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CHAPTER 47-19RECORD TITLE47-19-01.Instruments entitled to record.Any instrument affecting the title to orpossession of real property may be recorded as provided in this chapter.47-19-02. Instruments entitled to record without acknowledgment. The followinginstruments may be recorded without acknowledgment or further proof:1.An instrument issued by an agency, bureau, department, or the judiciary of the<br />United States, this state or a political subdivision of this state, or an Indian tribe<br />recognized by the United States department of the interior. An instrument includes a<br />contract or agreement that is entered by one of these governmental entities that<br />contract or agreement is deemed to have been issued by the entity.2.An instrument certified by an agency, bureau, department, or the judiciary of the<br />United States or a foreign government, a state of the United States or a political<br />subdivision of a state, or an Indian tribe recognized by the United States department<br />of the interior.3.A lis pendens or other instrument that is signed by an attorney at law licensed to<br />practice law in this state which bears the attorney&#8217;s identification number issued by<br />the state board of law examiners.4.An affidavit that bears a jurat or verification upon oath or affirmation.5.A Uniform Commercial Code financing statement under title 41.6.A plat signed by a land surveyor registered in this state.47-19-03.Prerequisites to recording instruments.Before an instrument can berecorded, unless it belongs to a class provided for in section 47-19-02 or 47-19-40, its execution<br />must be established:1.If executed by an individual, by acknowledgment by the person executing the same;2.If executed by a corporation or limited liability company, by execution and<br />acknowledgment by the person or persons authorized to execute instruments under<br />section 47-10-05.1;3.By proof by a subscribing witness as is provided by section 47-19-22; and4.By proof of the handwriting of the person executing an instrument and of a<br />subscribing witness thereto as is prescribed by sections 47-19-23 and 47-19-24 and<br />filing of the original instrument in the proper office there to remain for public<br />inspection.Except as otherwise provided by the law of this state or the law of the state in which the<br />instrument or document was executed, before an instrument may be recorded, the document<br />and any acknowledgment must be executed with an original signature.47-19-03.1. Deeds and contracts for deeds to include name and address of drafterof legal description. The recorder may not record a deed or contract for deed containing a<br />metes and bounds legal description which affects the title to or possession of real property that<br />otherwise may be recorded under this chapter unless the name and address of the individual<br />who drafted the legal description contained in the deed or contract for deed appears on the<br />instrument in a legible manner.A deed or contract for deed complies with this section if itcontains a statement substantially in the following form: &quot;The legal description was prepared byPage No. 1________________ (name) ________________ (address) or obtained from a previously<br />recorded instrument.&quot; This section does not apply to any instrument executed before January 1,<br />2000, or any instrument executed or acknowledged outside the state. The validity and effect of<br />the record of any instrument in a recorder&#8217;s office may not be lessened or impaired by the fact<br />the instrument does not contain the statement required by this section.47-19-04. Recording of transfers by mortgage. Transfers of or liens on property byway of mortgage are required to be recorded in the cases specified in title 35.47-19-05. Recording of deed &#8211; Post-office and street address of grantee must beshown. No deed in which real estate is described shall be received for record by any recorder in<br />this state if the post-office address, and any known or existing street address if within the<br />corporate boundaries of a city, of each grantee named in such deed is not shown. Failure to<br />have included any address on a recorded deed shall not defeat the doctrine of constructive<br />notice.47-19-06. Death certificates &#8211; Joint tenant &#8211; Prima facie evidence of termination ofestate held. In all cases of joint tenancy in lands, and in all cases where an estate, title, or<br />interest in, or lien upon, lands has been or may be created, which estate, title, interest, or lien<br />was or is to continue only during the life of any person named or described in the instrument by<br />which the estate, title, interest, or lien was created, a copy of the death certificate of the joint<br />tenant or of the person upon whose life the estate, title, interest, or lien was or is limited, duly<br />certified by any officer who is required by the laws of the state or country in which the record is<br />made, to keep a record of the death of persons occurring within the jurisdiction of the officer, may<br />be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the lands are situated. The legal<br />description of any property to which the recording of the death certificate relates must be<br />attached to the death certificate. The certified copy of death certificate, or the record thereof in<br />the office, or a duly certified copy of the last mentioned record, is prima facie evidence of the<br />death of the person and the termination of the joint tenancy and all the estate, title, interest, and<br />lien as was or is limited upon the life of that person.47-19-07. Place for recording instruments &#8211; Fee endorsed. An instrument entitled tobe recorded must be recorded by the recorder of the county in which the real property affected<br />thereby is situated. The recorder in each case must endorse the amount of the fee for the<br />recording on the instrument recorded.47-19-08. When instrument is deemed recorded. An instrument is deemed to berecorded when, whether entitled to record or not, it is deposited with the proper officer for record,<br />if such instrument is subsequently recorded.47-19-09. Recording instruments in unorganized counties. Any unorganized countyof the state, for the purpose of filing and recording all deeds, mortgages, and other instruments,<br />shall be attached to and made a part of the county to which it is attached for judicial purposes as<br />long as such county remains unorganized.47-19-10. Separate records for grants and mortgages. Grants, absolute in terms, areto be recorded in one set of records and mortgages in another.47-19-11. Chain of title &#8211; Variations in spelling &#8211; Affidavit to cure. Wherever in therecord of title to real estate, there appears in the chain of title any variation in the spelling of the<br />name of any person appearing in such chain of title, in any instrument affecting the title to the<br />real estate, or where any grantor, mortgagor, vendor, lessor, or other maker of any such<br />instrument, signs without the joinder of the spouse, any person may make an affidavit setting<br />forth therein:1.That the person personally is cognizant of the facts stated by the person in such<br />affidavit;Page No. 22.The identity of any person appearing in such chain of title under names varying in<br />the spelling thereof or in the use of initials; and3.Whether or not, at the time of the transfer or encumbrance to which the affidavit<br />relates, the land described therein was or was not the homestead of the grantors,<br />mortgagors, vendors, or the persons whose title is divested or encumbered, wholly<br />or in part, or in any way affected by such transfer or conveyance.47-19-12. Affidavit entitled to record. The affidavit provided for in section 47-19-11,duly verified according to law and containing a description of the land to which it relates, may be<br />recorded in the office of the recorder of any county in this state, and such affidavit, when so<br />recorded, shall be prima facie evidence of the truth of the facts set forth or contained therein.47-19-13. Acknowledgment and proof &#8211; Persons authorized to make &#8211; Statewidejurisdiction. The proof or acknowledgment of an instrument may be made at any place within<br />this state before a judge, or the clerk, of the supreme court, or a notary public.47-19-14. Acknowledgment and proof &#8211; Limited to district of officer. The proof oracknowledgment of an instrument may be made in this state within the judicial district, county,<br />subdivision, or city for which the officer was elected or appointed, before:1.A judge or clerk of a court of record;2.A mayor of a city;3.A recorder;4.A United States commissioner;5.A county auditor; or6.A township clerk or a city auditor.47-19-14.1. Recognition of notarial acts. For the purposes of this section and sections47-19-14.2 and 47-19-14.7, &quot;notarial acts&quot; mean acts which the laws and regulations of this state<br />authorize notaries public of this state to perform, including the administering of oaths and<br />affirmations, taking proof of execution and acknowledgments of instruments, and attesting<br />documents.Notarial acts may be performed for use in this state with the same effect as ifperformed by a notary public of this state by the following persons authorized pursuant to the<br />laws and regulations of other governments in addition to any other person authorized by the laws<br />and regulations of this state:1.A notary public authorized by any jurisdiction to perform notarial acts.2.A justice, judge, clerk, or deputy clerk of any court of record in the place in which the<br />notarial act is performed.3.An officer of the foreign service of the United States, a consular agent, or any other<br />person authorized by regulation of the United States department of state to perform<br />notarial acts in the place in which the act is performed.4.A commissioned officer or noncommissioned officer in active service with the armed<br />forces of the United States and any other person authorized by regulation of the<br />armed forces to perform notarial acts, if the notarial act is performed for one of the<br />following, or that person&#8217;s dependents: a merchant seaman of the United States, a<br />member of the armed forces of the United States, or any other person serving with<br />or accompanying the armed forces of the United States.Page No. 35.Any other person authorized to perform notarial acts in the place in which the act is<br />performed.47-19-14.2. Authentication of authority of officer.1.If the notarial act is performed by any of the persons described in subsections 1<br />through 4 of section 47-19-14.1, other than a person authorized to perform notarial<br />acts by the laws or regulations of a foreign country, written indication of the person&#8217;s<br />title or rank and serial number, if any, is sufficient proof of the authority of a holder of<br />that rank or title to perform the act. Further proof of the person&#8217;s authority is not<br />required.2.If the notarial act is performed by a person authorized by the laws or regulations of a<br />foreign country to perform the act, there is sufficient proof of the authority of that<br />person to perform the act if:a.Either a foreign service officer of the United States, resident in the country in<br />which the act is performed, or a diplomatic or consular officer of the foreign<br />country, resident in the United States, certifies that a person holding that office<br />is authorized to perform the act;b.The official seal of the person performing the notarial act is affixed to the<br />document; orc.The title of the person, and an indication of the person&#8217;s authority to perform<br />notarial acts appears either in a recognized digest of foreign law, or in a list<br />customarily used as a source of such information.3.If the notarial act is performed by a person other than one described in<br />subsections 1 and 2, there is sufficient proof of the authority of that person to act, if<br />the clerk of a court of record, in the place in which the notarial act is performed,<br />certifies to the official character of that person, and to the person&#8217;s authority to<br />perform the notarial act.4.The signature and title of the person performing the notarial act are prima facie<br />evidence that that person is a person with the designated title and that the signature<br />is genuine.47-19-14.3.Certificate of person taking acknowledgment.The person taking anacknowledgment shall certify that:1.Thepersonacknowledgingappearedbeforethepersontakingtheacknowledgement and acknowledged that the person executed the instrument; and2.The person acknowledging was known to the person taking the acknowledgment, or<br />that the person taking the acknowledgment had satisfactory evidence that the<br />person acknowledging was the person described in and who executed the<br />instrument.47-19-14.4. Recognition of certificate of acknowledgment. The form of a certificateof acknowledgment used by a person whose authority is recognized under section 47-19-14.2<br />shall be accepted in this state if:1.The certificate is in a form prescribed by the laws or regulations of this state;2.The certificate is in a form prescribed by the laws or regulations applicable in the<br />place in which the acknowledgment is taken; orPage No. 43.The certificate contains the words &quot;acknowledged before me&quot; or their substantial<br />equivalent.47-19-14.5. Certificate of acknowledgment. The words &quot;acknowledged before me&quot;, ortheir substantial equivalent, as used in a certificate of acknowledgment made by a person taking<br />an acknowledgment outside this state shall mean:1.Thatthepersonacknowledgingappearedbeforethepersontakingtheacknowledgment and acknowledged that the person executed the instrument;2.That, in the case of:a.A corporation, the officer or agent acknowledged holding the position or title set<br />forth in the instrument and certificate; signing the instrument on behalf of the<br />corporation by proper authority; and that the instrument was the act of the<br />corporation;b.A limited liability company, the manager or agent acknowledged holding the<br />position or title set forth in the instrument and certificate; signing the instrument<br />on behalf of the limited liability company by proper authority; and that the<br />instrument was the act of the limited liability company;c.A partnership, the partner or agent acknowledged signing the instrument on<br />behalf of the partnership by proper authority and that the instrument was the act<br />of the partnership;d.A person acknowledging as attorney in fact for a principal, signing the<br />instrument by proper authority as the act of the principal; ore.A person acknowledging as a public officer, trustee, administrator, guardian, or<br />other representative, signing the instrument by proper authority and in the<br />capacity stated in the instrument; and3.That the person taking the acknowledgment either knew, or had satisfactory<br />evidence, that the person acknowledging was the person named in the instrument or<br />certificate.47-19-14.6. Short forms of acknowledgment. The forms of acknowledgment set forthin this section may be used and are sufficient for their respective purposes under any law or<br />regulation of this state.The forms shall be known as the &quot;statutory short forms ofacknowledgment&quot;, and may be referred to by that name. The authorization of the forms provided<br />in this section does not preclude the use of other forms:1.For an individual acting in that individual&#8217;s own right:State of _________<br />County of ________The foregoing instrument was acknowledged before me this (date) by(name of person acknowledging).(Signature of person taking acknowledgment)<br />(Title or rank)<br />(Serial number, if any)2.For a corporation:State of ________<br />County of _______The foregoing instrument was acknowledged before me this (date) by(name of officer or agent and title of officer or agent) of (name of corporationPage No. 5acknowledging), a (state or place of incorporation) corporation, on behalf of the<br />corporation.(Signature of person taking acknowledgment)<br />(Title or rank)<br />(Serial number, if any)3.For a limited liability company:State of _________<br />County of ________The foregoing instrument was acknowledged before me this (date) by(name of manager or agent and title of manager or agent) of (name of limited<br />liability company acknowledging), a (state or place of organization) limited<br />liability company, on behalf of the limited liability company.(Signature of person taking acknowledgment)<br />(Title or rank)<br />(Serial number, if any)4.For a partnership:State of _________<br />County of ________The foregoing instrument was acknowledged before me this (date) by(name of acknowledging partner or agent), partner (or agent), on behalf of<br />(name of partnership), a partnership.(Signature of person taking acknowledgment)<br />(Title or rank)<br />(Serial number, if any)5.For an individual acting as attorney in fact for a principal:State of _________<br />County of ________The foregoing instrument was acknowledged before me this (date) by(name of attorney in fact) as attorney in fact on behalf of (name of principal).(Signature of person taking acknowledgment)<br />(Title or rank)<br />(Serial number, if any)6.Forapublicofficer,trustee,guardian,personalrepresentative,or otherrepresentative:State of ________<br />County of ________The foregoing instrument was acknowledged before me this (date) by(name and title of position).(Signature of person taking acknowledgment)<br />(Title or rank)<br />(Serial number, if any)47-19-14.7. Prior acknowledgments not affected. A notarial act performed prior to theeffective date of sections 47-19-14.1 through 47-19-14.8 shall not be affected by those sections.<br />Sections 47-19-14.1 through 47-19-14.8 provide an additional method of proving notarial acts,<br />and do not diminish or invalidate the recognition accorded to notarial acts by other laws or<br />regulations of this state.47-19-14.8. Short title. Sections 47-19-14.1 through 47-19-14.8 may be cited as theUniform Recognition of Acknowledgments Act.Page No. 647-19-15.Acknowledgment and proof without state but within United States -Officers qualified. Repealed by S.L. 1971, ch. 453, </p> <!-- END .shortcode-content --> </div> </div> <!-- END .main-content-left --> </div> <!-- BEGIN .main-content-right --> <div class="main-content-right"> <!-- BEGIN .main-nosplit --> <div class="main-nosplit"> <div class="widget-1 first panel"><h3>State Codes and Statutes</h3> <div class="textwidget"><div> <ul> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/alabama">Alabama Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/alaska">Alaska Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/arizona">Arizona Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/arkansas">Arkansas Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/california">California Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/connecticut">Connecticut Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a href="http://statutes.laws.com/delaware">Delaware Codes &amp; Statutes</a></li> <li><a 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