State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > Maryland > Courts-and-judicial-proceedings > Title-5 > Subtitle-11 > 5-1101

§ 5-1101. Definitions.

(a)  In general.- In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated. 

(b)  Discounted present value.- "Discounted present value" means the fair present value of future payments, as determined by discounting payments to the present using the most recently published applicable federal rate for determining the present value of an annuity, as issued by the United States Internal Revenue Service. 

(c)  Independent professional advice.- "Independent professional advice" means advice of an attorney, certified public accountant, actuary, or other licensed professional adviser: 

(1) Who is engaged by a payee to render advice concerning the legal, tax, and financial implications of a transfer of structured settlement payment rights; 

(2) Who is not affiliated with or compensated by the transferee of the transfer; and 

(3) Whose compensation is not affected by whether a transfer occurs. 

(d)  Interested parties.- "Interested parties" means the payee, each beneficiary designated under the annuity contract to receive payments following the payee's death, the annuity issuer, the structured settlement obligor, and any other party that has continuing rights or obligations under a structured settlement. 

(e)  Payee.- "Payee" means an individual who receives damage payments that are not subject to income taxation under a structured settlement and proposes to make a transfer of payment rights. 

(f)  Responsible administrative authority.- "Responsible administrative authority" means a government authority vested with exclusive jurisdiction over the settled claim resolved by a structured settlement. 

(g)  Structured settlement.-  

(1) "Structured settlement" means an arrangement for periodic payment of damages for personal injury established by a settlement or judgment in resolution of a tort claim. 

(2) "Structured settlement" does not include an arrangement for periodic payment of damages for personal injury established by a judgment by confession. 

(h)  Structured settlement agreement.- "Structured settlement agreement" means an agreement, judgment, stipulation, or release embodying the terms of a structured settlement. 

(i)  Structured settlement obligor.- "Structured settlement obligor" means a party who has the continuing periodic payment obligation to the payee under a structured settlement agreement or a qualified assignment agreement. 

(j)  Structured settlement payment rights.- "Structured settlement payment rights" means the rights to receive periodic payments, including lump-sum payments under a structured settlement, whether from the settlement obligor or the annuity issuer, if: 

(1) An interested party is domiciled in this State; 

(2) The structured settlement agreement was approved by a court or responsible administrative authority in this State; or 

(3) The settled claim was pending before a court of this State when the parties entered into the structured settlement agreement. 

(k)  Terms of the structured settlement.- "Terms of the structured settlement" includes the terms of the structured settlement agreement, the annuity contract, a qualified assignment, and an order or approval of a court or responsible administrative authority authorizing or approving a structured settlement. 

(l)  Transfer.- "Transfer" means a sale, assignment, pledge, hypothecation, or other form of alienation or encumbrance made by a payee for consideration. 

(m)  Transfer agreement.- "Transfer agreement" means the agreement providing for the transfer of structured settlement payment rights from a payee to a transferee. 

[2000, ch. 366.]