State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > North-dakota > T47 > T47c31

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CHAPTER 47-31SUBSURFACE PORE SPACE POLICY47-31-01. Policy. Undivided estates in land and clarity in land titles reduce litigation,enhance comprehensive management, and promote the security and stability useful for<br>economic development, environmental protection, and government operations.47-31-02. Pore space defined. In this chapter &quot;pore space&quot; means a cavity or void,whether natural or artificially created, in a subsurface sedimentary stratum.47-31-03. Title to pore space. Title to pore space in all strata underlying the surface oflands and waters is vested in the owner of the overlying surface estate.47-31-04. Conveyance of real property conveys pore space. A conveyance of title tothe surface of real property conveys the pore space in all strata underlying the surface of the real<br>property.47-31-05. Severing pore space prohibited. Title to pore space may not be severedfrom title to the surface of the real property overlying the pore space.An instrument orarrangement that seeks to sever title to pore space from title to the surface is void as to the<br>severance of the pore space from the surface interest.47-31-06. Transactions allowed. Leasing pore space is not a severance prohibited bythis chapter.47-31-07. Application. This chapter does not affect transactions before April 9, 2009,that severed pore space from title to the surface estate.47-31-08. Mineral and pore space estates - Relationship. In the relationship betweena severed mineral owner and a pore space estate, this chapter does not change or alter the<br>common law as of April 9, 2009, as it relates to the rights belonging to, or the dominance of, the<br>mineral estate.Page No. 1Document Outlinechapter 47-31 subsurface pore space policy