, amend, and repeal bylaws, not inconsistent with its charter or with law, for the administration of the affairs of the bank. If this Act does not provide specific guidance in matters of corporate governance, the provisions of the Business Corporation Act of 1983 may be used if so provided in the bylaws, and if the bank is a limited liability company, the provisions of the Limited Liability Company Act shall be used.
    (4) To elect or appoint and remove officers and agents of the bank and define their duties and fix their compensation.
    (5) To adopt and operate reasonable bonus plans, profit‑sharing plans, stock‑bonus plans, stock‑option plans, pension plans and similar incentive plans for its directors, officers and employees.
    (5.1) To manage, operate and administer a fund for the investment of funds by a public agency or agencies, including any unit of local government or school district, or any person. The fund for a public agency shall invest in the same type of investments and be subject to the same limitations provided for the investment of public funds. The fund for public agencies shall maintain a separate ledger showing the amount of investment for each public agency in the fund. "Public funds" and "public agency" as used in this Section shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 1 of the Public Funds Investment Act.
    (6) To make reasonable donations for the public welfare or for charitable, scientific, religious or educational purposes.
    (7) To borrow or incur an obligation; and to pledge its assets:
        (a) to secure its borrowings, its lease of personal
     or real property or its other nondeposit obligations;
        (b) to enable it to act as agent for the sale of
     obligations of the United States;
        (c) to secure deposits of public money of the United
     States, whenever required by the laws of the United States, including without being limited to, revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the control or regulation of the United States or any of its officers, agents, or employees and Postal Savings funds;
        (d) to secure deposits of public money of any state
     or of any political corporation or subdivision thereof including, without being limited to, revenues and funds the deposit of which is subject to the control or regulation of any state or of any political corporation or subdivisions thereof or of any of their officers, agents, or employees;
        (e) to secure deposits of money whenever required by
     the National Bankruptcy Act;
        (f) (blank); and
        (g) to secure trust funds commingled with the bank's
     funds, whether deposited by the bank or an affiliate of the bank, pursuant to Section 2‑8 of the Corporate Fiduciary Act.
    (8) To own, possess, and carry as assets all or part of the real estate necessary in or with which to do its banking business, either directly or indirectly through the ownership of all or part of the capital stock, shares or interests in any corporation, association, trust engaged in holding any part or parts or all of the bank premises, engaged in such business and in conducting a safe deposit business in the premises or part of them, or engaged in any activity that the bank is permitted to conduct in a subsidiary pursuant to paragraph (12) of this Section 5.
    (9) To own, possess, and carry as assets other real estate to which it may obtain title in the collection of its debts or that was formerly used as a part of the bank premises, but title to any real estate except as herein permitted shall not be retained by the bank, either directly or by or through a subsidiary, as permitted by subsection (12) of this Section for a total period of more than 10 years after acquiring title, either directly or indirectly.
    (10) To do any act, including the acquisition of stock, necessary to obtain insurance of its deposits, or part thereof, and any act necessary to obtain a guaranty, in whole or in part, of any of its loans or investments by the United States or any agency thereof, and any act necessary to sell or otherwise dispose of any of its loans or investments to the United States or any agency thereof, and to acquire and hold membership in the Federal Reserve System.
    (11) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act or any other law, to do any act and to own, possess, and carry as assets property of the character, including stock, that is at the time authorized or permitted to national banks by an Act of Congress, but subject always to the same limitations and restrictions as are applicable to national banks by the pertinent federal law and subject to applicable provisions of the Financial Institutions Insurance Sales Law.
    (12) To own, possess, and carry as assets stock of one or more corporations that is, or are, engaged in one or more of the following businesses:
        (a) holding title to and administering assets
     acquired as a result of the collection or liquidating of loans, investments, or discounts; or
        (b) holding title to and administering personal
     property acquired by the bank, directly or indirectly through a subsidiary, for the purpose of leasing to others, provided the lease or leases and the investment of the bank, directly or through a subsidiary, in that personal property otherwise comply with Section 35.1 of this Act; or
        (c) carrying on or administering any of the
     activities excepting the receipt of deposits or the payment of checks or other orders for the payment of money in which a bank may engage in carrying on its general banking business; provided, however, that nothing contained in this paragraph (c) shall be deemed to permit a bank organized under this Act or subject hereto to do, either directly or indirectly through any subsidiary, any act, including the making of any loan or investment, or to own, possess, or carry as assets any property that if done by or owned, possessed, or carried by the State bank would be in violation of or prohibited by any provision of this Act.
    The provisions of this subsection (12) shall not apply to and shall not be deemed to limit the powers of a State bank with respect to the ownership, possession, and carrying of stock that a State bank is permitted to own, possess, or carry under this Act.
    Any bank intending to establish a subsidiary under this subsection (12) shall give written notice to the Commissioner 60 days prior to the subsidiary's commencing of business or, as the case may be, prior to acquiring stock in a corporation that has already commenced business. After receiving the notice, the Commissioner may waive or reduce the balance of the 60 day notice period. The Commissioner may specify the form of the notice and may promulgate rules and regulations to administer this subsection (12).
    (13) To accept for payment at a future date not exceeding one year from the date of acceptance, drafts drawn upon it by its customers; and to issue, advise, or confirm letters of credit authorizing the holders thereof to draw drafts upon it or its correspondents.
    (14) To own and lease personal property acquired by the bank at the request of a prospective lessee and upon the agreement of that person to lease the personal property provided that the lease, the agreement with respect thereto, and the amount of the investment of the bank in the property comply with Section 35.1 of this Act.
    (15) (a) To establish and maintain, in addition to the
     main banking premises, branches offering any banking services permitted at the main banking premises of a State bank.

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