State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > North-carolina > Chapter_8C > GS_8C-611

Rule 611. Mode and order of interrogation andpresentation.

(a)        Control by court. – The court shall exercise reasonablecontrol over the mode and order of interrogating witnesses and presentingevidence so as to (1) make the interrogation and presentation effective for theascertainment of the truth, (2) avoid needless consumption of time, and (3)protect witnesses from harassment or undue embarrassment.

(b)        Scope of cross‑examination. – A witness may be cross‑examinedon any matter relevant to any issue in the case, including credibility.

(c)        Leading questions. – Leading questions should not be used onthe direct examination of a witness except as may be necessary to develop histestimony. Ordinarily leading questions should be permitted on cross‑examination.When a party calls a hostile witness, an adverse party, or a witness identifiedwith an adverse party, interrogation may be by leading questions. (1983, c. 701, s. 1.)