State Codes and Statutes

State Codes and Statutes

Statutes > California > Edc > 18710

EDUCATION CODE
SECTION 18710



18710.  As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise
indicates or unless specific exception is made:
   (a) "Academic library" means a library established and maintained
by a college or university to meet the needs of its students and
faculty, and others by agreement.
   (b) "Act" means the California Library Services Act.
   (c) "Cooperative library system" means a public library system
that consists of two or more jurisdictions entering into a written
agreement to implement a regional program in accordance with this
chapter, and which, as of the effective date of this chapter, was
designated a library system under the Public Library Services Act of
1963 or was a successor to such a library system.
   (d) "Direct loan" means the lending of a book or other item
directly to a borrower.
   (e) "Equal access" means the right of the residents of
jurisdictions that are members of a cooperative library system to use
on an equal basis with one another the services and loan privileges
of any and all other members of the same system.
   (f) "Independent public library" means a public library not a
member of a system.
   (g) "Interlibrary loan" means the lending of a book or other item
from one library to another as the result of a user request for the
item.
   (h) "Interlibrary reference" means the providing of information by
one library or reference center to another library or reference
center as the result of a user request for the information.
   (i) "Jurisdiction" means a county, city and county, city, or any
district that is authorized by law to provide public library services
and that operates a public library.
   (j) "Libraries for institutionalized persons" means libraries
maintained by institutions for the purpose of serving their resident
populations.
   (k) "Net imbalance" means the disproportionate cost incurred under
universal borrowing or equal access when a library directly lends a
greater number of items to users from outside its jurisdiction than
its residents directly borrow from libraries of other jurisdictions.
   (l) "Public library" means a library, or two or more libraries,
that is operated by a single public jurisdiction and that serves its
residents free of charge.
   (m) "School library" means an organized collection of printed and
audiovisual materials that satisfies all of the following criteria:
   (1) Is administered as a unit.
   (2) Is located in a designated place.
   (3) Makes printed, audiovisual, and other materials as well as
necessary equipment and services of a staff accessible to elementary
and secondary school pupils and teachers.
   (n) "Special library" means one maintained by an association,
government service, research institution, learned society,
professional association, museum, business firm, industrial
enterprise, chamber of commerce, or other organized group, the
greater part of their collections being in a specific field or
subject, e.g., natural sciences, economics, engineering, law, and
history.
   (o) "Special Services Programs" means a project establishing or
improving service to the underserved of all ages.
   (p) "State board" means the California Library Services Board.
   (q) "System" means a cooperative library system.
   (r) "Underserved" means any population segment with exceptional
service needs not adequately met by traditional library service
patterns; including, but not limited to, those persons who are
geographically isolated, economically disadvantaged, functionally
illiterate, of non-English-speaking or limited-English-speaking
ability, shut-in, or institutionalized, or who are persons with
disabilities.
   (s) "Universal borrowing" means the extension by a public library
of its direct loan privileges to the eligible borrowers of all other
public libraries.